Bio


RESEARCH INTERESTS:

How do the interactions between the vastly many electrons in solids produce the emergent phenomena we recognize as the macroscopic behavior of the materials we encounter in everyday life, and in the exotic materials and devices we engineer in the laboratory?

The central source of intellectual vitality and practical importance of condensed matter physics is the richness and diversity of behaviors exhibited by strongly interacting systems with many degrees of freedom, ranging from the collective behavior of neurons in the brain to the collective condensation of Cooper pairs that produce the macroscopic quantum phenomena associated with superconducting order.

The main thrust of the research carried out by Professor Kivelson is the search for theoretical characterization of qualitatively new behaviors of interacting electrons (i.e., new states of matter)as well as new regimes of parameters in which familiar states of matter behave in new and different ways. In particular, he seeks to explore; qualitatively...the relation between the microscopic interactions between electrons and the effective parameters that control the macroscopic behavior of solids.

Current areas of Focus:

- theory of quantum liquid crystalline phases of highly correlated electronic fluids
- intertwined orders and the theory of high temperature superconductivity
- theory of spin liquids and other fractionalized quantum phases
- theory of the glass transition in super cool liquids

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Prabhu Goel Family Professor of Physics, Stanford University (2012 - Present)
  • Professor, Physics, Stanford University (2004 - Present)
  • Professor, Physics and Astronomy, UCLA (1988 - 2004)
  • Professor of Physics, State University of New York at Stony Brook (1988 - 1989)
  • Associate Professor of Physics, State University of New York at Stony Brook (1986 - 1988)
  • Assistant Professor of Physics, State University of New York (1982 - 1986)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Harvard University, Physics (1979)

2016-17 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Ising Nematic Quantum Critical Point in a Metal: A Monte Carlo Study PHYSICAL REVIEW X Schattner, Y., Lederer, S., Kivelson, S. A., Berg, E. 2016; 6 (3)
  • Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates PHYSICAL REVIEW B Lee, K., Kivelson, S. A., Kim, E. 2016; 94 (1)
  • Ubiquitous signatures of nematic quantum criticality in optimally doped Fe-based superconductors SCIENCE Kuo, H., Chu, J., Palmstrom, J. C., Kivelson, S. A., Fisher, I. R. 2016; 352 (6288): 958-962

    Abstract

    A key actor in the conventional theory of superconductivity is the induced interaction between electrons mediated by the exchange of virtual collective fluctuations (phonons in the case of conventional s-wave superconductors). Other collective modes that can play the same role, especially spin fluctuations, have been widely discussed in the context of high-temperature and heavy Fermion superconductors. The strength of such collective fluctuations is measured by the associated susceptibility. Here we use differential elastoresistance measurements from five optimally doped iron-based superconductors to show that divergent nematic susceptibility appears to be a generic feature in the optimal doping regime of these materials. This observation motivates consideration of the effects of nematic fluctuations on the superconducting pairing interaction in this family of compounds and possibly beyond.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.aab0103

    View details for Web of Science ID 000376147800040

    View details for PubMedID 27199422

  • Necessity of Time-Reversal Symmetry Breaking for the Polar Kerr Effect in Linear Response PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Cho, W., Kivelson, S. A. 2016; 116 (9)

    Abstract

    We show that, measured in a backscattering geometry, the polar Kerr effect is absent if the nonlocal electromagnetic response function respects Onsager symmetry, characteristic of thermodynamic states that preserve time-reversal symmetry. A key element is an expression for the reflectivity tensor in terms of the retarded Green's function.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.093903

    View details for Web of Science ID 000371419600010

    View details for PubMedID 26991178

  • Three-dimensional charge density wave order in YBa2Cu3O6.67 at high magnetic fields SCIENCE Gerber, S., Jang, H., Nojiri, H., Matsuzawa, S., Yasumura, H., Bonn, D. A., Liang, R., Hardy, W. N., Islam, Z., Mehta, A., Song, S., Sikorski, M., Stefanescu, D., Feng, Y., Kivelson, S. A., Devereaux, T. P., Shen, Z., Kao, C., Lee, W., Zhu, D., Lee, J. 2015; 350 (6263): 949-952
  • Fluctuating orders and quenched randomness in the cuprates PHYSICAL REVIEW B Nie, L., Sierens, L. E., Melko, R. G., Sachdev, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2015; 92 (17)
  • Macroscopic character of composite high-temperature superconducting wires PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kivelson, S. A., Spivak, B. 2015; 92 (18)
  • Nematicity and quantum paramagnetism in FeSe NATURE PHYSICS Wang, F., Kivelson, S. A., Lee, D. 2015; 11 (11): 959-963

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS3456

    View details for Web of Science ID 000364800600022

  • One Hole in the Two-Leg t-J Ladder and Adiabatic Continuity to the Noninteracting Limit. Physical review letters White, S. R., Scalapino, D. J., Kivelson, S. A. 2015; 115 (5): 056401-?

    Abstract

    We carry out density-matrix-renormalization group (DMRG) calculations for the problem of one doped hole in a two-leg t-J ladder. Recent studies have concluded that exotic "Mott" physics-arising from the projection onto the space of no double-occupied sites-is manifest in this model system, leading to charge localization and a new mechanism for charge modulation. In contrast, we show that there is no localization and that the charge-density modulation arises when the minimum in the quasiparticle dispersion moves away from π. Although singular changes in the quasiparticle dispersion do occur as a function of model parameters, all of the DMRG results can be qualitatively understood from a noninteracting "band-structure" perspective.

    View details for PubMedID 26274429

  • One Hole in the Two-Leg t-J Ladder and Adiabatic Continuity to the Noninteracting Limit PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS White, S. R., Scalapino, D. J., Kivelson, S. A. 2015; 115 (5)
  • Colloquium: Theory of intertwined orders in high temperature superconductors REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Tranquada, J. M. 2015; 87 (2): 457-482
  • Enhancement of Superconductivity near a Nematic Quantum Critical Point PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Lederer, S., Schattner, Y., Berg, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2015; 114 (9)

    Abstract

    We consider a low T_{c} metallic superconductor weakly coupled to the soft fluctuations associated with proximity to a nematic quantum critical point (NQCP). We show that (1) a BCS-Eliashberg treatment remains valid outside of a parametrically narrow interval about the NQCP, (2) the symmetry of the superconducting state (d wave, s wave, p wave) is typically determined by the noncritical interactions, but T_{c} is enhanced by the nematic fluctuations in all channels, and (3) in 2D, this enhancement grows upon approach to criticality up to the point at which the weak coupling approach breaks down, but in 3D, the enhancement is much weaker.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.097001

