Bio


Professor Cantwell's research interests are in the area of turbulent flow. Recent work has centered in three areas: the direct numerical simulation of turbulent shear flows, theoretical studies of the fine-scale structure of turbulence, and experimental measurements of turbulent structure in flames. Experimental studies include the development of particle-tracking methods for measuring velocity fields in unsteady flames and variable density jets. Research in turbulence simulation includes the development of spectral methods for simulating vortex rings, the development of topological methods for interpreting complex fields of data, and simulations of high Reynolds number compressible and incompressible wakes. Theoretical studies include predictions of the asymptotic behavior of drifting vortex pairs and vortex rings and use of group theoretical methods to study the nonlinear dynamics of turbulent fine-scale motions. Current projects include studies of fast-burning fuels for hybrid propulsion and decomposition of nitrous oxide for space propulsion.

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • Best Paper Award, AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference (2013)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Elected Member, National Academy of Engineering (2013 - Present)

Professional Education


  • PhD, Caltech (1976)

2013-14 Courses


Journal Articles


  • Similarity solution of fuel mass transfer, port mass flux coupling in hybrid propulsion. Journal of Engineering Mathematics CANTWELL, B., J. 2013; 84 (1)
  • Recent advances In hybrid propulsion. International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion CANTWELL, B., J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A 2010; 4 (9): 305–326
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part I general theory. AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2002; 18 (3): 610-620
  • Combustion of liquefying hybrid propellants: Part II stability of liquid films. AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2002; 18 (3): 621-630
  • Turbulent structures of wall-bounded shear flows found using DNS data. Journal of Fluid Mechanics CHONG, M., SORIA, J., PERRY, A., E., CHACIN, J., J., CANTWELL, B., NA, Y. 1998; 357: 225-248
  • Study of turbulent boundary layer structure using the invariants of the velocity gradient tensor. TF Report 70 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University. CHACIN, J., M., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Vortex drift II: The flow potential surrouding a drifting vortical region. Phys. of Fluids ROTT, N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 6 (5): 1451-1455
  • On the behavior of velocity gradient tensor invariants in direct numerical simulations of turbulence. Physics of Fluids A CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 8 (5): 2008-2013
  • Vortex drift I: Dynamic interpretation. Physics of Fluids A ROTT, N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1993; 6 (5): 1443-1450
  • Investigation of a co-flowing buoyant jet: experiments on the effect of Reynolds number and Richardson number. J. of Fluid Mechanics SUBBARAO, E., R., CANTWELL, B., J. 1992; 245: 69-90
  • Stability of low speed reacting flows. Physics of Fluids A CANTWELL, B., J. 1991; 6 (3): 782 - 793
  • A general classification of threedimensional flow patterns. Physics of Fluids A CHONG, M., S., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. 1990; 5 (2): 765-777
  • Full numerical simulation of co-flowing, axisymmetric jet diffusion flames. Physics of Fluids A MAHALINGAM, S., CANTWELL, B., J., FERZIGER, J., H. 1990; 5 (2): 720-728
  • Self similar diffusion flame. Combustion and Flame MAHALINGAM, S., FERZIGER, J., CANTWELL, B. 1990; 82: 231-234
  • Future directions in turbulence research and the role of organized motion: Turbulence at the Crossroads or Whither Turbulence Cornell University, Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag March CANTWELL, B., J. 1989: 97-131
  • Numerical simulation of viscous vortex rings using a spectral method. NASA TM 101041 STANAWAY, S., K., CANTWELL, B., J., SPALART, P., R. 1988
  • Computation of transonic separated wing flows using an Euler/Navier-Stokes zonal approach. Journal of Aircraft KAYNAK, U., HOLST, T., L., CANTWELL, B., J., SORENSON, R., L. 1987; 24 (8): 531-539
  • Transition and mixing in impulsively started jets and vortex rings. NASA Contractor Report ALLEN, G., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 1986
  • Visualization of the structure of a pulsed methane-air diffusion flame. Physics of Fluids STRAWA, A., W., CANTWELL, B., J. 1985; 28: 2317-2320
  • An experimental study of entrainment and transport in the turbulent near wake of a circular cylinder. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J., COLES, D., E. 1983; 136: 321-374
  • Organized motion in turbulent flow. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J. 1981; 13: 457-515
  • Coherent turbulent structures as critical points in unsteady flow. Archives of Mechanics (Archiwum Mechaniki Stosowanej) Warsaw Poland CANTWELL, B., J. 1979; 31 (part 5): 707 - 721
  • Structure and Entrainment in the plane of symmetry of a turbulent spot. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J., COLES, D., DIMOTAKIS, P. 1978; 87 (part 4): 641-672
  • Similarity transformations for the two-dimensional, unsteady, stream function equation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics CANTWELL, B., J. 1978; 85 (part 2): 257-271

