Clinical Focus


  • Pediatrics

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (2020)
  • Fellowship: Boston Children's Hospital (2014) MA
  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2020)
  • Residency: Children's Hospital Los Angeles (2011) CA
  • Medical Education: University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Registrar (2008) OH

All Publications


  • High Variability in the Duration of Chest Compression Interruption is Associated With Poor Outcomes in Pediatric Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies Han, P., Rasmussen, L., Su, F., Dacre, M., Knight, L., Berg, M., Tawfik, D., Haileselassie, B. 2024

    Abstract

    To determine the association between chest compression interruption (CCI) patterns and outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR).Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) data were collected using defibrillator-electrode and bedside monitor waveforms from pediatric ECPR cases between 2013 and 2021. Duration and variability of CCI during cannulation for ECPR was determined and compared with survival to discharge using Fishers exact test and logistic regressions with cluster-robust ses for adjusted analyses.Quaternary care children's hospital.Pediatric patients undergoing ECPR.None.Of 41 ECPR events, median age was 0.7 years (Q1, Q3: 0.1, 5.4), 37% (15/41) survived to hospital discharge with 73% (11/15) of survivors having a favorable neurologic outcome. Median duration of CPR from start of ECPR cannulation procedure to initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) flow was 21 minutes (18, 30). Median duration of no-flow times associated with CCI during ECMO cannulation was 11 seconds (5, 28). Following planned adjustment for known confounders, survival to discharge was inversely associated with maximum duration of CCI (odds ratio [OR] 0.91 [0.86-0.95], p = 0.04) as well as the variability in the CCI duration (OR 0.96 [0.93-0.99], p = 0.04). Cases with both above-average CCI duration and higher CCI variability (sd> 30 s) were associated with lowest survival (12% vs. 54%, p = 0.009). Interaction modeling suggests that lower variability in CCI is associated with improved survival, especially in cases where average CCI durations are higher.Shorter duration of CCI and lower variability in CCI during cannulation for ECPR were associated with survival following refractory pediatric cardiac arrest.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/PCC.0000000000003461

    View details for PubMedID 38299932

  • Reimagining Leadership: Amplifying Diverse Voices and Welcoming Healthy Conflict. Academic pediatrics Han, P., Chang, C., Yemane, L., Jackson, J. A., Omoruyi, E. A., Umoren, R. A. 2023

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.acap.2023.12.005

    View details for PubMedID 38135249

  • Infant in extremis: respiratory failure secondary to lower airway infantile hemangioma. BMC pediatrics MacDougall, M. S., Afzal, S. Y., Freedman, M. S., Han, P. 2022; 22 (1): 744

    Abstract

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are vascular tumors that commonly affect infants and usually regress spontaneously or can be easily treated as an outpatient with topical beta-blockers. However, IHs that present in the airway may cause life-threatening symptoms due to airway obstruction or risk of bleeding. Here we present the first documented case of an infant with rapid deterioration and acute respiratory failure secondary to a lower airway hemangioma.This 3-month-old male initially presented in respiratory distress with symptoms consistent with a viral respiratory infection, however showed no clinical improvement with standard therapies. An urgent CT scan revealed a mass occluding the right mainstem bronchus. Upon transfer to a tertiary care facility, he developed acute respiratory failure requiring emergent intubation and single lung ventilation. The availability of multiple subspecialists allowed for stabilization of a critically ill child, expedited diagnosis, and ultimately initiation of life-saving treatment with beta blockers. After 17 total hospital days, he was extubated successfully and discharged home in good condition.While IH is a rare cause of infantile respiratory distress, we present multiple pearls for the general pediatrician for management of IHs of the airway.

    View details for DOI 10.1186/s12887-022-03821-1

    View details for PubMedID 36581920

  • A Scoping Review and Appraisal of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Education Literature. ATS scholar Han, P. K., Purkey, N. J., Kuo, K. W., Ryan, K. R., Woodward, A. L., Jahadi, O., Prom, N. L., Halamek, L. P., Johnston, L. C. 2022; 3 (3): 468-484

    Abstract

    Background: Despite a recent rise in publications describing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) education, the scope and quality of ECMO educational research and curricular assessments have not previously been evaluated.Objective: The purposes of this study are 1) to categorize published ECMO educational scholarship according to Bloom's educational domains, learner groups, and content delivery methods; 2) to assess ECMO educational scholarship quality; and 3) to identify areas of focus for future curricular development and educational research.Methods: A multidisciplinary research team conducted a scoping review of ECMO literature published between January 2009 and October 2021 using established frameworks. The Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI) was applied to assess quality.Results: A total of 1,028 references were retrieved; 36 were selected for review. ECMO education studies frequently targeted the cognitive domain (78%), with 17% of studies targeting the psychomotor domain alone and 33% of studies targeting combinations of the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Thirty-three studies qualified for MERSQI scoring, with a median score of 11 (interquartile range, 4; possible range, 5-18). Simulation-based training was used in 97%, with 50% of studies targeting physicians and one other discipline.Conclusion: ECMO education frequently incorporates simulation and spans all domains of Bloom's taxonomy. Overall, MERSQI scores for ECMO education studies are similar to those for other simulation-based medical education studies. However, developing assessment tools with multisource validity evidence and conducting multienvironment studies would strengthen future work. The creation of a collaborative ECMO educational network would increase standardization and reproducibility in ECMO training, ultimately improving patient outcomes.

    View details for DOI 10.34197/ats-scholar.2022-0058RE

    View details for PubMedID 36312813

  • Maintaining Social Distancing: Video and Just-in-Time In Situ Simulation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Han, P. K., Fayazi, A. R., Wiryawan, B., Berg, M. D. 2021

    Abstract

    ABSTRACT: Respiratory failure and cardiopulmonary arrest in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection require life-saving procedures that aerosolize virus and increase risk of transmission. To educate faculty, trainees, and staff on safe practices, a video with embedded questions was created demonstrating intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pediatric SARS-CoV-2+ patients. Just-in-time in situ simulations of these scenarios were also carried out while adhering to isolation and social distancing protocols. We demonstrated that use of simulation to train physicians and staff during the COVID-19 pandemic is possible and effective in improving confidence in performance of the procedures.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000607

    View details for PubMedID 34381006