Institute Affiliations

Professional Education

  • BS, Cumberland University, Exercise Science (2015)
  • MS, Appalachian State University, Exercise Science (2017)
  • MS, Appalachian State University, Engineering Physics (2018)
  • PhD, University of Vermont, Mechanical Engineering (2021)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Open-source dataset reveals relationship between walking bout duration and fall risk classification performance in persons with multiple sclerosis. PLOS digital health Meyer, B. M., Tulipani, L. J., Gurchiek, R. D., Allen, D. A., Solomon, A. J., Cheney, N., McGinnis, R. S. 2022; 1 (10): e0000120


    Falls are frequent and associated with morbidity in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Symptoms of MS fluctuate, and standard biannual clinical visits cannot capture these fluctuations. Remote monitoring techniques that leverage wearable sensors have recently emerged as an approach sensitive to disease variability. Previous research has shown that fall risk can be identified from walking data collected by wearable sensors in controlled laboratory conditions however this data may not be generalizable to variable home environments. To investigate fall risk and daily activity performance from remote data, we introduce a new open-source dataset featuring data collected from 38 PwMS, 21 of whom are identified as fallers and 17 as non-fallers based on their six-month fall history. This dataset contains inertial-measurement-unit data from eleven body locations collected in the laboratory, patient-reported surveys and neurological assessments, and two days of free-living sensor data from the chest and right thigh. Six-month (n = 28) and one-year repeat assessment (n = 15) data are also available for some patients. To demonstrate the utility of these data, we explore the use of free-living walking bouts for characterizing fall risk in PwMS, compare these data to those collected in controlled environments, and examine the impact of bout duration on gait parameters and fall risk estimates. Both gait parameters and fall risk classification performance were found to change with bout duration. Deep learning models outperformed feature-based models using home data; the best performance was observed with all bouts for deep-learning and short bouts for feature-based models when evaluating performance on individual bouts. Overall, short duration free-living walking bouts were found to be the least similar to laboratory walking, longer duration free-living walking bouts provided more significant differences between fallers and non-fallers, and an aggregation of all free-living walking bouts yields the best performance in fall risk classification.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pdig.0000120

    View details for PubMedID 36812538

  • How Much Data Is Enough? A Reliable Methodology to Examine Long-Term Wearable Data Acquisition in Gait and Postural Sway. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) Meyer, B. M., Depetrillo, P., Franco, J., Donahue, N., Fox, S. R., O'Leary, A., Loftness, B. C., Gurchiek, R. D., Buckley, M., Solomon, A. J., Ng, S. K., Cheney, N., Ceruolo, M., McGinnis, R. S. 2022; 22 (18)


    Wearable sensors facilitate the evaluation of gait and balance impairment in the free-living environment, often with observation periods spanning weeks, months, and even years. Data supporting the minimal duration of sensor wear, which is necessary to capture representative variability in impairment measures, are needed to balance patient burden, data quality, and study cost. Prior investigations have examined the duration required for resolving a variety of movement variables (e.g., gait speed, sit-to-stand tests), but these studies use differing methodologies and have only examined a small subset of potential measures of gait and balance impairment. Notably, postural sway measures have not yet been considered in these analyses. Here, we propose a three-level framework for examining this problem. Difference testing and intra-class correlations (ICC) are used to examine the agreement in features computed from potential wear durations (levels one and two). The association between features and established patient reported outcomes at each wear duration is also considered (level three) for determining the necessary wear duration. Utilizing wearable accelerometer data continuously collected from 22 persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) for 6 weeks, this framework suggests that 2 to 3 days of monitoring may be sufficient to capture most of the variability in gait and sway; however, longer periods (e.g., 3 to 6 days) may be needed to establish strong correlations to patient-reported clinical measures. Regression analysis indicates that the required wear duration depends on both the observation frequency and variability of the measure being considered. This approach provides a framework for evaluating wear duration as one aspect of the comprehensive assessment, which is necessary to ensure that wearable sensor-based methods for capturing gait and balance impairment in the free-living environment are fit for purpose.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/s22186982

    View details for PubMedID 36146348