Honors & Awards

  • Thesis award, French society of cellular biology (12/2023)

Professional Education

  • Master of Science, Universite De Nice (2019)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, EcoleNormaleSuperieuredeLyon (2023)
  • Bachelor of Science, Universite De Lille (2024)
  • M.sc., Nice Sophia Antipolis University, developmental biology (2019)
  • Ph.D., ENS Lyon, Cell biology (2023)

Stanford Advisors

Lab Affiliations

All Publications

  • The phosphoinositide signature guides the final step of plant cytokinesis. Science advances Lebecq, A., Goldy, C., Fangain, A., Gascon, E., Belcram, K., Pastuglia, M., Bouchez, D., Caillaud, M. C. 2023; 9 (29): eadf7532


    Plant cytokinesis, which fundamentally differs from that in animals, requires the outward expansion of a plasma membrane precursor named the cell plate. How the transition from a cell plate to a plasma membrane occurs remains poorly understood. Here, we report that the acquisition of plasma membrane identity occurs through lateral patterning of the phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate PI(4,5)P2 at the newly formed cell plate membrane. There, the phosphoinositide phosphatase SAC9 emerges as a key regulator, colocalizing with and regulating the function of the microtubule-associated protein MAP65-3 at the cell plate leading zone. In sac9-3 mutant, the polar distribution of PI(4,5)P2 at the cell plate is altered, leading to ectopic recruitment of the cytokinesis apparatus and formation of an additional cell plate insertion site. We propose that at the cell plate, SAC9 drives the depletion of PI(4,5)P2, which acts as a polar cue to spatially separate cell plate expansion from the acquisition of plasma membrane identity during final step of cytokinesis.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.adf7532

    View details for PubMedID 37467331

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10355833

  • The Arabidopsis SAC9 enzyme is enriched in a cortical population of early endosomes and restricts PI(4,5)P2 at the plasma membrane. eLife Lebecq, A., Doumane, M., Fangain, A., Bayle, V., Leong, J. X., Rozier, F., Marques-Bueno, M. D., Armengot, L., Boisseau, R., Simon, M. L., Franz-Wachtel, M., Macek, B., Üstün, S., Jaillais, Y., Caillaud, M. C. 2022; 11


    Membrane lipids, and especially phosphoinositides, are differentially enriched within the eukaryotic endomembrane system. This generates a landmark code by modulating the properties of each membrane. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] specifically accumulates at the plasma membrane in yeast, animal, and plant cells, where it regulates a wide range of cellular processes including endocytic trafficking. However, the functional consequences of mispatterning PI(4,5)P2 in plants are unknown. Here, we functionally characterized the putative phosphoinositide phosphatase SUPPRESSOR OF ACTIN9 (SAC9) in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). We found that SAC9 depletion led to the ectopic localization of PI(4,5)P2 on cortical intracellular compartments, which depends on PI4P and PI(4,5)P2 production at the plasma membrane. SAC9 localizes to a subpopulation of trans-Golgi Network/early endosomes that are enriched in a region close to the cell cortex and that are coated with clathrin. Furthermore, it interacts and colocalizes with Src Homology 3 Domain Protein 2 (SH3P2), a protein involved in endocytic trafficking. In the absence of SAC9, SH3P2 localization is altered and the clathrin-mediated endocytosis rate is reduced. Together, our results highlight the importance of restricting PI(4,5)P2 at the plasma membrane and illustrate that one of the consequences of PI(4,5)P2 misspatterning in plants is to impact the endocytic trafficking.

    View details for DOI 10.7554/eLife.73837

    View details for PubMedID 36044021

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9436410

  • Dynamic apico-basal enrichment of the F-actin during cytokinesis in Arabidopsis cells embedded in their tissues. Quantitative plant biology Lebecq, A., Fangain, A., Boussaroque, A., Caillaud, M. C. 2022; 3: e4


    Cell division is a tightly regulated mechanism, notably in tissues where malfunctions can lead to tumour formation or developmental defects. This is particularly true in land plants, where cells cannot relocate and therefore cytokinesis determines tissue topology. In plants, cell division is executed in radically different manners than in animals, with the appearance of new structures and the disappearance of ancestral mechanisms. Whilst F-actin and microtubules closely co-exist, recent studies mainly focused on the involvement of microtubules in this key process. Here, we used a root tracking system to image the spatio-temporal dynamics of both F-actin reporters and cell division markers in dividing cells embedded in their tissues. In addition to the F-actin accumulation at the phragmoplast, we observed and quantified a dynamic apico-basal enrichment of F-actin from the prophase/metaphase transition until the end of the cytokinesis.

    View details for DOI 10.1017/qpb.2022.1

    View details for PubMedID 37077960

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10095810

  • Inducible depletion of PI(4,5)P2 by the synthetic iDePP system in Arabidopsis. Nature plants Doumane, M., Lebecq, A., Colin, L., Fangain, A., Stevens, F. D., Bareille, J., Hamant, O., Belkhadir, Y., Munnik, T., Jaillais, Y., Caillaud, M. C. 2021; 7 (5): 587-597


    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) is a low-abundance membrane lipid essential for plasma membrane function1,2. In plants, mutations in phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) 5-kinases (PIP5K) suggest that PI(4,5)P2 production is involved in development, immunity and reproduction3-5. However, phospholipid synthesis is highly intricate6. It is thus likely that steady-state depletion of PI(4,5)P2 triggers confounding indirect effects. Furthermore, inducible tools available in plants allow PI(4,5)P2 to increase7-9 but not decrease, and no PIP5K inhibitors are available. Here, we introduce iDePP (inducible depletion of PI(4,5)P2 in plants), a system for the inducible and tunable depletion of PI(4,5)P2 in plants in less than three hours. Using this strategy, we confirm that PI(4,5)P2 is critical for various aspects of plant development, including root growth, root-hair elongation and organ initiation. We show that PI(4,5)P2 is required to recruit various endocytic proteins, including AP2-µ, to the plasma membrane, and thus to regulate clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Finally, we find that inducible PI(4,5)P2 perturbation impacts the dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton as well as microtubule anisotropy. Together, we propose that iDePP is a simple and efficient genetic tool to test the importance of PI(4,5)P2 in given cellular or developmental responses, and also to evaluate the importance of this lipid in protein localization.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41477-021-00907-z

    View details for PubMedID 34007035

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7610831