Bio


Clemens studies growth and structure of thin film, interface and nanostructured materials for catalytic, electronic and photovoltaic applications. He and his group investigate phase transitions and kinetics in nanostructured materials, and perform nanoparticle engineering for hydrogen storage and catalysis. Recently he and his collaborators have developed nano-portals for efficient injection of hydrogen into storage media, dual-phase nanoparticles for catalysis, amorphous metal electrodes for semiconductor devices, and a lift-off process for forming free-standing, single-crystal films of compound semiconductors.

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • PhD, Caltech (1983)

2014-15 Courses


Journal Articles


  • Bifacial solar cell with SnS absorber by vapor transport deposition APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Wangperawong, A., Hsu, P., Yee, Y., Herron, S. M., Clemens, B. M., Cui, Y., Bent, S. F. 2014; 105 (17)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4898092

    View details for Web of Science ID 000344588600079

  • Structural evolution of platinum thin films grown by atomic layer deposition JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Geyer, S. M., Methaapanon, R., Johnson, R., Brennan, S., Toney, M. F., Clemens, B., Bent, S. 2014; 116 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4892104

    View details for Web of Science ID 000341179400073

  • Influence of packaging on the surface oxidation and magnetic properties of cobalt nanocrystals JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS Bohra, M., Singh, V., Sowwan, M., Bobo, J., Chung, C., Clemens, B. 2014; 47 (30)
  • Understanding Interactions between Manganese Oxide and Gold That Lead to Enhanced Activity for Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Gorlin, Y., Chung, C., Benck, J. D., Nordlund, D., Seitz, L., Weng, T., Sokaras, D., Clemens, B. M., Jaramillo, T. F. 2014; 136 (13): 4920-4926

    Abstract

    To develop active nonprecious metal-based electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), a limiting reaction in several emerging renewable energy technologies, a deeper understanding of the activity of the first row transition metal oxides is needed. Previous studies of these catalysts have reported conflicting results on the influence of noble metal supports on the OER activity of the transition metal oxides. Our study aims to clarify the interactions between a transition metal oxide catalyst and its metal support in turning over this reaction. To achieve this goal, we examine a catalytic system comprising nanoparticulate Au, a common electrocatalytic support, and nanoparticulate MnOx, a promising OER catalyst. We conclusively demonstrate that adding Au to MnOx significantly enhances OER activity relative to MnOx in the absence of Au, producing an order of magnitude higher turnover frequency (TOF) than the TOF of the best pure MnOx catalysts reported to date. We also provide evidence that it is a local rather than bulk interaction between Au and MnOx that leads to the observed enhancement in the OER activity. Engineering improvements in nonprecious metal-based catalysts by the addition of Au or other noble metals could still represent a scalable catalyst as even trace amounts of Au are shown to lead a significant enhancement in the OER activity of MnOx.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/ja407581w

    View details for Web of Science ID 000333947900031

    View details for PubMedID 24661269

  • Rapid liftoff of epitaxial thin films JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Hayes, G. J., Clemens, B. M. 2013; 28 (18): 2564-2569
  • Vapor transport deposition and epitaxy of orthorhombic SnS on glass and NaCl substrates APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Wangperawong, A., Herron, S. M., Runser, R. R., Haegglund, C., Tanskanen, J. T., Lee, H., Clemens, B. M., Bent, S. F. 2013; 103 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4816746

    View details for Web of Science ID 000322723000041

  • Amorphous thin film TaWSiC as a diffusion barrier for copper interconnects APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Wongpiya, R., Ouyang, J., Kim, T. R., Deal, M., Sinclair, R., Nishi, Y., Clemens, B. 2013; 103 (2)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.4813396

    View details for Web of Science ID 000321761000036

  • Dilute phosphide nitride materials as photocathodes for electrochemical solar energy conversion PHYSICS, SIMULATION, AND PHOTONIC ENGINEERING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES II Parameshwaran, V., Xu, X., Kang, Y., Harris, J., Wong, H. P., Clemens, B. 2013; 8620

    View details for DOI 10.1117/12.2003486

    View details for Web of Science ID 000322825200040

  • Effect of Composition on Structural and Electrical Properties of Amorphous Ta-W-Si-C Metal Thin Films ECS SOLID STATE LETTERS Ouyang, J., Wongpiya, R., Grubbs, M. E., Deal, M. D., Clemens, B. M., Nishi, Y. 2013; 2 (10): P86-P88
  • Mn3O4 Supported on Glassy Carbon: An Active Non-Precious Metal Catalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction ACS CATALYSIS Gorlin, Y., Chung, C., Nordlund, D., Clemens, B. M., Jaramillo, T. F. 2012; 2 (12): 2687-2694

    View details for DOI 10.1021/cs3004352

    View details for Web of Science ID 000312170100030

  • Nucleation-Controlled Growth of Nanoparticles by Atomic Layer Deposition CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS Lee, H., Mullings, M. N., Jiang, X., Clemens, B. M., Bent, S. F. 2012; 24 (21): 4051-4059

    View details for DOI 10.1021/cm3014978

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311239300008

  • Theory and Experiments of the Impact of Work-Function Variability on Threshold Voltage Variability in MOS Devices IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES Zhang, X., Mitard, J., Ragnarsson, L., Hoffmann, T., Deal, M., Grubbs, M. E., Li, J., Magyari-Kope, B., Clemens, B. M., Nishi, Y. 2012; 59 (11): 3124-3126
  • Biaxially-textured photovoltaic film crystal silicon on ion beam assisted deposition CaF2 seed layers on glass ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Groves, J. R., Li, J. B., Clemens, B. M., LaSalvia, V., Hasoon, F., Branz, H. M., Teplin, C. W. 2012; 5 (5): 6905-6908

    View details for DOI 10.1039/c2ee21097e

    View details for Web of Science ID 000303251500027

  • Interfacial Alloy Hydride Destabilization in Mg/Pd Thin Films PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Chung, C., Lee, S., Groves, J. R., Brower, E. N., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. 2012; 108 (10)

    Abstract

    Recently, a large increase in the equilibrium hydrogen pressure has been reported for MG thin films capped with a Pd layer. We show that this increase is due to intermixing of Mg and Pd, as opposed to a strain effect as previously claimed. Transmission electron microscopy and depth profiling x-ray photoemission spectroscopy are used to directly measure interfacial intermixing between Mg and Pd, and we find that intermixing and equilibrium hydrogen pressure both increase with annealing. We present a thermodynamic model of the effect of alloying on equilibrium pressure, and find that the observed equilibrium pressure increase is consistent with the observed thickness of the intermixed region, which is of the order of a few nm. We also show that stress measured during hydrogenation corresponds to a negligible increase in equilibrium pressure.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.106102

    View details for Web of Science ID 000301101200008

    View details for PubMedID 22463426

  • Investigating the Role of Grain Boundaries in CZTS and CZTSSe Thin Film Solar Cells with Scanning Probe Microscopy ADVANCED MATERIALS Li, J. B., Chawla, V., Clemens, B. M. 2012; 24 (6): 720-?

