Bio


Becky is lead scientist for the Natural Capital Project, overseeing model development and application for the Freshwater and Terrestrial team. She also leads NatCap's work with the private sector, informing sustainable sourcing decisions for commodity supply chains by assessing impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem services. Her own research investigates ecosystem services in agricultural systems, and how our working landscapes can be structured to enhance flows of benefits to and from agriculture. She serves on the Technical Service Unit for Scenarios for the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Global Assessment, and on steering committees for the Ecosystem Services Partnership and Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network. Becky earned her PhD in Environmental Science, Policy and Management from University of California, Berkeley, and an MS and BS in Earth Systems from Stanford.

Academic Appointments


Current Research and Scholarly Interests


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Global modeling of ecosystem services. Information with global coverage is increasingly being demanded by decision-makers to support the Sustainable Development Goals, corporate supply chains, and investment decisions. However, to understand many ecosystem services operating at scales within individual landscapes, we need information about people and nature and the spatially-explicit socio-ecological processes linking them at higher resolution than ever before included in global assessment. I am leading global ecosystem services modeling at fine (<500 m) resolutions, under current conditions and future scenarios of change in population, climate and land-use. The aim of this work is to consider how nature’s contribution to people changes in those contexts – both from the perspective of what proportion of the total change in ecosystem services is due to changes in nature, and who is most impacted by those changes.

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Remote-sensing of ecosystem quality and functions to improve ecosystem service models. Current ecosystem service assessment tools rely on categorical habitat types, despite ecological evidence that habitat quality determines ecosystem service provisioning. Furthermore, many of the most urgent development decisions are occurring in very data-poor regions, where model parameters are often uncalibrated and accuracy is therefore limited. My new work is exploring linkages of ecosystem service models or field data and the remote-sensing of continuous habitat measures such as ground cover, productivity, phenology, or evapotranspiration and other ecosystem fluxes, to improve the accuracy and ease with which models can be parameterized and calibrated.

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Ecosystem models to link multiple ecosystem services in decision-support tools. The state of the art in ecosystem service assessments, even those considering trade-offs between different services, model services individually. This failure to account for any interactions or feedbacks between services prevents anticipation of ecological surprises and may mask potential synergies if the provision of one service can enhance another. I am currently leading a project linking the ecosystem model Century and a livestock physiology model to drive management-driven responses in rangeland quality that in turn drive additional ecosystem service models (such as water provision and water quality).

All Publications


  • Natural habitat increases natural pest control in olive groves: economic implications JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE Paredes, D., Karp, D. S., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Benitez, E., Campos, M. 2019; 92 (3): 1111–21
  • Reimagining the potential of Earth observations for ecosystem service assessments SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Ramirez-Reyes, C., Brauman, K. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Galford, G. L., Adamo, S. B., Anderson, C. B., Anderson, C., Allington, G. H., Bagstad, K. J., Coe, M. T., Cord, A. F., Dee, L. E., Gould, R. K., Jain, M., Kowal, V. A., Muller-Karger, F. E., Norriss, J., Potapov, P., Qiu, J., Rieb, J. T., Robinson, B. E., Samberg, L. H., Singh, N., Szeto, S. H., Voigt, B., Watson, K., Wright, T. 2019; 665: 1053–63
  • Greenhouse gas footprints of palm oil production in Indonesia over space and time. The Science of the total environment Lam, W. Y., Kulak, M., Sim, S., King, H., Huijbregts, M. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R. 2019; 688: 827–37

    Abstract

    Palm oil, the most widely used vegetable oil, is one of the largest drivers of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from global land use and land cover change. Here, we provide fine-resolution (100 m × 100 m) estimates of GHG footprints of current (2015) and potential future scenarios (2030) of crude palm oil (CPO) production in Indonesia. The current estimated average GHG footprint excluding production on Java is 5.7 t CO2 eq t-1 CPO; ranging from 0.7 t CO2 eq t-1 CPO in Hulu Sungai Tengah, Kalimantan to 26.0 t CO2 eq t-1 CPO in Pontianak, Kalimantan, and these vast differences are only discernible at fine spatial scales. The future GHG footprint of Indonesian CPO could be reduced by 42% without compromising increased output by limiting expansion to non-forest and non-peat land. Our fine-scale analysis provides a spatial screening approach to inform new oil palm concessions and sourcing decisions, before more cost-intensive patch analysis and carbon stock assessments are conducted.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.377

