All Publications

  • Monolithic mtesla-level magnetic induction by self-rolled-up membrane technology. Science advances Huang, W., Yang, Z., Kraman, M. D., Wang, Q., Ou, Z., Rojo, M. M., Yalamarthy, A. S., Chen, V., Lian, F., Ni, J. H., Liu, S., Yu, H., Sang, L., Michaels, J., Sievers, D. J., Eden, J. G., Braun, P. V., Chen, Q., Gong, S., Senesky, D. G., Pop, E., Li, X. 2020; 6 (3): eaay4508


    Monolithic strong magnetic induction at the mtesla to tesla level provides essential functionalities to physical, chemical, and medical systems. Current design options are constrained by existing capabilities in three-dimensional (3D) structure construction, current handling, and magnetic material integration. We report here geometric transformation of large-area and relatively thick (~100 to 250 nm) 2D nanomembranes into multiturn 3D air-core microtubes by a vapor-phase self-rolled-up membrane (S-RuM) nanotechnology, combined with postrolling integration of ferrofluid magnetic materials by capillary force. Hundreds of S-RuM power inductors on sapphire are designed and tested, with maximum operating frequency exceeding 500 MHz. An inductance of 1.24 muH at 10 kHz has been achieved for a single microtube inductor, with corresponding areal and volumetric inductance densities of 3 muH/mm2 and 23 muH/mm3, respectively. The simulated intensity of the magnetic induction reaches tens of mtesla in fabricated devices at 10 MHz.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.aay4508

    View details for PubMedID 32010770

  • Ultrahigh thermal isolation across heterogeneously layered two-dimensional materials. Science advances Vaziri, S., Yalon, E., Munoz Rojo, M., Suryavanshi, S. V., Zhang, H., McClellan, C. J., Bailey, C. S., Smithe, K. K., Gabourie, A. J., Chen, V., Deshmukh, S., Bendersky, L., Davydov, A. V., Pop, E. 2019; 5 (8): eaax1325


    Heterogeneous integration of nanomaterials has enabled advanced electronics and photonics applications. However, similar progress has been challenging for thermal applications, in part due to shorter wavelengths of heat carriers (phonons) compared to electrons and photons. Here, we demonstrate unusually high thermal isolation across ultrathin heterostructures, achieved by layering atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) materials. We realize artificial stacks of monolayer graphene, MoS2, and WSe2 with thermal resistance greater than 100 times thicker SiO2 and effective thermal conductivity lower than air at room temperature. Using Raman thermometry, we simultaneously identify the thermal resistance between any 2D monolayers in the stack. Ultrahigh thermal isolation is achieved through the mismatch in mass density and phonon density of states between the 2D layers. These thermal metamaterials are an example in the emerging field of phononics and could find applications where ultrathin thermal insulation is desired, in thermal energy harvesting, or for routing heat in ultracompact geometries.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.aax1325

    View details for PubMedID 31453337

  • Contact Engineering High-Performance n-Type MoTe2 Transistors. Nano letters Mleczko, M. J., Yu, A. C., Smyth, C. M., Chen, V., Shin, Y. C., Chatterjee, S., Tsai, Y. C., Nishi, Y., Wallace, R. M., Pop, E. 2019


    Semiconducting MoTe2 is one of the few two-dimensional (2D) materials with a moderate band gap, similar to silicon. However, this material remains underexplored for 2D electronics due to ambient instability and predominantly p-type Fermi level pinning at contacts. Here, we demonstrate unipolar n-type MoTe2 transistors with the highest performance to date, including high saturation current (>400 μA/μm at 80 K and >200 μA/μm at 300 K) and relatively low contact resistance (1.2 to 2 kΩ·μm from 80 to 300 K), achieved with Ag contacts and AlO x encapsulation. We also investigate other contact metals (Sc, Ti, Cr, Au, Ni, Pt), extracting their Schottky barrier heights using an analytic subthreshold model. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that interfacial metal-Te compounds dominate the contact resistance. Among the metals studied, Sc has the lowest work function but is the most reactive, which we counter by inserting monolayer hexagonal boron nitride between MoTe2 and Sc. These metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) contacts partly depin the metal Fermi level and lead to the smallest Schottky barrier for electron injection. Overall, this work improves our understanding of n-type contacts to 2D materials, an important advance for low-power electronics.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b02497

    View details for PubMedID 31314531

  • Electronic synapses made of layered two-dimensional materials NATURE ELECTRONICS Shi, Y., Liang, X., Yuan, B., Chen, V., Li, H., Hui, F., Yu, Z., Yuan, F., Pop, E., Wong, H., Lanza, M. 2018; 1 (8): 458–65
  • 3D Monolithic Stacked 1T1R cells using Monolayer MoS2 FET and hBN RRAM Fabricated at Low (150 degrees C) Temperature Wang, C., McClellan, C., Shi, Y., Zheng, X., Chen, V., Lanza, M., Pop, E., Wong, H., IEEE IEEE. 2018