- Pediatric Hospital Medicine
- Quality Improvement
- Medical Education
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pediatrics
Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations
fellow, American Academy of Pediatrics (2019 - Present)
Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2018)
Residency: Emory University Pediatric Residency (2018) GA
Medical Education: Aga Khan University Medical College (2013) Pakistan
Determining Normative Values for Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles in Infants.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of reference values for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profiles have been limited by small sample size and few exclusion criteria.OBJECTIVE: To determine age-specific normative CSF white blood cell count (WBC), glucose, and protein values in infants ≤90 days old.METHODS: Performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of infants ≤90 days old who had a diagnostic lumbar puncture between 2008 and 2016. Infants with bacterial meningitis, bacteremia, UTI, positive CSF herpes simplex virus polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result, traumatic lumbar puncture, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, prematurity, recent seizure, previous antibiotic use, and history of a complex chronic condition were excluded for calculations to determine normative values. Data on demographics and CSF values (WBC with differential, protein, glucose, enterovirus PCR) were collected. CSF values were compared by age and by enterovirus PCR results using Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon rank tests.RESULTS: A total of 1029 out of 2000 patients were included and divided into 3 age groups: 0 to 28 days, 29 to 60 days, 61 to 90 days. CSF WBC values were significantly greater for 0- to 28-day old infants (median: 3, 95th percentile: 14) than for 29- to 60-day and 61- to 90-day old infants (median: 2 and 2; 95th percentile: 7 and 11, respectively) (P < .001). With each month of life, the median CSF protein significantly decreased and glucose significantly increased. In the CSF WBC differential, monocytes were found to be prevalent.CONCLUSION: We determined age-specific normative components for CSF profile values for infants 0 to 90 days.
View details for DOI 10.1542/hpeds.2020-005512
View details for PubMedID 34344692
Meningitis due to Roseomonas in an immunocompetent adolescent.
2021; 3 (3): 000213
Both bacterial and aseptic meningitis can complicate neurosurgery, but they are often difficult to distinguish clinically or by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. We present an adolescent with subacute meningitis after neurosurgery, eventually diagnosed with meningitis caused by Roseomonas mucosa via 16S rRNA gene sequencing after two negative CSF cultures. He was treated successfully with intravenous meropenem with full recovery. This case shows that distinguishing bacterial from aseptic meningitis is important to allow directed antibiotic therapy. We recommend considering bacterial meningitis in the differential diagnosis of aseptic meningitis complicating neurosurgery, and to perform molecular diagnostics such as bacterial sequencing if the suspicion of bacterial meningitis is high.
View details for DOI 10.1099/acmi.0.000213
View details for PubMedID 34151165
An Unusual Case of Bilateral Foot Swelling After an Online Gaming Overdose.
View details for PubMedID 30428710
RSV associated hospitalizations in children in Karachi, Pakistan: Implications for vaccine prevention strategies
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
2017; 89 (7): 1151–57
Major progress is being made in vaccines against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), with multiple vaccine candidates currently in the clinical phase of development. Making an investment case for public sector financing of RSV vaccine will require estimation of burden, cost-effectiveness, and impact. The aim of this study is to determine the proportion, age distribution and clinical spectrum of RSV associated hospitalizations in children in Karachi, Pakistan. A three years prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, a city of 20 million in south Pakistan, from August 2009 to June 2012. Children less than five years old admitted with acute respiratory infections (ARI) were enrolled. Throat swabs were collected and tested for RSV using real-time PCR. Multivariable log binomial regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors of RSV infection. Out of 1150 children enrolled, RSV was detected among 223 (19%). Highest rate of RSV detection was in young infants less than 3 months of age (48/168, 29%), which accounted for 22% of all RSV detected. Most common diagnosis in RSV positive infants (<12 months of age) was bronchiolitis followed by pneumonia, while in older children between the ages of one and 5 years of age, pneumonia and asthma were the most common diagnosis. Although identified year-round, RSV was most prevalent from August to October with peak in September, coinciding with the rainy season. This study identified RSV to be independently associated with younger age (P = 0.036), rainy season (P < 0.001), post-tussive emesis (P = 0.008), intubation (P = 0.003), and discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis (P = 0.004). Vaccines against RSV that target this age group are likely to yield remarkable benefit.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jmv.24768
View details for Web of Science ID 000405242000006
View details for PubMedID 28092107
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5805860