Bio


[OFFICE HOURS: By appointment (Spring 2015)--Room 235, 366 Galvez]

Prof. Charles D. Kolstad of Stanford University is an internationally known environmental economist with a focus on industrial organization and public economics. His research interests are in information, uncertainty and regulation, with much of his applied work in the area of climate change and energy markets. He has been a Convening Lead Author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (co-recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize), is a founding Co-Editor of the OUP journal Review of Environmental Economics & Policy and serves as an advisor to the State of California on their greenhouse gas cap and trade program. He is a former president of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE).

Prior to joining Stanford in 2012, Prof. Kolstad was on the faculty of the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he was Chair of the Department of Economics and a Bren Distinguished Professor of Environmental Management. He is a University Fellow at Resources for the Future (Washington, DC), a Fellow of CESifo (Munich) and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, MA).

PhD students who wish to study with me (or another Stanford professor in the field of environmental, resource or energy economics) should first apply to a degree-granting department or program at Stanford (such as Economics, Management Science & Engineering, the Graduate School of Business or the Emmet Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources), mentioning my name (no need to contact me in advance). See further information in the link at the side of this page ("Info for Prospective PhD Students").

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • Fellow, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE) (2009)

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


My research interests are broadly in environmental economics and related areas of industrial organization and public economics. My policy-related focus within these fields is climate change and energy markets.

I currently have several projects related to uncertainty and learning in strategic contexts regarding the provision of public goods. For the most part, the application is international environmental agreements. This work is primarily theoretical, though with some empirical and experimental work to validate and illuminate theory. I also have research interests in energy economics (particularly regulation) and other dimensions of the economics of climate change.

I welcome new PhD students who wish to study with me. Typically, my students train to be environmental or resource economists, which means they receive strong training in economics. At Stanford this means successfully taking the first year PhD sequences in microeconomics (Econ 202-204) and econometrics (Econ 270-272) offered by the Department of Economics. In addition, students should take the PhD classes Economics 250 (Environmental Economics) and 251 (Resource and Energy Economics). This is a minimum and other coursework would depend on student interest and needs. Strong preparation in math is essential.

There are a number of PhD programs at Stanford that are appropriate for someone seeking training as an environmental economist. In addition to the Department of Economics, there are several other departments in which students may apply and matriculate, including the Emmet Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources (E-IPER).

Working Papers

All Publications


  • Environmental economics. An economic perspective on the EPA's Clean Power Plan. Science Fowlie, M., Goulder, L., Kotchen, M., Borenstein, S., Bushnell, J., Davis, L., Greenstone, M., Kolstad, C., Knittel, C., Stavins, R., Wara, M., Wolak, F., Wolfram, C. 2014; 346 (6211): 815-816