    View details for DOI 10.1002/adma.201103470

    View details for Web of Science ID 000299693000001

    View details for PubMedID 22228331

  • Understanding the Role of Grain Boundaries in Sulfide Thin Film Solar Cells with Scanning Probe Microscopy 2012 38TH IEEE PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALISTS CONFERENCE (PVSC) Li, J. B., Chawla, V., Clemens, B. M. 2012
  • MRS serves the global materials community MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B., M. 2012
  • Computational materials science and MRS MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B., M. 2012: 709-10
  • Biaxial texture development in the ion beam assisted deposition of magnesium oxide Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B Groves, J., R., Hammond, R., H., Matias, V., DePaula, R., F., Stan, L., Clemens, B., M. 2012; 272 (C): 28–32
  • The Materials Research Society Foundation to benefit wide range of initiatives MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B., M. 2012
  • MRS enhances commitment to spreading the word about materials MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B., M. 2012; 37: 1–1
  • III-V nitride semiconductors for solar hydrogen production ENERGY HARVESTING AND STORAGE: MATERIALS, DEVICES, AND APPLICATIONS III Parameshwaran, V., Gallinat, C., Enck, R. W., Sampath, A. V., Shen, P. H., Kuykendall, T., Aloni, S., Wraback, M., Clemens, B. M. 2012; 8377

    View details for DOI 10.1117/12.925200

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305554300007

  • Plasmon Enhanced Solar-to-Fuel Energy Conversion NANO LETTERS Thomann, I., Pinaud, B. A., Chen, Z., Clemens, B. M., Jaramillo, T. F., Brongersma, M. L. 2011; 11 (8): 3440-3446

    Abstract

    Future generations of photoelectrodes for solar fuel generation must employ inexpensive, earth-abundant absorber materials in order to provide a large-scale source of clean energy. These materials tend to have poor electrical transport properties and exhibit carrier diffusion lengths which are significantly shorter than the absorption depth of light. As a result, many photoexcited carriers are generated too far from a reactive surface and recombine instead of participating in solar-to-fuel conversion. We demonstrate that plasmonic resonances in metallic nanostructures and multilayer interference effects can be engineered to strongly concentrate sunlight close to the electrode/liquid interface, precisely where the relevant reactions take place. On comparison of spectral features in the enhanced photocurrent spectra to full-field electromagnetic simulations, the contribution of surface plasmon excitations is verified. These results open the door to the optimization of a wide variety of photochemical processes by leveraging the rapid advances in the field of plasmonics.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/nl201908s

    View details for Web of Science ID 000293665600066

    View details for PubMedID 21749077

  • The Role of Nucleation Surfaces in the Texture Development of Magnesium Oxide During Ion Beam Assisted Deposition IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Groves, J. R., Matias, V., DePaula, R. F., Stan, L., Hammond, R. H., Clemens, B. M. 2011; 21 (3): 2904-2907
  • Porous Mg formation upon dehydrogenation of MgH2 thin films JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Dura, J. A., Kelly, S. T., Kienzle, P. A., Her, J., Udovic, T. J., Majkrzak, C. F., Chung, C., Clemens, B. M. 2011; 109 (9)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3574664

    View details for Web of Science ID 000290588500036

  • Hydrogen Spillover in Pt-Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composites: Formation of Stable C-H Bonds JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Bhowmick, R., Rajasekaran, S., Friebel, D., Beasley, C., Jiao, L., Ogasawara, H., Dai, H., Clemens, B., Nilsson, A. 2011; 133 (14): 5580-5586

    Abstract

    Using in situ electrical conductivity and ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements, we have examined how the hydrogen uptake of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is influenced by the addition of Pt nanoparticles. The conductivity of platinum-sputtered single-walled carbon nanotubes (Pt-SWNTs) during molecular hydrogen exposure decreased more rapidly than that of the corresponding pure SWNTs, which supports a hydrogenation mechanism facilitated by "spillover" of dissociated hydrogen from the Pt nanoparticles. C 1s XPS spectra indicate that the Pt-SWNTs store hydrogen by means of chemisorption, that is, covalent C-H bond formation: molecular hydrogen charging at elevated pressure (8.27 bar) and room temperature yielded Pt-SWNTs with up to 16 ± 1.5 at. % sp(3)-hybridized carbon atoms, which corresponds to a hydrogen-storage capacity of 1.2 wt % (excluding the weight of Pt nanoparticles). Pt-SWNTs prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique exhibited the highest Pt/SWNT ratio and also the best hydrogen uptake.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/ja200403m

    View details for Web of Science ID 000289829100060

    View details for PubMedID 21428292

  • Calorimetry of epitaxial thin films REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS Cooke, D. W., Hellman, F., Groves, J. R., Clemens, B. M., Moyerman, S., Fullerton, E. E. 2011; 82 (2)

    Abstract

    Thin film growth allows for the manipulation of material on the nanoscale, making possible the creation of metastable phases not seen in the bulk. Heat capacity provides a direct way of measuring thermodynamic properties of these new materials, but traditional bulk calorimetric techniques are inappropriate for such a small amount of material. Microcalorimetry and nanocalorimetry techniques exist for the measurements of thin films but rely on an amorphous membrane platform, limiting the types of films which can be measured. In the current work, ion-beam-assisted deposition is used to provide a biaxially oriented MgO template on a suspended membrane microcalorimeter in order to measure the specific heat of epitaxial thin films. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction showed the biaxial order of the MgO template. X-ray diffraction was also used to prove the high quality of epitaxy of a film grown onto this MgO template. The contribution of the MgO layer to the total heat capacity was measured to be just 6.5% of the total addenda contribution. The heat capacity of a Fe(.49)Rh(.51) film grown epitaxially onto the device was measured, comparing favorably to literature data on bulk crystals. This shows the viability of the MgO?SiN(x)-membrane-based microcalorimeter as a way of measuring the thermodynamic properties of epitaxial thin films.

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3554440

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287813400046

    View details for PubMedID 21361612

  • Plasmon Enhanced Solar-to-Fuel Energy Conversion NanoLett. Thomann, I., Pinaud, Blaise, A., Chen, Z., Clemens, Bruce, M., Jaramillo, Thomas, F., Brongersma, Mark, L. 2011; 11: 3440
  • Development and characterization of high temperature stable Ta-W-Si-C amorphous metal gates APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Grubbs, M. E., Zhang, X., Deal, M., Nishi, Y., Clemens, B. M. 2010; 97 (22)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3508952

    View details for Web of Science ID 000284965000087

  • Moving interface hydride formation in multilayered metal thin films JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Kelly, S. T., Clemens, B. M. 2010; 108 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3447868

    View details for Web of Science ID 000280000400034

  • Resonant Germanium Nanoantenna Photodetectors NANO LETTERS Cao, L., Park, J., Fan, P., Clemens, B., Brongersma, M. L. 2010; 10 (4): 1229-1233

    Abstract

    On-chip optical interconnection is considered as a substitute for conventional electrical interconnects as microelectronic circuitry continues to shrink in size. Central to this effort is the development of ultracompact, silicon-compatible, and functional optoelectronic devices. Photodetectors play a key role as interfaces between photonics and electronics but are plagued by a fundamental efficiency-speed trade-off. Moreover, engineering of desired wavelength and polarization sensitivities typically requires construction of space-consuming components. Here, we demonstrate how to overcome these limitations in a nanoscale metal-semiconductor-metal germanium photodetector for the optical communications band. The detector capitalizes on antenna effects to dramatically enhance the photoresponse (>25-fold) and to enable wavelength and polarization selectivity. The electrical design featuring asymmetric metallic contacts also enables ultralow dark currents (approximately 20 pA), low power consumption, and high-speed operation (>100 GHz). The presented high-performance photodetection scheme represents a significant step toward realizing integrated on-chip communication and manifests a new paradigm for developing miniaturized optoelectronics components.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/nl9037278

    View details for Web of Science ID 000276557100024

    View details for PubMedID 20230043

  • Bilayer metal gate electrodes with tunable work function: Mechanism and proposed model JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Lu, C., Wong, G. M., Birringer, R., Dauskardt, R., Deal, M. D., Clemens, B. M., Nishi, Y. 2010; 107 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.3326237

