Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • B.Sc., Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Physics (2004)
  • M.Sc., Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Theoretical Physics (2007)
  • Ph.D., University of Reading, UK, Meteorology (2011)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Salvatore Pascale is a Research Scientist at the Department of Earth System Sciences at Stanford University.

His interests lie in understanding the impact of climate natural variability and change on the hydroclimate, with a particular emphasis on high-impact weather events (e.g., droughts, extreme precipitation) in monsoonal, mediterranean and semi-arid climates. These are densely populated regions, which, given the seasonal or erratic nature of their rainfall regimes, are particularly exposed to climate variability and to the impacts of global warming. In his research, Salvatore combines observations, statistical techniques and dynamical theory, and comprehensive and idealized climate models.

All Publications


  • SPEAR: The Next Generation GFDL Modeling System for Seasonal to Multidecadal Prediction and Projection JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MODELING EARTH SYSTEMS Delworth, T. L., Cooke, W. F., Adcroft, A., Bushuk, M., Chen, J., Dunne, K. A., Ginoux, P., Gudgel, R., Hallberg, R. W., Harris, L., Harrison, M. J., Johnson, N., Kapnick, S. B., Lin, S., Lu, F., Malyshev, S., Milly, P. C., Murakami, H., Naik, V., Pascale, S., Paynter, D., Rosati, A., Schwarzkopf, M. D., Shevliakova, E., Underwood, S., Wittenberg, A. T., Xiang, B., Yang, X., Zeng, F., Zhang, H., Zhang, L., Zhao, M. 2020; 12 (3)
  • The Impact of Sea Surface Temperature Biases on North American Precipitation in a High-Resolution Climate Model JOURNAL OF CLIMATE Johnson, N. C., Krishnamurthy, L., Wittenberg, A. T., Xiang, B., Vecchi, G. A., Kapnick, S. B., Pascale, S. 2020; 33 (6): 2427–47
  • Current and Future Variations of the Monsoons of the Americas in a Warming Climate CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS Pascale, S., Carvalho, L. M., Adams, D. K., Castro, C. L., Cavalcanti, I. A. 2019; 5 (3): 125–44
  • On the Angola Low Interannual Variability and Its Role in Modulating ENSO Effects in Southern Africa JOURNAL OF CLIMATE Pascale, S., Pohl, B., Kapnick, S. B., Zhang, H. 2019; 32 (15): 4783–4803
  • Potential Increase in Hazard From Mediterranean Hurricane Activity With Global Warming GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Gonzalez-Aleman, J. J., Pascale, S., Gutierrez-Fernandez, J., Murakami, H., Gaertner, M. A., Vecchi, G. A. 2019; 46 (3): 1754–64
  • The Influence of CO2 Forcing on North American Monsoon Moisture Surges JOURNAL OF CLIMATE Pascale, S., Kapnick, S. B., Bordoni, S., Delworth, T. L. 2018; 31 (19): 7949–68
  • The persistent signature of tropical cyclones in ambient seismic noise EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS Gualtieri, L., Camargo, S. J., Pascale, S., Pons, F. E., Ekstrom, G. 2018; 484: 287–94
  • Weakening of the North American monsoon with global warming NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE Pascale, S., Boos, W. R., Bordoni, S., Delworth, T. L., Kapnick, S. B., Murakami, H., Vecchi, G. A., Zhang, W. 2017; 7 (11): 806-+
  • The Impact of Horizontal Resolution on North American Monsoon Gulf of California Moisture Surges in a Suite of Coupled Global Climate Models JOURNAL OF CLIMATE Pascale, S., Bordoni, S., Kapnick, S. B., Vecchi, G. A., Jia, L., Delworth, T. L., Underwood, S., Anderson, W. 2016; 29 (21): 7911–36
  • Seasonal cycle of precipitation over major river basins in South and Southeast Asia: A review of the CMIP5 climate models data for present climate and future climate projections ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH ul Hasson, S., Pascale, S., Lucarini, V., Boehner, J. 2016; 180: 42–63
  • Tropical and Extratropical Controls of Gulf of California Surges and Summertime Precipitation over the Southwestern United States MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW Pascale, S., Bordoni, S. 2016; 144 (7): 2695–2718
  • Projected changes of rainfall seasonality and dry spells in a high greenhouse gas emissions scenario CLIMATE DYNAMICS Pascale, S., Lucarini, V., Feng, X., Porporato, A., ul Hasson, S. 2016; 46 (3-4): 1331–50
  • Analysis of rainfall seasonality from observations and climate models CLIMATE DYNAMICS Pascale, S., Lucarini, V., Feng, X., Porporato, A., ul Hasson, S. 2015; 44 (11-12): 3281–3301
  • Climate of Earth-like planets with high obliquity and eccentric orbits: Implications for habitability conditions PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Linsenmeier, M., Pascale, S., Lucarini, V. 2015; 105: 43–59
  • Mathematical and physical ideas for climate science REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS Lucarini, V., Blender, R., Herbert, C., Ragone, F., Pascale, S., Wouters, J. 2014; 52 (4): 809–59
  • Entropy production and coarse graining of the climate fields in a general circulation model CLIMATE DYNAMICS Lucarini, V., Pascale, S. 2014; 43 (3-4): 981–1000
  • Seasonality of the hydrological cycle in major South and Southeast Asian river basins as simulated by PCMDI/CMIP3 experiments EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS Hasson, S., Lucarini, V., Pascale, S., Boehner, J. 2014; 5 (1): 67–87
  • Thermodynamic insights into transitions between climate states under changes in solar and greenhouse forcing Beyond the second law: entropy production and non-equilibrium systems Boschi, R., Lucarini, V., Pascale, S. edited by Dewar, R., Lineweaver , C., Niven, R., Regenauer-Lieb , K. Springer. 2014
  • Bistability of the climate around the habitable zone: A thermodynamic investigation ICARUS Boschi, R., Lucarini, V., Pascale, S. 2013; 226 (2): 1724–42
  • Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of circulation regimes in optically thin, dry atmospheres PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Pascale, S., Ragone, F., Lucarini, V., Wang, Y., Boschi, R. 2013; 84: 48–65
  • Habitability and Multistability in Earth-like Planets ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN Lucarini, V., Pascale, S., Boschi, R., Kirk, E., Iro, N. 2013; 334 (6): 576–88
  • Hydrological cycle over South and Southeast Asian river basins as simulated by PCMDI/CMIP3 experiments EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS Hasson, S., Lucarini, V., Pascale, S. 2013; 4 (2): 199–217
  • A parametric sensitivity study of entropy production and kinetic energy dissipation using the FAMOUS AOGCM CLIMATE DYNAMICS Pascale, S., Gregory, J. M., Ambaum, M. P., Tailleux, R. 2012; 38 (5-6): 1211–27
  • Vertical and horizontal processes in the global atmosphere and the maximum entropy production conjecture EARTH SYSTEM DYNAMICS Pascale, S., Gregory, J. M., Ambaum, M. P., Tailleux, R., Lucarini, V. 2012; 3 (1): 19–32
  • Climate entropy budget of the HadCM3 atmosphere-ocean general circulation model and of FAMOUS, its low-resolution version CLIMATE DYNAMICS Pascale, S., Gregory, J. M., Ambaum, M., Tailleux, R. 2011; 36 (5-6): 1189–1206