School of Medicine
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Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
BioMy career is dedicated to improving the safety, effectiveness and availability of pain relief. Both the needs and opportunities in these areas are limitless. I have had the good fortune of working as a clinician, teacher and scientist at Stanford University and the Palo Alto VA hospital for more than two decades.
Much of my time is spent on laboratory, translational and clinical research. In the laboratory, we are pursuing several projects related to the questions of why pain sometimes becomes chronic after injuries and why opioids lose their effectiveness over time. Alterations in endogenous pain control mechanisms and the involvement of the adaptive system of immunity are central to these investigations. We would like to find ways to maximize functional recovery after surgery and other forms of trauma while minimizing the risks of analgesic use. This work involves local, national and international collaborations. Clinical trials work involves establishing the efficacy of novel forms of analgesic therapy as well as the comparative effectiveness of long-established approaches to controlling common forms of pain such as low back pain. This spectrum of pain-related pursuits continues to evolve with the rapid expansion of the field.
Sheila E. Cohen
Professor (Clinical) of Anesthesia, Emerita
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsOur obstetric anesthesia group is interested in a variety of topics including the efficacy and mechanism of action of spinal and epidural opioids for production of analgesia during labor, and the functionality of epidural analgesia for labor pain relief.
Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsIndustry supported clinical trials
Robert P. Cowan, MD, FAAN, FAHS
Clinical Professor, Neurology & Neurological Sciences
Clinical Professor (By courtesy), Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsCurrent interest focus on patient education technology and patient/physician communication with a particular emphasis on tools which increase encounter efficiency and improve outcomes. Basic research focuses on mechanisms of action in Chronic Daily Headache, with a particular emphasis on New Daily Persistent Headache. Techniques include fMRI, biomarker investigation and evoked potentials. Clinical research includes clinical trials of novel treatments for episodic and chronic headache forms.
Ana Maria Crawford
Clinical Associate Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
BioDr. Crawford is board certified in both Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and a leading advocate for global health equity. In 2011, she founded the Division of Global Health Equity within the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine and now serves as the Director of Global Engagement Strategy. She also holds an honorary appointment at the University of Rwanda as an Associate Professor. Dr. Crawford has a passion for equitable medical education and has spent over a decade working to bring quality education and training through academic partnerships across the globe. She has also served as an educator in under-resourced areas within the borders of the United States. As the proud recipient of the 2021 Kevin Malott Humanitarian Service Award, Dr. Crawford worked assisting the Oglala Lakota Native American reservation and Pine Ridge Hospital in South Dakota with their COVID-19 response. Dr. Crawford is the creator and Editor-in-Chief of the Global Anesthesia and Critical Care Learning Resource Center ("the LRC"), an online education platform offering free and open access resources for healthcare providers. Although focused primarily on Anesthesia and Critical Care training, the LRC was key in the COVID-19 response, providing training and education on oxygen therapy and Critical Care for providers regardless of training background. To date, these programs have reached over 8000 learners from over 145 different countries. In addition, she has served as a consultant to non-profit organizations developing education and training programs, including training for anesthesiology, anesthesia machines, mechanical ventilators, critical care medicine, and medical oxygen supply, safety, and delivery. She serves on multiple committees both nationally and internationally with the aim of improving quality and access to healthcare. Dr. Crawford serves on the Core Leadership Team and as a Global Health Faculty Fellow for the Center for Innovation in Global Health at Stanford University.