    View details for Web of Science ID 000276210800055

  • INEXPENSIVE, ABUNDANT, NON-TOXIC THIN FILMS FOR SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS GROWN BY REACTIVE SPUTTERING 35TH IEEE PHOTOVOLTAIC SPECIALISTS CONFERENCE Chawla, V., Clemens, B. 2010: 1902-1905
  • Ion-Beam Texturing at Nucleation - Manipulation of Crystallographic Orientation in Cubic Materials at the Nanometer Scale ION BEAMS AND NANO-ENGINEERING Groves, J. R., Hammond, R. H., Marshall, A. F., DePaula, R. F., Stan, L., Clemens, B. M. 2010; 1181: 93-98
  • The Effect of Oxygen on the Work Function of Tungsten Gate Electrodes in MOS Devices IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS Grubbs, M. E., Deal, M., Nishi, Y., Clemens, B. M. 2009; 30 (9): 925-927
  • Engineering light absorption in semiconductor nanowire devices NATURE MATERIALS Cao, L., White, J. S., Park, J., Schuller, J. A., Clemens, B. M., Brongersma, M. L. 2009; 8 (8): 643-647

    Abstract

    The use of quantum and photon confinement has enabled a true revolution in the development of high-performance semiconductor materials and devices. Harnessing these powerful physical effects relies on an ability to design and fashion structures at length scales comparable to the wavelength of electrons (approximately 1 nm) or photons (approximately 1 microm). Unfortunately, many practical optoelectronic devices exhibit intermediate sizes where resonant enhancement effects seem to be insignificant. Here, we show that leaky-mode resonances, which can gently confine light within subwavelength, high-refractive-index semiconductor nanostructures, are ideally suited to enhance and spectrally engineer light absorption in this important size regime. This is illustrated with a series of individual germanium nanowire photodetectors. This notion, together with the ever-increasing control over nanostructure synthesis opens up tremendous opportunities for the realization of a wide range of high-performance, nanowire-based optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, photodetectors, optical modulators and light sources.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NMAT2477

    View details for Web of Science ID 000268288000016

    View details for PubMedID 19578337

  • Fundamental Aspects of Ion Beam Assisted Deposition of Magnesium Oxide Template Films IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Groves, J. R., DePaula, R. F., Stan, L., Hammond, R. H., Clemens, B. M. 2009; 19 (3): 3311-3314
  • Kinetic limitations of the Mg2Si system for reversible hydrogen storage NANOTECHNOLOGY Kelly, S. T., Van Atta, S. L., Vajo, J. J., Olson, G. L., Clemens, B. M. 2009; 20 (20)

    Abstract

    Despite the promising thermodynamics and storage capacities of many destabilized metal hydride hydrogen storage material systems, they are often kinetically limited from achieving practical and reversible behavior. Such is the case with the Mg2Si system. We investigated the kinetic mechanisms responsible for limiting the reversibility of the MgH2+Si system using thin films as a controlled research platform. We observed that the reaction MgH2 + 1/2Mg2Si + H2 is limited by the mass transport of Mg and Si into separate phases. Hydrogen readily diffuses through the Mg2Si material and nucleating MgH2 phase growth does not result in reaction completion. By depositing and characterizing multilayer films of Mg2Si and Mg with varying Mg2Si layer thicknesses, we conclude that the hydrogenation reaction consumes no more than 1 nm of Mg2Si, making this system impractical for reversible hydrogen storage.

    View details for DOI 10.1088/0957-4484/20/20/204017

    View details for Web of Science ID 000265531400018

    View details for PubMedID 19420665

  • Investigation of Early Nucleation Events in Magnesium Oxide During Ion Beam Assisted Deposition ARTIFICIALLY INDUCED GRAIN ALIGNMENT IN THIN FILMS Groves, J. R., Hammond, R. H., DePaula, R. F., Clemens, B. M. 2009; 1150: 37-47
  • Physical Model of the Impact of Metal Grain Work Function Variability on Emerging Dual Metal Gate MOSFETs and its Implication for SRAM Reliability 2009 IEEE INTERNATIONAL ELECTRON DEVICES MEETING Zhang, X., Li, J., Grubbs, M., Deal, M., Magyari-Kope, B., Clemens, B. M., Nishi, Y. 2009: 51-54
  • Parametric analysis of chirality families and diameter distributions in single-wall carbon nanotube production by the floating catalyst method CARBON Bhowmick, R., Clemens, B. M., Cruden, B. A. 2008; 46 (6): 907-922
  • Novel Sieverts' type volumetric measurements of hydrogen storage properties for very small sample quantities JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS Lee, Y., Clemens, B. M., Gross, K. J. 2008; 452 (2): 410-413
  • Existence of a second A3 phase in B2 epitaxial CO2Cr1-xFexAl thin films SOLID STATE COMMUNICATIONS Kelekar, R., Clemens, B. M. 2008; 145 (4): 223-226
  • Parametricanalysisofchiralityfamiliesanddiameter distributions insingle-wall carbonnanotubeproduction bythefloatingcatalystmethod Carbon Bhowmick, R., Clemens, B., M., Cruden, Brett, A. 2008; 46: 907-922
  • A Novel Seiverts’ type volumetric apparatus for analyzing hydrogen storage properties of very small quantities of samples J. Alloys and Compounds Lee, Y., W., Clemens, B., M., Gross, K. 2008; 452: 410-3
  • Formation and dissociation of MgH2 in epitaxial Mg thin films JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Kelekar, R., Giffard, H., Kelly, S. T., Clemens, B. M. 2007; 101 (11)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2736304

    View details for Web of Science ID 000247306000129

  • X-ray magnetic circular dichroism of Heusler alloy Co2Cr1-xFexAl epitaxial thin films PHYSICAL REVIEW B Kelekar, R., Ohldag, H., Clemens, B. M. 2007; 75 (1)
  • X-Ray magnetic circular dichroism of Heulser alloy Co2Cr1-xFexAl epitaxial thin films Phys. Rev. B Kelekar, R., Ohldag, H., Clemens, B., M. 2007; 75: 14429
  • Formation and dissociation of MgH2 in epitaxial Mg thin films J. Appl. Phys. Kelekar, R., Giffard, H., Kelly, S., T., Clemens, B., M. 2007; 101: 14311
  • Hydrogen Storage in PdNanodisks characterized with a Novel Nanoplasmonic Sensing Scheme Nano Letters Langhammer, C., Zoric, I., Kasemo, B., Clemens, B., M. 2007; 7: 3122-7
  • Single layer mesoporous silica thin films as templates for metallic nanoscale arrays JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Hussen, G. N., Shirakawa, H., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 2006; 100 (11)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2189927

    View details for Web of Science ID 000242887400154

  • Time-resolved imaging of spin transfer switching: Beyond the macrospin concept PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Acremann, Y., Strachan, J. P., Chembrolu, V., Andrews, S. D., Tyliszczak, T., Katine, J. A., Carey, M. J., Clemens, B. M., Siegmann, H. C., Stohr, J. 2006; 96 (21)

    Abstract

    Time-resolved images of the magnetization switching process in a spin transfer structure, obtained by ultrafast x-ray microscopy, reveal the limitations of the macrospin model. Instead of a coherent magnetization reversal, we observe switching by lateral motion of a magnetic vortex across a nanoscale element. Our measurements reveal the fundamental roles played independently by the torques due to charge and spin currents in breaking the magnetic symmetry on picosecond time scales.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.217202

    View details for Web of Science ID 000238004000051

    View details for PubMedID 16803270

  • Gold nanoparticles via alloy decomposition and their application to nonvolatile memory APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Chandra, A., Clemens, B. M. 2005; 87 (25)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.2149512

    View details for Web of Science ID 000234118900089

  • Characteristics and mechanism of tunable work function gate electrodes using a bilayer metal structure on SiO2 and HfO2 IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS Lu, C. H., Wong, G. M., Deal, M. D., Tsai, W., Majhi, P., Chui, C. O., Visokay, M. R., Chambers, J. J., Colombo, L., Clemens, B. M., Nishi, Y. 2005; 26 (7): 445-447
  • Properties of Heusler alloy Co2Cr1-xFexAl superlattices and spin valves APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Kelekar, R., Clemens, B. M. 2005; 86 (23)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1940724