    View details for Web of Science ID 000351000300008

    View details for PubMedID 25793842

  • Erratum: Kerr effect as evidence of gyrotropic order in the cuprates [Phys. Rev. B 87, 115116 (2013)] PHYSICAL REVIEW B Hosur, P., Kapitulnik, A., Kivelson, S. A., Orenstein, J., Raghu, S., Cho, W., Fried, A. 2015; 91 (3)
  • Theory of disordered unconventional superconductors JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS Keles, A., Andreev, A. V., Spivak, B. Z., Kivelson, S. A. 2014; 119 (6): 1109-1114
  • Coherent transmutation of electrons into fractionalized anyons SCIENCE Barkeshli, M., Berg, E., Kivelson, S. 2014; 346 (6210): 722-725
  • Coherent transmutation of electrons into fractionalized anyons. Science Barkeshli, M., Berg, E., Kivelson, S. 2014; 346 (6210): 722-725

    Abstract

    Electrons have three quantized properties-charge, spin, and Fermi statistics-that are directly responsible for a vast array of phenomena. Here we show how these properties can be coherently and dynamically stripped from the electron as it enters a certain exotic state of matter known as a quantum spin liquid (QSL). In a QSL, electron spins collectively form a highly entangled quantum state that gives rise to the fractionalization of spin, charge, and statistics. We show that certain QSLs host distinct, topologically robust boundary types, some of which allow the electron to coherently enter the QSL as a fractionalized quasi-particle, leaving its spin, charge, or statistics behind. We use these ideas to propose a number of universal, conclusive experimental signatures that would establish fractionalization in QSLs.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1253251

    View details for PubMedID 25378617

  • Quenched disorder and vestigial nematicity in the pseudogap regime of the cuprates PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Nie, L., Tarjus, G., Kivelson, S. A. 2014; 111 (22): 7980-7985
  • Quenched disorder and vestigial nematicity in the pseudogap regime of the cuprates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Nie, L., Tarjus, G., Kivelson, S. A. 2014; 111 (22): 7980-7985

    Abstract

    The cuprate high-temperature superconductors have been the focus of unprecedentedly intense and sustained study not only because of their high superconducting transition temperatures, but also because they represent the most exquisitely investigated examples of highly correlated electronic materials. In particular, the pseudogap regime of the phase diagram exhibits a variety of mysterious emergent behaviors. In the last few years, evidence from NMR and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies, as well as from a new generation of X-ray scattering experiments, has accumulated, indicating that a general tendency to short-range-correlated incommensurate charge density wave (CDW) order is "intertwined" with the superconductivity in this regime. Additionally, transport, STM, neutron-scattering, and optical experiments have produced evidence--not yet entirely understood--of the existence of an associated pattern of long-range-ordered point-group symmetry breaking with an electron-nematic character. We have carried out a theoretical analysis of the Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson effective field theory of a classical incommensurate CDW in the presence of weak quenched disorder. Although the possibilities of a sharp phase transition and long-range CDW order are precluded in such systems, we show that any discrete symmetry-breaking aspect of the charge order--nematicity in the case of the unidirectional (stripe) CDW we consider explicitly--generically survives up to a nonzero critical disorder strength. Such "vestigial order," which is subject to unambiguous macroscopic detection, can serve as an avatar of what would be CDW order in the ideal, zero disorder limit. Various recent experiments in the pseudogap regime of the hole-doped cuprates are readily interpreted in light of these results.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1406019111

    View details for PubMedID 24799709

  • Correlations and renormalization of the electron-phonon coupling in the honeycomb Hubbard ladder and superconductivity in polyacene PHYSICAL REVIEW B Karakonstantakis, G., Liu, L., Thomale, R., Kivelson, S. A. 2013; 88 (22)
  • Evidence from tunneling spectroscopy for a quasi-one-dimensional origin of superconductivity in Sr2RuO4 PHYSICAL REVIEW B Firmo, I. A., Lederer, S., Lupien, C., Mackenzie, A. P., Davis, J. C., Kivelson, S. A. 2013; 88 (13)
  • Field theory of the quantum Hall nematic transition PHYSICAL REVIEW B Maciejko, J., Hsu, B., Kivelson, S. A., Park, Y., Sondhi, S. L. 2013; 88 (12)
  • Band structure effects on the superconductivity in Hubbard models PHYSICAL REVIEW B Cho, W., Thomale, R., Raghu, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2013; 88 (6)
  • Gapless spin liquids: Stability and possible experimental relevance PHYSICAL REVIEW B Barkeshli, M., Yao, H., Kivelson, S. A. 2013; 87 (14)
  • Kerr effect as evidence of gyrotropic order in the cuprates PHYSICAL REVIEW B Hosur, P., Kapitulnik, A., Kivelson, S. A., Orenstein, J., Raghu, S. 2013; 87 (11)
  • Microscopic Model of Quasiparticle Wave Packets in Superfluids, Superconductors, and Paired Hall States PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Parameswaran, S. A., Kivelson, S. A., Shankar, R., Sondhi, S. L., Spivak, B. Z. 2012; 109 (23)

    Abstract

    We study the structure of Bogoliubov quasiparticles, bogolons, the fermionic excitations of paired superfluids that arise from fermion (BCS) pairing, including neutral superfluids, superconductors, and paired quantum Hall states. The naive construction of a stationary quasiparticle in which the deformation of the pair field is neglected leads to a contradiction: it carries a net electrical current even though it does not move. However, treating the pair field self-consistently resolves this problem: in a neutral superfluid, a dipolar current pattern is associated with the quasiparticle for which the total current vanishes. When Maxwell electrodynamics is included, as appropriate to a superconductor, this pattern is confined over a penetration depth. For paired quantum Hall states of composite fermions, the Maxwell term is replaced by a Chern-Simons term, which leads to a dipolar charge distribution and consequently to a dipolar current pattern.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.237004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000312012200039

    View details for PubMedID 23368246

  • Charge and spin collective modes in a quasi-one-dimensional model of Sr2RuO4 PHYSICAL REVIEW B Chung, S. B., Raghu, S., Kapitulnik, A., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 86 (6)
  • Typology for quantum Hall liquids PHYSICAL REVIEW B Parameswaran, S. A., Kivelson, S. A., Rezayi, E. H., Simon, S. H., Sondhi, S. L., Spivak, B. Z. 2012; 85 (24)
  • Exact Spin Liquid Ground States of the Quantum Dimer Model on the Square and Honeycomb Lattices PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Yao, H., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 108 (24)

    Abstract

    We study a generalized quantum hard-core dimer model on the square and honeycomb lattices, allowing for first and second neighbor dimers. At generalized Rokhsar-Kivelson points, the exact ground states can be constructed, and ground-state correlation functions can be equated to those of interacting (1+1)-dimensional Grassmann fields. When the concentration of second neighbor dimers is small, the ground-state correlations are shown to be short ranged corresponding to a (gaped) spin liquid phase. On a 2-torus, the ground states exhibit fourfold topological degeneracy. On a finite cylinder we have found a dramatic even-odd effect depending on the circumference and propose that this can be used as a numerical diagnostic of gapped spin-liquid phases, more generally.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.247206

