School of Medicine
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Eugene Carragee, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Carragee's research interests lie in outcomes assessment of surgical and rehabilitative treatment for cervical and lumbar intervertebral disk herniation; diagnosis and treatment of spine infections, instrumentation of the degenerative spine and spinal deformities and low back pain syndromes, pain and pain management.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Chan's research interests include identifying risk factors for growth plate injuries during ACL reconstruction, developing new strategies to prevent pediatric sports injuries, and clinical outcomes of surgical reconstructions in the pediatric athlete.
James Chang, MD
Johnson and Johnson Professor of Surgery and Professor, by courtesy, of Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMy role in research is to apply novel advances in tissue engineering and microsurgery to the clinical problems of hand trauma, peripheral nerve injuries, and congenital hand problems. I am interested in developing new tissues and techniques that will allow optimal reconstruction of form and function to those patients requiring reconstructive surgery.
Emilie Cheung, MD
Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsPyrocarbon humeral head replacement
Clinical outcome after shoulder replacement
Clinical outcome after elbow replacement
Clinical outcomes following complex reconstruction of the shoulder and elbow,
Bone mineral density in the shoulder,
3D kinematics of the shoulder girdle after arthroplasty
Loretta Chou, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsI am a Board Certified Orthopaedic Surgeon, subspecializing in Disorders of the Foot and Ankle. My clinic offers diagnosis and treatment of deformities and acute injuries of the foot and ankle.
My research interests include: rupture and tendinitis of the Achilles tendon, osteochondral defects of the talus, Total Ankle Arthroplasty, arthrodesis (fusion) of the foot and ankle, open fractures treated with operations, and anatomy of the foot and ankle.
Raymond Chou, M.D.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
BioDr. Chou is a hand and upper extremity physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist. He is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation at Stanford University School of Medicine.
He provides expert care for patients who require non-operative treatment for musculoskeletal and neurologic conditions affecting the shoulder, arm, wrist, and hand. For each patient, he develops a personalized, comprehensive, and compassionate care plan designed to achieve the best possible health and quality of life.
Among the conditions he manages are arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, rotator cuff disease, and tennis elbow. He excels at the use of ultrasound for diagnosis and evaluation. He also uses ultrasound to precisely guide treatments delivered with injections and nerve blocks.
Dr. Chou’s expertise includes electromyography (EMG) and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT). He has conducted research into the effects of electrical stimulation to improve upper extremity neurologic function in cervical spinal cord injury patients.
He has published the findings of his research in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Spinal Cord, and other journals. He has co-authored chapters in the textbooks Handbook of Clinical Neurology and Basics of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Dr. Chou has addressed his peers in presentations at meetings of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Association of Academic Physiatrists. Topics include compressive neuropathies from prolonged hospitalization during the COVID-19 pandemic, development of a virtual ultrasound curriculum for residents, extracorporeal shockwave therapy, and technology accessibility for stroke patients with limited upper extremity function.
He has earned honors from Harvard Medical School/Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Northwestern University. He is a member of the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Association of Academic Physiatrists, and American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine.
Dr. Chou volunteers his time and expertise to help the members of his community optimize their musculoskeletal health.
Constance Chu, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery (Sports Medicine)
BioDr. Constance R. Chu is Professor and Vice Chair Research, in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at Stanford University. She is also Director of the Joint Preservation Center and Chief of Sports Medicine at the VA Palo Alto. Previously, she was the Albert Ferguson Endowed Chair and Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh. She is a clinician-scientist who is both principal investigator of several projects funded by the National Institutes of Health and who has been recognized as a Castle-Connelly/US News and World Report “Top Doctor” in Orthopedic Surgery as well as on Becker’s list of Top Knee Surgeons in the United States. Her clinical practice focuses on the knee: primarily restoration and reconstruction of the ACL, menisci and cartilage. She graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and earned her medical degree from Harvard Medical School.