    View details for Web of Science ID 000230087400031

  • Strain-assisted nanoscale patterning of Co thin films PHYSICAL REVIEW B Lee, Y. W., Clemens, B. M. 2005; 71 (24)
  • Combinatorial studies of mechanical properties of Ti-Al thin films using nanoindentation ACTA MATERIALIA Han, S. M., Shah, R., Banerjee, R., Viswanathan, G. B., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2005; 53 (7): 2059-2067
  • The role of metal catalyst in near ambient hydrogen adsorption on multi-walled carbon nanotubes MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE-2004 Lee, Y. W., Deshpande, R., Dillon, A. C., Heben, M. J., DAI, H. J., Clemens, B. M. 2005; 837: 83-88
  • "Migration energy" for impurity diffusion in crystalline solids: A closer look JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Ramanarayanan, P., Srinivasan, B., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 96 (12): 7095-7107

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1809254

    View details for Web of Science ID 000225482400020

  • Monodisperse nanoparticles via metal induced crystallization JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Chandra, A., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 96 (11): 6776-6781

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1812817

    View details for Web of Science ID 000225300800129

  • Epitaxial growth of the Heusler alloy Co2Cr1-xFexAl JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Kelekar, R., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 96 (1): 540-543

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1759399

    View details for Web of Science ID 000222093300086

  • Surface diffusion mechanisms for strain-induced self-assembly PHYSICAL REVIEW B Larsson, M. I., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 69 (15)
  • Stress induced delamination methods for the study of adhesion of Pt thin films to Si ACTA MATERIALIA Lee, A., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2004; 52 (7): 2081-2093
  • Coherency and surface stress effects in metal multilayers SCRIPTA MATERIALIA Ramaswamy, V., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 50 (6): 711-715
  • The strain-assisted nucleation and growth behavior of Co islands: An indirect study of nanopatterning using the remanent magnetization measurement (Am) NANOPARTICLES AND NANOWIRE BUILDING BLOCKS-SYNTHESIS, PROCESSING, CHARACTERIZATION AND THEORY Lee, Y. W., Clemens, B. M. 2004; 818: 145-150
  • Migration energy for impurity diffusion in crystalline solids: A closer look J. Appl. Phys. Ramanarayanan, P., Srinivasan, B., Cho, K., Clemens, B., M. 2004; 96: 7095-107
  • Effect of grain structure on the onset of diffusion-controlled stress relaxation in Pt thin films APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Hyun, S., Vinci, R. P., Fahey, K. P., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 83 (14): 2769-2771

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1615311

    View details for Web of Science ID 000185664000013

  • Nanopatterning of periodically strained surfaces: Predictive kinetic Monte Carlo simulation study JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Larsson, M. I., Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 94 (5): 3470-3484

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1597945

    View details for Web of Science ID 000184844200101

  • Self-assembled nanostructures through wavelength-controlled spinodal decomposition APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Greaney, P. A., Chrzan, D. C., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2003; 83 (7): 1364-1366

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1602581

    View details for Web of Science ID 000184748600028

  • Effect of composition on vacancy mediated diffusion in random binary alloys: First principles study of the Si1-xGex system JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Ramanarayanan, P., Cho, K. J., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 94 (1): 174-185

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1578695

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183642900022

  • Microstructure and nanoindentation hardness of Al/Al3Sc multilayers ACTA MATERIALIA Phillips, M. A., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2003; 51 (11): 3171-3184
  • A model for dislocation behavior during deformation of Al/Al3SC (fcc/L1(2))metallic multilayers ACTA MATERIALIA Phillips, M. A., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2003; 51 (11): 3157-3170
  • Surface strain effects on adatom kinetics and self-assembly SURFACE SCIENCE Larsson, M. I., Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 536 (1-3): L389-L395
  • Surface diffusion and growth of patterned nanostructures on strained surfaces PHYSICAL REVIEW B Sabiryanov, R. F., Larsson, M. I., Cho, K. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 67 (12)
  • Nanopatterning of periodically strained surfaces - A kinetic Monte Carlo simulation study NANOTECH 2003, VOL 3 Larsson, M. I., Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2003: 239-242
  • Growth and properties of small Co islands on a strained Pt surface J. Mag. and Mag. Mater. Sabiryanov, R., F., Cho, K., J., Larsson, M., I., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 2003; 258-259: 356-8
  • Mechanical properties of Al/Al3Sc metallic multilayers – deformation mechanisms at the nanoscale Materials Science Forum Phillips, M., A., Clemens, B., M. 2003; 426-432: 3373-8
  • Oxygen-assisted growth of Co-Cu multilayers investigated with X-ray scattering Physica B Peterson, B., L., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 2003; 336: 145-50
  • X-ray scattering investigation of surfactant-assisted growth in Co/Cu multilayers Physica B Peterson, B., L., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 2003; 336: 157-61
  • Diffusion mechanism for self assembly on inhomogeneously strained surfaces SELF-ASSEMBLED NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS Larsson, M. I., Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K., Clemens, B. M. 2003; 775: 331-336
  • Temperature dependence of nanopatterning of inhomogeneously strained surfaces 2003 THIRD IEEE CONFERENCE ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOLS ONE AND TWO, PROCEEDINGS Larsson, M. I., Clemens, B. M., Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K. 2003: 267-270
  • Origins of substrate-topography-induced magnetic anisotropy in sputtered cobalt-alloy films JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Twisselmann, D. J., Chambers, P. G., Ross, C. A., Khanna, G., Clemens, B. M. 2002; 92 (6): 3223-3230