Books and Book Chapters


  • Introduction to Symmetry Analysis, Cambridge Texts on Applied Mathematics number 29, CANTWELL, B., J. Cambridge University Press. The book is 656 pages plus a CD containing symmetry analysis software developed by the author.. 2002
  • Pipes and Channels. In the Report of AGARD fluid dynamics panel working group 21 A Selection of Test Cases for the Validation of Large-Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Flows MOSER, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J., PURTELL, L., P. AGARD Advisory Report. 1998: 23-28
  • On the dynamics of turbulent boundary layers. In Self-sustaining Mechanisms of Wall Turbulence CANTWELL, B., J., CHACIN, J., M., BRADSHAW, P. edited by Panton, R., L. Advances in Fluid Mechanics 15, Computational Mechanics Publications. 1997: 1
  • Proceedings 1980 -81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. II: Taxonomies, Reporters' Summaries, Evaluation and Conclusions. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLEY, G. 1981
  • Proceedings 1980 - 81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. 1: Objectives, Evaluation of Data, Specifications of Test Cases, Discussion and Position Papers. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLY, G. 1981
  • Proceedings 1980 - 81 AFOSR-HTTM - Stanford Conference on Complex Turbulent Flows Vol. III: Comparison of Computation with Experiment, and Computers' Summary Reports. KLINE, S., CANTWELL, B., LILLEY, G. 1981