    View details for PubMedID 31255821

  • Reimagining the potential of Earth observations for ecosystem service assessments. The Science of the total environment Ramirez-Reyes, C., Brauman, K. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Galford, G. L., Adamo, S. B., Anderson, C. B., Anderson, C., Allington, G. R., Bagstad, K. J., Coe, M. T., Cord, A. F., Dee, L. E., Gould, R. K., Jain, M., Kowal, V. A., Muller-Karger, F. E., Norriss, J., Potapov, P., Qiu, J., Rieb, J. T., Robinson, B. E., Samberg, L. H., Singh, N., Szeto, S. H., Voigt, B., Watson, K., Wright, T. M. 2019; 665: 1053–63

    Abstract

    The benefits nature provides to people, called ecosystem services, are increasingly recognized and accounted for in assessments of infrastructure development, agricultural management, conservation prioritization, and sustainable sourcing. These assessments are often limited by data, however, a gap with tremendous potential to be filled through Earth observations (EO), which produce a variety of data across spatial and temporal extents and resolutions. Despite widespread recognition of this potential, in practice few ecosystem service studies use EO. Here, we identify challenges and opportunities to using EO in ecosystem service modeling and assessment. Some challenges are technical, related to data awareness, processing, and access. These challenges require systematic investment in model platforms and data management. Other challenges are more conceptual but still systemic; they are byproducts of the structure of existing ecosystem service models and addressing them requires scientific investment in solutions and tools applicable to a wide range of models and approaches. We also highlight new ways in which EO can be leveraged for ecosystem service assessments, identifying promising new areas of research. More widespread use of EO for ecosystem service assessment will only be achieved if all of these types of challenges are addressed. This will require non-traditional funding and partnering opportunities from private and public agencies to promote data exploration, sharing, and archiving. Investing in this integration will be reflected in better and more accurate ecosystem service assessments worldwide.

    View details for PubMedID 30893737

  • Mapping Ecosystem Services to Human Well-being: a toolkit to support integrated landscape management for the SDGs. Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America Johnson, J. A., Jones, S. K., Wood, S. L., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Hawthorne, P. L., Mulligan, M., Pennington, D., DeClerck, F. A. 2019: e01985

    Abstract

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasize the global and multi-dimensional nature of sustainability and thus require improving our capacity to articulate and trace the impact of ecosystem change to measures of human well-being. Yet, the integrated nature of these goals is challenging to assess without similarly integrated assessment tools. We present a new modeling toolkit, 'Mapping Ecosystem Services to Human well-being' (MESH), that integrates commonly used, stand alone ecosystem services models from the InVEST suite of models to quantify and illustrate the tradeoffs and synergies across five ecosystem services and up to ten associated SDGs. Development of the software and its functionality were informed by a broad stakeholder consultation with ministries, non-governmental organizations and civil society groups in West Africa to identify common barriers to uptake and application of modeling tools in developing countries. In light of this process, key features included in MESH are 1) integration of multiple ecosystem service (ES) models into a common modeling framework supported by a curated base dataset; 2) built-in scenario generation capacity to support policy analysis; 3) visualization of outcomes and tradeoffs, and 4) mapping of ecosystem service change to SDG targets and goals. We illustrate the use of MESH in a case study in the Volta basin of West Africa comparing the effectiveness of three alternative conservation prioritization approaches: (i) land cover-based, (ii) topographic-based and (iii) an ecosystem service-based approach to minimize impact of agricultural expansion. We evaluate these approaches by linking changes in service supply to potential impacts on achievement of specific SDG goals and targets. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/eap.1985