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305257900018

    View details for PubMedID 23004318

  • The weakly coupled Pfaffian as a type I quantum hall liquid PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER Parameswaran, S. A., Kivelson, S. A., Sondhi, S. L., Spivak, B. Z. 2012; 407 (11): 1937-1938
  • Observable NMR signal from circulating current order in YBCO PHYSICAL REVIEW B Lederer, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 85 (15)
  • Pressure effects on magnetically driven electronic nematic states in iron pnictide superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Hu, J., Setty, C., Kivelson, S. 2012; 85 (10)
  • Phases of the Infinite U Hubbard Model on Square Lattices PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Liu, L., Yao, H., Berg, E., White, S. R., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 108 (12)

    Abstract

    We apply the density matrix renormalization group to study the phase diagram of the infinite U Hubbard model on 2- to 6-leg ladders. Where the results are largely insensitive to the ladder width, we consider the results representative of the 2D square lattice. We find a fully polarized ferromagnetic Fermi liquid phase when n, the density of electrons per site, is in the range 1>n?0.800. For n=3/4 we find an unexpected insulating checkerboard phase with coexisting bond-density order with 4 sites per unit cell and block-spin antiferromagnetic order with 8 sites per unit cell. For 3/4>n, all ladders with width >2 have unpolarized ground states.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.126406

    View details for Web of Science ID 000301853800005

    View details for PubMedID 22540606

  • Electronic liquid crystalline phases in a spin-orbit coupled two-dimensional electron gas PHYSICAL REVIEW B Berg, E., Rudner, M. S., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 85 (3)
  • Effects of longer-range interactions on unconventional superconductivity PHYSICAL REVIEW B Raghu, S., Berg, E., Chubukov, A. V., Kivelson, S. A. 2012; 85 (2)
  • Thermodynamics of phase formation in the quantum critical metal Sr3Ru2O7 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Rost, A. W., Grigera, S. A., Bruin, J. A., Perry, R. S., Tian, D., Raghu, S., Kivelson, S. A., Mackenzie, A. P. 2011; 108 (40): 16549-16553

    Abstract

    The behavior of matter near zero temperature continuous phase transitions, or "quantum critical points" is a central topic of study in condensed matter physics. In fermionic systems, fundamental questions remain unanswered: the nature of the quantum critical regime is unclear because of the apparent breakdown of the concept of the quasiparticle, a cornerstone of existing theories of strongly interacting metals. Even less is known experimentally about the formation of ordered phases from such a quantum critical "soup." Here, we report a study of the specific heat across the phase diagram of the model system Sr(3)Ru(2)O(7), which features an anomalous phase whose transport properties are consistent with those of an electronic nematic. We show that this phase, which exists at low temperatures in a narrow range of magnetic fields, forms directly from a quantum critical state, and contains more entropy than mean-field calculations predict. Our results suggest that this extra entropy is due to remnant degrees of freedom from the highly entropic state above T(c). The associated quantum critical point, which is "concealed" by the nematic phase, separates two Fermi liquids, neither of which has an identifiable spontaneously broken symmetry, but which likely differ in the topology of their Fermi surfaces.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1112775108

    View details for Web of Science ID 000295536000020

    View details for PubMedID 21933961

  • Fermi-surface reconstruction in a smectic phase of a high-temperature superconductor PHYSICAL REVIEW B Yao, H., Lee, D., Kivelson, S. 2011; 84 (1)
  • Hydrodynamic Description of Transport in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Andreev, A. V., Kivelson, S. A., Spivak, B. 2011; 106 (25)

    Abstract

    We develop a hydrodynamic description of the resistivity and magnetoresistance of an electron liquid in a smooth disorder potential. This approach is valid when the electron-electron scattering length is sufficiently short. In a broad range of temperatures, the dissipation is dominated by heat fluxes in the electron fluid, and the resistivity is inversely proportional to the thermal conductivity, κ. This is in striking contrast to the Stokes flow, in which the resistance is independent of κ and proportional to the fluid viscosity. We also identify a new hydrodynamic mechanism of spin magnetoresistance.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.256804

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292040900013

    View details for PubMedID 21770662

  • Weakly Coupled Pfaffian as a Type I Quantum Hall Liquid PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Parameswaran, S. A., Kivelson, S. A., Sondhi, S. L., Spivak, B. Z. 2011; 106 (23)

    Abstract

    The Pfaffian phase in the proximity of a half-filled Landau level is understood to be a p+ip superconductor of composite fermions. We consider the properties of this paired quantum Hall phase when the pairing energy is small, i.e., in the weak-coupling, BCS limit, where the coherence length is much larger than the charge screening length. We find that, as in a type I superconductor, vortices attract so that, upon varying the magnetic field from its magic value at ν=5/2, the system exhibits Coulomb frustrated phase separation. We propose that the weakly and strongly coupled Pfaffians exemplify a general dichotomy between type I and type II quantum Hall fluids.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.236801

    View details for Web of Science ID 000291313300012

    View details for PubMedID 21770531

  • From a Single-Band Metal to a High-Temperature Superconductor via Two Thermal Phase Transitions SCIENCE He, R., Hashimoto, M., Karapetyan, H., Koralek, J. D., Hinton, J. P., Testaud, J. P., Nathan, V., Yoshida, Y., Yao, H., Tanaka, K., Meevasana, W., Moore, R. G., Lu, D. H., Mo, S., Ishikado, M., Eisaki, H., Hussain, Z., Devereaux, T. P., Kivelson, S. A., Orenstein, J., Kapitulnik, A., Shen, Z. 2011; 331 (6024): 1579-1583

    Abstract

    The nature of the pseudogap phase of cuprate high-temperature superconductors is a major unsolved problem in condensed matter physics. We studied the commencement of the pseudogap state at temperature T* using three different techniques (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, polar Kerr effect, and time-resolved reflectivity) on the same optimally doped Bi2201 crystals. We observed the coincident, abrupt onset at T* of a particle-hole asymmetric antinodal gap in the electronic spectrum, a Kerr rotation in the reflected light polarization, and a change in the ultrafast relaxational dynamics, consistent with a phase transition. Upon further cooling, spectroscopic signatures of superconductivity begin to grow close to the superconducting transition temperature (T(c)), entangled in an energy-momentum-dependent manner with the preexisting pseudogap features, ushering in a ground state with coexisting orders.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1198415

    View details for Web of Science ID 000288754500048

    View details for PubMedID 21436447

  • Superconductivity from repulsive interactions in the two-dimensional electron gas PHYSICAL REVIEW B Raghu, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2011; 83 (9)
  • Enhanced pairing in the checkerboard Hubbard ladder PHYSICAL REVIEW B Karakonstantakis, G., Berg, E., White, S. R., Kivelson, S. A. 2011; 83 (5)
  • Local interlayer tunneling between two-dimensional electron systems in the ballistic regime PHYSICAL REVIEW B Luna, K., Kim, E., Oreto, P., Kivelson, S. A., Goldhaber-Gordon, D. 2010; 82 (23)
  • Entropy-driven formation of a half-quantum vortex lattice PHYSICAL REVIEW B Chung, S. B., Kivelson, S. A. 2010; 82 (21)
  • Fragile Mott Insulators PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Yao, H., Kivelson, S. A. 2010; 105 (16)

