All Publications

  • Quantifying Electronic Health Record Data: A Potential Risk for Cognitive Overload. Hospital pediatrics Gal, D. B., Han, B., Longhurst, C., Scheinker, D., Shin, A. Y. 2021


    OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe patient-generated health data.METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center study of patients hospitalized in the pediatric cardiovascular ICU between February 1, 2020, and February 15, 2020. The number of data points generated over a 24-hour period per patient was collected from the electronic health record. Data were analyzed by type, and frontline provider exposure to data was extrapolated on the basis of patient-to-provider ratios.RESULTS: Thirty patients were eligible for inclusion. Nineteen were hospitalized after cardiac surgery, whereas 11 were medical patients. Patients generated an average of 1460 (SD 509) new data points daily, resulting in frontline providers being presented with an average of 4380 data points during a day shift (7:00 am to 7:00 pm). Overnight, because of a higher patient-to-provider ratio, frontline providers were exposed to an average of 16060 data points. There was no difference in data generation between medical and surgical patients. Structured data accounted for >80% of the new data generated.CONCLUSIONS: Health care providers face significant generation of new data daily through the contemporary electronic health record, likely contributing to cognitive burden and putting them at risk for cognitive overload. This study represents the first attempt to quantify this volume in the pediatric setting. Most data generated are structured and amenable to data-optimization systems to mitigate the potential for cognitive overload and its deleterious effects on patient safety and health care provider well-being.

    View details for DOI 10.1542/hpeds.2020-002402

    View details for PubMedID 33500357

  • Use of Chimeric Antigen Receptor Modified T Cells With Extensive Leukemic Myocardial Involvement JACC: CARDIOONCOLOGY Han, B., Montiel-Esparza, R., Chubb, H., Kache, S., Schultz, L. M., Davis, K. L., Ramakrishna, S., Su, L. 2020; 2 (4): 666–70
  • Use of Chimeric Antigen Receptor Modified T Cells With Extensive Leukemic Myocardial Involvement. JACC. CardioOncology Han, B., Montiel-Esparza, R., Chubb, H., Kache, S., Schultz, L. M., Davis, K. L., Ramakrishna, S., Su, L. 2020; 2 (4): 666-670

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaccao.2020.08.009

    View details for PubMedID 34396279

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8352108

  • Programmatic Approach to Management of Tetralogy of Fallot With Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries A 15-Year Experience With 458 Patients CIRCULATION-CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS Bauser-Heaton, H., Borquez, A., Han, B., Ladd, M., Asija, R., Downey, L., Koth, A., Algaze, C. A., Wise-Faberowski, L., Perry, S. B., Shin, A., Peng, L. F., Hanley, F. L., McElhinney, D. B. 2017; 10 (4)


    Tetralogy of Fallot with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries is a complex and heterogeneous condition. Our institutional approach to this lesion emphasizes early complete repair with the incorporation of all lung segments and extensive lobar and segmental pulmonary artery reconstruction.We reviewed all patients who underwent surgical intervention for tetralogy of Fallot and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford (LPCHS) since November 2001. A total of 458 patients underwent surgery, 291 (64%) of whom underwent their initial procedure at LPCHS. Patients were followed for a median of 2.7 years (mean 4.3 years) after the first LPCHS surgery, with an estimated survival of 85% at 5 years after first surgical intervention. Factors associated with worse survival included first LPCHS surgery type other than complete repair and Alagille syndrome. Of the overall cohort, 402 patients achieved complete unifocalization and repair, either as a single-stage procedure (n=186), after initial palliation at our center (n=74), or after surgery elsewhere followed by repair/revision at LPCHS (n=142). The median right ventricle:aortic pressure ratio after repair was 0.35. Estimated survival after repair was 92.5% at 10 years and was shorter in patients with chromosomal anomalies, older age, a greater number of collaterals unifocalized, and higher postrepair right ventricle pressure.Using an approach that emphasizes early complete unifocalization and repair with incorporation of all pulmonary vascular supply, we have achieved excellent results in patients with both native and previously operated tetralogy of Fallot and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries.

    View details for DOI 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.116.004952

    View details for PubMedID 28356265

  • Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of acute kidney injury in adults undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. Cardiology in the young Kwiatkowski, D. M., Price, E., Axelrod, D. M., Romfh, A. W., Han, B. S., Sutherland, S. M., Krawczeski, C. D. 2016: 1-8


    Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is a frequent and serious complication among children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and adults with acquired heart disease; however, the significance of kidney injury in adults after congenital heart surgery is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury after surgery for adult CHD. Secondary objectives included determination of risk factors and associations with clinical outcomes.This single-centre, retrospective cohort study was performed in a quaternary cardiovascular ICU in a paediatric hospital including all consecutive patients ⩾18 years between 2010 and 2013.Data from 118 patients with a median age of 29 years undergoing cardiac surgery were analysed. Using Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome creatinine criteria, 36% of patients developed kidney injury, with 5% being moderate to severe (stage 2/3). Among higher-complexity surgeries, incidence was 59%. Age ⩾35 years, preoperative left ventricular dysfunction, preoperative arrhythmia, longer bypass time, higher Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery-1 category, and perioperative vancomycin use were significant risk factors for kidney injury development. In multivariable analysis, age ⩾35 years and vancomycin use were significant predictors. Those with kidney injury were more likely to have prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation and cardiovascular ICU stay in the univariable regression analysis.We demonstrated that acute kidney injury is a frequent complication in adults after surgery for CHD and is associated with poor outcomes. Risk factors for development were identified but largely not modifiable. Further investigation within this cohort is necessary to better understand the problem of kidney injury.

    View details for PubMedID 27869053