    View details for PubMedID 31348562

  • A protocol for an intercomparison of biodiversity and ecosystem services models using harmonized land-use and climate scenarios GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT Kim, H., Rosa, I. D., Alkemade, R., Leadley, P., Hurtt, G., Popp, A., van Vuuren, D. P., Anthoni, P., Arneth, A., Baisero, D., Caton, E., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Chini, L., De Palma, A., Di Fulvio, F., Di Marco, M., Espinoza, F., Ferrier, S., Fujimori, S., Gonzalez, R. E., Gueguen, M., Guerra, C., Harfoot, M., Harwood, T. D., Hasegawa, T., Haverd, V., Havlik, P., Hellweg, S., Hill, S. L., Hirata, A., Hoskins, A. J., Janse, J. H., Jetz, W., Johnson, J. A., Krause, A., Leclere, D., Martins, I. S., Matsui, T., Merow, C., Obersteiner, M., Ohashi, H., Poulter, B., Purvis, A., Quesada, B., Rondinini, C., Schipper, A. M., Sharp, R., Takahashi, K., Thuiller, W., Titeux, N., Visconti, P., Ware, C., Wolf, F., Pereira, H. M. 2018; 11 (11): 4537–62
  • Bright spots in agricultural landscapes: Identifying areas exceeding expectations for multifunctionality and biodiversity JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY Frei, B., Renard, D., Mitchell, M. E., Seufert, V., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Rhemtulla, J. M., Bennett, E. M. 2018; 55 (6): 2731–43
  • Consequences of integrating livestock and wildlife in an African savanna NATURE SUSTAINABILITY Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R. S., Okanga, S., Huckett, S., Bayles, B. R., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Fredericks, L., Hedlund, T., Kowal, V., Tallis, H., Warui, C. M., Wood, S. A., Allan, B. F. 2018; 1 (10): 566–73
  • Crop pests and predators exhibit inconsistent responses to surrounding landscape composition PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Karp, D. S., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Meehan, T. D., Martin, E. A., DeClerck, F., Grab, H., Gratton, C., Hunt, L., Larsen, A. E., Martinez-Salinas, A., O'Rourke, M. E., Rusch, A., Poveda, K., Jonsson, M., Rosenheim, J. A., Schellhorn, N. A., Tscharntke, T., Wratten, S. D., Zhang, W., Iverson, A. L., Adler, L. S., Albrecht, M., Alignier, A., Angelella, G. M., Anjum, M., Avelino, J., Batary, P., Baveco, J. M., Bianchi, F. A., Birkhofer, K., Bohnenblust, E. W., Bommarco, R., Brewer, M. J., Caballero-Lopez, B., Carriere, Y., Carvalheiro, L. G., Cayuela, L., Centrella, M., Cetkovic, A., Henri, D., Chabert, A., Costamagna, A. C., De la Mora, A., de Kraker, J., Desneux, N., Diehl, E., Diekoetter, T., Dormann, C. F., Eckberg, J. O., Entling, M. H., Fiedler, D., Franck, P., van Veen, F., Frank, T., Gagic, V., Garratt, M. D., Getachew, A., Gonthier, D. J., Goodell, P. B., Graziosi, I., Groves, R. L., Gurr, G. M., Hajian-Forooshani, Z., Heimpel, G. E., Herrmann, J. D., Huseth, A. S., Inclan, D. J., Ingrao, A. J., Iv, P., Jacot, K., Johnson, G. A., Jones, L., Kaiser, M., Kaser, J. M., Keasar, T., Kim, T. N., Kishinevsky, M., Landis, D. A., Lavandero, B., Lavigne, C., Le Ralec, A., Lemessa, D., Letourneau, D. K., Liere, H., Lu, Y., Lubin, Y., Luttermoser, T., Maas, B., Mace, K., Madeira, F., Mader, V., Cortesero, A., Marini, L., Martinez, E., Martinson, H. M., Menozzi, P., Mitchell, M. E., Miyashita, T., Molina, G. R., Molina-Montenegro, M. A., O'Neal, M. E., Opatovsky, I., Ortiz-Martinez, S., Nash, M., Ostman, O., Ouin, A., Pak, D., Paredes, D., Parsa, S., Parry, H., Perez-Alvarez, R., Perovic, D. J., Peterson, J. A., Petit, S., Philpott, S. M., Plantegenest, M., Plecas, M., Pluess, T., Pons, X., Potts, S. G., Pywell, R. F., Ragsdale, D. W., Rand, T. A., Raymond, L., Ricci, B., Sargent, C., Sarthou, J., Saulais, J., Schackermann, J., Schmidt, N. P., Schneider, G., Schuepp, C., Sivakoff, F. S., Smith, H. G., Whitney, K., Stutz, S., Szendrei, Z., Takada, M. B., Taki, H., Tamburini, G., Thomson, L. J., Tricault, Y., Tsafack, N., Tschumi, M., Valantin-Morison, M., Mai Van Trinh, van der Werf, W., Vierling, K. T., Werling, B. P., Wickens, J. B., Wickens, V. J., Woodcock, B. A., Wyckhuys, K., Xiao, H., Yasuda, M., Yoshioka, A., Zou, Y. 2018; 115 (33): E7863–E7870

    Abstract

    The idea that noncrop habitat enhances pest control and represents a win-win opportunity to conserve biodiversity and bolster yields has emerged as an agroecological paradigm. However, while noncrop habitat in landscapes surrounding farms sometimes benefits pest predators, natural enemy responses remain heterogeneous across studies and effects on pests are inconclusive. The observed heterogeneity in species responses to noncrop habitat may be biological in origin or could result from variation in how habitat and biocontrol are measured. Here, we use a pest-control database encompassing 132 studies and 6,759 sites worldwide to model natural enemy and pest abundances, predation rates, and crop damage as a function of landscape composition. Our results showed that although landscape composition explained significant variation within studies, pest and enemy abundances, predation rates, crop damage, and yields each exhibited different responses across studies, sometimes increasing and sometimes decreasing in landscapes with more noncrop habitat but overall showing no consistent trend. Thus, models that used landscape-composition variables to predict pest-control dynamics demonstrated little potential to explain variation across studies, though prediction did improve when comparing studies with similar crop and landscape features. Overall, our work shows that surrounding noncrop habitat does not consistently improve pest management, meaning habitat conservation may bolster production in some systems and depress yields in others. Future efforts to develop tools that inform farmers when habitat conservation truly represents a win-win would benefit from increased understanding of how landscape effects are modulated by local farm management and the biology of pests and their enemies.