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1261349

    View details for PubMedID 25395524

  • Regulatory Choice with Pollution and Innovation The Design and Implementation of US Clima te Policy Kostad, C. University of Chicago Press. 2012: 65 - 74
  • Bridging Reality and the Theory of International Environmental Agreements Climate Change and Common Sense: Essays in Honour of Tom Schelling Kolstad, C. D., Oxford University Press. 2012: 61-74
  • Economic impacts of climate change on California agriculture CLIMATIC CHANGE Deschenes, O., Kolstad, C. 2011; 109: 365-386
  • Uncertainty, Learning and Heterogeneity in International Environmental Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS Kolstad, C. D., Ulph, A. 2011; 50 (3): 389-403
  • Intermediate Environmental Economics Kolstad, C. D. Oxford University Press. 2011
  • Who Pays a Price on Carbon? ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS Grainger, C. A., Kolstad, C. D. 2010; 46 (3): 359-376
  • Environmental Economics Kolstad, C. D. Oxford University Press. 2010
  • Distribution and Climate Change Policies Climate Change Policies: Global Challenges and Future Prospects Kolstad, C. D., Grainger, C. 2010
  • Equity, Heterogeneity and International Environmental Agreements B E JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS & POLICY Kolstad, C. D. 2010; 10 (2)
  • Is a Cap-and-Trade System a Disguised Tax? Harvard College Economics Review Kolstad, C. D. 2009; 3 (2): 22-23
  • Restructuring Federal Climate Research to Meet the Challenges of Climate Change Kolstad, C. D., Ramanathan, V., et al The National Academies Press. 2009
  • Less Traffic, A Better Life Sacramento Bee Kolstad, C. D. 2009
  • A Statement on the Appropriate Role for Research and Development in Climate Policy The Economists' Voice Arrow, K., Cohen, L. R., David, P. A., Hahn, R. W., Kolstad, C. D., Lane, L. L., Montgomery, W. D., Nelson, R. R., Noll, R. G., Smith, A. E. 2009; 6 (1)
  • When Carbon is Priced, Who Ultimately Pays? VOX Kolstad, C. D. 2009
  • Learning and international environmental agreements CLIMATIC CHANGE Kolstad, C., Ulph, A. 2008; 89 (1-2): 125-141
  • Beyond the Market Advisory Committee: Proceedings from a Workshop held at Stanford University Kolstad, C. D., Ahoobim, O., Burger, N., Crainger, C., MacRae, S. 2008
  • Researching preferences, valuation and hypothetical bias ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS Guzman, R. M., Kolstad, C. D. 2007; 37 (3): 465-487
  • Systematic uncertainty in self-enforcing international environmental agreements JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kolstad, C. D. 2007; 53 (1): 68-79
  • Prescriptive Environmental Regulations versus Market - Based Incentives Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation Kolstad, C. D., Freeman, J. Oxford University Press. 2007
  • Evaluating Progress o f the U.S. Climate Change Science Program: Methods and Preliminary Results Kolstad, C. D., Ramanathan, V., et al National Academies Press. 2007
  • Learning and climate change CLIMATE POLICY O'Neill, B. C., Crutzen, P., Gruebler, A., Duong, M. H., Keller, K., Kolstad, C., Koomey, J., Lange, A., Obersteiner, M., Oppenheimer, M., Pepper, W., Sanderson, W., Schlesinger, M., Treich, N., Ulph, A., Webster, M., Wilson, C. 2006; 6 (5): 585-589
  • Interpreting Estimated Environmental Kuznets Curves for Greenhouse Gases The Journal of Environment & Development Kolstad, C. D. 2006; 15: 42-49
  • Adjustment costs from environmental change JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kelly, D. L., Kolstad, C. D., Mitchell, G. T. 2005; 50 (3): 468-495
  • Piercing the veil of uncertainty in transboundary pollution agreements ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS Kolstad, C. D. 2005; 31 (1): 21-34
  • The Simple Analytics of Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Targets Energy Policy Kolstad, C. D. 2005; 33: 2231-2236
  • The Economics of Climate Policy Handbook of Environmental Economics Kolstad, C. D., Toman, M. Elsevier. 2005: 1561-1618