Conference Proceedings


  • Review and evaluation of models for self-pressurizing propellant tank dynamics ZIMMERMAN, J., E., WAXMAN, B., S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2013
  • Hybrid rocket propulsion and in-situ propellant production for future Mars missions BOIRON, A., J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2013
  • Mass flow rate and isolation characteristics of injectors for use with self-pressurizing oxidizers in hybrid rockets WAXMAN, B., S., ZIMMERMAN, J., E., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2013
  • Visualization of the liquid layer combustion of paraffin fuel for hybrid rocket applications CHANDLER, A., A., JENS, E., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2012
  • Initial experimental investigations of self-pressurizing propellant dynamics ZIMMERMAN, J., E., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2012
  • Peregrine Hybrid Rocket Motor Ground Test Results ZILLIAC, G., WAXMAN, B., S., DYER, J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J. 2012
  • Effects of injector design and impingement techniques on the atomization of self-pressurizing oxidizers WAXMAN, B., S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2012
  • High performance hybrid upper stage motor KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., GEYZEL, D., CANTWELL, B., J 2011
  • Hybrid propulsion for solar system exploration CHANDLER, A., A., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2011
  • Thin film stability of melting solid fuels with application to hybrid propulsion CANTWELL, B., J. 2011
  • A Small-scale planar nitrous oxide monopropellant thruster for “green” propulsion and power generation SCHERSON, Y., D., LOHNER, K., CANTWELL, B., J., KENNY, T. 2010
  • A two-stage single port hybrid propulsion system for a Mars ascent vehicle CHANDLER, A., CANTWELL, B., J., HUBBARD, G., S. 2010
  • Status update report for the Peregrine sounding rocket project: part III DORAN, E., DYER, J., MARZONA, M., T., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., MOSHER, R., Cantwell, B. J. 2009
  • Recent Advances In Hybrid Propulsion. CANTWELL, B., J., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ALTMAN, D., A. 2009
  • A monopropellant gas generator based on N2O decomposition for “green” propulsion and power applications SCHERSON, Y., D., LOHNER, K., CANTWELL, B., J., KENNY, T. 2009
  • Modeling of N2O decomposition events KARABEYOGLU, M., A., DYER, J., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2008
  • Test Facility Development for the 15,000 lb Thrust Peregrine Hybrid Sounding Rocket DUNN, Z., DYER, J., LOHNER, K., DORAN, E., Cantwell, B. J. 2007
  • Nitrous oxide hybrid rocket motor fuel regression rate characterization DORAN, E., DYER, J., LOHNER, K., DUNN, Z., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2007
  • Design and development of a sub-scale nitrous oxide monopropellant gas generator LOHNER, K., DYER, J., DUNN, Z., DORAN, E., KRIEGER, B., DECKER, V., Cantwell, B. J. 2007
  • Modeling feed system flow physics for self-pressurizing propellants DYER, J., DORAN, E., DUNN, Z., LOHNER, K., ZILLIAC, G., CANTWELL, B., J. 2007
  • Investigation of feed system coupled low frequency combustion instabilities in hybrid rockets KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J 2007
  • Development of scaleable space-time averaged regression rate expressions for hybrid rockets KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2005
  • Design of an orbital hybrid rocket vehicle launched from Canberra air platform KARABEYOGLU, M., A., FALCONER, T., CANTWELL, B., J., STEVENS, J. 2005
  • Evaluation of the homologous series of normal-alkanes as hybrid rocket fuels KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., STEVENS, J. 2005
  • Transient modeling of hybrid rocket low frequency instabilities. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., DEZILWA, S., CANTWELL, B., J., ZILLIAC, G. 2003
  • Modeling the slump characteristics of the hydrocarbon-based hybrid rocket fuels. KILIC, S., KARABEYOGLU, M., A., STEVENS, J., CANTWELL, B., J. 2003
  • Scale-up tests of high regression rate paraffin-based hybrid rocket fuels. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., CANTWELL, B., J., DEZILWA, S., CASTELLUCCI, P. 2003
  • Development of high-burning-rate hybridrocket- fuel flight demonstrators. KARABEYOGLU, M., A., ZILLIAC, G., CASTELLUCCI, P., URBANCZYK, P., STEVENS, J., INALHAN, G., Cantwell, B. J. 2003
  • Development and testing of paraffin-based hybrid rocket fuels KARABEYOGLU, M., A., CANTWELL, B., J., ALTMAN, D., A. 2001
  • Correlation of wingtip noise with mean flow parameters MATHIAS, D., L., PYE, J., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Discriminant-based analysis of the dynamics of turbulent flow CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Discriminant-based analysis of the dynamics of unsteady flow. CANTWELL, B., J. edited by Ibragimov, N., H., Lottering, E., A. 1998
  • Near wall turbulence: A remembrance of Steve Kline. CANTWELL, B., J. 1998
  • Low speed flow studies using the pressure sensitive paint technique. BROWN, O., C., MEHTA, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Vortical Flow Field Investigation Usingthe Pressure Sensitive Paint Technique at Low Speed SHIMBO, Y., MEHTA, R., D., CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Direct Numerical Simulation of a Temporally Evolving Incompressible Plane Wake: Effect of Initial Conditions on Evolution and Topology, JIAA-TR 118, SONDERGAARD, R., CANTWELL, B., MANSOUR, N. 1997
  • Reynolds number invariance and the dilation group of turbulence CANTWELL, B., J. 1997
  • Study of the velocity gradient tensor in turbulent flow. JIAA-TR 114 CHENG, W., CANTWELL, B., J. 1996
  • Application of the Pressure Sensitive Paint Technique to Steady and Unsteady Flow, JIAA-TR 115 SHIMBO, Y., MEHTA, R., CANTWELL, B. 1996
  • Experimental Study of Vortex Breakdown in a Cylindrical, Swirling Flow STEVENS, J., L., CELIK, Z., Z., CANTWELL, B., LOPEZ, J., M. 1996
  • Lagrangian study of velocity gradient tensor dynamics in turbulent flow. CHENG, W., CANTWELL, B., J., SONDERGAARD, R., KERR, R., M. edited by Chew, Y., T., Tso, C, .P. 1995
  • The effect of initial conditions on the development of temporally evolving planar three-dimensional incompressible wakes. SONDERGAARD, R., MANSOUR, N., N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1994
  • The identification and classification of topological structures in free shear flows. SORIA, J., CANTWELL, B. 1992
  • A study of the fine scale motions of incompressible time-developing mixing layers. SORIA, J., HONG, M., SONDERGAARD, R., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. 1992
  • Local topology of small scale motions in turbulent shear flows. SONDERGAARD, J., CHEN, R., SORIA, J., CANTWELL, B. 1991
  • A study of the topology of dissipating motions in direct numerical simulations of time-developing compressible and incompressible mixing layers. CHEN, J., H., CHONG, M., S., SORIA, J., SONDERGAARD, R., PERRY, A., E, ROGERS, M., Cantwell, B. J. 1990
  • Effects of heat release on the structure and stability of a co-flowing CHEN, J., CANTWELL, B., J., MANSOUR, N. 1989
  • A general classification of threedimensional flow fields. CHONG, M., S., PERRY, A., E., CANTWELL, B., J. edited by Moffatt, K. 1989
  • Topology of three-dimensional, variable density flows. CANTWELL, B., J., LEWIS, G., L., CHEN, J., H. 1989
  • Direct Numerical Simulations of Transition in a Compressible Wake. CHEN, J., H., MANSOUR, N., N., CANTWELL, B., J. 1989
  • The topology and vorticity dynamics of a three-dimensional plane compressible wake. CHEN, J., H., CANTWELL, B., J., MANSOUR, N., N. 1989
  • An investigation of the structure of a laminar non-premixed flame in an unsteady vortical flow. LEWIS, G., S., CANTWELL, B., J., VANDSBURGER, U., BOWMAN, C., T. 1988
  • The use of particle tracking to obtain planar velocity measurements in an unsteady laminar diffusion flame. LEWIS, G., S., CANTWELL, B., J., LECUONA, A. 1987
  • Viscous starting jets. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. CANTWELL, B., J. 1986
  • A full simulation of a vortex ring. STANAWAY, S., K., CANTWELL, B., J., SPALART, P., R. 1986
  • Transition and mixing in impulsively started jets and vortex rings. CANTWELL, B., J., ALLEN Jr., G., A. edited by Tatsumi, T. 1984
  • Entrainment diagrams for viscous flows. CANTWELL, B., J., ALLEN, G., A. 1981