Bio


Professor Cantwell's research interests are in the area of turbulent flow. Recent work has centered in three areas: the direct numerical simulation of turbulent shear flows, theoretical studies of the fine-scale structure of turbulence, and experimental measurements of turbulent structure in flames. Experimental studies include the development of particle-tracking methods for measuring velocity fields in unsteady flames and variable density jets. Research in turbulence simulation includes the development of spectral methods for simulating vortex rings, the development of topological methods for interpreting complex fields of data, and simulations of high Reynolds number compressible and incompressible wakes. Theoretical studies include predictions of the asymptotic behavior of drifting vortex pairs and vortex rings and use of group theoretical methods to study the nonlinear dynamics of turbulent fine-scale motions. Current projects include studies of fast-burning fuels for hybrid propulsion and decomposition of nitrous oxide for space propulsion.

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • Best Paper Award, AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference (2013)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Elected Member, National Academy of Engineering (2013 - Present)

Professional Education


  • PhD, Caltech (1976)

2017-18 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Similarity solution of fuel mass transfer, port mass flux coupling in hybrid propulsion JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS Cantwell, B. J. 2014; 84 (1): 19-40
  • Nitrogen removal with energy recovery through N2O decomposition ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Scherson, Y. D., Wells, G. F., Woo, S., Lee, J., Park, J., Cantwell, B. J., Criddle, C. S. 2013; 6 (1): 241-248

    View details for DOI 10.1039/c2ee22487a

    View details for Web of Science ID 000312337700029

  • Review and evaluation of models for self-pressurizing propellant tank dynamics ZIMMERMAN, J., E., WAXMAN, B., S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2013
  • Hybrid rocket propulsion and in-situ propellant production for future Mars missions BOIRON, A., J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2013
  • Mass flow rate and isolation characteristics of injectors for use with self-pressurizing oxidizers in hybrid rockets WAXMAN, B., S., ZIMMERMAN, J., E., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2013
  • Similarity solution of fuel mass transfer, port mass flux coupling in hybrid propulsion. Journal of Engineering Mathematics CANTWELL, B., J. 2013; 84 (1)
  • A thermal model for analysis and control of drilling in icy formations on mars PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Szwarc, T., Aggarwal, A., Hubbard, S., Cantwell, B., Zacny, K. 2012; 73 (1): 214-220
  • Visualization of the liquid layer combustion of paraffin fuel for hybrid rocket applications CHANDLER, A., A., JENS, E., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2012
  • Initial experimental investigations of self-pressurizing propellant dynamics ZIMMERMAN, J., E., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2012
  • Peregrine Hybrid Rocket Motor Ground Test Results ZILLIAC, G., WAXMAN, B., S., DYER, J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2012
  • Effects of injector design and impingement techniques on the atomization of self-pressurizing oxidizers WAXMAN, B., S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2012
  • Feasibility of a single port Hybrid Propulsion system for a Mars Ascent Vehicle ACTA ASTRONAUTICA Chandler, A. A., Cantwell, B. J., Hubbard, G. S., Karabeyoglu, A. 2011; 69 (11-12): 1066-1072
  • Surface Structure and Reactivity of Rhodium Oxide JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C Scherson, Y. D., Aboud, S. J., Wilcox, J., Cantwell, B. J. 2011; 115 (22): 11036-11044

    View details for DOI 10.1021/jp110998e

    View details for Web of Science ID 000291079900016

  • High performance hybrid upper stage motor KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., GEYZEL, D., CANTWELL, B., J 2011
  • Hybrid propulsion for solar system exploration CHANDLER, A., A., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2011
  • Thin film stability of melting solid fuels with application to hybrid propulsion CANTWELL, B., J. 2011
  • A Small-scale planar nitrous oxide monopropellant thruster for “green” propulsion and power generation SCHERSON, Y., D., LOHNER, K., CANTWELL, B., J., KENNY, T. 2010
  • A two-stage single port hybrid propulsion system for a Mars ascent vehicle CHANDLER, A., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2010
  • Recent advances In hybrid propulsion. International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion CANTWELL, B., J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A 2010; 4 (9): 305–326
  • Status update report for the Peregrine sounding rocket project: part III DORAN, E., DYER, J., MARZONA, M., T., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., MOSHER, R., Cantwell, B. J. 2009
  • Recent Advances In Hybrid Propulsion. CANTWELL, B., J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A. 2009
  • A monopropellant gas generator based on N2O decomposition for “green” propulsion and power applications SCHERSON, Y., D., LOHNER, K., CANTWELL, B., J., KENNY, T. 2009
  • Modeling of N2O decomposition events KARABEYOGLU, M., A., DYER, J., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2008
  • Development of scalable space-time averaged regression rate expressions for hybrid rockets AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 41st Joint Propulsion Conference Karabeyoglu, M. A., Cantwell, B. J., Zilliac, G. AMER INST AERONAUT ASTRONAUT. 2007: 737–47

