Professional Education


  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of California Berkeley (2018)

All Publications


  • Strain-induced room-temperature ferroelectricity in SrTiO3 membranes. Nature communications Xu, R., Huang, J., Barnard, E. S., Hong, S. S., Singh, P., Wong, E. K., Jansen, T., Harbola, V., Xiao, J., Wang, B. Y., Crossley, S., Lu, D., Liu, S., Hwang, H. Y. 2020; 11 (1): 3141

    Abstract

    Advances in complex oxide heteroepitaxy have highlighted the enormous potential of utilizing strain engineering via lattice mismatch to control ferroelectricity in thin-film heterostructures. This approach, however, lacks the ability to produce large and continuously variable strain states, thus limiting the potential for designing and tuning the desired properties of ferroelectric films. Here, we observe and explore dynamic strain-induced ferroelectricity in SrTiO3 by laminating freestanding oxide films onto a stretchable polymer substrate. Using a combination of scanning probe microscopy, optical second harmonic generation measurements, and atomistic modeling, we demonstrate robust room-temperature ferroelectricity in SrTiO3 with 2.0% uniaxial tensile strain, corroborated by the notable features of 180° ferroelectric domains and an extrapolated transition temperature of 400 K. Our work reveals the enormous potential of employing oxide membranes to create and enhance ferroelectricity in environmentally benign lead-free oxides, which hold great promise for applications ranging from non-volatile memories and microwave electronics.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-020-16912-3

    View details for PubMedID 32561835

  • Freestanding Oxide Ferroelectric Tunnel Junction Memories Transferred onto Silicon. Nano letters Lu, D., Crossley, S., Xu, R., Hikita, Y., Hwang, H. Y. 2019

    Abstract

    Crystalline oxide ferroelectric tunnel junctions enable persistent encoding of information in electric polarization, featuring nondestructive readout and scalability that can exceed current commercial high-speed, nonvolatile ferroelectric memories. However, the well-established fabrication of epitaxial devices on oxide substrates is difficult to adapt to silicon substrates for integration into complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor electronics. In this work, we report ferroelectric tunnel junctions based on 2.8 nm-thick BaTiO3 films grown epitaxially on SrTiO3 growth substrates, released, and relaminated onto silicon. The performance of the transferred devices is comparable to devices characterized on the oxide substrate, suggesting a viable route toward next-generation nonvolatile memories broadly integrable with different materials platforms.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01327

    View details for PubMedID 31136184