Intergroup conflict as contest and disease.
Trends in cognitive sciences
Intergroup conflict has been conceptualized as a strategic interaction (conflict-as-contest) and separately as a pathological condition (conflict-as-disease). We highlight how insights and tools from the former perspective can potentially inform the latter. Harnessing the science of strategic decision-making can facilitate the development of novel approaches for mitigating intergroup conflict.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2023.10.004
View details for PubMedID 37903703
- Reducing Explicit Blatant Dehumanization by Correcting Exaggerated Meta-Perceptions SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE 2022
- Defining dehumanization broadly does not mean including everything. Trends in cognitive sciences 2022
Dehumanization: trends, insights, and challenges.
Trends in cognitive sciences
Despite our many differences, one superordinate category we all belong to is 'humans'. To strip away or overlook others' humanity, then, is to mark them as 'other' and, typically, 'less than'. We review growing evidence revealing how and why we subtly disregard the humanity of those around us. We then highlight new research suggesting that we continue to blatantly dehumanize certain groups, overtly likening them to animals, with important implications for intergroup hostility. We discuss advances in understanding the experience of being dehumanized and novel interventions to mitigate dehumanization, address the conceptual boundaries of dehumanization, and consider recent accounts challenging the importance of dehumanization and its role in intergroup violence. Finally, we present an agenda of outstanding questions to propel dehumanization research forward.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2021.12.003
View details for PubMedID 35042655
Dehumanization and mass violence: A study of mental state language in Nazi propaganda (1927-1945).
2022; 17 (11): e0274957
Dehumanization is frequently cited as a precursor to mass violence, but quantitative support for this notion is scarce. The present work provides such support by examining the dehumanization of Jews in Nazi propaganda. Our linguistic analysis suggests that Jews were progressively denied the capacity for fundamentally human mental experiences leading up to the Holocaust. Given that the recognition of another's mental experience promotes moral concern, these results are consistent with the theory that dehumanization facilitates violence by disengaging moral concern. However, after the onset of the Holocaust, our results suggest that Jews were attributed a greater capacity for agentic mental states. We speculate this may reflect a process of demonization in which Nazi propagandists portrayed the Jews as highly capable of planning and intentionality while nonetheless possessing a subhuman moral character. These suggestive results paint a nuanced portrait of the temporal dynamics of dehumanization during the Holocaust and provide impetus for further empirical scrutiny of dehumanization in ecologically valid contexts.
View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0274957
View details for PubMedID 36350823