    View details for DOI 10.2514/1.19226

    View details for Web of Science ID 000248073000014

  • Gravity currents in horizontal porous layers: transition from early to late self-similarity JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Hesse, M. A., Tchelepi, H. A., Cantwell, B. J., Orr, F. M. 2007; 577: 363-383
  • Test Facility Development for the 15,000 lb Thrust Peregrine Hybrid Sounding Rocket DUNN, Z., DYER, J., LOHNER, K., DORAN, E., Cantwell, B. J. 2007
  • Nitrous oxide hybrid rocket motor fuel regression rate characterization DORAN, E., DYER, J., LOHNER, K., DUNN, Z., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2007
  • Design and development of a sub-scale nitrous oxide monopropellant gas generator LOHNER, K., DYER, J., DUNN, Z., DORAN, E., KRIEGER, B., DECKER, V., Cantwell, B. J. 2007
  • Modeling feed system flow physics for self-pressurizing propellants DYER, J., DORAN, E., DUNN, Z., LOHNER, K., ZILLIAC, G., CANTWELL, B., J. 2007
  • Investigation of feed system coupled low frequency combustion instabilities in hybrid rockets KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J 2007
  • Modeling of hybrid rocket low frequency instabilities AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 39th Joint Propulsion Conference Karabeyoglu, M. A., De Zilwa, S., Cantwell, B., Zilliac, G. AMER INST AERONAUT ASTRONAUT. 2005: 1107–16
  • Development of scaleable space-time averaged regression rate expressions for hybrid rockets KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2005
  • Design of an orbital hybrid rocket vehicle launched from Canberra air platform KARABEYOGLU, M., A., FALCONER, T., CANTWELL, B., J., STEVENS, J. 2005
  • Evaluation of the homologous series of normal-alkanes as hybrid rocket fuels KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., STEVENS, J. 2005
  • Scale-up tests of high regression rate paraffin-based hybrid rocket fuels AIAA 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Karabeyoglu, A., Zilliac, G., Cantwell, B. J., DeZilwa, S., Castellucci, P. AMER INST AERONAUT ASTRONAUT. 2004: 1037–45
  • Transient modeling of hybrid rocket low frequency instabilities. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., DEZILWA, S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2003
  • Modeling the slump characteristics of the hydrocarbon-based hybrid rocket fuels. KILIC, S., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2003
  • Scale-up tests of high regression rate paraffin-based hybrid rocket fuels. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., CANTWELL, B., J., DEZILWA, S., CASTELLUCCI, P. 2003
  • Development of high-burning-rate hybridrocket- fuel flight demonstrators. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., CASTELLUCCI, P., URBANCZYK, P., STEVENS, J., INALHAN, G., Cantwell, B. J. 2003
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part 1, general theory JOURNAL OF PROPULSION AND POWER Karabeyoglu, M. A., Altman, D., Cantwell, B. J. 2002; 18 (3): 610-620
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part 2, stability of liquid films JOURNAL OF PROPULSION AND POWER Karabeyoglu, M. A., Cantwell, B. J. 2002; 18 (3): 621-630
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part II stability of liquid films. AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2002; 18 (3): 621-630
  • Introduction to Symmetry Analysis, Cambridge Texts on Applied Mathematics number 29, CANTWELL, B., J. Cambridge University Press. The book is 656 pages plus a CD containing symmetry analysis software developed by the author.. 2002
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part I general theory. AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2002; 18 (3): 610-620
  • Development and testing of paraffin-based hybrid rocket fuels KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., ALTMAN, D., A. 2001
  • Self-similar, slightly compressible, free vortices JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS von Ellenrieder, K. D., Cantwell, B. J. 2000; 423: 293-315
  • Elliptic curves and three-dimensional flow patterns NONLINEAR DYNAMICS Cantwell, B. J. 2000; 22 (1): 29-38
  • Dynamics of a low Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Chacin, J. M., Cantwell, B. J. 2000; 404: 87-115
