School of Humanities and Sciences
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Johannes Michael Junge Ruhland
Ph.D. Student in French, admitted Autumn 2018
BioJohannes Junge Ruhland studies manuscripts in Old French and Old Occitan. He holds a BA in French and Latin from the University of Geneva, and MA in French from King’s College London, and is now pursuing a PhD in French at Stanford University.
In his research, Johannes seeks to describe the effects of medieval manuscripts in elite settings. He is trying to understand how manuscripts could work as repositories of cultural capital, but he is particularly interested in how this capital could get lost, reinterpreted, reinvented, or repurposed. In so doing, his aim is to relate manuscripts to collectives, with a strong suspicion that manuscripts could have played a critical role in the constitution of the latter. At the same time, he wants to account for the many other possible ways any reader could have responded to the codex. But because there is always more than what can be accounted for, he strives to propose critical tools that allow for that possibility.
In previous research, Johannes has worked among others on the effects of irony on generic consensus in Old French Arthurian verse romance and the representation of authors in Old Occitan chansonniers. More recently, he has been working on the textual tradition of the Histoire ancienne jusqu’à César. His MA dissertation examined how the poetics of truth of London, BL, Additional 15268 is a matter of textual politics. This work has led him, on one side, to develop a pragmatic approach to poetics, and on the other, to reconsider the philological tools with which manuscript variance is discussed. An edition of the Venetian Vienna manuscript of the Histoire ancienne (ÖNB 2576), in collaboration with Federico Guariglia, is forthcoming with Winter.
Visit Johannes’ Academia.edu profile for a list of publications (link to the right).
Keywords: collectives, formative fiction, hermeneutics, historicism, irony, variance, non-intended readership, philology, poetics, pragmatics.
Andrew B. Hammond Professor in French Language, Literature and Civilization, and Professor of Comparative Literature and, by courtesy, of English
BioJoshua Landy is the Andrew B. Hammond Professor of French, Professor of Comparative Literature, and co-director of the Literature and Philosophy Initiative at Stanford, home to a PhD minor and undergraduate major tracks in Philosophy and Literature.
Professor Landy is the author of Philosophy as Fiction: Self, Deception, and Knowledge in Proust (Oxford, 2004) and of How To Do Things with Fictions (Oxford, 2012). He is also the co-editor of two volumes, Thematics: New Approaches (SUNY, 1995, with Claude Bremond and Thomas Pavel) and The Re-Enchantment of the World: Secular Magic in a Rational Age (Stanford, 2009, with Michael Saler). Philosophy as Fiction deals with issues of self-knowledge, self-deception, and self-fashioning in Proust's A la recherche du temps perdu, while raising the question of what literary form contributes to an engagement with such questions; How to Do Things with Fictions explores a series of texts (by Plato, Beckett, Mallarmé, and Mark) that function as training-grounds for the mental capacities.
Professor Landy has appeared on the NPR shows "Forum" and "Philosophy Talk" (on narrative selfhood and on the function of fiction) and has on various occasions been a guest host of Robert Harrison's "Entitled Opinions" (with Lera Boroditsky on Language and Thought, with Michael Saler on Re-Enchantment, with John Perry and Ken Taylor on the Uses of Philosophy, and with Alexander Nehamas on Beauty).
Professor Landy has received the Walter J. Gores Award for Teaching Excellence (1999) and the Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching (2001).
Rosina Pierotti Professor in Italian Literature, Emerita
BioProfessor Carolyn Springer came to Stanford in 1985 after receiving a Ph.D. in Italian language and literature from Yale University. She has received fellowships and awards from the American Academy in Rome, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies / Villa I Tatti, the Ford Foundation, and the Fulbright Foundation. Her research has focused primarily on Renaissance and nineteenth-century literature and cultural history. She has published articles and reviews in Annali d’italianistica, Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature, Canadian Journal of Italian Studies, Forum Italicum, GRADIVA: International Journal of Literature, The International Journal of the Humanities, Italian Quarterly, The Italianist, Italica (Journal of the American Association of Italian Studies), Modern Language Studies, NEMLA Italian Studies, Quaderni d’italianistica, Renaissance Quarterly, Sixteenth Century Journal, Stanford Italian Review, Versus: Quaderni di studi semiotici, Woman’s Art Journal, The Wordsworth Circle, and Yale Italian Studies. Professor Springer’s books include The Marble Wilderness: Ruins and Representation in Italian Romanticism, 1775-1850 (Cambridge University Press, 1987; reprinted in paperback, 2010); Immagini del Novecento italiano (Macmillan, coeditors Pietro Frassica and Giovanni Pacchiano); and History and Memory in European Romanticism (special issue of Stanford Literature Review). Her latest book, Armour and Masculinity in the Italian Renaissance, appeared in 2010 with University of Toronto Press (reprinted in paperback, 2013).
Lecturer, French and Italian
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsBooks
Francis Jeanson, a Dissident Intellectual from the French Resistance to the Algerian War, Stanford University Press, 2008.
in French: Francis Jeanson, un intellectuel en dissidence. De la Résistance à la guerre d’Algérie, Paris: Berg International (PUF), 2001.
in Arabic: Casbah Editions, Algiers, 2009.