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.1498882

    View details for Web of Science ID 000177683000042

  • A structure investigation of epitaxial Fe-Pt multilayers PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STRUCTURE DEFECTS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Han, K., Yu-Zhang, K., Kung, H., Embury, J. D., Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. 2002; 82 (8): 1633-1650
  • Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of strain-induced nanopatterning on hexagonal surfaces MODELING AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF MATERIALS BEHAVIOR AND EVOLUTION Larsson, M. I., Lee, B., Sabiryanov, R., Cho, K., Nix, W., Clemens, B. M. 2002; 731: 269-274
  • The origins of substrate-topography-induced magnetic anisotropy in sputtered cobalt alloy films J. Appl. Phys. Twisselmann, D., J., Chambers, P., G., Ross, C., A., Khanna, G., Clemens, B., M. 2002; 92: 3223-30
  • A structure investigation of epitaxial Fe-Pt multilayers Phil. Mag. A Han, K., Yu-Zhang, K., Kung, H., Embury, J., D., Daniels, B., J., Clemens, B., M. 2002; 82: 1633-50
  • High strength nanoscale Al/Al3Sc multilayers formed by interface reaction NANOSTRUCTURED INTERFACES Phillips, M. A., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2002; 727: 65-70
  • Microstructural study of epitaxial platinum and permalloy/platinum films grown on (0001) sapphire PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STRUCTURE DEFECTS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Ramanathan, S., Clemens, B. M., McIntyre, P. C., Dahmen, U. 2001; 81 (8): 2073-2094
  • Nonspecular x-ray reflectivity study of roughness scaling in Si/Mo multilayers JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Freitag, J. M., Clemens, B. M. 2001; 89 (2): 1101-1107
  • Epitaxial growth of aluminum on permalloy THIN SOLID FILMS Li, Y., Wang, S. X., Khanna, G., Clemens, B. M. 2001; 381 (1): 160-163
  • Stress and microstructure evolution during initial growth of Pt on amorphous substrates JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Phillips, M. A., Ramaswamy, V., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2000; 15 (11): 2540-2546
  • A giant magnetoresistance sensor for high magnetic field measurements APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Mancoff, F. B., Dunn, J. H., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. 2000; 77 (12): 1879-1881
  • Surface-energy-driven intermixing and its effect on the measurement of interface stress JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D., Ramaswamy, V. 2000; 87 (6): 2816-2820
  • A model for calculating substrate curvature during coalescence of PT islands on an amorphous substrate MULTISCALE PHENOMENA IN MATERIALS-EXPERIMENTS AND MODELING Phillips, M. A., Ramaswamy, V., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 2000; 578: 39-44
  • Infrared probe of the electronic structure and carrier scattering in NiMnSb thin films PHYSICAL REVIEW B Mancoff, F. B., Clemens, B. M., Singley, E. J., Basov, D. N. 1999; 60 (18): R12565-R12568
  • Crystallite coalescence: A mechanism for intrinsic tensile stresses in thin films JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 1999; 14 (8): 3467-3473
  • Growth and characterization of epitaxial NiMnSb/PtMnSb C1(b) Heusler alloy superlattices JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Mancoff, F. B., Bobo, J. F., Richter, O. E., Bessho, K., Johnson, P. R., Sinclair, R., Nix, W. D., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. 1999; 14 (4): 1560-1569
  • Structural evolution during deposition of epitaxial Fe/Pt(001) multilayers JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Hufnagel, T. C., Kautzky, M. C., Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. 1999; 85 (5): 2609-2616
  • Structure and strength of multilayers MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B. M., Kung, H., Barnett, S. A. 1999; 24 (2): 20-26
  • Epitaxial growth of atomically flat spin dependent tunneling junctions EPITAXIAL GROWTH-PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS Li, Y., Wang, S. X., Mancoff, F. B., Clemens, B. M. 1999; 570: 73-78
  • An Infrared Probe of Electronic Structure and Carrier Scattering in NiMnSb Thin Films Phys. Rev. B - Rapid Communications Mancoff, F., B., Clemens, B., M., Singley, E., J., Basov, D., N. 1999; 60 (R12): 565
  • HRTEM study of Al2O3 barriers in Co81Pt19/Co/Al-Al2O3/Ni80Fe20 spin dependent tunneling junctions IEEE Trans. Magn. Clark, T., Bobo, J., F., Mancoff, F., Sin, K., Wang, S., X., Clemens, B. 1999; 35: 2922
  • Stress development in Mo/Si and Ru/Si multilayers POLYCRYSTALLINE METAL AND MAGNETIC THIN FILMS Freitag, J. M., Clemens, B. M. 1999; 562: 177-182
  • Stress evolution in Mo/Si multilayers for high-reflectivity extreme ultraviolet mirrors APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Freitag, J. M., Clemens, B. M. 1998; 73 (1): 43-45
  • Second-order magneto-optic effects in anisotropic thin films JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS Osgood, R. M., Bader, S. D., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L., Matsuyama, H. 1998; 182 (3): 297-323
  • Stress evolution in sputtered FCC metal multilayers THIN-FILMS - STRESSES AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES VII Ramaswamy, V., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 1998; 505: 589-593
  • Spin-Dependent Tunneling Junctions with Hard Magnetic Layer Pinning J. Appl. Phys. Bobo, J., F., Mancoff, F., B., Bessho, K., Sharma, M., Sin, K., Guarisco, D., Clemens, B. M. 1998; 83: 6685-7
  • Stress evolution during growth of sputtered Ni/Cu multilayers MECHANISMS AND PRINCIPLES OF EPITAXIAL GROWTH IN METALLIC SYSTEMS Ramaswamy, V., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 1998; 528: 161-168
  • Void nucleation on a contaminated patch JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D., Gleixner, R. J. 1997; 12 (8): 2038-2042
  • Void nucleation in passivated interconnect lines: Effects of site geometries, interfaces, and interface flaws JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Gleixner, R. J., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 1997; 12 (8): 2081-2090
  • Asymmetric magneto-optic response in anisotropic thin films PHYSICAL REVIEW B Osgood, R. M., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. 1997; 55 (14): 8990-8996
  • Structural and magnetic properties of XMnSb/PtMnSb Cl-b Heusler alloy superlattices (X=Ni, Cu) MAGNETIC ULTRATHIN FILMS, MULTILAYERS AND SURFACES - 1997 Bobo, J. F., Bessho, K., Mancoff, F. B., Johnson, P. R., Kautzky, M. C., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. 1997; 475: 21-26
  • Magnetic anisotropy and rotational hysteresis loss in epitaxial TbFe2(110) films MAGNETIC ULTRATHIN FILMS, MULTILAYERS AND SURFACES - 1997 Wang, C. T., Khanna, G., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. 1997; 475: 321-326
  • Amorphous films formed by solid-state reaction in an immiscible Y-Mo system and their structural relaxation - Comment APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Clemens, B. M., Hufnagel, T. C. 1996; 69 (19): 2938-2939
  • Formation of ordered tetragonal PtCo from epitaxial Pt/Co multilayers JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH ARTYMOWICZ, D. M., Lairson, B. M., Clemens, B. M. 1996; 169 (1): 83-88
  • Enhanced magnetoresistance in annealed and Cr doped Fe/Cr multilayers JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Rensing, N. M., Clemens, B. M., Williamson, D. L. 1996; 79 (10): 7757-7762