  • Climate Change Policy Viewed from the U.S. A. and the Role of Intensity Targets Emissions Trading for Climate Policy : US and European Perspectives Kolstad, C. D. Cambridge University Press. 2005: 96-113
  • Environmental Protection in a Knowledge - Based Economy Proccedings , Delhi Sustainable Development Summit, Kolstad, C. D. 2003
  • Economic Damage from Water Resource Contamination Southwest Journal of Hydrology Kolstad, C. D. 2002; 1 (6): 14-15
  • Do lax environmental regulations attract foreign investment? ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE ECONOMICS Xing, Y. Q., Kolstad, C. D. 2002; 21 (1): 1-22
  • Malthus and climate change: Betting on a stable population JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kelly, D. L., Kolstad, C. D. 2001; 41 (2): 135-161
  • Is coal desulphurisation worthwhile? Evidence from the market ENERGY POLICY Braden, J. B., Kolstad, C. D., Woock, R. A., Machado, J. A. 2001; 29 (3): 217-225
  • Solving Infinite Horizon Growth Models with an Environmental Sector Computational Economics Kolstad, C. D., Kelly, D. 2001: 217-231
  • COP6: Observations of an Interested Bystander Energy Policies and Markets: New Trends or Old Cycles? Kolstad, C. D. Fundacion Repso. 2001: 75-82
  • Comment on ‘Environmental Policy and Firm Behavior: Abatement Investment and Location Decisions under Uncertainty and Irreversibility’ by Anastasios Xepapedeas Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy Kolstad, C. D. University of Chicago Press for National Bureau of Economic Research. 2001: 306-307
  • Valuing beach recreation lost in environmental accidents JOURNAL OF WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Deacon, R. T., Kolstad, C. D. 2000; 126 (6): 374-381
  • Energy and depletable resources: Economics and policy, 1973-1998 JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kolstad, C. D. 2000; 39 (3): 282-305
  • Spatial Environmental and Resource Economics: Selected Essays of Charles D. Kolstad Kolstad, C. D. Cambridge University Press. 2000
  • Information and the divergence between willingness to accept and willingness to pay JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kolstad, C. D., Guzman, R. M. 1999; 38 (1): 66-80
  • Bayesian learning, growth, and pollution JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC DYNAMICS & CONTROL Kelly, D. L., Kolstad, C. D. 1999; 23 (4): 491-518
  • Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Change Control International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 1999/2000: A Survey of Current Issues Kolstad, C. D., Kelly, D. Edward Elgar,. 1999: 171-197
  • Cost functions and nonlinear prices: Estimating a technology with quality-differentiated inputs REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Kolstad, C. D., Turnovsky, M. H. 1998; 80 (3): 444-453
  • Research Trends and Opportunities in Environmental and Resource Economics Environmental and Resource Economics Kolstad, C. D., Deacon, R., Brookshire, R., Fisher, A., Kneese, A., Scrogin, D., Smith, V., Ward, M., Wilen, J. 1998; 11: 383-397
  • Integrated Assessment Modelling of Climate Change Economics and Policy Issues in Climate Change Kolstad, C. D. Resources for the Future. 1998
  • Learning and stock effects in environmental regulation: The case of greenhouse gas emissions JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kolstad, C. D. 1996; 31 (1): 1-18
  • Fundamental irreversibilities in stock externalities JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS Kolstad, C. D. 1996; 60 (2): 221-233
  • Environment and Trade: A Review of Theory and Issues University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Economics Working Paper 02-96 Kolstad, C. D., Xing, Y. 1996
  • The Implications of Learning About Uncertainty for United States/European Greenhouse Gas Policy Environmental Policy with Political and Economic Integration Kolstad, C. D. Edward Elgar,. 1996
  • The Climate Change Footprint: Will We See It Before It Is Upon Us? IIASA Kolstad, C. D. 1996
