Geometric Transformations Afforded by Rotational Freedom in Aramid Amphiphile Nanostructures.
Journal of the American Chemical Society
2023; 145 (42): 22954-22963
Molecular self-assembly in water leads to nanostructure geometries that can be tuned owing to the highly dynamic nature of amphiphiles. There is growing interest in strongly interacting amphiphiles with suppressed dynamics, as they exhibit ultrastability in extreme environments. However, such amphiphiles tend to assume a limited range of geometries upon self-assembly due to the specific spatial packing induced by their strong intermolecular interactions. To overcome this limitation while maintaining structural robustness, we incorporate rotational freedom into the aramid amphiphile molecular design by introducing a diacetylene moiety between two aramid units, resulting in diacetylene aramid amphiphiles (D-AAs). This design strategy enables rotations along the carbon-carbon sp hybridized bonds of an otherwise fixed aramid domain. We show that varying concentrations and equilibration temperatures of D-AA in water lead to self-assembly into four different nanoribbon geometries: short, extended, helical, and twisted nanoribbons, all while maintaining robust structure with thermodynamic stability. We use advanced microscopy, X-ray scattering, spectroscopic techniques, and two-dimensional (2D) NMR to understand the relationship between conformational freedom within strongly interacting amphiphiles and their self-assembly pathways.
View details for DOI 10.1021/jacs.3c04598
View details for PubMedID 37819710