Predicting Adsorption Properties of Catalytic Descriptors on Bimetallic Nanoalloys with Site-Specific Precision.
The journal of physical chemistry letters
Bimetallic nanoparticles present a vastly tunable structural and compositional design space rendering them promising materials for catalytic and energy applications. Yet it remains an enduring challenge to efficiently screen candidate alloys with atomic level specificity while explicitly accounting for their inherent stabilities under reaction conditions. Herein, by leveraging correlations between binding energies of metal adsorption sites and metal-adsorbate complexes, we predict adsorption energies of typical catalytic descriptors (OH*, CH3*, CH*, and CO*) on bimetallic alloys with site-specific resolution. We demonstrate that our approach predicts adsorption energies on top and bridge sites of bimetallic nanoparticles having generic morphologies and chemical environments with errors between 0.09 and 0.18 eV. By forging a link between the inherent stability of an alloy and the adsorption properties of catalytic descriptors, we can now identify active site motifs in nanoalloys that possess targeted catalytic descriptor values while being thermodynamically stable under working conditions.
View details for PubMedID 30935205
A coordination-based model for transition metal alloy nanoparticles.
We present a simple approach for predicting the relative energies of bimetallic nanoparticles spanning a wide-ranging combinatorial space, using only the identity and nearest-neighbor coordination number of individual metal atoms as independent parameters. By performing straightforward metal atom adsorption calculations on surface slab models, we parameterize expressions for the energy of metal atoms as a function of their coordination number in 21 bimetallic pairings of fcc metals. We rigorously establish the transferability of our model by predicting relative energies of a series of nanoparticles across a large number of morphologies, sizes, atomic compositions, and arrangements. The model is particularly accurate in predicting atomic rearrangements at or near the metal surfaces, which is essential for its potential applications when studying segregation phenomena or dynamic processes in heterogeneous catalysis. By rapidly forecasting site stabilities with atomic specificity across generic structural and compositional features, our model is able to reverse engineer thermodynamically feasible motifs of active sites in bimetallic nanoparticles through robust property structure relations.
View details for PubMedID 30801602