  • FOREIGN DIRECT-INVESTMENT, EXCHANGE-RATE VARIABILITY AND DEMAND UNCERTAINTY INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC REVIEW Goldberg, L. S., Kolstad, C. D. 1995; 36 (4): 855-873
  • Normas Anticontaminación: Enfoques Pasados e Innovaciones," [Regulating Pollution: Past Approaches and Innovations] Economía del Medio Ambiente en América Latina [ The Economics of Ambient Environment in Latin America ] Kolstad, C. D. Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 1995: 209-224
  • IS TECHNICAL CHANGE EMBODIED IN THE CAPITAL STOCK OR NEW INVESTMENT JOURNAL OF PRODUCTIVITY ANALYSIS Lee, J. K., Kolstad, C. D. 1994; 5 (4): 385-406
  • HOTELLING RENTS IN HOTELLING SPACE - PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION IN EXHAUSTIBLE RESOURCE MARKETS JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT Kolstad, C. D. 1994; 26 (2): 163-180
  • Mitigating Climate Change Impacts: The Conflicting Effects of Irreversibilities in CO2 Accumulation and Emission Control Investment IIASA Kolstad, C. D. 1994
  • The Timing of CO2 Control in the Face of Uncertainty and Learning International Environmental Economics Kolstad, C. D. Elsevier. 1994: 75-96
  • George Bush vs. Al Gore: Irreversibilities in Greenhouse Gas Accumulation and Emission Control Investment Energy Policy , Kolstad, C. D. 1994; 22: 771-778
  • Comment on 'Energy Demand and Supply in the Developing World 1990 - 2020,' by Churchill Proceedings 1993 World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics Kolstad, C. D. 1994
  • THE SPECIFICATION OF DYNAMICS IN COST FUNCTION AND FACTOR DEMAND ESTIMATION REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Kolstad, C. D., Lee, J. K. 1993; 75 (4): 721-726
  • Environmental Protection and Economic Reform in Russia EPAT/MUCIA Policy Brief Kolstad, C. D., Golub, A. 1993
  • The Law and Economics of Hazardous M aterials Transportation: Regulating Harm by Administrative Agency and by Tort Liability Transportation of Hazardous Materials: Issues in Law, Social Science and Engineering Kolstad, C. D., Ulen, T. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1993
  • Measuring the Energy Efficiency and Productivity Impacts of Embodied Technical Change Energy Journal Kolstad, C. D., Berndt, E., Lee, J. 1993; 14: 33-55
  • Looking vs. Leaping: The Timing of CO2 Control in the Face of Uncertainty and Learning IASA Kolstad, C. D. 1993
  • Natural Resource Use and the Environment Handbook of Natural Resources and Energy Economics Kolstad, C. D. North-Holland. 1993
  • Buying Energy and Non-Fuel Minerals: Final, Derived and Speculative Demand Handbook of Natural Resources and Energy Economics , Kolstad, C. D., Arrow, K. J., Weiner R. 1993
  • Efficiency and the Non-enforcement of Penalties Hoover Institution Working Paper E-92-2 Kolstad, C. D., Leitzel, J. 1992
  • From Stalin to Yeltsin: Perestroika in US Environmental Policy Kolstad, C. D. 1992
  • COMPUTING COURNOT-NASH EQUILIBRIA OPERATIONS RESEARCH Kolstad, C. D., Mathiesen, L. 1991; 39 (5): 739-748
  • A MODEL OF HOMOGENEOUS INPUT DEMAND UNDER PRICE UNCERTAINTY AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW WOLAK, F. A., Kolstad, C. D. 1991; 81 (3): 514-538
  • Measuring the Demand for Environmental Quality Braden, J. B., Kolstad, C. D., Emerald Group Publishing Limited;. 1991
  • Book Review: Recent Modelling Approaches in Applied Energy Economics Energy Journal Kolstad, C. D. 1991; 12: 165-167
  • A Framework for Exploring Cost Effective CO2 Control Paths: Discussant Comments Proceedings of the Workshop on Economic/Energy/Environmental Modeling for Climate Policy Analysis Kolstad, C. D. 1991
  • Environmental Demand Theory Measuring the Demand for Environmental Quality Kolstad, C. D., Braden, J. North-Holland. 1991
  • Price Formation in International Coal Trade Proceedings Coaltrans 91 Kolstad, C. D. 1991
  • DERIVATIVE EVALUATION AND COMPUTATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH LARGE BILEVEL MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMS JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS Kolstad, C. D., Lasdon, L. S. 1990; 65 (3): 485-499
