Repeatability and robustness of MP-GRASP T1 mapping.
Magnetic resonance in medicine
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the repeatability of fast 3D T1 mapping using Magnetization-Prepared Golden-angle RAdial Sparse Parallel (MP-GRASP) MRI and its robustness to variation of imaging parameters including flip angle and spatial resolution in phantoms and the brain.THEORY AND METHODS: Multiple imaging experiments were performed to (1) assess the robustness of MP-GRASP T1 mapping to B1 inhomogeneity using a single tube phantom filled with uniform MnCl2 liquid; (2) compare the repeatability of T1 mapping between MP-GRASP and inversion recovery-based spin-echo (IR-SE; over 12 scans), using a commercial T1MES phantom; (3) evaluate the longitudinal variation of T1 estimation using MP-GRASP with varying imaging parameters, including spatial resolution, flip angle, TR/TE, and acceleration rate, using the T1MES phantom (106 scans performed over a period of 12 months); and (4) evaluate the variation of T1 estimation using MP-GRASP with varying imaging parameters in the brain (24 scans in a single visit). In addition, the accuracy of MP-GRASP T1 mapping was also validated against IR-SE by performing linear correlation and calculating the Lin's concordance correlation coefficient (CCC).RESULTS: MP-GRASP demonstrates good robustness to B1 inhomogeneity, with intra-slice variability below 1% in the single tube phantom experiment. The longitudinal variability is good both in the phantom (below 2.5%) and in the brain (below 2%) with varying imaging parameters. The T1 values estimated from MP-GRASP are accurate compared to that from the IR-SE imaging (R2 = 0.997, Lin's CCC = 0.996).CONCLUSION: MP-GRASP shows excellent repeatability of T1 estimation over time, and it is also robust to variation of different imaging parameters evaluated in this study.
View details for DOI 10.1002/mrm.29131
View details for PubMedID 34971467
Rapid high-resolution volumetric T1 mapping using a highly accelerated stack-of-stars Look Locker technique
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
2021; 79: 28-37
To develop a fast volumetric T1 mapping technique.A stack-of-stars (SOS) Look Locker technique based on the acquisition of undersampled radial data (>30× relative to Nyquist) and an efficient multi-slab excitation scheme is presented. A principal-component based reconstruction is used to reconstruct T1 maps. Computer simulations were performed to determine the best choice of partitions per slab and degree of undersampling. The technique was validated in phantoms against reference T1 values measured with a 2D Cartesian inversion-recovery spin-echo technique. The SOS Look Locker technique was tested in brain (n = 4) and prostate (n = 5). Brain T1 mapping was carried out with and without kz acceleration and results between the two approaches were compared. Prostate T1 mapping was compared to standard techniques. A reproducibility study was conducted in brain and prostate. Statistical analyses were performed using linear regression and Bland Altman analysis.Phantom T1 values showed excellent correlations between SOS Look Locker and the inversion-recovery spin-echo reference (r2 = 0.9965; p < 0.0001) and between SOS Look Locker with slab-selective and non-slab selective inversion pulses (r2 = 0.9999; p < 0.0001). In vivo results showed that full brain T1 mapping (1 mm3) with kz acceleration is achieved in 4 min 21 s. Full prostate T1 mapping (0.9 × 0.9 × 4 mm3) is achieved in 2 min 43 s. T1 values for brain and prostate were in agreement with literature values. A reproducibility study showed coefficients of variation in the range of 0.18-0.2% (brain) and 0.15-0.18% (prostate).A rapid volumetric T1 mapping technique was developed. The technique enables high-resolution T1 mapping with adequate anatomical coverage in a clinically acceptable time.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.mri.2021.03.003
View details for Web of Science ID 000648404700005
View details for PubMedID 33722634
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8107135