School of Medicine
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Cristina Cadenas Sanchez
Visiting Postdoctoral Scholar, Medicine - Med/Cardiovascular Medicine
BioDr. Cadenas-Sanchez is a Marie Curie postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University and at the Palo Alto VA Health Care System. Her research is focused on: i) the effect of exercise program on brain and physical health in children with obesity; ii) the effect of exercise on different fat depots (intermuscular, pancreatic, visceral, subcutaneous, and hepatic fat) in children with obesity; and iii) the cancer and non-communicable disease prevention through physical fitness/physical activity. She is currently running as principal investigator the PreCaFit (Prevention Cancer through physical fitness, European Union-funded) project which examines the relationship between fitness, physical activity and cancer. Further, to ensure the scalability of the results, PreCaFit project will examine the effects of exercise on cancer biomarkers.
She earned her bachelor's, master's and doctorate's degree from the University of Granada (Spain). She has more than 100 scientific articles (indexed in Journal Citation report), and several books and book-chapters published. Some of the articles have been published in high-impact journals (JAMA Network Open, Diabetes Care, Sports Medicine, Journal of Hepatology, etc.), of which four are/have been considered as highly cited papers (Thomson Reuters). She is recognized as a worldwide expert (among top-15) on physical fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness by ExpertScape. She was also selected as one of the most highlighted Spanish women researcher (including non-Spanish women but working in a Spanish institution) by the Spanish National Research Council. Also, she has received several awards as best young researcher.
Stephen Chang, MD, PhD
Instructor, Medicine - Cardiovascular Medicine
BioPrior to a career in medicine, Dr. Chang was an English major and subsequent novelist at night. During the days, he taught literature part-time at Rutgers University, and for extra money, worked in a laboratory in NYC washing test tubes. Inspired by his laboratory mentor, he began volunteering at the hospital next door, and developed a love for interacting with patients. Through this experience, he saw how caring for others could form deep bonds between people - even strangers - and connect us in a way that brings grandeur to ordinary life.
In addition to seeing patients, Dr. Chang is a physician-scientist devoted to advancing the field of cardiovascular medicine. His research has been focused on identifying a new genetic organism that better models human heart disease than the mouse. For this purpose, he has been studying the mouse lemur, the smallest non-human primate, performing cardiovascular phenotyping (vital signs, ECG, echocardiogram) on lemurs both in-bred (in France) and in the wild (in Madagascar) to try to identify mutant cardiac traits that may be heritable - and in the process, characterize the first high-throughput primate model of human cardiac disease.
Ming Li (Estella) Chen
Postdoctoral Scholar, Cardiovascular Medicine
BioI am an MD from Chung Shan Medical University, Taiwan. Before coming to Stanford, I obtained my MS degree in epidemiology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, where I completed graduate training in clinical, pharmacologic, and genetic epidemiology, and pursued advanced skills in biostatistics and causal inference.
My past research focused on real-world epidemiology studies using patient registries and national health insurance databases to elucidate the predictors or risk factors of immunologic diseases. For my graduate study, I conducted pharmacoepidemiology studies using electronic health record (EHR) data to elucidate the predictors of anti-drug antibodies development and its correlation to autoimmunity, to identify the generation of immunogenicity that may impact the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody therapies in individuals with autoimmune diseases. I gained experience in genetic data manipulation to investigate polymorphisms in response to monoclonal antibody therapies in asthma patients.
At Stanford, I am involved in research on the identification of molecular determinants of cardiometabolic diseases.
Paul Cheng MD PhD
Assistant Professor of Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine)
BioDr. Cheng is a Cardiologist at Stanford University School of Medicine in the Department of Medicine and a member of the Cardiovascular Research Institute. Dr. Cheng received his BEng in Chemical Engineering and BSc in biology at MIT. He subsequently completed his MD/PhD at UCSF working in the Srivastava lab studying how extracellular morphogenic signals affect cardiac development and fate determination of cardiac progenitors. Dr. Cheng completed internal medicine residency and cardiology fellowship at Stanford. His current clinical focus is in amyloidosis and cardio-oncology. During his post doctoral research in the Quertermous lab, he pioneered the application of single cell transcriptomic and epigenetic techniques to study human vascular diseases including atherosclerosis and aneurysm, and applied these techniques to investigate molecular mechanisms behind genetic risk factors for several human vascular diseases including atherosclerosis, and aortopathies such as Marfan's and Loey-Dietz syndrome.
The Cheng lab takes a patient-to-bench-to-bedside approach to science. The lab focuses on elucidating new pathogenic mechanisms of human vascular diseases through combing human genetics and primary vascular disease tissues, with high-resolution transcriptomic and epigenetic profiling to generate novel hypothesis that are then tested in a variety of in vitro and in vivo models. The lab is focused on two broad questions: (1) understanding the biological underpinning of the differences in diseases propensities of different arterial segments in an individual (i.e. why do you have atherosclerosis and aneurysms in certain segments but not others), and (2) understanding the role of perivascular fibroblast in human vascular diseases.
Daniel Eugene Clark
Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine - Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pediatrics - Cardiology
BioDr. Clark completed a 4-year MD/MPH program at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio. He subsequently completed all of his post-graduate training at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC), including Internal Medicine-Pediatrics, Adult Cardiology, and Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD). Additionally, he served as Chief Fellow of the Vanderbilt Cardiovascular Medicine Fellowship, trained in multimodality cardiovascular imaging, and conducted clinical research during a two-year NIH-funded T32 research fellowship at VUMC.
Prior to joining the Stanford ACHD faculty, he was appointed Instructor of Cardiovascular Medicine at Vanderbilt and read cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging as an attending for two years. He is appointed Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Stanford University School of Medicine.
His academic and investigative interests focus on advanced cardiovascular imaging for ACHD patients, particularly the application of CMR in this population. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Dr. Clark pivoted his scholarly efforts to focus on studying the cardiovascular effects of COVID-19 with CMR. His current clinical investigations include understanding the CMR-derived diastolic patterns of Fontan physiology and the effect of cardiac rehabilitation on functional status among patients with Fontan failure.
Shoa L. Clarke, MD, PhD
Instructor, Medicine - Cardiovascular Medicine
Instructor, Pediatrics - Cardiology
BioDr. Clarke is a preventive cardiologist and an instructor at Stanford University School of Medicine in the Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics. He earned his undergraduate degree in human biology from the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University before obtaining his MD and PhD (genetics) from Stanford University School of Medicine. He has completed clinical training in internal medicine (Brigham & Women’s Hospital), pediatrics (Boston Children’s Hospital), and cardiovascular medicine (Stanford Hospital), and he is board certified in all three specialties. His research is focused on 1) understanding complex disease genetics in diverse populations, 2) integrating monogenic and polygenic risk with clinical risk, 3) large-scale phenotyping using the electronic health record. His clinical practice focuses on identifying risk factors for cardiovascular disease with the goal of promoting health and longevity through evidence-based personalized treatment. He is interested in developing family-centric approaches for the treatment of adults and children carrying high genetic risk for disease.