  • CLEAN-AIR AND ENERGY - REFORM OF THE PSD PROVISIONS OF THE CLEAN-AIR ACT JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION Kolstad, C. D. 1990; 40 (2): 177-184
  • Computing Equilibria in Imperfectly Competitive Commodity Markets International Commodity Market Models. Advances in Methodology and Applications Kolstad, C. D., Mathiesen, L. Chapman-Hill. 1990
  • Ex Post Liability for Harm vs. Ex Ante Safety Regulation: Substitutes or Complements American Economic Review Kolstad, C. D., Ulen, T., Johnson, G. 1990; 80: 888-901
  • Acid Deposition Regulation and the U.S. Coal Industry Energy Policy Kolstad, C. D. 1990; 18: 845-852
  • Aggregate Source/Receptor Relations for the Economic Analysis of Ambient Regulations J. Air Poll. Control Assn. Kolstad, C. D., Williams, M. 1989; 39: 824-830
  • Measuring the Demand for Environmental Improvement Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources Report ILENR/RE - EA - 89/16 Kolstad, C. D., Braden, J. 1989
  • Computing Dynamic Spatial Oligopolistic Equilibrium in an Exhaustible Resource Market: the Case of Coal Quantitative Methods for Market - Oriented Economic Analysis over Space and Time Kolstad, C. D. vebury (Gower). 1989
  • MEASURING RELATIVE MARKET POWER IN THE WESTERN UNITED-STATES COAL MARKET USING SHAPLEY VALUES RESOURCES AND ENERGY WOLAK, F. A., Kolstad, C. D. 1988; 10 (4): 293-314
  • Book Review: World Coal: Economics, Policies and Prospects Energy Policy Kolstad, C. D. 1988; 16: 328
  • Measuring Relative Market Power in the Western US Coal Market Using Shapley Values Resources and Energy Kolstad, C. D., Wolak, F. 1988; 10: 293-314
  • A Constructive Proof of a Theorem on the Uniqueness of Cournot Equilibria University of Illinois BEBR working paper No. 1444 Kolstad, C. D. 1988
  • NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS FOR UNIQUENESS OF A COURNOT EQUILIBRIUM REVIEW OF ECONOMIC STUDIES Kolstad, C. D., Mathiesen, L. 1987; 54 (4): 681-690
  • A Review of the State-Level Advanced Utility Simulation Model Electric Power Research Institute Report EA - 5499 Kolstad, C. D., Baughman, M. L., Berndt, E. R., Fay, J. A., Golumb, D. S., Gruhl, J., Schweppe, F. C., Wood, D. O. 1987
  • Pollution Possibility Frontiers Strategic Planning in Energy and Natural Resources Kolstad, C. D. North-Holland. 1987: 273-287
  • A Marketing Sur vey and Assessment of the Potential for Desulfurized Coal Univ. Illinois Institute for Environmental Studies Report Kolstad, C. D., Braden, J., Machado, J., Woock, R. 1987
  • Measuring the Sulfur Premium in Coal Kolstad, C. D., Braden, J. 1987: 547-553
  • Progress in Measuring Energy Demand Institute for Environmental Studies Staff Paper No. 45 Kolstad, C. D. 1987
  • Uniformity vs. Differentiation in Regulating Externalities J. Env. Econ. & Mgmt . Kolstad, C. D. 1987; 14: 386-399
  • An Economic Analysis of the Costs to Business from the Implementation of Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Regulations for Emissions of Volatile Organic Material in Illinois nstitute for Environmental Studies Report, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois Kolstad, C. D., Johnson, G. V., Guo, J. P., Moreschi, R., Turnovsky, M., Ulen, T. S. 1987
  • A Review and Economic Analysis of Reasonably Available Control Technol ogy (RACT) Regulations for Emissions of Volatile Organic Material in Illinois and Seven Other States Institute for Environmental Studies Re port, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois Kolstad, C. D., Johnson, G. V., Ulen, T. S., Carlson, J. L., McDonald, B., Moreschi, R. 1987
  • CONJECTURAL VARIATION AND THE INDETERMINACY OF DUOPOLISTIC EQUILIBRIA CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS-REVUE CANADIENNE D ECONOMIQUE Kolstad, C. D., WOLAK, F. A. 1986; 19 (4): 656-677
  • EMPIRICAL PROPERTIES OF ECONOMIC INCENTIVES AND COMMAND-AND-CONTROL REGULATIONS FOR AIR-POLLUTION CONTROL LAND ECONOMICS Kolstad, C. D. 1986; 62 (3): 250-268
  • IMPERFECTLY COMPETITIVE EQUILIBRIA IN INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY-MARKETS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Kolstad, C. D., BURRIS, A. E. 1986; 68 (1): 27-36