    Abstract

    We prove that there exists a class of crystalline insulators, which we call "fragile Mott insulators," which are not adiabatically connected to any sort of band insulator provided time-reversal and certain point-group symmetries are respected, but which are otherwise unspectacular in that they exhibit no topological order nor any form of fractionalized quasiparticles. Different fragile Mott insulators are characterized by different nontrivial one-dimensional representations of the crystal point group. We illustrate this new type of insulators with two examples: the d Mott insulator discovered in the checkerboard Hubbard model at half-filling and the Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki insulator on the square lattice.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.166402

    View details for Web of Science ID 000282948900008

    View details for PubMedID 21230988

  • Pair-Density-Wave Correlations in the Kondo-Heisenberg Model PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Berg, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2010; 105 (14)

    Abstract

    We show, using density-matrix renormalization-group calculations complemented by field-theoretic arguments, that the spin-gapped phase of the one dimensional Kondo-Heisenberg model exhibits quasi-long-range superconducting correlations only at a nonzero momentum. The local correlations in this phase resemble those of the pair-density-wave state which was recently proposed to describe the phenomenology of the striped ordered high-temperature superconductor La(2-x)Ba(x)CuO₄, in which the spin, charge, and superconducting orders are strongly intertwined.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.146403

    View details for Web of Science ID 000282219200011

    View details for PubMedID 21230852

  • Hidden Quasi-One-Dimensional Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Raghu, S., Kapitulnik, A., Kivelson, S. A. 2010; 105 (13)

    Abstract

    We show that the interplay between spin and charge fluctuations in Sr?RuO? leads unequivocally to triplet pairing which has a hidden quasi-one-dimensional character. The resulting superconducting state spontaneously breaks time-reversal symmetry and is of the form ? ~(p(x)+ip(y))z(^) with sharp gap minima and a d vector that is only weakly pinned. The superconductor lacks robust chiral Majorana fermion modes along the boundary. The absence of topologically protected edge modes could explain the surprising absence of experimentally detectable edge currents in this system.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.136401

    View details for Web of Science ID 000282054100009

    View details for PubMedID 21230791

  • Nematic valley ordering in quantum Hall systems PHYSICAL REVIEW B Abanin, D. A., Parameswaran, S. A., Kivelson, S. A., Sondhi, S. L. 2010; 82 (3)
  • Superconductivity in the repulsive Hubbard model: An asymptotically exact weak-coupling solution PHYSICAL REVIEW B Raghu, S., Kivelson, S. A., Scalapino, D. J. 2010; 81 (22)
  • Colloquium: Transport in strongly correlated two dimensional electron fluids REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS Spivak, B., Kravchenko, S. V., Kivelson, S. A., Gao, X. P. 2010; 82 (2): 1743-1766
  • Properties of a diagonal two-orbital ladder model of the iron pnictide superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Berg, E., Kivelson, S. A., Scalapino, D. J. 2010; 81 (17)
  • Nematic Fermi Fluids in Condensed Matter Physics ANNUAL REVIEW OF CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, VOL 1 Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Lawler, M. J., Eisenstein, J. P., Mackenzie, A. P. 2010; 1: 153-178
  • Striped superconductors: how spin, charge and superconducting orders intertwine in the cuprates NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS Berg, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Tranquada, J. M. 2009; 11
  • Charge-4e superconductivity from pair-density-wave order in certain high-temperature superconductors NATURE PHYSICS Berg, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 5 (11): 830-833

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS1389

    View details for Web of Science ID 000271895500018

  • A twisted ladder: relating the Fe superconductors to the high-Tc cuprates NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS Berg, E., Kivelson, S. A., Scalapino, D. J. 2009; 11
  • Topological Insulators and Nematic Phases from Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in 2D Fermi Systems with a Quadratic Band Crossing PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Sun, K., Yao, H., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 103 (4)

    Abstract

    We investigate the stability of a quadratic band-crossing point (QBCP) in 2D fermionic systems. At the noninteracting level, we show that a QBCP exists and is topologically stable for a Berry flux +/-2pi if the point symmetry group has either fourfold or sixfold rotational symmetries. This putative topologically stable free-fermion QBCP is marginally unstable to arbitrarily weak short-range repulsive interactions. We consider both spinless and spin-1/2 fermions. Four possible ordered states result: a quantum anomalous Hall phase, a quantum spin Hall phase, a nematic phase, and a nematic-spin-nematic phase.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.046811

    View details for Web of Science ID 000268307400059

    View details for PubMedID 19659389

  • Microscopic theory of the nematic phase in Sr3Ru2O7 PHYSICAL REVIEW B Raghu, S., Paramekanti, A., Kim, E. A., Borzi, R. A., Grigera, S. A., Mackenzie, A. P., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 79 (21)
  • Algebraic Spin Liquid in an Exactly Solvable Spin Model PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Yao, H., Zhang, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 102 (21)

    Abstract

    We have proposed an exactly solvable quantum spin-3/2 model on a square lattice. Its ground state is a quantum spin liquid with a half-integer spin per unit cell. The fermionic excitations, dubbed as "spinons", are gapless with a linear dispersion, while the topological "vison" excitations are gapped. Moreover, these massless fermionic spinon excitations are topologically stable. Thus, this model is, to the best of our knowledge, the first exactly solvable model of half-integer spins whose ground state is an "algebraic spin liquid."

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.217202

    View details for Web of Science ID 000266501600048

    View details for PubMedID 19519132

  • d-Wave to s-wave to normal metal transitions in disordered superconductors PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER Spivak, B., Oreto, P., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 404 (3-4): 462-465
  • Theory of the striped superconductor PHYSICAL REVIEW B Berg, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 79 (6)
  • d-wave to s-wave to normal metal transitions in disordered superconductors ADVANCES IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS Spivak, B., Oreto, P., Kivelson, S. A. 2009; 1134: 89-93
  • Route to high-temperature superconductivity in composite systems PHYSICAL REVIEW B Berg, E., Orgad, D., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 78 (9)
  • Theory of quantum metal to superconductor transitions in highly conducting systems PHYSICAL REVIEW B Spivak, B., Oreto, P., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 77 (21)
  • Theory of electron nematic order in LaFeAsO PHYSICAL REVIEW B Fang, C., Yao, H., Tsai, W., Hu, J., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 77 (22)
  • Optimal inhomogeneity for superconductivity: Finite-size studies PHYSICAL REVIEW B Tsai, W., Yao, H., Laeuchli, A., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 77 (21)
  • Theory of the nodal nematic quantum phase transition in superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kim, E., Lawler, M. J., Oreto, P., Sachdev, S., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 77 (18)
  • Polar Kerr-effect measurements of the high-temperature YBa2Cu3O6+x superconductor: Evidence for broken symmetry near the pseudogap temperature PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Xia, J., Schemm, E., Deutscher, G., Kivelson, S. A., Bonn, D. A., Hardy, W. N., Liang, R., Siemons, W., Koster, G., Fejer, M. M., Kapitulnik, A. 2008; 100 (12)