  • Structural anisotropy in amorphous Fe-Tb thin films PHYSICAL REVIEW B Hufnagel, T. C., Brennan, S., Zschack, P., Clemens, B. M. 1996; 53 (18): 12024-12030
  • Effects of Substrate on the Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial TbFe2(111) Films IEEE Trans. Mag. Wang, C., T., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L. 1996; 32: 4752
  • Comment on 'Amorphous Films Formed by Solid State Reaction in an Immiscible Y-Mo System and Their Structural Relaxation' Appl. Phys. Lett Clemens, B., M., Hufnagel, T., C. 1996; 68: 3096-7
  • Second Order Magneto-Optic Effects in Anisotropic Thin Films J. Appl. Phys. Osgood III, R., M., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L. 1996; 79: 6189
  • Observation of GMR in a Heusler Alloy Spin Valve IEEE Transactions on Magnetics Johnson, P., R., Kautzky, M., C., Mancoff, F., B., Kondo, R., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L. 1996; 32: 4615-17
  • NONORTHOGONAL TWINNING IN THIN-FILM OXIDE PEROVSKITES APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Fahey, K. P., Clemens, B. M., Wills, L. A. 1995; 67 (17): 2480-2482
  • IN-SITU X-RAY MEASUREMENTS OF THE INITIAL EPITAXY OF FE(001) FILMS ON MGO(001) JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Lairson, B. M., Payne, A. P., Brennan, S., Rensing, N. M., Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 78 (7): 4449-4455
  • EFFECT OF COHERENCY STRESSES ON THE HARDNESS OF EPITAXIAL FE(001)/PT(001) MULTILAYERS (VOL 66, PG 2969, 1995) APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Daniels, B. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 67 (7): 1036-1036
  • EFFECT OF COHERENCY STRESSES ON THE HARDNESS OF EPITAXIAL FE(001)/PT(001) MULTILAYERS APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Daniels, B. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 66 (22): 2969-2971
  • STRUCTURE AND MAGNETOOPTICAL PROPERTIES OF EPITAXIAL PTMNSB(001) ON W(001)/MGO(001) APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Kautzky, M. C., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 66 (10): 1279-1281
  • EFFECT OF CR DOPING ON THE MAGNETORESISTANCE AND SATURATION FIELD OF EPITAXIAL FE1-XCRX(001)/CR(001) MULTILAYERS APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 66 (4): 520-522
  • Magnetic properties of NiFe sputtered on sloping surfaces IEEE Trans. Mag. Jones Jr., R., E., Williams, J., Spector, L., Lin, C, J., Wang, S., X., Pichai, S., Clemens, B. M. 1995; 31: 3817
  • Asymmetric Magneto-Optical Response in Epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) Thin Films IEEE Trans. Mag. Osgood III, R., M., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1995; 31: 3331-3
  • The Effect of Coherency Stresses on the Hardness of Epitaxial Fe(001)/Pt(001) Multilayers Appl. Phys. Lett. Daniels, B., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1995; 66: 2969-71
  • Epitaxial multilayers of (Sr,Ba)Nb2O6 and conducting films on (001) MgO substrates FILM SYNTHESIS AND GROWTH USING ENERGETIC BEAMS HUANG, T. F., YOUDEN, K. E., THONY, S. S., Hesselink, L., Harris, J. S. 1995; 388: 79-84
  • Boron diffusion in Si and Si1-xGex STRAINED LAYER EPITAXY-MATERIALS, PROCESSING, AND DEVICE APPLICATIONS Kuo, P., Hoyt, J. L., Gibbons, J. F., Turner, J. E., Lefforge, D. 1995; 379: 373-378
  • ENHANCED MECHANICAL HARDNESS IN COMPOSITIONALLY MODULATED FE(001)/PT(001) AND FE(001)/CR(001) EPITAXIAL THIN-FILMS THIN SOLID FILMS Daniels, B. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. 1994; 253 (1-2): 218-222
  • Magnetic and Structural Modifications in Fe and Ni Films Prepared by Ion-Assisted Deposition J. Appl. Phys. Lewis, W., A., Farle, M., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L. 1994; 75: 5644-6
  • Enhanced Mechanical Hardness in Compositionally Modulated Fe(01)/Pt(001) and Fe(001)/Cr(001) Epitaxial Thin Films Thin Solid Films Daniels, B., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1994; 253: 218-22
  • THE ELASTIC BIAXIAL MODULUS OF AG-PD MULTILAYERED THIN-FILMS MEASURED USING THE BULGE TEST JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Small, M. K., Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. 1994; 9 (1): 25-30
  • ENHANCED MAGNETOOPTIC KERR ROTATION IN EPITAXIAL PTFE(001) AND PTCO(001) THIN-FILMS APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Lairson, B. M., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 63 (10): 1438-1440
  • EPITAXIAL TETRAGONAL PTCO (001) THIN-FILMS WITH PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC-ANISOTROPY JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Marinero, E. E., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 74 (3): 1922-1928
  • X-RAY-ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITIONAL MODULATION IN CO/PT MULTILAYER FILMS FOR MAGNETOOPTIC RECORDING JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Bain, J. A., Clemens, B. M., NOTARYS, H., Marinero, E. E., Brennan, S. 1993; 74 (2): 996-1000
  • CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANISOTROPY IN THIN-FILM MAGNETIC RECORDING MEDIA ANALYZED WITH X-RAY-DIFFRACTION JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS Kataoka, H., Bain, J. A., Brennan, S., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 73 (11): 7591-7598
  • STRAIN RELAXATION IN ULTRATHIN FILMS - A MODIFIED THEORY OF MISFIT-DISLOCATION ENERGETICS PHYSICAL REVIEW B Payne, A. P., Nix, W. D., Lairson, B. M., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 47 (20): 13730-13736
  • TEM ANALYSIS OF CO-GD AND CO-GD MULTILAYER STRUCTURES JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Bertero, G. A., Hufnagel, T. C., Clemens, B. M., Sinclair, R. 1993; 8 (4): 771-774
  • EPITAXIAL PTFE(001) THIN-FILMS ON MGO(001) WITH PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC-ANISOTROPY APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 62 (6): 639-641
  • INFLUENCE OF ROUGHNESS DISTRIBUTIONS AND CORRELATIONS ON X-RAY-DIFFRACTION FROM SUPERLATTICES PHYSICAL REVIEW B Payne, A. P., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 47 (4): 2289-2300
  • MAGNETIC AND MAGNETOOPTIC PROPERTIES OF PTFE(001) AND PTCO(001) THIN-FILMS MAGNETIC ULTRATHIN FILMS Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 313: 805-810
  • TRANSMISSION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY STUDY OF COPT(001) AND FEPT(001) FILMS FORMED FROM EPITAXIAL CO/PT AND FE/PT MULTILAYERS PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THIN FILMS - THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS Visokay, M. R., Lairson, B. M., Clemens, B. M., Sinclair, R. 1993; 311: 15-20
  • STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES OF ANISOTROPIC PTCO(001) AND PTFE(001) THIN-FILMS ON MGO(001) PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THIN FILMS - THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Brennan, S. B., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. 1993; 311: 9-14
  • In-Situ Observation of Anisotropic Strain Relaxation in Epitaxial Fe (110) Films on Mo (110) J. Magn. Magn. Mat. Clemens, B., M., Osgood, R., Payne, A., P., Lairson, B., M., Brennan, S., White, R., L. 1993; 121: 37-41
  • X-Ray Diffraction Characterization of Strain and Crystallographic Texture in Thin Film Media IEEE Trans. Mag. Clemens, B., M., Bain, J., A., Brennan, S., M., Kataoka, H. 1993; 29: 300-6
  • Structure and corrosion properties of Fe/Zr multilayers J. Magn, and Magn. Mat. Nakayama, T., Clemens, B., M., Stevenson, D., A., Sinclair, R., Hagstrom, S., B. 1993; 126: 105-7