    View details for PubMedID 30072434

  • Response to Kabisch and Colleagues BIOSCIENCE Rieb, J. T., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Daily, G. C., Armsworth, P. R., Boehning-Gaese, K., Bonn, A., Cumming, G. S., Eigenbrod, F., Grimm, V., Jackson, B. M., Marques, A., Pattanayak, S. K., Pereira, H. M., Peterson, G. D., Ricketts, T. H., Robinson, B. E., Schroeter, M., Schulte, L. A., Seppelt, R., Turner, M. G., Bennett, E. M. 2018; 68 (3): 167–68
  • Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals ECOSYSTEM SERVICES Wood, S. R., Jones, S. K., Johnson, J. A., Brauman, K. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Fremier, A., Girvetz, E., Gordon, L. J., Kappel, C. V., Mandle, L., Mulligan, M., O'Farrell, P., Smith, W. K., Willemen, L., Zhang, W., DeClerck, F. A. 2018; 29: 70–82
  • INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS WITH ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ANALYSIS ROUTLEDGE HANDBOOK OF THE RESOURCE NEXUS Hamel, P., Bryant, B., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Vogl, A., Bleischwitz, R., Hoff, H., Spataru, C., VanDerVoet, E., VanDeveer, S. D. 2018: 159–76
  • When, Where, and How Nature Matters for Ecosystem Services: Challenges for the Next Generation of Ecosystem Service Models BIOSCIENCE Rieb, J. T., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Daily, G. C., Armsworth, P. R., Boehning-Gaese, K., Bonn, A., Cumming, G. S., Eigenbrod, F., Grimm, V., Jackson, B. M., Marques, A., Pattanayak, S. K., Pereira, H. M., Peterson, G. D., Ricketts, T. H., Robinson, B. E., Schroeter, M., Schulte, L. A., Seppelt, R., Turner, M. G., Bennett, E. M. 2017; 67 (9): 820–33
  • Can integrating wildlife and livestock enhance ecosystem services in central Kenya? FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT Allan, B. F., Tallis, H., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Huckett, S., Kowal, V. A., Musengezi, J., Okanga, S., Ostfeld, R. S., Schieltz, J., Warui, C. M., Wood, S. A., Keesing, F. 2017; 15 (6): 328–35

    View details for DOI 10.1002/fee.1501

    View details for Web of Science ID 000406740600017

  • Society Is Ready for a New Kind of Science-Is Academia? BIOSCIENCE Keeler, B. L., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Guerry, A. D., Addison, P. E., Bettigole, C., Burke, I. C., Gentry, B., Chambliss, L., Young, C., Travis, A. J., Darimont, C. T., Gordon, D. R., Hellmann, J., Kareiva, P., Monfort, S., Olander, L., Profeta, T., Possingham, H. P., Slotterback, C., Sterling, E., Ticktin, T., Vira, B. 2017; 67 (7): 591–92

    View details for DOI 10.1093/biosci/bix051

    View details for Web of Science ID 000405069000003

    View details for PubMedID 29599540

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5862262

  • Priorities to Acvance Vonitorinc of Ecosyste Services Using Earth Ooservation TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION Cord, A. F., Brauman, K. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Huth, A., Ziv, G., Seppelt, R. 2017; 32 (6): 416-428

    Abstract

    Managing ecosystem services in the context of global sustainability policies requires reliable monitoring mechanisms. While satellite Earth observation offers great promise to support this need, significant challenges remain in quantifying connections between ecosystem functions, ecosystem services, and human well-being benefits. Here, we provide a framework showing how Earth observation together with socioeconomic information and model-based analysis can support assessments of ecosystem service supply, demand, and benefit, and illustrate this for three services. We argue that the full potential of Earth observation is not yet realized in ecosystem service studies. To provide guidance for priority setting and to spur research in this area, we propose five priorities to advance the capabilities of Earth observation-based monitoring of ecosystem services.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2017.03.003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000401514600004