  • Oscillatory flow states in an enclosed cylinder with a rotating endwall JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Stevens, J. L., Lopez, J. M., Cantwell, B. J. 1999; 389: 101-118
  • Turbulence structures of wall-bounded shear flows found using DNS data JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Chong, M. S., Soria, J., Perry, A. E., Chacin, J., Cantwell, B. J., Na, Y. 1998; 357: 225-247
  • Turbulent structures of wall-bounded shear flows found using DNS data. Journal of Fluid Mechanics CHONG, M., SORIA, J., PERRY, A., E., CHACIN, J., J., CANTWELL, B., NA, Y. 1998; 357: 225-248
  • Correlation of wingtip noise with mean flow parameters MATHIAS, D., L., PYE, J., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Pipes and Channels. In the Report of AGARD fluid dynamics panel working group 21 A Selection of Test Cases for the Validation of Large-Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Flows MOSER, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J., PURTELL, L., P. AGARD Advisory Report. 1998: 23–28
  • Discriminant-based analysis of the dynamics of turbulent flow CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Discriminant-based analysis of the dynamics of unsteady flow. CANTWELL, B., J. edited by Ibragimov, N., H., Lottering, E., A. 1998
  • Near wall turbulence: A remembrance of Steve Kline. CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Low speed flow studies using the pressure sensitive paint technique. BROWN, O., C., MEHTA, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Vortical Flow Field Investigation Usingthe Pressure Sensitive Paint Technique at Low Speed SHIMBO, Y., MEHTA, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Direct Numerical Simulation of a Temporally Evolving Incompressible Plane Wake: Effect of Initial Conditions on Evolution and Topology, JIAA-TR 118, SONDERGAARD, R., CANTWELL, B., MANSOUR, N. 1997
  • Reynolds number invariance and the dilation group of turbulence CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • On the dynamics of turbulent boundary layers. In Self-sustaining Mechanisms of Wall Turbulence CANTWELL, B., J., CHACIN, J., M., BRADSHAW, P. edited by Panton, R., L. Advances in Fluid Mechanics 15, Computational Mechanics Publications. 1997: 1
  • Study of turbulent boundary layer structure using the invariants of the velocity gradient tensor. TF Report 70 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University. CHACIN, J., M., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Study of turbulent boundary layer structure using the invariants of the velocity gradient tensor EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE Chacin, J. M., Cantwell, B. J., KLINE, S. J. 1996; 13 (4): 308-317
  • Topology of fine-scale motions in turbulent channel flow JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Blackburn, H. M., Mansour, N. N., Cantwell, B. J. 1996; 310: 269-292
  • Study of the velocity gradient tensor in turbulent flow. JIAA-TR 114 CHENG, W., CANTWELL, B., J. 1996
  • Application of the Pressure Sensitive Paint Technique to Steady and Unsteady Flow, JIAA-TR 115 SHIMBO, Y., MEHTA, R., CANTWELL, B. 1996
  • Experimental Study of Vortex Breakdown in a Cylindrical, Swirling Flow STEVENS, J., L., CELIK, Z., Z., CANTWELL, B., LOPEZ, J., M. 1996
  • Lagrangian study of velocity gradient tensor dynamics in turbulent flow. CHENG, W., CANTWELL, B., J., SONDERGAARD, R., KERR, R., M. edited by Chew, Y., T., Tso, C, .P. 1995
  • TOPOLOGICAL VISUALIZATION OF FOCAL STRUCTURES IN FREE SHEAR FLOWS IUTAM Symposium on Eddy Structure Identification in Free Turbulent Shear Flows Soria, J., Cantwell, B. J. KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL. 1994: 375–86
  • A STUDY OF THE FINE-SCALE MOTIONS OF INCOMPRESSIBLE TIME-DEVELOPING MIXING LAYERS Symposium on Turbulence, in honor of the 60th Birthday of William Craig Reynolds Soria, J., Sondergaard, R., Cantwell, B. J., Chong, M. S., Perry, A. E. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1994: 871–84
  • The effect of initial conditions on the development of temporally evolving planar three-dimensional incompressible wakes. SONDERGAARD, R., MANSOUR, N., N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1994