  • Estimating Hedonic Price Functions for Coal Proceedings, 1986 North American Meeting of Int'l Assn. of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D., Turnovsky, M. 1986
  • Using Shapley Values to Measure Market Power in the Western US Coal Market Proceedings, 1986 North American Meeting of Int'l Assn. of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D., Wolak, F. 1986: 248-253
  • Short-Run and Long-Run Industrial Demand for Energy: Recent Evidence from Seven Major OECD Countries Proceedings, Eighth Annual International Conference of International Association of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D. 1986
  • A Short-Run Capital-Labor-Energy Model of Fuel Demand in the Manufacturing Sector of Seven Major OECD Countrie OPEC Re view Kolstad, C. D., Bopp, A., Pendley, R., Wolak, F. 1986; 10 (2): 179-214
  • Marketable Permits vs. Emission Fees: Uncertain Costs, Damage and Product Demand Univ. I llinois BEBR Working Paper No. 1223 Kolstad, C. D. 1986
  • The Effect of Producer and Consumer Behavior on Prices and Trade in the International Steam Coal Market Coal Consumers Conference Kolstad, C. D. 1986
  • A Review of the L iterature on Bi - level Mathematical Program ming Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-10284-MS Kolstad, C. D. 1985
  • A Review of the L iterature on Bi-level Mathematical Programming Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-10284-MS Kolstad, C. D. 1985
  • A Capital-Labor-Energy Model of Fuel Demand in the Manufacturing Sector of Seven Major OECD Countries Proceedings, Seventh Annual International Confer ence of International Association of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D. 1985: 13-32
  • STRATEGY AND MARKET-STRUCTURE IN WESTERN COAL TAXATION REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS Kolstad, C. D., WOLAK, F. A. 1985; 67 (2): 239-249
  • Evaluation of the St. Lucia Geothermal Resource: Macroeconomic Models Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-10212-MS Kolstad, C. D., Burris, A., Trocki, L., Yeamans, M. 1984
  • THE EFFECT OF MARKET CONDUCT ON INTERNATIONAL STEAM COAL TRADE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Kolstad, C. D., ABBEY, D. S. 1984; 24 (1): 39-59
  • Efficiency and Equity in Acid Rain Regulation Proceedings, Annual North Amer ican Meeting of International Association of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D. 1984: 479-495
  • Clean Air and Energy: From Conflict to Reconciliation Paradoxes of Western Energy Development Kolstad, C. D., Schultze, W. D., Williams, M. D. Westview Press. 1984: 163-191
  • Evaluation of the St. Lucia Geothermal Resource: Macroeconomic Models Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-10212-MS Kolstad, C. D., Burris, A., Trocki, L., Yeamans, M. 1984
  • New Mexico Coal Market Study, Summary Report New Mexico Energy Research and Development Institute Report NMERDI 2-72-4601 Kolstad, C. D., Hinman, G., Mitchell, R., Stockton, B., Symes, D. 1983
  • COMPETITION IN INTERREGIONAL TAXATION - THE CASE OF WESTERN COAL JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY Kolstad, C. D., WOLAK, F. A. 1983; 91 (3): 443-460
  • Modeling International Steam Coal Trade Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-9661-MS Kolstad, C. D., Abbey, D. S., Bivins, R. 1983
  • THE STRUCTURE OF INTERNATIONAL STEAM COAL MARKETS NATURAL RESOURCES JOURNAL ABBEY, D. S., Kolstad, C. D. 1983; 23 (4): 859-891
  • Competitive Interstate Taxation of Western Coal Proceedings, Annual North American Meeting of International Association of Energy Economists Kolstad, C. D., Wolak, F. 1983
  • New Mexico Coal Market Study, Summary Report New Mexico Energy Research and Development Institute Report NMERDI 2-72-4601 Kolstad, C. D., Hinman, G., Mitchell, R., Stockton, B., Symes, D. 1983
  • Effects of Accelerating the Construction of Nuclear Power Plants on Oil and Gas Use Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, LA-9171-MS Kolstad, C. D. 1982