    View details for PubMedID 28411950

  • A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes. Global change biology Lichtenberg, E. M., Kennedy, C. M., Kremen, C., Batáry, P., Berendse, F., Bommarco, R., Bosque-Pérez, N. A., Carvalheiro, L. G., Snyder, W. E., Williams, N. M., Winfree, R., Klatt, B. K., Åström, S., Benjamin, F., Brittain, C., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Clough, Y., Danforth, B., Diekötter, T., Eigenbrode, S. D., Ekroos, J., Elle, E., Freitas, B. M., Fukuda, Y., Gaines-Day, H. R., Grab, H., Gratton, C., Holzschuh, A., Isaacs, R., Isaia, M., Jha, S., Jonason, D., Jones, V. P., Klein, A., Krauss, J., Letourneau, D. K., Macfadyen, S., Mallinger, R. E., Martin, E. A., Martinez, E., Memmott, J., Morandin, L., Neame, L., Otieno, M., Park, M. G., Pfiffner, L., Pocock, M. J., Ponce, C., Potts, S. G., Poveda, K., Ramos, M., Rosenheim, J. A., Rundlöf, M., Sardiñas, H., Saunders, M. E., Schon, N. L., Sciligo, A. R., Sidhu, C. S., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Tscharntke, T., Veselý, M., Weisser, W. W., Wilson, J. K., Crowder, D. W. 2017

    Abstract

    Agricultural intensification is a leading cause of global biodiversity loss, which can reduce the provisioning of ecosystem services in managed ecosystems. Organic farming and plant diversification are farm management schemes that may mitigate potential ecological harm by increasing species richness and boosting related ecosystem services to agroecosystems. What remains unclear is the extent to which farm management schemes affect biodiversity components other than species richness, and whether impacts differ across spatial scales and landscape contexts. Using a global metadataset, we quantified the effects of organic farming and plant diversification on abundance, local diversity (communities within fields), and regional diversity (communities across fields) of arthropod pollinators, predators, herbivores, and detritivores. Both organic farming and higher in-field plant diversity enhanced arthropod abundance, particularly for rare taxa. This resulted in increased richness but decreased evenness. While these responses were stronger at local relative to regional scales, richness and abundance increased at both scales, and richness on farms embedded in complex relative to simple landscapes. Overall, both organic farming and in-field plant diversification exerted the strongest effects on pollinators and predators, suggesting these management schemes can facilitate ecosystem service providers without augmenting herbivore (pest) populations. Our results suggest that organic farming and plant diversification promote diverse arthropod metacommunities that may provide temporal and spatial stability of ecosystem service provisioning. Conserving diverse plant and arthropod communities in farming systems therefore requires sustainable practices that operate both within fields and across landscapes.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/gcb.13714

    View details for PubMedID 28488295

  • Life cycle assessment needs predictive spatial modelling for biodiversity and ecosystem services NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Chaplin-Kramer, R., Sim, S., Hamel, P., Bryant, B., Noe, R., Mueller, C., Rigarlsford, G., Kulak, M., Kowal, V., Sharp, R., Clavreul, J., Price, E., Polasky, S., Ruckelshaus, M., Daily, G. 2017; 8

    Abstract

    International corporations in an increasingly globalized economy exert a major influence on the planet's land use and resources through their product design and material sourcing decisions. Many companies use life cycle assessment (LCA) to evaluate their sustainability, yet commonly-used LCA methodologies lack the spatial resolution and predictive ecological information to reveal key impacts on climate, water and biodiversity. We present advances for LCA that integrate spatially explicit modelling of land change and ecosystem services in a Land-Use Change Improved (LUCI)-LCA. Comparing increased demand for bioplastics derived from two alternative feedstock-location scenarios for maize and sugarcane, we find that the LUCI-LCA approach yields results opposite to those of standard LCA for greenhouse gas emissions and water consumption, and of different magnitudes for soil erosion and biodiversity. This approach highlights the importance of including information about where and how land-use change and related impacts will occur in supply chain and innovation decisions.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms15065

    View details for Web of Science ID 000399983700001

    View details for PubMedID 28429710

  • The Challenges of Applying Planetary Boundaries as a Basis for Strategic Decision-Making in Companies with Global Supply Chains SUSTAINABILITY Clift, R., Sim, S., King, H., Chenoweth, J. L., Christie, I., Clavreul, J., Mueller, C., Posthuma, L., Boulay, A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Chatterton, J., DeClerck, F., Druckman, A., France, C., Franco, A., Gerten, D., Goedkoop, M., Hauschild, M. Z., Huijbregts, M. A., Koellner, T., Lambin, E. F., Lee, J., Mair, S., Marshall, S., McLachlan, M. S., Mila i Canals, L., Mitchell, C., Price, E., Rockstrom, J., Suckling, J., Murphy, R. 2017; 9 (2)

    View details for DOI 10.3390/su9020279

    View details for Web of Science ID 000395590500121

  • Landscape configuration is the primary driver of impacts on water quality associated with agricultural expansion ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Chaplin-Kramer, R., Hamel, P., Sharp, R., Kowal, V., Wolny, S., Sim, S., Mueller, C. 2016; 11 (7)
  • Agricultural landscape simplification reduces natural pest control: A quantitative synthesis AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT Rusch, A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Gardiner, M. M., Hawro, V., Holland, J., Landis, D., Thies, C., Tscharntke, T., Weisser, W. W., Winqvist, C., Woltz, M., Bommarco, R. 2016; 221: 198-204
  • Science for the sustainable use of ecosystem services. F1000Research Bennett, E. M., Chaplin-Kramer, R. 2016; 5: 2622-?