  • ON THE BEHAVIOR OF VELOCITY-GRADIENT TENSOR INVARIANTS IN DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF TURBULENCE PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Cantwell, B. J. 1993; 5 (8): 2008-2013
  • VORTEX DRIFT .1. DYNAMIC INTERPRETATION PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Rott, N., Cantwell, B. 1993; 5 (6): 1443-1450
  • VORTEX DRIFT .2. THE FLOW POTENTIAL SURROUNDING A DRIFTING VORTICAL REGION PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Rott, N., Cantwell, B. 1993; 5 (6): 1451-1455
  • Vortex drift II: The flow potential surrouding a drifting vortical region. Phys. of Fluids ROTT, N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 6 (5): 1451-1455
  • On the behavior of velocity gradient tensor invariants in direct numerical simulations of turbulence. Physics of Fluids A CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 8 (5): 2008-2013
  • Vortex drift I: Dynamic interpretation. Physics of Fluids A ROTT, N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 6 (5): 1443-1450
  • INVESTIGATION OF A COFLOWING BUOYANT JET - EXPERIMENTS ON THE EFFECT OF REYNOLDS-NUMBER AND RICHARDSON-NUMBER JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS SUBBARAO, E. R., Cantwell, B. J. 1992; 245: 69-90
  • EXACT SOLUTION OF A RESTRICTED EULER EQUATION FOR THE VELOCITY-GRADIENT TENSOR PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Cantwell, B. J. 1992; 4 (4): 782-793
  • THE GEOMETRY OF TURBULENT FINE SCALE STRUCTURE 11th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference Cantwell, B. J. UNIVERSITY TASMANIA. 1992: 399–402
  • A study of the fine scale motions of incompressible time-developing mixing layers. SORIA, J., HONG, M., SONDERGAARD, R., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. 1992
  • Investigation of a co-flowing buoyant jet: experiments on the effect of Reynolds number and Richardson number. J. of Fluid Mechanics SUBBARAO, E., R., CANTWELL, B., J. 1992; 245: 69-90
  • The identification and classification of topological structures in free shear flows. SORIA, J., CANTWELL, B. 1992
  • STABILITY OF LOW-SPEED REACTING FLOWS PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Mahalingam, S., Cantwell, B. J., FERZIGER, J. H. 1991; 3 (6): 1533-1543
  • Local topology of small scale motions in turbulent shear flows. SONDERGAARD, J., CHEN, R., SORIA, J., CANTWELL, B. 1991
  • Stability of low speed reacting flows. Physics of Fluids A CANTWELL, B., J. 1991; 6 (3): 782 - 793
  • THE EFFECT OF MACH NUMBER ON THE STABILITY OF A PLANE SUPERSONIC WAKE PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Chen, J. H., Cantwell, B. J., Mansour, N. N. 1990; 2 (6): 984-1004
  • FULL NUMERICAL-SIMULATION OF COFLOWING, AXISYMMETRIC JET DIFFUSION FLAMES PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Mahalingam, S., Cantwell, B. J., FERZIGER, J. H. 1990; 2 (5): 720-728
  • A GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF 3-DIMENSIONAL FLOW-FIELDS PHYSICS OF FLUIDS A-FLUID DYNAMICS Chong, M. S., Perry, A. E., Cantwell, B. J. 1990; 2 (5): 765-777
  • A general classification of threedimensional flow patterns. Physics of Fluids A CHONG, M., S., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. 1990; 5 (2): 765-777
  • Full numerical simulation of co-flowing, axisymmetric jet diffusion flames. Physics of Fluids A MAHALINGAM, S., CANTWELL, B., J., FERZIGER, J., H. 1990; 5 (2): 720-728
  • A study of the topology of dissipating motions in direct numerical simulations of time-developing compressible and incompressible mixing layers. CHEN, J., H., CHONG, M., S., SORIA, J., SONDERGAARD, R., PERRY, A., E, ROGERS, M., Cantwell, B. J. 1990
  • Self similar diffusion flame. Combustion and Flame MAHALINGAM, S., FERZIGER, J., CANTWELL, B. 1990; 82: 231-234
  • INVESTIGATION OF AN EXCITED JET DIFFUSION FLAME AT ELEVATED PRESSURE JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Strawa, A. W., Cantwell, B. J. 1989; 200: 309-?
  • Effects of heat release on the structure and stability of a co-flowing CHEN, J., CANTWELL, B., J., MANSOUR, N. 1989
  • Future directions in turbulence research and the role of organized motion: Turbulence at the Crossroads or Whither Turbulence Cornell University, Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag March CANTWELL, B., J. 1989: 97-131
