All Publications

  • Light-evoked deformations in rod photoreceptors, pigment epithelium and subretinal space revealed by prolonged and multilayered optoretinography. Nature communications Tan, B., Li, H., Zhuo, Y., Han, L., Mupparapu, R., Nanni, D., Barathi, V. A., Palanker, D., Schmetterer, L., Ling, T. 2024; 15 (1): 5156


    Phototransduction involves changes in concentration of ions and other solutes within photoreceptors and in subretinal space, which affect osmotic pressure and the associated water flow. Corresponding expansion and contraction of cellular layers can be imaged using optoretinography (ORG), based on phase-resolved optical coherence tomography (OCT). Until now, ORG could reliably detect only photoisomerization and phototransduction in photoreceptors, primarily in cones under bright stimuli. Here, by employing a phase-restoring subpixel motion correction algorithm, which enables imaging of the nanometer-scale tissue dynamics during minute-long recordings, and unsupervised learning of spatiotemporal patterns, we discover optical signatures of the other retinal structures' response to visual stimuli. These include inner and outer segments of rod photoreceptors, retinal pigment epithelium, and subretinal space in general. The high sensitivity of our technique enables detection of the retinal responses to dim stimuli: down to 0.01% bleach level, corresponding to natural levels of scotopic illumination. We also demonstrate that with a single flash, the optoretinogram can map retinal responses across a 12° field of view, potentially replacing multifocal electroretinography. This technique expands the diagnostic capabilities and practical applicability of optoretinography, providing an alternative to electroretinography, while combining structural and functional retinal imaging in the same OCT machine.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-024-49014-5

    View details for PubMedID 38898002

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC11186825

  • Interferometric thermometry of ocular tissues for retinal laser therapy. Biomedical optics express Veysset, D., Zhuo, Y., Hattori, J., Buckhory, M., Palanker, D. 2023; 14 (1): 37-53


    Controlling the tissue temperature rise during retinal laser therapy is highly desirable for predictable and reproducible outcomes of the procedure, especially with non-damaging settings. In this work, we demonstrate a method for determining the optical absorption, the thermal conductivity, and the thermal expansion coefficients of RPE and choroid using phase-resolved optical coherence tomography (pOCT). These parameters are extracted from the measured changes in the optical path length (DeltaOPL) using an axisymmetric thermo-mechanical model. This allows the calculation of the temperature rise during hyperthermia, which was further validated by imaging the temperature-sensitive fluorescence at the same location. We demonstrate that, with a temperature uncertainty of ±0.9°C and a peak heating of about 17°C following a laser pulse of 20 ms, this methodology is expected to be safe and sufficiently precise for calibration of the non-damaging retinal laser therapy. The method is directly translatable to in-vivo studies, where we expect a similar precision.

    View details for DOI 10.1364/BOE.475705

    View details for PubMedID 36698667

  • Retinal absorption measurements for laser therapy through interferometric imaging of the thermal expansion Veysset, D., Zhuo, Y., Hattori, J., Bhuckory, M., Pandiyan, V., Sabesan, R., Palanker, D. V. ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC. 2022
  • Interferometric imaging of thermal expansion for temperature control in retinal laser therapy BIOMEDICAL OPTICS EXPRESS Veysset, D., Ling, T., Zhuo, Y., Pandiyan, V., Sabesan, R., Palanker, D. 2022; 13 (2): 728-743

    View details for DOI 10.1364/BOE.448803

    View details for Web of Science ID 000750862400003

  • Interferometric imaging of thermal expansion for temperature control in retinal laser therapy. Biomedical optics express Veysset, D., Ling, T., Zhuo, Y., Pandiyan, V. P., Sabesan, R., Palanker, D. 2022; 13 (2): 728-743


    Precise control of the temperature rise is a prerequisite for proper photothermal therapy. In retinal laser therapy, the heat deposition is primarily governed by the melanin concentration, which can significantly vary across the retina and from patient to patient. In this work, we present a method for determining the optical and thermal properties of layered materials, directly applicable to the retina, using low-energy laser heating and phase-resolved optical coherence tomography (pOCT). The method is demonstrated on a polymer-based tissue phantom heated with a laser pulse focused onto an absorbing layer buried below the phantom's surface. Using a line-scan spectral-domain pOCT, optical path length changes induced by the thermal expansion were extracted from sequential B-scans. The material properties were then determined by matching the optical path length changes to a thermo-mechanical model developed for fast computation. This method determined the absorption coefficient with a precision of 2.5% and the temperature rise with a precision of about 0.2°C from a single laser exposure, while the peak did not exceed 8°C during 1 ms pulse, which is well within the tissue safety range and significantly more precise than other methods.

    View details for DOI 10.1364/BOE.448803

    View details for PubMedID 35284191

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8884207