    Abstract

    Sustainability is a key challenge for humanity in the 21st century. Ecosystem services-the benefits that people derive from nature and natural capital-is a concept often used to help explain human reliance on nature and frame the decisions we make in terms of the ongoing value of nature to human wellbeing. Yet ecosystem service science has not always lived up to the promise of its potential. Despite advances in the scientific literature, ecosystem service science has not yet answered some of the most critical questions posed by decision-makers in the realm of sustainability. Here, we explore the history of ecosystem service science, discuss advances in conceptualization and measurement, and point toward further work needed to improve the use of ecosystem service in decisions about sustainable development.

    View details for PubMedID 27853527

  • Degradation in carbon stocks near tropical forest edges NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Chaplin-Kramer, R., Ramler, I., Sharp, R., Haddad, N. M., Gerber, J. S., West, P. C., Mandle, L., Engstrom, P., Baccini, A., Sim, S., Mueller, C., King, H. 2015; 6
  • Ecosystem service information to benefit sustainability standards for commodity supply chains. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Chaplin-Kramer, R., Jonell, M., Guerry, A., Lambin, E. F., Morgan, A. J., Pennington, D., Smith, N., Franch, J. A., Polasky, S. 2015; 1355 (1): 77-97

    Abstract

    The growing base of information about ecosystem services generated by ecologists, economists, and other scientists could improve the implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of commodity-sourcing standards being adopted by corporations to mitigate risk in their supply chains and achieve sustainability goals. This review examines various ways that information about ecosystem services could facilitate compliance with and auditing of commodity-sourcing standards. We also identify gaps in the current state of knowledge on the ecological effectiveness of sustainability standards and demonstrate how ecosystem-service information could complement existing monitoring efforts to build credible evidence. This paper is a call to the ecosystem-service scientists to engage in this decision context and tailor the information they are generating to the needs of the standards community, which we argue would offer greater efficiency of standards implementation for producers and enhanced effectiveness for standard scheme owners and corporations, and should thus lead to more sustainable outcomes for people and nature.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/nyas.12961

    View details for PubMedID 26555859

  • A new approach to modeling the sediment retention service (InVEST 3.0): Case study of the Cape Fear catchment, North Carolina, USA SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Hamel, P., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Sim, S., Mueller, C. 2015; 524: 166-177
  • Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Guerry, A. D., Polasky, S., Lubchenco, J., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Daily, G. C., Griffin, R., Ruckelshaus, M., Bateman, I. J., Duraiappah, A., Elmqvist, T., Feldman, M. W., Folke, C., Hoekstra, J., Kareiva, P. M., Keeler, B. L., Li, S., Mckenzie, E., Ouyang, Z., Reyers, B., Ricketts, T. H., Rockstrom, J., Tallis, H., Vira, B. 2015; 112 (24): 7348-7355

    Abstract

    The central challenge of the 21st century is to develop economic, social, and governance systems capable of ending poverty and achieving sustainable levels of population and consumption while securing the life-support systems underpinning current and future human well-being. Essential to meeting this challenge is the incorporation of natural capital and the ecosystem services it provides into decision-making. We explore progress and crucial gaps at this frontier, reflecting upon the 10 y since the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. We focus on three key dimensions of progress and ongoing challenges: raising awareness of the interdependence of ecosystems and human well-being, advancing the fundamental interdisciplinary science of ecosystem services, and implementing this science in decisions to restore natural capital and use it sustainably. Awareness of human dependence on nature is at an all-time high, the science of ecosystem services is rapidly advancing, and talk of natural capital is now common from governments to corporate boardrooms. However, successful implementation is still in early stages. We explore why ecosystem service information has yet to fundamentally change decision-making and suggest a path forward that emphasizes: (i) developing solid evidence linking decisions to impacts on natural capital and ecosystem services, and then to human well-being; (ii) working closely with leaders in government, business, and civil society to develop the knowledge, tools, and practices necessary to integrate natural capital and ecosystem services into everyday decision-making; and (iii) reforming institutions to change policy and practices to better align private short-term goals with societal long-term goals.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1503751112