  • A general classification of threedimensional flow fields. CHONG, M., S., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. edited by Moffatt, K. 1989
  • Topology of three-dimensional, variable density flows. CANTWELL, B., J., LEWIS, G., L., CHEN, J., H. 1989
  • Direct Numerical Simulations of Transition in a Compressible Wake. CHEN, J., H., MANSOUR, N., N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1989
  • The topology and vorticity dynamics of a three-dimensional plane compressible wake. CHEN, J., H., CANTWELL, B., J., MANSOUR, N., N. 1989
  • THE DECAY OF A VISCOUS VORTEX PAIR PHYSICS OF FLUIDS Cantwell, B., Rott, N. 1988; 31 (11): 3213-3224
  • An investigation of the structure of a laminar non-premixed flame in an unsteady vortical flow. LEWIS, G., S., CANTWELL, B., J., VANDSBURGER, U., BOWMAN, C., T. 1988
  • Numerical simulation of viscous vortex rings using a spectral method. NASA TM 101041 STANAWAY, S., K., CANTWELL, B., J., SPALART, P., R. 1988
  • Computation of transonic separated wing flows using an Euler/Navier-Stokes zonal approach. Journal of Aircraft KAYNAK, U., HOLST, T., L., CANTWELL, B., J., SORENSON, R., L. 1987; 24 (8): 531-539
  • The use of particle tracking to obtain planar velocity measurements in an unsteady laminar diffusion flame. LEWIS, G., S., CANTWELL, B., J., LECUONA, A. 1987
  • VISCOUS STARTING JETS JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Cantwell, B. J. 1986; 173: 159-189
  • Viscous starting jets. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J. 1986
  • Transition and mixing in impulsively started jets and vortex rings. NASA Contractor Report ALLEN, G., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 1986
  • A full simulation of a vortex ring. STANAWAY, S., K., CANTWELL, B., J., SPALART, P., R. 1986
  • Visualization of the structure of a pulsed methane-air diffusion flame. Physics of Fluids STRAWA, A., W., CANTWELL, B., J. 1985; 28: 2317-2320
  • Transition and mixing in impulsively started jets and vortex rings. CANTWELL, B., J., ALLEN Jr., G., A. edited by Tatsumi, T. 1984
  • AN EXPERIMENTAL-STUDY OF ENTRAINMENT AND TRANSPORT IN THE TURBULENT NEAR WAKE OF A CIRCULAR-CYLINDER JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Cantwell, B., Coles, D. 1983; 136 (NOV): 321-374
  • An experimental study of entrainment and transport in the turbulent near wake of a circular cylinder. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J., COLES, D., E. 1983; 136: 321-374
  • ORGANIZED MOTION IN TURBULENT-FLOW ANNUAL REVIEW OF FLUID MECHANICS Cantwell, B. J. 1981; 13: 457-515
  • Proceedings 1980 - 81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. 1: Objectives, Evaluation of Data, Specifications of Test Cases, Discussion and Position Papers. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLY, G. 1981
  • Proceedings 1980 - 81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. III: Comparison of Computation with Experiment, and Computers' Summary Reports. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLEY, G. 1981
  • Organized motion in turbulent flow. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J. 1981; 13: 457-515
  • Entrainment diagrams for viscous flows. CANTWELL, B., J., ALLEN, G., A. 1981
  • Proceedings 1980 -81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. II: Taxonomies, Reporters' Summaries, Evaluation and Conclusions. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLEY, G. 1981
  • TRANSITION IN THE AXISYMMETRIC JET JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS Cantwell, B. J. 1981; 104 (MAR): 369-386
  • COHERENT TURBULENT STRUCTURES AS CRITICAL-POINTS IN UNSTEADY-FLOW ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS Cantwell, B. J. 1979; 31 (5): 707-721
  • Coherent turbulent structures as critical points in unsteady flow. Archives of Mechanics (Archiwum Mechaniki Stosowanej) Warsaw Poland CANTWELL, B., J. 1979; 31 (part 5): 707 - 721
  • Structure and Entrainment in the plane of symmetry of a turbulent spot. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J., COLES, D., DIMOTAKIS, P. 1978; 87 (part 4): 641-672
  • Similarity transformations for the two-dimensional, unsteady, stream function equation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics CANTWELL, B., J. 1978; 85 (part 2): 257-271