School of Medicine
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Clinical Associate Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
BioDr. Praveen Kalra is Board Certified in Anesthesia and in Critical Care. Dr. Kalra loves all aspects of his specialty. He specializes in trauma, orthopedic, brain and spine surgery, urology, head and neck surgery, and cancer surgery. He was appointed Fellow of the American Society of Anesthesiology (FASA) in 2023.
His professional interests include devising protocols for patient safety, informed consent, reducing the impact of anesthetics on the environment, addressing climate change by reducing green house gas emissions in the health care setting, resident education to emphasize evidence based safe care, superior documentation, and mentoring medical students. He has been in practice for over 18 years. In 2022, Dr. Kalra received the inaugural Sustainability Ambassador Award at SHC for removing Desflurane (anesthetic gas with highest global warming potential) from OR and undertaking multiple green initiatives in reducing plastic & biohazardous waste at Stanford.
Dr. Kalra completed his residency in Anesthesia from Harvard Medical School’s Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital and a fellowship in Critical Care from Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore.
Clinical Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsPediatric Cardiac Anesthesia
Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Ming Jeffrey Kao, PhD, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Clinical Assistant Professor (By courtesy), Orthopaedic Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly Interests1. Patient-reported outcomes. Efficient, multi-feature item-response theory (IRT) based computerized adaptive testing (CAT) algorithm using item banks from PROMIS and NIH Toolbox
2. Activity monitoring. Novel analytic framework for physical activity monitoring in the context of pain.
3. Operations research. Multi-variable discrete and continuous optimization for Lean Hospital Management
4. National trends in pain medication prescription
Professor of Biology in the Department of Anesthesia, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMy laboratory tries to find out how pharmacologic agents used in the practice of anesthesia (general anesthetic and analgesic agents) lead to therapeutically desireable endpoints including unconsciousness, immobility and absence of pain. The old idea that general anesthetics are uniformly non-specific "membrane stabilizers" is giving way to a new realization that these agents exert specific actions on particular ion channels and intracellular signalling systems.