    View details for Web of Science ID 000356251800027

    View details for PubMedID 26082539

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4475956

  • Spatial patterns of agricultural expansion determine impacts on biodiversity and carbon storage PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Chaplin-Kramer, R., Sharp, R. P., Mandle, L., Sim, S., Johnson, J., Butnar, I., Mila I Canals, L., Eichelberger, B. A., Ramler, I., Mueller, C., McLachlan, N., Yousefi, A., King, H., Kareiva, P. M. 2015; 112 (24): 7402-7407

    Abstract

    The agricultural expansion and intensification required to meet growing food and agri-based product demand present important challenges to future levels and management of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Influential actors such as corporations, governments, and multilateral organizations have made commitments to meeting future agricultural demand sustainably and preserving critical ecosystems. Current approaches to predicting the impacts of agricultural expansion involve calculation of total land conversion and assessment of the impacts on biodiversity or ecosystem services on a per-area basis, generally assuming a linear relationship between impact and land area. However, the impacts of continuing land development are often not linear and can vary considerably with spatial configuration. We demonstrate what could be gained by spatially explicit analysis of agricultural expansion at a large scale compared with the simple measure of total area converted, with a focus on the impacts on biodiversity and carbon storage. Using simple modeling approaches for two regions of Brazil, we find that for the same amount of land conversion, the declines in biodiversity and carbon storage can vary two- to fourfold depending on the spatial pattern of conversion. Impacts increase most rapidly in the earliest stages of agricultural expansion and are more pronounced in scenarios where conversion occurs in forest interiors compared with expansion into forests from their edges. This study reveals the importance of spatially explicit information in the assessment of land-use change impacts and for future land management and conservation.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1406485112

    View details for Web of Science ID 000356251800035

    View details for PubMedID 26082547

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4475955

  • Degradation in carbon stocks near tropical forest edges. Nature communications Chaplin-Kramer, R., Ramler, I., Sharp, R., Haddad, N. M., Gerber, J. S., West, P. C., Mandle, L., Engstrom, P., Baccini, A., Sim, S., Mueller, C., King, H. 2015; 6: 10158

    Abstract

    Carbon stock estimates based on land cover type are critical for informing climate change assessment and landscape management, but field and theoretical evidence indicates that forest fragmentation reduces the amount of carbon stored at forest edges. Here, using remotely sensed pantropical biomass and land cover data sets, we estimate that biomass within the first 500 m of the forest edge is on average 25% lower than in forest interiors and that reductions of 10% extend to 1.5 km from the forest edge. These findings suggest that IPCC Tier 1 methods overestimate carbon stocks in tropical forests by nearly 10%. Proper accounting for degradation at forest edges will inform better landscape and forest management and policies, as well as the assessment of carbon stocks at landscape and national levels.

    View details for PubMedID 26679749

  • Sensitivity analysis of a sediment dynamics model applied in a Mediterranean river basin: Global change and management implications SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Sanchez-Canales, M., Lopez-Benito, A., Acuna, V., Ziv, G., Hamel, P., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Elorza, F. J. 2015; 502: 602-610

    Abstract

    Climate change and land-use change are major factors influencing sediment dynamics. Models can be used to better understand sediment production and retention by the landscape, although their interpretation is limited by large uncertainties, including model parameter uncertainties. The uncertainties related to parameter selection may be significant and need to be quantified to improve model interpretation for watershed management. In this study, we performed a sensitivity analysis of the InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Environmental Services and Tradeoffs) sediment retention model in order to determine which model parameters had the greatest influence on model outputs, and therefore require special attention during calibration. The estimation of the sediment loads in this model is based on the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). The sensitivity analysis was performed in the Llobregat basin (NE Iberian Peninsula) for exported and retained sediment, which support two different ecosystem service benefits (avoided reservoir sedimentation and improved water quality). Our analysis identified the model parameters related to the natural environment as the most influential for sediment export and retention. Accordingly, small changes in variables such as the magnitude and frequency of extreme rainfall events could cause major changes in sediment dynamics, demonstrating the sensitivity of these dynamics to climate change in Mediterranean basins. Parameters directly related to human activities and decisions (such as cover management factor, C) were also influential, especially for sediment exported. The importance of these human-related parameters in the sediment export process suggests that mitigation measures have the potential to at least partially ameliorate climate-change driven changes in sediment exportation.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.074

    View details for Web of Science ID 000345730800065

    View details for PubMedID 25302447

  • Global malnutrition overlaps with pollinator-dependent micronutrient production PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Chaplin-Kramer, R., Dombeck, E., Gerber, J., Knuth, K. A., Mueller, N. D., Mueller, M., Ziv, G., Klein, A. 2014; 281 (1794)