As Director of the multi-disciplinary Joint Preservation Center structured to seamlessly integrate the latest advances in biologics, mechanics, and imaging with comprehensive patient centered musculoskeletal and orthopedic care, Dr. Chu aims to develop a new model for health care delivery, research and education with an emphasis on health promotion and prevention. Cornerstones of this program include teamwork and a focus on personalized medicine. A central goal is to transform the clinical approach to osteoarthritis from palliation to prevention. In addition to optimizing clinical operations, outstanding research is critical to developing more effective new treatments. Towards this end, Dr. Chu is leading innovative translational research from bench to bedside in three main areas: quantitative imaging and biomarker development for early diagnosis and staging of joint and cartilage injury and degeneration; cartilage tissue engineering and stem cell based cartilage repair; and molecular and biological therapies for joint restoration and joint rejuvenation. Her research efforts have led to more than 30 professional awards and honors to include a Kappa Delta Award, considered to be the highest research honor in Orthopedic Surgery.
Dr. Chu also regularly holds leadership and committee positions in major professional organizations such as the American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Orthopedic Association (AOA). In her subspecialty of Orthopedic Sports Medicine, she is a past President of the Forum Sports Focus Group, a member of the Herodicus Society of leaders in Sports Medicine, and immediate past Chair of the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) Research Council. She is alumnus of the AOA American, British, Canadian (ABC) and the AOSSM Traveling Fellowships.
Margaret Cooke, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
BioDr. Cooke is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine. She has a strong clinical interest in hand, wrist, and elbow surgery for adult and pediatric patients. She is dual fellowship trained in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery and Pediatric & Congenital Hand Surgery.
As an orthopaedic surgeon, Dr. Cooke’s goal is to alleviate pain and improve hand, wrist, and elbow function so that her patients can return to the activities they enjoy. Her primary clinical interests are nerve compression (carpal tunnel), nerve injuries (traumatic/lacerations), joint instability/arthritis (degenerative conditions of the hand wrist and elbow), sports/athletic injuries, fracture care, and pediatric & congenital conditions of the hand and upper extremity.
Dr. Cooke utilizes a multi-disciplinary approach in order to provide comprehensive care for each patient. She works closely with colleagues from oncology, radiology, physical therapy, and other specialties. Her team includes certified hand therapists, cast technicians, medical assistants, and patient care coordinators. Together, Dr. Cooke and her team are committed to providing the best possible care for patients.
She invites patient referrals as early as possible when an upper extremity problem is suspected. She ensures a trusting relationship with referring physicians (whether primary care providers or specialists) by staying in communication so they understand and are comfortable with her recommendations.
In addition to patient care, Dr. Cooke has enjoyed contributing to her field through research. Among Dr. Cooke’s clinical research interests is fracture healing, including gene expression following administration of medication to stimulate bone repair. She has authored articles on topics like infection prediction and pain management after surgical repair of fractures. Her work has appeared in the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Osteoarthritis & Cartilage, Spine, and Transplantation. She also co-wrote the chapter “The History of Carpal Tunnel” for the textbook Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Related Median Neuropathies.
Dr. Cooke’s honors include a Howard Hughes Research Fellowship, an Outstanding Chief Resident Research Award, and recognition for authoring one of the top ten Foot & Ankle research papers at the 2016 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons conference.
In addition to her practice in the U.S., Dr. Cooke has traveled abroad as a physician volunteer to provide surgical services in underserved areas where there is no access to hand surgery specialists. In partnership with the surgeon-founded nonprofit organization Touching Hands, she has performed hand surgeries on adult and pediatric patients in Honduras. Dr. Cooke also has traveled with Shriners Hospital to treat children in Davao, Philippines.
Catherine Curtin MD
Professor of Surgery (Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery) and, by courtesy, of Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMaintaining and optimizing upper limb function in people with spinal cord injury and other nerve disorders.
Improving pain and general well being after severe hand injuries.
Improving treatment and recognition of pain.