Bio


Amy Zegart is the Davies Family Senior Fellow and Associate Director of Academic Affairs at the Hoover Institution. She is also Co-director of Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC), and holds courtesy appointments as Professor of Political Economy in the Graduate School of Business and Professor of Political Science. Before coming to Stanford in 2011, she served as Professor of Public Policy at UCLA’s Luskin School of Public Affairs.

Zegart’s research examines the organization of American national security agencies and their effectiveness. She is the author of two award-winning books. Flawed by Design, which chronicles the development of the Central Intelligence Agency, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and National Security Council, won the highest national dissertation award in political science. Spying Blind, which examines why American intelligence agencies failed to adapt to the terrorist threat before 9/11, won the National Academy of Public Administration’s Brownlow Book Award. She has also published in International Security, Political Science Quarterly, and other leading academic journals. She serves on the editorial boards of Terrorism and Political Violence and Intelligence and National Security. Her most recent book is Eyes on Spies: Congress and the United States Intelligence Community.

Zegart was featured by the National Journal as one of the ten most influential experts in intelligence reform. She served on the Clinton administration's National Security Council staff and as a foreign policy adviser to the Bush-Cheney 2000 presidential campaign. She has testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee, provided training to the Marine Corps, and advised officials on intelligence and homeland security matters. From 2009 to 2011 she served on the National Academies of Science Panel to Improve Intelligence Analysis. Her commentary has been featured on national television and radio shows and in the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times.

Before her academic career, Zegart spent three years at McKinsey & Company advising Fortune 100 companies about strategy and organizational effectiveness.

A former Fulbright scholar, Zegart received an AB in East Asian studies magna cum laude from Harvard University and an MA and PhD in political science from Stanford University. She serves on the FBI Intelligence Analysts Association National Advisory Board and the Los Angeles Police Department’s Counter-terrorism and Community Police Advisory Board and is a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Administrative Appointments


  • Co-Director, Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) (2013 - Present)
  • Associate Director for Academic Affairs, Hoover Institution (2013 - Present)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D., Stanford University, Political Science (1996)
  • M.A., Political Science, Stanford University (1993)
  • A.B., Harvard College, East Asian Studies (1989)

All Publications


  • The Cuban Missile Crisis as Intelligence Failure POLICY REVIEW Zegart, A. B. 2012: 23-39
  • The Domestic Politics of Irrational Intelligence Oversight POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY Zegart, A. B. 2011; 126 (1): 1-25
  • “Spytainment”: The Real Influence of Fake Spies International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence Zegart, A. 2011; 24 (3)
  • The Roots of Weak Congressional Intelligence Oversight Future Challenges in National Security and Law Series Zegart , A. Hoover Institution . 2011
  • Implementing Change: Organizational Challenges Intelligence Analysis : Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations Zegart, A. The National Academies Press. 2011
  • Implementing Change: Organizational Challenges Intelligence Analysis: Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations Zegart , A. The National Academies Press. 2011
  • Eyes on Spies: Congress and the United States Intelligence Community Zegart, A. Hoover Institution Press. 2011
  • Agency Design and Development Oxford Handbook o f American Bureaucracy Zegart , A. Oxford University Press . 2010
  • Congressional Intelligence Oversight: The Electoral Disconnection Intelligence and National Security Zegart, A., Quinn , J. 2010; 25 (6)
  • Policy Planning in the Twenty - First Century: Why the Best is Not Yet to Come Avoiding Trivia: Strategic Planning in American Foreign Polic y Zegart , A. Brookings Institution Press . 2009
  • Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and the Origins of 9/11 Zegart , A. Princeton University Press . 2008
  • A First Draft of History of the Bush Administration: The Legend of a Democracy Promoter The National Interested Zegart , A. 2008
  • 9/11 and the FBI: The Organizational Roots of Failure Intelligence and National Security Zegart , A. 2007 ; 22 (2)
  • Flawed by Design: The Evolution of the CIA, JCS, and NSC Zegart , A. Stanford University Press . 1999