    Abstract

    The polar Kerr effect in the high-T_(c) superconductor YBa2Cu3O6+x was measured at zero magnetic field with high precision using a cyogenic Sagnac fiber interferometer. We observed nonzero Kerr rotations of order approximately 1 microrad appearing near the pseudogap temperature T(*) and marking what appears to be a true phase transition. Anomalous magnetic behavior in magnetic-field training of the effect suggests that time reversal symmetry is already broken above room temperature.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.127002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000254473800064

    View details for PubMedID 18517903

  • Stability of nodal quasiparticles in superconductors with coexisting orders PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Berg, E., Chen, C., Kivelson, S. A. 2008; 100 (2)

    Abstract

    We establish a condition for the perturbative stability of zero energy nodal points in the quasiparticle spectrum of superconductors in the presence of coexisting commensurate orders. The nodes are found to be stable if the Hamiltonian is invariant under time reversal followed by a lattice translation. The principle is demonstrated with a few examples. Some experimental implications of various types of assumed order are discussed in the context of the cuprate superconductors.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.027003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000252471200074

    View details for PubMedID 18232911

  • Exact chiral spin liquid with non-Abelian anyons PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Yao, H., Kivelson, S. A. 2007; 99 (24)

    Abstract

    We establish the existence of a chiral spin liquid (CSL) as the exact ground state of the Kitaev model on a decorated honeycomb lattice, which is obtained by replacing each site in the familiar honeycomb lattice with a triangle. This CSL state spontaneously breaks time reversal symmetry but preserves other symmetries. There are two topologically distinct CSL's separated by a quantum critical point. Interestingly, vortex excitations in the topologically nontrivial (Chern number +/-1) CSL obey non-Abelian statistics.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.247203

    View details for Web of Science ID 000251674300055

    View details for PubMedID 18233478

  • Superconductivity in zigzag CuO chains PHYSICAL REVIEW B Berg, E., Geballe, T. H., Kivelson, S. A. 2007; 76 (21)
  • Myriad phases of the checkerboard Hubbard model PHYSICAL REVIEW B Yao, H., Tsai, W., Kivelson, S. A. 2007; 76 (16)
  • Dynamical layer decoupling in a stripe-ordered High-T-c superconductor PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Berg, E., Fradkin, E., Kim, E., Kivelson, S. A., Oganesyan, V., Tranquada, J. M., Zhang, S. C. 2007; 99 (12)

    Abstract

    In the stripe-ordered state of a strongly correlated two-dimensional electronic system, under a set of special circumstances, the superconducting condensate, like the magnetic order, can occur at a nonzero wave vector corresponding to a spatial period double that of the charge order. In this case, the Josephson coupling between near neighbor planes, especially in a crystal with the special structure of La(2-x)Ba(x)CuO(4), vanishes identically. We propose that this is the underlying cause of the dynamical decoupling of the layers recently observed in transport measurements at x = 1/8.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.127003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000249668000068

    View details for PubMedID 17930544

  • On the absence of ferromagnetism in typical 2D ferromagnets COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS Biskup, M., Chayes, L., Kivelson, S. A. 2007; 274 (1): 217-231
  • Theory of stripes in quasi-two-dimensional rare-earth tellurides PHYSICAL REVIEW B Yao, H., Robertson, J. A., Kim, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2006; 74 (24)
  • Inferring effective interactions from the local density of states: Application to STM data from Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta PHYSICAL REVIEW B Jamei, R., Robertson, J., Kim, E., Fang, A., Kapitulnik, A., Kivelson, S. A. 2006; 74 (17)
  • Distinguishing patterns of charge order: Stripes or checkerboards PHYSICAL REVIEW B Robertson, J. A., Kivelson, S. A., Fradkin, E., Fang, A. C., Kapitulnik, A. 2006; 74 (13)
  • Transport in two dimensional electronic micro-emulsions ANNALS OF PHYSICS Spivak, B., Kivelson, S. A. 2006; 321 (9): 2071-2115
  • Magnetic model of the tetragonal-orthorhombic transition in the cuprates PHYSICAL REVIEW B Fang, C., Hu, J., Kivelson, S., Brown, S. 2006; 74 (9)
  • Superconductivity in inhomogeneous Hubbard models PHYSICAL REVIEW B Tsai, W., Kivelson, S. A. 2006; 73 (21)
  • Hysteresis and noise from electronic nematicity in high-temperature superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Carlson, E. W., Dahmen, K. A., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2006; 96 (9)

    Abstract

    An electron nematic is a translationally invariant state which spontaneously breaks the discrete rotational symmetry of a host crystal. In a clean square lattice, the electron nematic has two preferred orientations, while dopant disorder favors one or the other orientations locally. In this way, the electron nematic in a host crystal maps to the random field Ising model. Since the electron nematic has anisotropic conductivity, we associate each Ising configuration with a resistor network and use what is known about the random field Ising model to predict new ways to test for local electronic nematic order (nematicity) using noise and hysteresis. In particular, we have uncovered a remarkably robust linear relation between the orientational order and the resistance anisotropy which holds over a wide range of circumstances.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.097003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000235905700056

    View details for PubMedID 16606299

  • Gap-inhomogeneity-induced electronic states in superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Fang, A. C., Capriotti, L., Scalapino, D. J., Kivelson, S. A., Kaneko, N., Greven, M., Kapitulnik, A. 2006; 96 (1)

    Abstract

    In this Letter, we analyze, using scanning tunneling spectroscopy, the density of electronic states in nearly optimally doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O(8+delta) in zero magnetic field. Focusing on the superconducting gap, we find patches of what appear to be two different phases in a background of some average gap, one with a relatively small gap and sharp large coherence peaks and one characterized by a large gap with broad weak coherence peaks. We compare these spectra with calculations of the local density of states for a simple phenomenological model in which a 2xi0 x 2xi0 patch with an enhanced or suppressed d-wave gap amplitude is embedded in a region with a uniform average d-wave gap.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.017007