  • Microstructural analysis of magnetic Fe/Pt multilayer thin films by transmission electron microscopy J. Magn, and Magn. Mat. Visokay, M., R., Larison, B., M., Clemens, B., M., Sinclair, R. 1993; 126: 136-40
  • Epitaxial PtFe and PtCo(001) thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy J. Magn, and Magn. Mat. Lairson, B., M., Visokay, M., R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B., M. 1993; 126: 577-9
  • Transmission Electron Microscopy of Epitaxial Fe/Pt Multilayers J. Mag. Soc. Jap. Lairson, B., M., Visokay, M., R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B., M. 1993; 17 (S1): 40-43
  • The Effect of Roughness on the Magneto-Resistance of Fe/Cr Multilayers J. Magn.Magn. Mat. Rensing, N., M., Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M. 1993; 121: 436-9
  • Amorphous alloys formed by solid state reaction J. Alloys and Compounds Clemens, B., M. 1993; 194: 221-7
  • The Influence of Roughness Distributions and Correlations on X-Ray Diffraction from Superlattices Phys. Rev. B Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M. 1993; 47: 2289-300
  • EPITAXIAL PT(001), PT(110), AND PT(111) FILMS ON MGO(001), MGO(110), MGO(111), AND AL2O3(0001) APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Sinclair, R., Hagstrom, S., Clemens, B. M. 1992; 61 (12): 1390-1392
  • STRESS DETERMINATION IN TEXTURED THIN-FILMS USING X-RAY-DIFFRACTION MRS BULLETIN Clemens, B. M., Bain, J. A. 1992; 17 (7): 46-51
  • METASTABLE COPPER-CHROMIUM ALLOY-FILMS JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH Payne, A. P., Clemens, B. M. 1992; 7 (6): 1370-1376
  • Metastable Cu-Cr Alloy Films J. Mat.Res. Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M. 1992; 7: 1370-6
  • An Apparatus for Studying Sputter Deposition with X-Rays Rev. Sci. Instru. Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M., Brennan, S., M. 1992; 63: 1147-49
  • ELASTIC STRAINS AND COHERENCY STRESSES IN MO/NI MULTILAYERS PHYSICAL REVIEW B Bain, J. A., CHYUNG, L. J., Brennan, S., Clemens, B. M. 1991; 44 (3): 1184-1192
  • MICROSTRUCTURE OF ULTRATHIN FILMS OF YBA2CU3O7-DELTA ON MGO PHYSICAL REVIEW B Streiffer, S. K., Lairson, B. M., Eom, C. B., Clemens, B. M., Bravman, J. C., Geballe, T. H. 1991; 43 (16): 13007-13018
  • Influence of Ion Mixing, Ion Beam-Induced Roughness and Temperature on the Depth Resolution of Sputter Depth Profiling of Metallic Bilayer Interfaces Surface and Interface Analysis Cirlin, E., H., Cheng, Y., T., Ireland, P., Clemens, B., M. 1990; 15: 337-43
  • Metastable Phase Formation in Thin Films and Multilayers MRS Bulletin Clemens, Bruce, M., Sinclair, R. 1990; XV (2): 19-28
  • Strain Relaxation Kinetics in Si1-xGex/Si Heterostructures J. Vac. Sci. Tech. Hauenstein, R., J., Clemens, B., M., Miles, R., H., Marsh, O., J., Croke, E., T., McGill, T., C.  1989; B7: 767-74
  • Effect of Ion Mixing on the Depth Resolution of Sputter Depth Profiling Appl. Phys. Lett. Cheng, Y-, T., Dow, A., A., Clemens, B., M. 1988; 53: 1346-8
  • Structure of Early Transition Metal-Late Transition Metal Multilayers J. Less. Comm. Met. Clemens, B., M. 1988; 140: 57-66
  • Interfaces and Solid State Reactions of Zr/Fe Multilayers Hyperfine Interactions Williamson, D., L., Clemens, B., M. 1988; 42: 967-70
  • Comment on Synchrotron X-Ray Study of a Fibonacci Superlattice Phys. Rev. Lett. Gay, J., G., Clemens, B., M. 1988; 59: 2236-7
  • Laser Patterning of YBaCuO weak Link Bridges IEEE Tran. on Mag. Wiener-Avnear, E., Cooper, J., E., Kerber, G., L., Spargo, J., W., Toth, A., G., Josefowicz, J., Y., Clemens, B. M. 1988; 25: 935-8
  • Improvement of the Surface properties of Metglas 28261 by Laser Irradiation Zeits.fürPhysik. Chem. NeueFolge Schulz, R., W., Lee, N., L., Clemens, B., M. 1988; 157: 145-51
  • Time Resolved Thermal Transport in Compositionally Modulated Metal Films Phys. Rev. B Clemens, B., M., Eesley, G., L., Paddock, C., A. 1988; 37: 1085-96
  • Relationship Between Interfacial Strains and the Elastic Response of Metal Multilayer Films Phys Rev. Lett. Clemens, B., M., Eesley, G., L. 1988; 61: 2356-9
  • Nucleation and Growth of YBaCuO on SrTi03 Appl. Phys. Lett. Clemens, B., M., Nieh, C., W., Kittl, J., A., Johnson, W., L., Josefowicz, J., Y., Hunter, A., T. 1988; 53: 1871-3
  • Structure and Crystallization of Nickel-Phosphorous Alloys Prepared by High-Rate Electrodeposition J. Electrochem. Soc. Ng., P., K., Snyder, D., D., LaSala, J., Clemens, B., M., Fuerst, C., D. 1988; 135: 1376-81
  • Generation and Detection of Picosecond Acoustic Pulses in Thin Metal Films Appl. Phys. Lett. Eesley, G., L., Clemens, B., M., Paddock, C., A. 1987; 12 (50): 717-9
  • Laser Radiation Enhancement of the Corrosion Resistance of an Amorphous Ribbon Alloy J. Matls.Res. Schulz, R., Lee, N., L., Clemens, B., M. 1987; 1 (2): 46-53
  • Effect of Layer Thickness Fluctuations on Superlattice Diffraction Phys. Rev. B. Rapid Comm. Clemens, B., M., Gay, J., G. 1987; 17 (35): 9337-40
  • Lead Strontium Telluride and Lead Barium Telluride Grown by Molecular-Beam Epitaxy J. Vac. Sci. Technol. Partin, D., L., Thrush, C., M., Clemens, B., M. 1987; 3 (B5): 686-9
  • Effect of Sputtering Pressure on the Structure and Solid-State Reaction of Titanium-Nickel Compositionally Modulated Film J. Appl. Phys. Clemens, B., M. 1987; 9 (61): 4525-9
  • Solid-State Reaction and Structure in Compositionally Modulated Zirconium-Nickel and Titanium-Nickel Films Phys. Rev. B Clemens, B., M. 1986; 33: 7615-24
  • Thermal Stability and Phase Transformation in Hf-Cu Metallic Glasses Mat. Res. Soc. Proc. Schulz, R., Lee, N., L. 1986; 58: 87-92
  • EXAFS Studies of Copper-Hafnium Multilayers Journal de Physique Heald, S., M., Tranquada, J., M., Clemens, B., M., Stec, J., P. 1986; C8: 1061-4
  • Lead Calcium Telluride Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Partin, D., L., Clemens, B., M., Swets, D., E., Thrush, C., M. 1986; 4: 578-80
  • Ion Beam Mixed Iron Boron Films J. Appl. Phys. Clemens, B., M., Neumeier, J., J. 1985; 58: 4061-4
  • Amorphous Iron Zirconium Formed by Solid State Reaction Appl. Phys. Lett. Clemens, B., M., Suchoski, M., J. 1985; 47: 943-4
  • A Study of Amorphous Alloys of Au with Group III Elements (Y and La) Formed by Solid State Reaction J. Non Cryst. Solids Schwarz, R., B., Wong, K., L., Johnson, W., L., Clemens, B., M. 1984; 61: 129-34
  • Amorphous Zirconium-Nickel Films Formed by Solid State Reactions J. Non. Cryst.Solids. Clemens, B., M., Johnson, W., L., Schwarz, R., B. 1984; 61: 817-21
  • Critical Current Studies of Zr-based Metallic Glasses J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. Clemens, B., M., Tenhover, M. 1983; 16: 1761-5
  • Ion Mixing to Produce Amorphous Mo-Ru Superconducting Films Appl. Phys. Lett. Liu, B., X., Clemens, B., M., Gaboriaud, R., Johnson, W., L., Nicolet, M, A. 1983; 7 (42): 624-6
  • A Body Centered Cubic Phase of Elemental Yttrium Prepared by the Rapid Solidification of Yttrium-Iron Alloys J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. Tenhover, M., Clemens, B., M., Duwez, P. 1982; 12: L167-71
  • Surface Flux Pinning in Superconducting Amorphous (Mo0.6Ru0.4)82B18 J. Appl. Phys. Clemens, B., M., Johnson, W., L. 1982; 53: 7612-14
  • Evidence for Inhomogeneities in a Glassy Superconductor Physica Clemens, B., M., Tenhover, M., Johnson, W., L. 1981; 107B: 319-20
  • Flux Pinning by Crystalline Precipitates in an Amorphous Superconducting Matrix J. Appl. Phys. Kataoka, H., Bain, J., A., Brennan, S., Clemens, B., M. 1980; 51: 1116-20

