Stanford Advisors


All Publications


  • Designing Boron Nitride Islands in Carbon Materials for Efficient Electrochemical Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide. Journal of the American Chemical Society Chen, S., Chen, Z., Siahrostami, S., Higgins, D., Nordlund, D., Sokaras, D., Kim, T. R., Liu, Y., Yan, X., Nilsson, E., Sinclair, R., Norskov, J. K., Jaramillo, T. F., Bao, Z. 2018; 140 (25): 7851–59

    Abstract

    Heteroatom-doped carbons have drawn increasing research interest as catalysts for various electrochemical reactions due to their unique electronic and surface structures. In particular, co-doping of carbon with boron and nitrogen has been shown to provide significant catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, limited experimental work has been done to systematically study these materials, and much remains to be understood about the nature of the active site(s), particularly with regards to the factors underlying the activity enhancements of these boron-carbon-nitrogen (BCN) materials. Herein, we prepare several BCN materials experimentally with a facile and controlled synthesis method, and systematically study their electrochemical performance. We demonstrate the existence of h-BN domains embedded in the graphitic structures of these materials using X-ray spectroscopy. These synthesized structures yield higher activity and selectivity toward the 2e- ORR to H2O2 than structures with individual B or N doping. We further employ density functional theory calculations to understand the role of a variety of h-BN domains within the carbon lattice for the ORR and find that the interface between h-BN domains and graphene exhibits unique catalytic behavior that can preferentially drive the production of H2O2. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of h-BN domains in carbon identified as a novel system for the electrochemical production of H2O2.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/jacs.8b02798

    View details for PubMedID 29874062

  • High-efficiency oxygen reduction to hydrogen peroxide catalysed by oxidized carbon materials NATURE CATALYSIS Lu, Z., Chen, G., Siahrostami, S., Chen, Z., Liu, K., Xie, J., Liao, L., Wu, T., Lin, D., Liu, Y., Jaramillo, T. F., Norskov, J. K., Cui, Y. 2018; 1 (2): 156–62
  • Defective Carbon-Based Materials for the Electrochemical Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING Chen, S., Chen, Z., Siahrostami, S., Kim, T., Nordlund, D., Sokaras, D., Nowak, S., To, J. F., Higgins, D., Sinclair, R., Norskov, J. K., Jaramillo, T. F., Bao, Z. 2018; 6 (1): 311–17
  • High-performance oxygen reduction and evolution carbon catalysis: From mechanistic studies to device integration NANO RESEARCH To, J. W., Ng, J. W., Siahrostami, S., Koh, A. L., Lee, Y., Chen, Z., Fong, K. D., Chen, S., He, J., Bae, W., Wilcox, J., Jeong, H. Y., Kim, K., Studt, F., Norskov, J. K., Jaramillo, T. F., Bao, Z. 2017; 10 (4): 1163-1177