    View details for Web of Science ID 000234608300081

    View details for PubMedID 16486504

  • The frustration-based approach of supercooled liquids and the glass transition: a review and critical assessment JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER Tarjus, G., Kivelson, S. A., Nussinov, Z., Viot, P. 2005; 17 (50): R1143-R1182
  • Transport in two dimensional electronic micro-emulsions JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Spivak, B., Kivelson, S. 2005; 131: 255-256
  • Enhancement of superconductivity by local inhomogeneities PHYSICAL REVIEW B Martin, I., Podolsky, D., Kivelson, S. A. 2005; 72 (6)
  • Drag resistance of two-dimensional electronic microemulsions PHYSICAL REVIEW B Spivak, B., Kivelson, S. A. 2005; 72 (4)
  • Surface pinning of fluctuating charge order: An extraordinary surface phase transition PHYSICAL REVIEW B Brown, S. E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2005; 71 (22)
  • Competition between charge-density waves and superconductivity in striped systems PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER Arrigoni, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2005; 359: 623-625
  • Universal aspects of coulomb-frustrated phase separation PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Jamei, R., Kivelson, S., Spivak, B. 2005; 94 (5)

    Abstract

    We study the consequences of Coulomb interactions on a system undergoing a putative first order phase transition. In two dimensions (2D), near the critical density, the system is universally unstable to the formation of new intermediate phases, which we call "electronic microemulsion phases," which consist of an intermediate scale mixture of regions of the two competing phases. A corollary is that there can be no direct transition as a function of density from a 2D Wigner crystal to a uniform electron liquid. In 3D, if the strength of the Coulomb interactions exceeds a critical value, no phase separation occurs, while for the weaker Coulomb strength electronic microemulsions are inevitable. This tendency is considerably more pronounced in anisotropic (quasi-2D or quasi-1D) systems, where a devil's staircase of transitions is possible.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevPlett.94.056805

    View details for Web of Science ID 000226941500064

    View details for PubMedID 15783677

  • Spectral function of a Luttinger liquid coupled to phonons and angle-resolved photoemission measurements in the cuprate superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Bindloss, I. P., Kivelson, S. A. 2005; 71 (1)
  • Phases intermediate between a two-dimensional electron liquid and Wigner crystal PHYSICAL REVIEW B Spivak, B., Kivelson, S. A. 2004; 70 (15)
  • Mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity in a striped Hubbard model PHYSICAL REVIEW B Arrigoni, E., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2004; 69 (21)
  • Quasi-one-dimensional dynamics and nematic phases in the two-dimensional Emery model PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kivelson, S. A., Fradkin, E., Geballe, T. H. 2004; 69 (14)
  • Incipient order in the t-j model at high temperatures PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Pryadko, L. P., Kivelson, S. A., Zachar, O. 2004; 92 (6)

    Abstract

    We analyze the high-temperature behavior of the susceptibilities towards a number of possible ordered states in the t-J-V model using the high-temperature series expansion. From all diagrams with up to ten edges, reliable results are obtained down to temperatures of order J, or (with some optimism) to J/2. In the unphysical regime, tJ, these susceptibilities are small and decreasing with decreasing temperature; this suggests that the t-J model does not support high-temperature superconductivity. We also find modest evidence of a tendency toward nematic and d-density wave orders.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.067002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000188947700045

    View details for PubMedID 14995263

  • Order by disorder, without order, in a two-dimensional spin system with O(2) symmetry ANNALES HENRI POINCARE Biskup, M., Chayes, L., Kivelson, S. A. 2004; 5 (6): 1181-1205
  • Optimal inhomogeneity for superconductivity PHYSICAL REVIEW B Arrigoni, E., Kivelson, S. A. 2003; 68 (18)
  • How to detect fluctuating stripes in the high-temperature superconductors REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS Kivelson, S. A., Bindloss, I. P., Fradkin, E., Oganesyan, V., Tranquada, J. M., Kapitulnik, A., Howald, C. 2003; 75 (4): 1201-1241
  • Two classes of Mott insulator PHYSICAL REVIEW B Lee, D. H., Kivelson, S. A. 2003; 67 (2)
  • Stripes, electron fractionalization, and ARPES JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS Carlson, E. W., Orgad, D., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 2002; 63 (12): 2213-2218
  • Where do holes go in doped antiferromagnets and what is their relationship to superconductivity? JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS Arrigoni, E., Zacher, M. G., Eder, R., Hanke, W., Harju, A., Kivelson, S. A. 2002; 63 (12): 2207-2212
  • Competing order in the mixed state of high-temperature superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kivelson, S. A., Lee, D. H., Fradkin, E., Oganesyan, V. 2002; 66 (14)
  • Spin-1 neutron resonance peak cannot account for electronic anomalies in the cuprate superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Kee, H. Y., Kivelson, S. A., Aeppli, G. 2002; 88 (25)

    Abstract

    In certain cuprates, a spin-1 resonance mode is prominent in the magnetic structure measured by neutron scattering. It has been proposed that this mode is responsible for significant features seen in other spectroscopies, such as photoemission and optical absorption, which are sensitive to the charge dynamics, and even that this mode is the boson responsible for "mediating" the superconducting pairing. We show that its small (measured) intensity and weak coupling to electron-hole pairs (as deduced from the measured lifetime) disqualifies the resonant mode from either proposed role.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.257002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000176554800044

    View details for PubMedID 12097119

  • Theory of the quantum Hall smectic phase. I. Low-energy properties of the quantum Hall smectic fixed point PHYSICAL REVIEW B Barci, D. G., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Oganesyan, V. 2002; 65 (24)
  • Josephson tunneling spectroscopy of negative-U centers PHYSICAL REVIEW B Oganesyan, V., Kivelson, S., Geballe, T., Moyzhes, B. 2002; 65 (17)
  • Distribution of spectral weight in a system with disordered stripes PHYSICAL REVIEW B Granath, M., Oganesyan, V., Orgad, D., Kivelson, S. A. 2002; 65 (18)
  • Stripes and superconducting pairing in the t-J model with Coulomb interactions PHYSICAL REVIEW B Arrigoni, E., Harju, A. P., Hanke, W., Brendel, B., Kivelson, S. A. 2002; 65 (13)
  • Self-organized quasi-one dimensional structures in high-temperature superconductors: The stripe phase ADVANCES IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS 42 Arrigoni, E., Zacher, M. G., Eder, R., Hanke, W., Kivelson, S. A. 2002; 42: 307-318
  • Quantum theory of a nematic Fermi fluid PHYSICAL REVIEW B Oganesyan, V., Kivelson, S. A., Fradkin, E. 2001; 64 (19)
  • Nodal quasiparticles in stripe ordered superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Granath, M., Oganesyan, V., Kivelson, S. A., Fradkin, E., Emery, V. J. 2001; 87 (16)

    Abstract

    We study the properties of a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor which consists of an alternating array of two inequivalent chains. This model is a simple caricature of a striped high temperature superconductor, and is more generally a theoretically controllable system in which the superconducting state emerges from a non-Fermi-liquid normal state. Even in this limit, " d-wave-like" order parameter symmetry is natural, but the superconducting state can either have a complete gap in the quasiparticle spectrum, or gapless "nodal" quasiparticles. We also find circumstances in which antiferromagnetic order (typically incommensurate) coexists with superconductivity.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.167011

