Participating in Two Video Concussion Education Programs Sequentially Improves Concussion-Reporting Intention.
2021; 2 (1): 581-591
Undiagnosed concussions increase the risk of additional concussion and persistent symptoms from concussion. Because there are no reliable objective markers of concussion, self-reporting of subjective and non-visible symptoms are critical to ensuring proper concussion management. For this reason, educational interventions target concussion reporting, but the majority of studies have examined the efficacy of single educational interventions or compared interventions to one another. This randomized crossover study sought to identify whether there was benefit to administering multiple concussion education programs in tandem, back to back. The study randomized 313 male high school football players to first receive CrashCourse concussion education (CC) or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention video concussion education (CDC) followed by crossover with the other education. Athlete concussion-reporting intention, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and enjoyment of education were assessed at baseline and after each intervention. There were statistically significant improvements across all measures, both after single intervention and crossover (all p < 0.001). Secondary analyses examining differences between education found that athletes reported higher enjoyment of concussion education immediately after participating in CC, as compared to CDC (p < 0.001). These findings demonstrate an additive benefit to implementing CC and CDC education in tandem, without decrement in enjoyment of concussion education after experiencing dual educations; in fact, enjoyment of concussion education improved after receiving education programs back to back. These educational programs appear to complement one another, and the results support the use of multi-modal concussion education to differentially target and maximize concussion reporting.
View details for DOI 10.1089/neur.2021.0033
View details for PubMedID 35018360
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8742279
- Participating in Two Video Concussion Education Programs Sequentially Improves Concussion-Reporting Intention NEUROTRAUMA REPORTS 2021; 2 (1): 581-591
Athlete Enjoyment of Prior Education Moderates change in Concussion-Reporting Intention after Interactive Education.
Inquiry : a journal of medical care organization, provision and financing
2021; 58: 469580211022641
Undiagnosed concussions increase risk of additional injuries and can prolong recovery. Because of the difficulties recognizing concussive symptoms, concussion education must specifically target improving athlete concussion reporting. Many concussion education programs are designed without significant input from athletes, resulting in a less enjoyable athlete experience, with potential implications on program efficacy. Athlete enjoyment of previous concussion education programs moderates the improvement in concussion-reporting intention after experiencing the research version of CrashCourse (CC) concussion education. Prospective cohort study. Level of evidence: Level IV. Quantitative assessment utilizing ANOVA with moderation analysis of 173 male high school football players, aged 13 to 17, who completed baseline assessments of concussion knowledge, concussion reporting, and attitudes about prior educational interventions. Athletes were subsequently shown CC, before a follow-up assessment was administered assessing the same domains. At baseline, only 58.5% of athletes reported that they enjoyed their previous concussion education. After CC, athletes were significantly more likely to endorse that they would report a suspected concussion (from 69.3% of athletes to 85.6%; P<.01). Enjoyment of previous concussion education moderated concussion-reporting intention after CC (P=.02), with CC having a greater effect on concussion-reporting intention in athletes with low enjoyment of previous concussion education (b=0.21, P=.02), than on individuals with high enjoyment of previous concussion education (P=.99). Enjoyment of CC did not have a moderating effect on concussion-reporting intention. Athletes who previously did not enjoy concussion education exhibited greater gains in concussion-reporting intention than athletes who enjoyed previous education. Given the potential risks associated with undiagnosed concussions, concussion education has sought to improve concussion reporting. Because most athletes participate in concussion education programs due to league or state mandates, improving concussion-reporting intention in these low-enjoyment athletes is of particular relevance to improving concussion-reporting intention broadly.
View details for DOI 10.1177/00469580211022641
View details for PubMedID 34053328
Opioid Use in Adults with Low Back or Lower Extremity Pain who Undergo Spine Surgical Treatment within One Year of Diagnosis.
Retrospective longitudinal cohort.We investigated opioid prescribing patterns amongst adults in the United States diagnosed with low back or lower extremity pain (LBP/LEP) who underwent spine surgery.Opioid-based treatment of LBP/LEP and postsurgical pain have separately been associated with chronic opioid use, but a combined and large-scale cohort study is missing.This study utilizes commercial inpatient, outpatient, and pharmaceutical insurance claims. Between 2008 and 2015, patients without prior prescription opioids with a new diagnosis of LBP/LEP who underwent surgery within one year after diagnosis were enrolled. Opioid prescribing patterns after LBP/LEP diagnosis and after surgery were evaluated. All patients had one-year postoperative follow-up. Low and high frequency (≥6 refills in 12 months) opioid prescription groups were identified.25,506 patients without prior prescription opioids were diagnosed with LBP/LEP and underwent surgery within one year of diagnosis. After LBP/LEP diagnosis, 18,219 (71.4%) were prescribed opioids while 7,287 (28.6%) were not. After surgery, 2,952 (11.6%) were prescribed opioids with high frequency and 22,554 (88.4%) with low frequency. Among patients prescribed opioids prior to surgery, those with high frequency prescriptions were more likely to continue this pattern postoperatively than those with low frequency prescriptions preoperatively (OR:2.15, 95% CI:1.97-2.34). For those prescribed opioids preoperatively, average daily morphine milligram equivalent (MME) decreased after surgery (by 2.62 in decompression alone cohort and 0.25 in arthrodesis cohort, p < 0.001). Postoperative low-frequency patients were more likely than high-frequency patients to discontinue opioids one-year after surgery (OR:3.78, 95% CI:3.59-3.99). Postoperative high-frequency patients incurred higher cost than low-frequency patients. Postoperative high-frequency prescribing varied widely across states (4.3%-20%).A stepwise association exists between opioid use after LEP or LBP diagnosis and frequency and duration of opioid prescriptions after surgery. Simultaneously, the strength of prescriptions as measured by MME decreased following surgery.3.
View details for DOI 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003663
View details for PubMedID 32833930