Articles and Interviews
Fi Rassi / Dans ma Tête un Rond-point [Roundabout in my Head] by Algerian filmmaker Hassen Ferhani, Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, November 2016, Indiana University Press
Lost in Fire, Lost in Letters: Archives of the Algerian War in Arcade / Dibur, Issue 3, Fall 2016 (guest editor of the special issue on The Archive).
Camus in America, conversation with authors Alice Kaplan and Tobias Wolff in Books and Ideas, October 2016.
Cinema is more authoritarian than literature, interview with Israeli filmmaker Amos Gitai, in La Vie des Idées, January 2016.
”Des Ballerines de papicha à l’Envers des autres de Kaouther Adimi : Veillée d’armes mascunine fémiline”, Expressions Maghrébines, Vol. 14, N.2, numéro spécial “Sexte et révolutions”, Décember 2015.
Le cinéma est plus autoritaire que la littérature, interview with Israeli filmmaker Amos Gitai, in La Vie des Idées, May 2015.
Ecrans américains, écrin maghrébin : le corps féminin maghrébin au cinéma à travers la réception de Satin Rouge, Viva Laldjérie et Rachida en Amérique du Nord in REMMM 135, Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée, December 2013.
L'Amour, made in France?, interview with Marilyn Yalom on her book How the French Invented Love, by Ivan Jablonka & Marie-Pierre Ulloa, Books & Ideas, December 2013.
Les intellectuels et la guerre d'Algérie: entre Sartre et Mounier, in Esprit, March 2012
Désaccords sur les stratégies anticoloniales: Francis Jeanson et Esprit in Esprit, March 2012
Francis Jeanson, in Le Maitron, dictionnaire biographique : mouvement ouvrier, mouvement social, de 1940 à 1968 (Gh-Je), tome VI. Dir. Claude Pennetier. Editions de l'Atelier, 462 p., 2010.
Francis Jeanson et les porteurs de valises - une memoire en images, des images en memoire
In Espion, Resistant, Terroriste : figures cinématographiques, textes réunis par Robert Belot et Laurent Heyberger, Cahiers de Récits, revue du laboratoire RECITS, Universite de technologie de Belfort-Montbeliard, UTBM (2009)
Memory and Continuity: the Resistance, the Algerian War and the Jeanson Network
in Alec G. Hargreaves, ed. Memory, Empire, and Postcolonialism: Legacies of French Colonialism. After the Empire: The Francophone World and Postcolonial France.
Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, (2005)
La France à Stanford: 51ème Congrès de la Society for French Historical Studies
In Vingtième Siècle, revue d'histoire, numéro 87, juillet/septembre (2005)
Associate Professor of French and Italian
BioLaura Wittman primarily works on 19th- and 20th-century Italian and French literature from a comparative perspective. She is interested in how modernity articulates new relationships between religious experience, embodiment, mortality, health, and politics, and how these are mediated by literary and artistic creations.
Her book, The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Modern Mourning, and the Reinvention of the Mystical Body (University of Toronto Press, 2011) was awarded the Marraro Award of the Society for Italian Historical Studies for 2012. It explores the creation and reception of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier – an Italian, French, and British invention at the end of the First World War – as an emblem for modern mourning, from a cultural, historical, and literary perspective. It draws on literary and filmic evocations of the Unknown Soldier, as well as archival materials, to show that Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is not pro-war, nationalist, or even proto-Fascist. Rather, it is a monument that heals trauma in two ways: first, it refuses facile consolations, and forcefully dramatizes the fact that suffering cannot be spiritualized or justified by any ideology; second, it rejects despair by enacting, through the concreteness of a particular body, a human solidarity in suffering that commands respect. Anticipating recent analyses of PTSD, the Memorial shows that when traumatic events are relived in a ritual, embodied, empathetic setting, healing occurs not via analysis but via symbolic communication and transmission of emotion.
Laura Wittman is the editor of a special issue of the Romanic Review entitled Italy and France: Imagined Geographies (2006), as well as the co-editor of an anthology of Futurist manifestos and literary works, Futurism: An Anthology (Yale University Press, 2009). She has published articles on d’Annunzio, Marinetti, Fogazzaro, Ungaretti, Montale, Sereni, and Merini, as well as on decadent-era culture and Italian cinema. With Jon Snyder and Simonetta Falasca Zamponi, she recently co-edited a special issue of California Italian Studies on "The Sacred in Italian Culture" (2015).
She received her Ph.D. in 2001 from Yale University where she wrote a dissertation entitled "Mystics Without God: Spirituality and Form in Italian and French Modernism," an analysis of the historical and intellectual context for the self-descriptive use of the term "mystic without God" in the works of Gabriele d'Annununzio and Paul Valéry.
In Spring 2009, she was organizer of the California Interdisciplinary Consortium for Italian Studies (CICIS) Annual Conference, held at the Stanford Humanities Center; she is currently the organizer of the upcoming CICIS 2019 conference, also to be held at the Stanford Humanities Center. She was also organizer of the interdisciplinary conference on Language, Literature, and Mysticism held at the Stanford Humanities Center on 15 and 16 October 2010.
She is currently working on a new book entitled Lazarus' Silence that explores visions of the afterlife and visits to the underworld in modern literature and culture, as a window toward our changing attitudes toward death, accepting our mortality, and accompanying the dying.