    View details for Web of Science ID 000171637100048

    View details for PubMedID 11690235

  • Thermodynamics of the interplay between magnetism and high-temperature superconductivity PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Kivelson, S. A., Aeppli, G., Emery, V. J. 2001; 98 (21): 11903-11907

    Abstract

    Copper-oxide-based high-temperature superconductors have complex phase diagrams with multiple ordered phases. It even appears that the highest superconducting transition temperatures for certain cuprates are found in samples that display simultaneous onset of magnetism and superconductivity. We show here how the thermodynamics of fluid mixtures-a touchstone for chemistry as well as hard and soft condensed matter physics-accounts for this startling observation, as well as many other properties of the cuprates in the vicinity of the instability toward "striped" magnetism.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000171558900017

    View details for PubMedID 11593001

  • Electronic mechanism of superconductivity in the cuprates, C-60, and polyacenes PHYSICAL REVIEW B CHAKRAVARTY, S., Kivelson, S. A. 2001; 64 (6)
  • Evidence of electron fractionalization from photoemission spectra in the high temperature superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Orgad, D., Kivelson, S. A., Carlson, E. W., Emery, V. J., Zhou, X. J., Shen, Z. X. 2001; 86 (19): 4362-4365

    Abstract

    In the normal state of the high temperature superconductors Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) and La2(-x)Sr(x)CuO4, and in the related "stripe ordered" material, La(1.25)Nd(0.6)Sr(0.15)CuO4, there is sharp structure in the measured single hole spectral function, A<(k-->,omega), considered as a function of k--> at fixed small binding energy omega. At the same time, as a function of omega at fixed k--> on much of the putative Fermi surface, any structure in A<(k-->,omega), other than the Fermi cutoff, is very broad. This is characteristic of the situation in which there are no stable excitations with the quantum numbers of the electron, as is the case in the one-dimensional electron gas.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000168591000043

    View details for PubMedID 11328175

  • Effects of dissipation on quantum phase transitions PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kapitulnik, A., Mason, N., Kivelson, S. A., CHAKRAVARTY, S. 2001; 63 (12)
  • Quantum theory of the smectic metal state in stripe phases PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Emery, V. J., Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Lubensky, T. C. 2000; 85 (10): 2160-2163
  • Dimensional crossover in quasi-one-dimensional and high-T-c superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW B Carlson, E. W., Orgad, D., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 2000; 62 (5): 3422-3437
  • Are there stripes in the ET materials? JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 2000; 10 (P3): 127-137
  • Charge inhomogeneity and high temperature superconductivity JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 2000; 61 (3): 467-471
  • Nematic phase of the two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A., Manousakis, E., Nho, K. 2000; 84 (9): 1982-1985
  • Charge-ordered states in doped AFMs: Long-range "Casimir" attraction and instability STRIPES AND RELATED PHENOMENA Hone, D. W., Kivelson, S., Pryadko, L. P. 2000: 447-453
  • Microscopic theory of high-temperature superconductivity STRIPES AND RELATED PHENOMENA Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 2000: 69-75
  • Stripe liquid, crystal, and glass phases of doped antiferromagnets STRIPES AND RELATED PHENOMENA Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 2000: 91-100
  • Electronic structure of doped insulators and high temperature superconductivity JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1999; 117 (3-4): 189-198
  • Topological doping and the stability of stripe phases PHYSICAL REVIEW B Pryadko, L. P., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J., Bazaliy, Y. B., Demler, E. A. 1999; 60 (10): 7541-7557
  • Stripe phases in high-temperature superconductors PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A., Tranquada, J. M. 1999; 96 (16): 8814-8817

    Abstract

    Stripe phases are predicted and observed to occur in a class of strongly correlated materials describable as doped antiferromagnets, of which the copper-oxide superconductors are the most prominent representatives. The existence of stripe correlations necessitates the development of new principles for describing charge transport and especially superconductivity in these materials.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000081835500006