    Abstract

    Pollinators contribute around 10% of the economic value of crop production globally, but the contribution of these pollinators to human nutrition is potentially much higher. Crops vary in the degree to which they benefit from pollinators, and many of the most pollinator-dependent crops are also among the richest in micronutrients essential to human health. This study examines regional differences in the pollinator dependence of crop micronutrient content and reveals overlaps between this dependency and the severity of micronutrient deficiency in people around the world. As much as 50% of the production of plant-derived sources of vitamin A requires pollination throughout much of Southeast Asia, whereas other essential micronutrients such as iron and folate have lower dependencies, scattered throughout Africa, Asia and Central America. Micronutrient deficiencies are three times as likely to occur in areas of highest pollination dependence for vitamin A and iron, suggesting that disruptions in pollination could have serious implications for the accessibility of micronutrients for public health. These regions of high nutritional vulnerability are understudied in the pollination literature, and should be priority areas for research related to ecosystem services and human well-being.

    View details for DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1799

    View details for Web of Science ID 000341922700012

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4211458

  • Global malnutrition overlaps with pollinator-dependent micronutrient production. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society Chaplin-Kramer, R., Dombeck, E., Gerber, J., Knuth, K. A., Mueller, N. D., Mueller, M., Ziv, G., Klein, A. 2014; 281 (1794)

    Abstract

    Pollinators contribute around 10% of the economic value of crop production globally, but the contribution of these pollinators to human nutrition is potentially much higher. Crops vary in the degree to which they benefit from pollinators, and many of the most pollinator-dependent crops are also among the richest in micronutrients essential to human health. This study examines regional differences in the pollinator dependence of crop micronutrient content and reveals overlaps between this dependency and the severity of micronutrient deficiency in people around the world. As much as 50% of the production of plant-derived sources of vitamin A requires pollination throughout much of Southeast Asia, whereas other essential micronutrients such as iron and folate have lower dependencies, scattered throughout Africa, Asia and Central America. Micronutrient deficiencies are three times as likely to occur in areas of highest pollination dependence for vitamin A and iron, suggesting that disruptions in pollination could have serious implications for the accessibility of micronutrients for public health. These regions of high nutritional vulnerability are understudied in the pollination literature, and should be priority areas for research related to ecosystem services and human well-being.

    View details for DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1799

    View details for PubMedID 25232140

  • Detecting pest control services across spatial and temporal scales AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT Chaplin-Kramer, R., De Valpine, P., Mills, N. J., Kremen, C. 2013; 181: 206-212
  • Effects of Climate Change on Range Forage Production in the San Francisco Bay Area PLOS ONE Chaplin-Kramer, R., George, M. R. 2013; 8 (3)

    Abstract

    The San Francisco Bay Area in California, USA is a highly heterogeneous region in climate, topography, and habitats, as well as in its political and economic interests. Successful conservation strategies must consider various current and future competing demands for the land, and should pay special attention to livestock grazing, the dominant non-urban land-use. The main objective of this study was to predict changes in rangeland forage production in response to changes in temperature and precipitation projected by downscaled output from global climate models. Daily temperature and precipitation data generated by four climate models were used as input variables for an existing rangeland forage production model (linear regression) for California's annual rangelands and projected on 244 12 km x 12 km grid cells for eight Bay Area counties. Climate model projections suggest that forage production in Bay Area rangelands may be enhanced by future conditions in most years, at least in terms of peak standing crop. However, the timing of production is as important as its peak, and altered precipitation patterns could mean delayed germination, resulting in shorter growing seasons and longer periods of inadequate forage quality. An increase in the frequency of extremely dry years also increases the uncertainty of forage availability. These shifts in forage production will affect the economic viability and conservation strategies for rangelands in the San Francisco Bay Area.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0057723

    View details for PubMedID 23472102

  • Pest control experiments show benefits of complexity at landscape and local scales ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Chaplin-Kramer, R., Kremen, C. 2012; 22 (7): 1936-1948

    Abstract

    Farms benefit from pest control services provided by nature, but management of these services requires an understanding of how habitat complexity within and around the farm impacts the relationship between agricultural pests and their enemies. Using cage experiments, this study measures the effect of habitat complexity across scales on pest suppression of the cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae in broccoli. Our results reveal that proportional reduction of pest density increases with complexity both at the landscape scale (measured by natural habitat cover in the 1 km around the farm) and at the local scale (plant diversity). While high local complexity can compensate for low complexity at landscape scales and vice versa, a delay in natural enemy arrival to locally complex sites in simple landscapes may compromise the enemies' ability to provide adequate control. Local complexity in simplified landscapes may only provide adequate top-down pest control in cooler microclimates with relatively low aphid colonization rates. Even so, strong natural enemy function can be overwhelmed by high rates of pest reproduction or colonization from nearby source habitat.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000310626100006

    View details for PubMedID 23210310