School of Humanities and Sciences
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Johannes Michael Junge Ruhland
Ph.D. Student in French, admitted Autumn 2018
BioJohannes took a BA in French and Latin Languages and Literatures at the University of Geneva and earned his MA in French Literature and Culture at King’s College London as the 2017-2018 Sévigné Studentship recipient. He joined the department of French and Italian at Stanford in 2018 to complete his doctoral studies.
Johannes is interested in poetics, philology, and metacommentary, with a particular focus on questions of ‘truth’ and ‘fiction’. He has worked on the effects of irony on generic consensus in Old French Arthurian verse romance, Diderot’s use of mystification for a formative project (J. Landy), manuscript evidence of authorship representation in Old Occitan chansonniers, and Jameson’s and Auerbach’s interpretive strategies. In his MA dissertation, he studied the poetics of truth in MS London, BL Add. 15268 (Histoire ancienne jusqu’à César), examining the manuscript’s textual politics and reconsidering the philological tools with which variance is discussed.
In his PhD dissertation, tentatively titled ‘Origins of Fiction/Fictions of Origin’, Johannes will endeavour to re-examine scholarly narratives about the alleged emergence of fiction in 12th-century Old French verse romance. His argument is that philological evidence suggests a reception history of ‘fictional’ texts that points to a generic fluidity, an understanding of ‘truth’, and aesthetic preferences that differ widely from our own paradigms. Therefore, he submits, our teleological apprehension of the ‘emergence’ of what we see as ‘fiction’ requires extensive revision.
Professor of Linguistics and of Computer Science
BioDan Jurafsky is Professor and Chair of Linguistics and Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University.
He is the recipient of a 2002 MacArthur Fellowship, is the co-author with Jim Martin of the widely-used textbook "Speech and Language Processing", and co-created with Chris Manning one of the first massively open online courses, Stanford's course in Natural Language Processing. His trade book "The Language of Food: A Linguist Reads the Menu" was a finalist for the 2015 James Beard Award.
Dan received a B.A in Linguistics in 1983 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science in 1992 from the University of California at Berkeley, was a postdoc 1992-1995 at the International Computer Science Institute, and was on the faculty of the University of Colorado, Boulder until moving to Stanford in 2003.
His research ranges widely across computational linguistics; special interests include natural language understanding, human-human conversation, the relationship between human and machine processing, and the application of natural language processing to the social and behavioral sciences. He also works on the linguistics of food and the linguistics of Chinese.
Assistant Professor of Political Science
BioKaren Jusko is an assistant professor of political science at Stanford University, and a faculty affiliate of Stanford's Europe Center and the Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality.
Jusko's research is motivated by questions about the origins of political inequality in the U.S., in Canada, and in Europe. Her new book, Who Speaks for the Poor? (2017, Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics), is about which groups – whose interests – are represented by political parties. It develops a general theoretical argument about how changes in electoral geography, or the way in which groups are distributed across electoral districts, create incentives for political entrepreneurs to form new parties. Especially when newly pivotal groups have been excluded from local partisan networks, political entrepreneurs will craft party platforms that represent the interests of these groups. What matters, then, for the political representation of a particular group in society is whether it has been favored by changes in electoral geography.
This research builds on Jusko's dissertation, which was awarded the Harold D. Laswell Prize for the best dissertation in the field of public policy by the Policy Studies Organization and the APSA Public Policy Organized Section.
Jusko received her Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. She has been a National Hoover fellow, and a fellow at the Center for the Study Democratic Politics, at Princeton University. Jusko's research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, as part of a European Science Foundation Collaborative Research Program, and the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences at Stanford.