    View details for PubMedID 10430848

  • Avoided critical behavior in O(n) systems PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Nussinov, Z., Rudnick, J., Kivelson, S. A., Chayes, L. N. 1999; 83 (3): 472-475
  • Classical phase fluctuations in high temperature superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Carlson, E. W., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J., Manousakis, E. 1999; 83 (3): 612-615
  • Classification and stability of phases of the multicomponent one-dimensional electron gas PHYSICAL REVIEW B Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A., Zachar, O. 1999; 59 (24): 15641-15653
  • Wigner glass, spin liquids and the metal-insulator transition PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE B-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STATISTICAL MECHANICS ELECTRONIC OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES Chakravarty, S., Kivelson, S., Nayak, C., Voelker, K. 1999; 79 (6): 859-868
  • Liquid-crystal phases of quantum Hall systems PHYSICAL REVIEW B Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. A. 1999; 59 (12): 8065-8072
  • Local electronic structure and high temperature superconductivity. HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1999; 483: 37-44
  • Crossovers and phase coherence in cuprate superconductors JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1998; 59 (10-12): 1705-1710
  • Instability of charge ordered states in doped antiferromagnets PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Pryadko, L. P., Kivelson, S., Hone, D. W. 1998; 80 (25): 5651-5654
  • Doped antiferromagnets in high dimension PHYSICAL REVIEW B Carlson, E. W., Kivelson, S. A., Nussinov, Z., Emery, V. J. 1998; 57 (23): 14704-14721
  • Electronic liquid-crystal phases of a doped Mott insulator NATURE Kivelson, S. A., Fradkin, E., Emery, V. J. 1998; 393 (6685): 550-553
  • Landau theory of stripe phases in cuprates and nickelates PHYSICAL REVIEW B Zachar, O., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1998; 57 (3): 1422-1426
  • Spin-gap proximity effect mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity PHYSICAL REVIEW B Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A., Zachar, O. 1997; 56 (10): 6120-6147
  • Pairing and phase coherence in high temperature superconductors PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A., Zachar, O. 1997; 282: 174-177
  • High-temperature pairing in stripes JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Zachar, O., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1997; 10 (4): 373-378
  • Composite-fermion Hall conductance at v=1/2 PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kivelson, S. A., Lee, D. H., Krotov, Y., Gan, J. 1997; 55 (23): 15552-15561
  • Two point-contact interferometer for quantum Hall systems PHYSICAL REVIEW B Chamon, C. D., Freed, D. E., Kivelson, S. A., Sondhi, S. L., Wen, X. G. 1997; 55 (4): 2331-2343
  • Frustration-limited domain theory of supercooled liquids and the glass transition SUPERCOOLED LIQUIDS Tarjus, G., Kivelson, D., Kivelson, S. 1997; 676: 67-81
  • A viewpoint, model and theory for supercooled liquids PROGRESS OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS SUPPLEMENT Kivelson, D., Tarjus, G., Kivelson, S. A. 1997: 289-299
  • Textured edges in quantum Hall systems PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Karlhede, A., Kivelson, S. A., Lejnell, K., Sondhi, S. L. 1996; 77 (10): 2061-2064
  • Modular invariance, self-duality and the phase transition between quantum Hall plateaus NUCLEAR PHYSICS B Fradkin, E., Kivelson, S. 1996; 474 (3): 543-574
  • Exact results for a 1D Kondo lattice from bosonization PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Zachar, O., Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1996; 77 (7): 1342-1345
  • Metallic stripes in high-temperature superconductors JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Salkola, M. I., Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1996; 9 (4): 401-406
  • Implications of charge ordering for single-particle properties of high-T-c superconductors PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Salkola, M. I., Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1996; 77 (1): 155-158
  • Topological doping of correlated insulators SYNTHETIC METALS Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1996; 80 (2): 151-158
  • Charge ordering in high-temperature superconductors PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1996; 263 (1-4): 44-48
  • Electrons in flatland SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Kivelson, S., Lee, D. H., Zhang, S. C. 1996; 274 (3): 86-91
  • Avoided critical behavior in a uniformly frustrated system PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS Chayes, L., Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A., Nussinov, Z., Tarjus, G. 1996; 225 (1): 129-153
  • Fitting of viscosity: Distinguishing the temperature dependences predicted by various models of supercooled liquids PHYSICAL REVIEW E Kivelson, D., Tarjus, G., Zhao, X. L., Kivelson, S. A. 1996; 53 (1): 751-758
  • A THERMODYNAMIC THEORY OF SUPERCOOLED LIQUIDS PHYSICA A Kivelson, D., Kivelson, S. A., Zhao, X. L., Nussinov, Z., Tarjus, G. 1995; 219 (1-2): 27-38
  • SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IN BAD METALS PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1995; 74 (16): 3253-3256
  • IMPORTANCE OF PHASE FLUCTUATIONS IN SUPERCONDUCTORS WITH SMALL SUPERFLUID DENSITY NATURE Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1995; 374 (6521): 434-437
  • METALLIC SCREENING AND CORRELATION-EFFECTS IN SUPERCONDUCTING FULLERENES PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Lammert, P. E., Rokhsar, D. S., CHAKRAVARTY, S., Kivelson, S., Salkola, M. I. 1995; 74 (6): 996-999
  • COLLECTIVE CHARGE-TRANSPORT IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1994; 235: 189-192
  • 2-PHASE COEXISTENCE AND SEMIMETALLIC STATES IN CONDUCTING POLYMERS PHYSICAL REVIEW B Salkola, M. I., Kivelson, S. A. 1994; 50 (19): 13962-13973
  • FRUSTRATION-LIMITED CLUSTERS IN LIQUIDS JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS Kivelson, S. A., Zhao, X. L., Kivelson, D., Fischer, T. M., Knobler, C. M. 1994; 101 (3): 2391-2397
  • STRATEGIES FOR FINDING SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IN CONDUCTING POLYMERS SYNTHETIC METALS Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1994; 65 (2-3): 249-254
  • STUDY OF AN ISING-MODEL WITH COMPETING LONG-RANGE AND SHORT-RANGE INTERACTIONS PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Low, U., Emery, V. J., Fabricius, K., Kivelson, S. A. 1994; 72 (12): 1918-1921
  • ELECTRONIC PHASE-SEPARATION AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS STRONGLY CORRELATED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS - THE LOS ALAMOS SYMPOSIUM, 1993 Kivelson, S. A., Emery, V. J. 1994: 619-656
  • PROPERTIES OF AN ORBITAL KONDO ARRAY STRONGLY CORRELATED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS - THE LOS ALAMOS SYMPOSIUM, 1993 Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1994: 669-672
  • DYNAMICAL IMPURITY PROBLEMS FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS IN STATISTICAL MECHANICS VIII Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1994: 1-26
  • SOLUTION OF AN ORBITAL KONDO ARRAY PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1993; 71 (22): 3701-3704
  • ELECTRONIC CORRELATIONS AND ELECTRON-PHONON COUPLING IN C-60 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS B Salkola, M. I., CHAKRAVARTY, S., Kivelson, S. A. 1993; 7 (15): 2859-2884
  • QUANTUM PERCOLATION AND PLATEAU TRANSITIONS IN THE QUANTUM HALL-EFFECT PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Lee, D. H., Wang, Z. Q., Kivelson, S. 1993; 70 (26): 4130-4133
  • SKYRMIONS AND THE CROSSOVER FROM THE INTEGER TO FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL-EFFECT AT SMALL ZEEMAN ENERGIES PHYSICAL REVIEW B Sondhi, S. L., Karlhede, A., Kivelson, S. A., Rezayi, E. H. 1993; 47 (24): 16419-16426
  • FRUSTRATED ELECTRONIC PHASE-SEPARATION AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1993; 209 (4): 597-621
  • 2-PHASE COEXISTENCE IN THE METALLIC STATE OF POLYACETYLENE PROGRESS OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS SUPPLEMENT Salkola, M. I., Kivelson, S. A. 1993: 53-60
  • THE METALLIC STATE OF HEAVILY DOPED CONDUCTING POLYMERS CONJUGATED POLYMERS AND RELATED MATERIALS: THE INTERCONNECTION OF CHEMICAL AND ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE Kivelson, S. A., Salkola, M. I. 1993: 247-259
  • LOW-ENERGY PHYSICS OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. A. 1992; 53 (12): 1499-1506
  • LONG-RANGE INTERACTIONS AND THE QUANTUM HALL-EFFECT PHYSICAL REVIEW B Sondhi, S. L., Kivelson, S. A. 1992; 46 (20): 13319-13325
  • MAPPING OF THE 2-CHANNEL KONDO PROBLEM TO A RESONANT-LEVEL MODEL PHYSICAL REVIEW B Emery, V. J., Kivelson, S. 1992; 46 (17): 10812-10817
  • ZERO-TEMPERATURE HALL-COEFFICIENT OF AN INSULATOR PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Zhang, S. C., Kivelson, S., Lee, D. H. 1992; 69 (8): 1252-1255
  • METAL NONMETAL TRANSITION IN POLYACETYLENE SYNTHETIC METALS Kivelson, S. A., Salkola, M. I. 1991; 44 (3): 281-291
  • SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND THE QUANTUM HARD-CORE DIMER GAS PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Rokhsar, D. S., Kivelson, S. A. 1988; 61 (20): 2376-2379
  • 2E OR NOT 2E - FLUX-QUANTIZATION IN THE RESONATING VALENCE BOND STATE EUROPHYSICS LETTERS Kivelson, S. A., Rokhsar, D. S., Sethna, J. P. 1988; 6 (4): 353-358
  • THE LOW-TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF A SHORT-RANGED RESONATING-VALENCE-BOND SUPERCONDUCTOR PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS Kivelson, S., Rokhsar, D. S. 1988; 153: 531-537