  • Economic and Regulatory Efficiency in Air Pollution Control Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-9458-T (Thesis) Kolstad, C. D. 1982
  • Electric Utility Oil and Gas Use in the Eighties Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, LA-9319-MS Kolstad, C. D., Abbey, D. S., Martinez, A. J., Williams, D. S., Wolak, F. A., Yeamans, M. K. 1982
  • Soviet Energy and Western Security Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-9456-MS Kolstad, C. D., Pendley, R. E., Davey, W. G., Maaranen, S. A. 1982
  • Air Quality Regulation in Spatial Equilibrium Models Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-9019-MS Kolstad, C. D. 1981
  • Alternative Air Quality Policy Options in the Four Corners Region South western Rev. of Mgmt. and Econ. Kolstad, C. D., Roach, J. F., Kneese, A. V., Williams, M. D. 1981; 1 (2): 29-58
  • Documentation of the Los Alamos Coal and Utility Modeling System, Version 3.0 Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-8863-MS Kolstad, C. D., Wolak, F., Bivins, R., Stein, M. 1981
  • Alternative Air Quality Policy Analysis for the Four Corners Study Region Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-UR-81-1380 Kolstad, C. D., Roach, F., Bartlit, J., Kneese, A., Nochumson, D., Tobin, R., Weatherford, G., Williams, M. 1981
  • Air Quality Implications of a Nuclear Moratorium: An Alternative Analysis The Energy Journal Kolstad, C. D., Bopp, A., Loose, V., Pendley, R. 1981; 2 (3): 33-48
  • ROCKY 1--An Energy-Environment Model of Coal and Electricity Supply in the Rocky Mountain West Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-7988 Kolstad, C. D., Bivins, R., Loose, V., Pendley, R. 1980
  • AMERICAN-INDIANS AND NATIONAL ENERGY-POLICY JOURNAL OF ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT PENDLEY, R. E., Kolstad, C. D. 1980; 5 (2): 221-251
  • The Economics of the Attached Solar Greenhouse for Home Heating--A Preliminary Assessment Proceedings, Second National Passive Solar Conference Kolstad, C. 1978: 822-826
  • A Minimum Cost Linear Programming Model for Regional Assessment of Energy Extraction, Transportation and Use Los Alamos Na tional Laboratory Report LA-6689-MS Kolstad, C. D., Hinman, G., Morris, G., Palmer, R., Pendley, R. 1978
  • Thermal Evolution Models for the Valles Caldera with Reference to a Hot-Dry-Rock Geothermal Experiment J. of Volcanology and Geothermal Res. Kolstad, C. D., McGetchin, T. R. 1978; 3: 197-218
  • A Dynamic Linear Programming Model for Allocating Energy Supply Activities Within the Rocky Mountain Region of the United States Applied Numeri cal Modeling Kolstad, C. D., Morris, G., Palmer, R., Pendley, R. Pentech Press. 1978
  • An Inexpensive Method for Constructing Darrieus Wind Turbine Blades Alternate Sources of Energy Kolstad, C. D., Grimmer, D. P. 1977: 14-20
  • Patterns of Energy Production in the Southwest Proceedings, ASME Symp. on the Impact of Energy Development in the Southwest Kolstad, C. D. 1977: 33-37
  • Why an Owner Built Greenhouse is Competitive with Gas for Home Heating in Northern New Mexico Bulletin , New Mexico Solar Energy Associa tion Kolstad, C. D. 1977; 2 (1): 5-8
  • WESCO Coal Gasification Plans: Navajo Considerations Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-6247-MS Kolstad, C. D., Bennett, W. S., Kerr, D. M. 1976
  • Appropriate Technology and Navajo Economic Development Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-6489 Kolstad, C. D., Grimmer, D. P., Reno, P., Tutt, J. 1976
  • The 1975 Energy Production System in the States of the Rocky Mountain Region Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-6624 Kolstad, C. D. 1976
  • Rocky Mountain Energy 1974: Flows, Employment, Prices Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-6122-MS Kolstad, C. D., Barrett, R. K., Beyer, W. A. 1975
  • TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OF RESISTIVITY OF SILICON AND GERMANIUM NEAR ROOM TEMPERATURE SOLID-STATE ELECTRONICS Bullis, W. M., BREWER, F. H., Kolstad, C. D., SWARTZEN, L. J. 1968; 11 (7): 639-?