Bio


Amy Zegart is the Davies Family Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, where she directs the Robert and Marion Oster National Security Affairs Fellows program. She is also a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies (FSI), professor of political science (by courtesy) at Stanford University, and a contributing editor to The Atlantic. From 2013 to 2018, she served as co-director of the Freeman Spogli Institute’s Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) and founder and co-director of the Stanford Cyber Policy Program. She previously served as the chief academic officer of the Hoover Institution.

Her areas of expertise include cybersecurity, US intelligence and foreign policy, drone warfare, and political risk. An award-winning author, she has written four books. These include Political Risk: How Businesses and Organizations Can Anticipate Global Insecurity (2018) with Condoleezza Rice; Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and Origins of 9/11 (2007), which won the National Academy of Public Administration’s Brownlow Book Award; Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC (1999); and Eyes on Spies: Congress and the US Intelligence Community (Hoover Institution Press, 2011). She has also published in leading academic journals, including International Security, the Journal of Strategic Studies, and Political Science Quarterly.

Zegart has been featured by the National Journal as one of the ten most influential experts in intelligence reform. She served on the Clinton administration’s National Security Council staff and as a foreign policy adviser to the Bush‑Cheney 2000 presidential campaign. She has also testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee; provided training to the US Marine Corps; and advised officials on intelligence, homeland security, and cybersecurity matters. Her commentary has been featured on national television networks, NPR, the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and elsewhere. Before her academic career, Zegart spent three years as a McKinsey & Company management consultant advising leading companies on strategy and organizational effectiveness. She came to Stanford from UCLA, where she was a professor of public policy in the Luskin School of Public Affairs.

She has won two UCLA teaching awards, the American Political Science Association’s Leonard D. White Dissertation Award, and grants from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Hewlett Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the National Science Foundation.

Zegart’s public service includes serving on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation, the FBI Intelligence Analysts Association National Advisory Board, the Los Angeles Police Department’s Counter‑Terrorism and Community Police Advisory Board, the National Academies of Science Panel to Improve Intelligence Analysis, and the Social Science Research Council Task Force on Securing Knowledge. A former Fulbright Scholar, she received an A.B. in East Asian studies magna cum laude from Harvard University and an M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University. She serves on the board of directors of Kratos Defense & Security Solutions (KTOS). She is a native of Louisville, Kentucky.

Administrative Appointments


  • Founder and co-director, Stanford Cyber Policy Program (2013 - 2018)
  • Co-Director, Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) (2013 - 2018)
  • Director, Robert and Marion Oster National Security Affairs Fellows Program, Hoover Institution (2013 - Present)
  • Associate Director for Academic Affairs, Hoover Institution (2013 - 2015)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Stanford University, Political Science (1996)
  • M.A., Political Science, Stanford University (1993)
  • A.B., Harvard College, East Asian Studies (1989)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


U.S. intelligence, cybersecurity, political risk, grand strategy

Projects


  • Information Warfare Working Group, Stanford University (November 2018)

    Location

    Stanford, CA

    Collaborators

    • Herbert Lin, Dr., Stanford

All Publications


  • Bytes, Bombs, and Spies: The Strategic Dimensions of Offensive Cyber Operations Lin, H., Zegart, A. Brookings Institution Press. 2019
  • Political Risk: How Business and Organizations can Anticipate Global Insecurity, with Condoleezza Rice Rice, C., Zegart, A. B. Twelve Books. 2018
  • Cheap Fights, Credible Threats: The Future of Armed Drones and Coercion Journal of Strategic Studies Zegart, A. 2018
  • Managing 21st Century Political Risk Harvard Business Review Rice, C., Zegart, A. 2018: 130-138
  • Introduction to the Special Issue on Strategic Dimensions of Offensive Cyber Operations Journal of Cybersecurity Lin, H., Zegart, A. 2017; 3 (1): 1-5
  • The Fort Hood Terrorist Attack: An Organizational Postmortem of Army and FBI Deficiencies Insider Threats Zegart, A. Cornell University Press. 2017
  • Pragmatic Engagement: A National Security Strategy for the Next President Krasner, S. D., Zegart, A. The American Interest. 2016
  • An INS Special Forum: The U.S. Senate Select Committee Report on the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program Intelligence and National Security Zegart, A. 2016; 31 (1): 17-20
  • Insider Threats and Organizational Root Causes: Understanding the 2009 Fort Hood Terrorist Attack Parameters Zegart, A. 2015; 45 (2): 35-46
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis as Intelligence Failure POLICY REVIEW Zegart, A. B. 2012: 23-39
  • The Domestic Politics of Irrational Intelligence Oversight POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY Zegart, A. B. 2011; 126 (1): 1-25
  • “Spytainment”: The Real Influence of Fake Spies International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence Zegart, A. 2011; 24 (3)
  • Implementing Change: Organizational Challenges Intelligence Analysis: Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations Zegart , A. The National Academies Press. 2011
  • The Roots of Weak Congressional Intelligence Oversight Future Challenges in National Security and Law Series Zegart , A. Hoover Institution . 2011
  • Implementing Change: Organizational Challenges Intelligence Analysis : Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations Zegart, A. The National Academies Press. 2011
  • Eyes on Spies: Congress and the United States Intelligence Community Zegart, A. Hoover Institution Press. 2011
  • Agency Design and Development Oxford Handbook o f American Bureaucracy Zegart , A. Oxford University Press . 2010
  • Congressional Intelligence Oversight: The Electoral Disconnection Intelligence and National Security Zegart, A., Quinn , J. 2010; 25 (6)
  • Policy Planning in the Twenty - First Century: Why the Best is Not Yet to Come Avoiding Trivia: Strategic Planning in American Foreign Polic y Zegart , A. Brookings Institution Press . 2009
  • Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and the Origins of 9/11 Zegart , A. Princeton University Press . 2008
  • A First Draft of History of the Bush Administration: The Legend of a Democracy Promoter The National Interested Zegart , A. 2008
  • 9/11 and the FBI: The Organizational Roots of Failure Intelligence and National Security Zegart , A. 2007 ; 22 (2)
  • Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC Zegart , A. Stanford University Press . 1999