Platelet decrease and efficacy of platelet-rich plasma return following peripheral blood stem cell apheresis
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL APHERESIS
2021; 36 (5): 687-696
Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation is a key treatment option for hematological diseases and is widely performed in clinical practice. Platelet loss is one of the major complications of PBSC apheresis, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) return is considered in case of platelet decrease following apheresis; however, little is known about the frequency and severity of platelet loss and the efficacy of PRP return postapheresis.We assessed changes in platelet counts following PBSC-related apheresis in 270 allogeneic (allo)- and 105 autologous (auto)-PBSC settings. We also evaluated the efficacy of PRP transfusion on platelet recovery postapheresis.In both allo- and auto-PBSC settings, the preapheresis platelet count (range, 84-385 and 33-558 × 109 /L, respectively) decreased postapheresis (range, 57-292 and 20-429 × 109 /L, respectively), whereas severe platelet decrease (<50 × 109 /L) was only observed in auto-PBSC patients (n = 9). We confirmed that platelet count before apheresis was a risk factor for severe platelet decrease (<50 × 109 /L) following auto-PBSC apheresis (odds ratio 0.749, P < .049). PRP return postapheresis facilitated platelet recovery in more than 80% of cases in both allo and auto settings.Lower platelet count preapheresis is a useful predictor of severe platelet decrease following auto-PBSC apheresis and PRP return is an effective process to facilitate platelet recovery postapheresis.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jca.21917
View details for Web of Science ID 000661969300001
View details for PubMedID 34133767
Microenvironmental immune cell signatures dictate clinical outcomes for PTCL-NOS.
2018; 2 (17): 2242-2252
Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) is among the most common disease subtypes of PTCL, one that exhibits heterogeneous clinicopathological features. Although multiple disease-stratification models, including the cell-of-origin or gene-expression profiling methods, have been proposed for this condition, their clinical significance remains unclear. To establish a clinically meaningful stratification model, we analyzed gene-expression signatures of tumors and tumor-infiltrating immune cells using the nCounter system, which enables accurate quantification of low abundance and/or highly fragmented transcripts. To do so, we assessed transcripts of 120 genes related to cancer or immune cells using tumor samples from 68 newly diagnosed PTCL-NOS patients and validated findings by immunofluorescence in tumor sections. We show that gene-expression signatures representing tumor-infiltrating immune cells, but not those of cancerous T cells, dictate patient clinical outcomes. Cases exhibiting both B-cell and dendritic cell (DC) signatures (BD subgroup) showed favorable clinical outcomes, whereas those exhibiting neither B-cell nor DC signatures (non-BD subgroup) showed extremely poor prognosis. Notably, half of the non-BD cases exhibited a macrophage signature, and macrophage infiltration was evident in those cases, as revealed by immunofluorescence. Importantly, tumor-infiltrating macrophages expressed the immune-checkpoint molecules programmed death ligand 1/2 and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 at high levels, suggesting that checkpoint inhibitors could serve as therapeutic options for patients in this subgroup. Our study identifies clinically distinct subgroups of PTCL-NOS and suggests a novel therapeutic strategy for 1 subgroup associated with a poor prognosis. Our data also suggest functional interactions between cancerous T cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells potentially relevant to PTCL-NOS pathogenesis.
View details for DOI 10.1182/bloodadvances.2018018754
View details for PubMedID 30194138
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6134219
Identification of unipotent megakaryocyte progenitors in human hematopoiesis.
2017; 129 (25): 3332-3343
The developmental pathway for human megakaryocytes remains unclear, and the definition of pure unipotent megakaryocyte progenitor is still controversial. Using single-cell transcriptome analysis, we have identified a cluster of cells within immature hematopoietic stem- and progenitor-cell populations that specifically expresses genes related to the megakaryocyte lineage. We used CD41 as a positive marker to identify these cells within the CD34+CD38+IL-3RαdimCD45RA- common myeloid progenitor (CMP) population. These cells lacked erythroid and granulocyte-macrophage potential but exhibited robust differentiation into the megakaryocyte lineage at a high frequency, both in vivo and in vitro. The efficiency and expansion potential of these cells exceeded those of conventional bipotent megakaryocyte/erythrocyte progenitors. Accordingly, the CD41+ CMP was defined as a unipotent megakaryocyte progenitor (MegP) that is likely to represent the major pathway for human megakaryopoiesis, independent of canonical megakaryocyte-erythroid lineage bifurcation. In the bone marrow of patients with essential thrombocythemia, the MegP population was significantly expanded in the context of a high burden of Janus kinase 2 mutations. Thus, the prospectively isolatable and functionally homogeneous human MegP will be useful for the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying normal and malignant human hematopoiesis.
View details for DOI 10.1182/blood-2016-09-741611
View details for PubMedID 28336526