Professional Education

  • Bachelor of Engineering, Hong Kong University Of Science & Technology (2010)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University (2014)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Optical Imaging and Spectroscopic Characterization of Self-Assembled Environmental Adsorbates on Graphene NANO LETTERS Gallagher, P., Li, Y., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Heinz, T. F., Goldhaber-Gordon, D. 2018; 18 (4): 2603–8


    Topographic studies using scanning probes have found that graphene surfaces are often covered by micron-scale domains of periodic stripes with a 4 nm pitch. These stripes have been variously interpreted as structural ripples or as self-assembled adsorbates. We show that the stripe domains are optically anisotropic by imaging them using a polarization-contrast technique. Optical spectra between 1.1 and 2.8 eV reveal that the anisotropy in the in-plane dielectric function is predominantly real, reaching 0.6 for an assumed layer thickness of 0.3 nm. The spectra are incompatible with a rippled graphene sheet but would be quantitatively explained by the self-assembly of chainlike organic molecules into nanoscale stripes.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00348

    View details for Web of Science ID 000430155900057

    View details for PubMedID 29589951

  • Two-dimensional models for the optical response of thin films 2D MATERIALS Li, Y., Heinz, T. F. 2018; 5 (2)
  • High-harmonic generation from an atomically thin semiconductor NATURE PHYSICS Liu, H., Li, Y., You, Y. S., Ghimire, S., Heinz, T. F., Reis, D. A. 2017; 13 (3): 262-?

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NPHYS3946

    View details for Web of Science ID 000395814000017

  • High-order harmonics from bulk and 2D crystals You, Y., Ndabashimiye, G., Liu, H., Li, Y., Heinz, T. F., Reis, D. A., Ghimire, S., IEEE IEEE. 2017
  • Ultrasensitive Plasmonic Detection of Molecules with Graphene ACS PHOTONICS Farmer, D. B., Avouris, P., Li, Y., Heinz, T. F., Han, S. 2016; 3 (4): 553-557
  • Measurement of Lateral and Interfacial Thermal Conductivity of Single- and Bilayer MoS2 and MoSe2 Using Refined Optothermal Raman Technique. ACS applied materials & interfaces Zhang, X., Sun, D., Li, Y., Lee, G., Cui, X., Chenet, D., You, Y., Heinz, T. F., Hone, J. C. 2015; 7 (46): 25923-25929


    Atomically thin materials such as graphene and semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted extensive interest in recent years, motivating investigation into multiple properties. In this work, we demonstrate a refined version of the optothermal Raman technique to measure the thermal transport properties of two TMDC materials, MoS2 and MoSe2, in single-layer (1L) and bilayer (2L) forms. This new version incorporates two crucial improvements over previous implementations. First, we utilize more direct measurements of the optical absorption of the suspended samples under study and find values ∼40% lower than previously assumed. Second, by comparing the response of fully supported and suspended samples using different laser spot sizes, we are able to independently measure the interfacial thermal conductance to the substrate and the lateral thermal conductivity of the supported and suspended materials. The approach is validated by examining the response of a suspended film illuminated in different radial positions. For 1L MoS2 and MoSe2, the room-temperature thermal conductivities are 84 ± 17 and 59 ± 18 W/(m·K), respectively. For 2L MoS2 and MoSe2, we obtain values of 77 ± 25 W and 42 ± 13 W/(m·K). Crucially, the interfacial thermal conductance is found to be of order 0.1-1 MW/m(2) K, substantially smaller than previously assumed, a finding that has important implications for design and modeling of electronic devices.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acsami.5b08580

    View details for PubMedID 26517143

  • Photonic and Plasmonic Guided Modes in Graphene-Silicon Photonic Crystals ACS PHOTONICS Gu, T., Andryieuski, A., Hao, Y., Li, Y., Hone, J., Wong, C. W., Lavrinenko, A., Low, T., Heinz, T. F. 2015; 2 (11): 1552-1558
  • Bright visible light emission from graphene NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY Kim, Y. D., Kim, H., Cho, Y., Ryoo, J. H., Park, C., Kim, P., Kim, Y. S., Lee, S., Li, Y., Park, S., Yoo, Y. S., Yoon, D., Dorgan, V. E., Pop, E., Heinz, T. F., Hone, J., Chun, S., Cheong, H., Lee, S. W., Bae, M., Park, Y. D. 2015; 10 (8): 676-681


    Graphene and related two-dimensional materials are promising candidates for atomically thin, flexible and transparent optoelectronics. In particular, the strong light-matter interaction in graphene has allowed for the development of state-of-the-art photodetectors, optical modulators and plasmonic devices. In addition, electrically biased graphene on SiO2 substrates can be used as a low-efficiency emitter in the mid-infrared range. However, emission in the visible range has remained elusive. Here, we report the observation of bright visible light emission from electrically biased suspended graphene devices. In these devices, heat transport is greatly reduced. Hot electrons (∼2,800 K) therefore become spatially localized at the centre of the graphene layer, resulting in a 1,000-fold enhancement in thermal radiation efficiency. Moreover, strong optical interference between the suspended graphene and substrate can be used to tune the emission spectrum. We also demonstrate the scalability of this technique by realizing arrays of chemical-vapour-deposited graphene light emitters. These results pave the way towards the realization of commercially viable large-scale, atomically thin, flexible and transparent light emitters and displays with low operation voltage and graphene-based on-chip ultrafast optical communications.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NNANO.2015.118

    View details for Web of Science ID 000359754500010

    View details for PubMedID 26076467