Member (Student), Cardiovascular Institute
- Exploratory Analyses: How to Meaningfully Interpret and Report Them. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation 2023
SWAP-MEAT Athlete (study with appetizing plant-food, meat eating alternatives trial) - investigating the impact of three different diets on recreational athletic performance: a randomized crossover trial.
2022; 21 (1): 69
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are known to be beneficial for cardiovascular health and promote environmental sustainability. However, many athletes avoid plant-based diets due to concerns of protein inadequacy.OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of two predominately plant-based diets-whole food plant-based (WFPB) and plant-based meat alternatives (PBMA)-vs. an omnivorous diet, favoring red meat and poultry (Animal), on endurance and muscular strength.METHODS: 12 recreational runners and 12 resistance trainers were assigned to three diets-WFPB, PBMA, and Animal-for 4weeks each, in random order. Primary outcomes for runners (12-minute timed run) and resistance trainers (composite machine strength) were collected at baseline and after diets, along with secondary performance outcomes and dietary data.RESULTS: 22 recreational athletes completed the study (age: 26.2±4.4years; sex: 10 female, 12 male; BMI: 23.1±2.4kg/m2). Mean differences in 12-minute timed run - WFPB vs. Animal (-23.4m; 95% CI: -107 to 60.0m) and PBMA vs. Animal (-2.9m; 95% CI: -119 to 113m) - were not significant. Mean percent differences in composite machine strength - WFPB vs. Animal (-2.7%; 95% CI: -5.8 to 0.4% and PBMA vs. Animal (-0.7%; 95% CI: -3.5 to 2.2%) - were not significant. Average protein intake for all diets met International Society for Sports Nutrition recommendations.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest recreational athletes can maintain athletic performance on both an omnivorous diet and two diets that are predominately plant-based.TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05472701. Retrospectively registered.
View details for DOI 10.1186/s12937-022-00820-x
View details for PubMedID 36384651