Conference Proceedings


  • Biaxial texture development in the ion beam assisted deposition of magnesium oxide Groves, J. R., Hammond, R. H., Matias, V., DePaula, R. F., Stan, L., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2012: 28-32
  • Understanding the role of grain boundaries in sulfide thin film solar cells with scanning probe microscopy Li, J., B., Chawla, V., Clemens, B., M. 2012
  • III-V nitride semiconductors for solar hydrogen production Parameshwaran, V., Gallinat, C., Enck, Ryan, W., Sampath, Anand, V., Shen, Paul, H., Kuykendall, T., Clemens, B. M. 2012
  • Biaxial Texturing of Inorganic Photovoltaic Thin Films Using Low Energy Ion Beam Irradiation During Growth Clemens, B. 2010
  • Optimization of Ion Assist Beam Deposition of Magnesium Oxide Template Films During Initial Nucleation and Growth Groves, James, R., Hammond, Robert, H., Matias, V., Stan, L., Depaula, Raymond, F., Clemens, Bruce, M. 2010
  • Ion-beam Texturing at Nucleation –Manipulation of Crystallographic Orientation in Cubic Materials at the Nanometer Scale Groves, J. R., Hammond, R. H., Marshall, A. F., DePaula, R. F., Stan, L., Clemens, B. M. 2009
  • Investigation of Early Nucleation Events in Magnesium Oxide During Ion Beam Assisted Deposition Groves, J., R, Hammond, R., H, Depaula, R., F, Clemens, B., M 2009
  • Process integration and electrical properties of bilayer metal gate/high-k MOSFETs Lu, C., Wong, G., M.T., Deal, M., Clemens, B., M., Nishi, Y. 2007
  • The capacity enhancement of room temperature hydrogen storage in HiPco SWNT by electrochemical deposition of palladium nanoparticles Lee, Y., Bhowmick, R., Clemens, Bruce, M. 2005
  • The strain-assisted nucleation and growth behavior of Co islands: An indirect study of nanopatterning using the remanent magnetization measurement (Delta M) Lee, Y., W., Clemens, B., M. 2004
  • X-ray scattering investigation of surfactant-assisted growth in Co/Cu multilayers Peterson, B. L., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2003: 157-161
  • Oxygen-assisted growth of Co/Cu multilayers investigated with X-ray scattering Peterson, B. L., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2003: 145-150
  • Growth and properties of small Co islands on a strained Pt surface Sabiryanov, R. F., Cho, K., Larsson, M. I., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2003: 365-368
  • Nanopaterning of periodically strained surfaces: a kinetic Monte Carlo study Larsson, M., I., Sabiryanov, R., F., Cho, K., J., Clemens, B., M. 2003
  • Diffusion mechanism for self assembly on inhomogeneously strained surfaces Larsson, M., I., Sabiryanov, R., F., Cho, K., J., Clemens, B., M. 2003
  • Temperature dependence of nanopatterning of inhomogeneously strained surfaces Larsson, M., I., Clemens, B., M., Sabiryanov, R., F., Cho, K., J. 2003
  • High-strength nanoscal AlAl3Sc multilayers formed by interface reaction Clemens, B. 2002
  • Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of strain-induced nanopatterning on hexagonal surfaces Larsson, M., I., Lee, B., Sabiryanov, R., Cho, K., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 2002
  • Observation of the strengthening of Pt layers in Ni/Pt and Pd/Pt multilayers by in-situ substrate curvature measurement Ramaswamy, V., Phillips, M. A., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. 2001: 887-892
  • Micromagnetic study of anisotropy sources in textured longitudinal media Khanna, G., Clemens, B. M., Zhou, H., Bertram, H. N. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 2001: 1468-1470
  • Polycrystalline Metal and magnetic Thin Films – 2000 edited by Clemens, B., M., Gignac, L., MacLaren, J., M. 2001
  • Multilayer materials for electrostatic switches Phillips, M., A., Peterson, B., L., Esber, C., M., wang, J., H, Clemens, B., M. 2001
  • Model for calculating substrate curvature during coalescence of Pt islands on an amorphous substrate Phillips, M., A., Ramaswamy, V., Clemens, B., M., Nix, W., D. 2000
  • Study of DC plasma oxidized Al2O3 barriers in spin dependent tunneling junctions using high resolution transmission electron microscopy Clark, T. E., Mancoff, F. B., Wang, S. X., Clemens, B. M., Sinclair, R. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1999: 2922-2924
  • Epitaxial Growth of Atomically Flat Spin Dependent Tunneling Junctions Li, Y., Wang, S., X., Mancoff, F., B., Clemens, B., M. 1999
  • Spin-dependent tunneling junctions with hard magnetic layer pinning Bobo, J. F., Mancoff, F. B., Bessho, K., Sharma, M., Sin, K., Guarisco, D., Wang, S. X., Clemens, B. M. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1998: 6685-6687
  • Stress Evolution in Sputtered FCC Metal Multilayers Ramaswamy, V., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1998
  • Stress Evolution During Growth of Sputtered Ni/Cu Multilayers Ramaswamy, V., Clemens, B., M., Nix, W., D. 1998
  • Optical spectroscopy investigations of half metallic ferromagnetic Heusler alloy thin films: PtMnSb, NiMnSb, and CuMnSb Bobo, J. F., Johnson, P. R., Kautzky, M., Mancoff, F. B., Tuncel, E., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1997: 4164-4166
  • Investigation of possible giant magnetoresistance limiting mechanisms in epitaxial PtMnSb thin films Kautzky, M. C., Mancoff, F. B., Bobo, J. F., Johnson, P. R., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1997: 4026-4028
  • Effects of lamination on soft magnetic properties of FeN films on sloping surfaces Sin, K., Wang, C. T., Wang, S. X., Clemens, B. M. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1997: 4507-4509
  • Structural transformations during growth of epitaxial Fe(001) thin films on Cu(001) and Pt(001) Clemens, B. M., Hufnagel, T. C., Kautzky, M. C., Bobo, J. F. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY. 1997: 9-20
  • Magnetic Anisotropy and Rotational Hysteresis Loss in Epitaxial TbFe2 (110 Films Wang, C., T., Khanna, G., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L. 1997
  • Structural and Magnetic Properties of XMnSb/PtMnSb C1b Heusler Alloy Superlattices (X=Ni,Cu) Bobo, J., F., Bessho, K., Mancoff, F., B., Johnson, P., R., Kautzky, M., C., White, R., L., Clemens, B. M. 1997
  • Optical Spectroscopy Investigations of Half Metallic Ferromagnetic Heusler Alloy Thin Films: PtMnSb, NiMnSb, and CuMnSb Bobo, J., F., Johnson, P., R., Kautzky, M., C., Mancoff, F., B., Tuncel, E., White, R., L., Clemens, B. M. 1997
  • Structural Transformations due to Intermixing During Deposition of Fe/Pt(001) Epitaxial Multilayers Hufnagel, T., C., Kautxky, M., C., Ramaswamy, V., Leming, A., Clemens, B., M. 1997
  • Investigations of Possible GMR-Limiting Mechanisms in Epitaxial PtMnSb Thin Films Kautzky, M., C., Mancoff, F., B., Bobo, J., F., Johnson, P., R., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1997
  • Volume 41 of Advances in X-ray Analysis Clemens, B., M. 1997
  • Structural transformations due to intermixing during deposition of Fe/Pt(001) epitaxial multilayers Hufnagel, T. C., Kautzky, M. C., Ramaswamy, V., Leming, A., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY. 1997: 367-372
  • Effects of substrate on the magnetic properties of epitaxial TbFe2(111) films Wang, C. T., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1996: 4752-4754
  • Observation of giant magnetoresistance in a Heusler alloy spin valve Johnson, P. R., Kautzky, M. C., Mancoff, F. B., Kondo, R., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1996: 4615-4617
  • MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES OF NIFE SPUTTERED ON SLOPING SURFACES Jones, R. E., Williams, J., Spector, L., Lin, C. J., Wang, S., Pichai, S., Clemens, B. M. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1995: 3817-3819
  • ASYMMETRIC MAGNETOOPTIC RESPONSE IN EPITAXIAL FE(110)/MO(110) THIN-FILMS Osgood, R. M., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1995: 3331-3333
  • STRUCTURE AND CORROSION PROPERTIES OF AL/SI AND FE/ZR MULTILAYERS Nakayama, T., Yamamoto, K., Satoh, H., Konno, T. J., Clemens, B. M., Sinclair, R. ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. 1995: 19-24
  • Pair ordering anisotropy in amorphous Tb-Fe thin films Hufnagel, T. C., Brennan, S., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 239-244
  • Second Order Magneto-Optic Effects in Epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) Bilayers Osgood III, R., M., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Enhanced Hardness and Stress-Driven Delamination in Fe/Pt Multilayers Daniels, B., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Surface Anisotropy in Epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) Multilayers Osgood III, R., M., White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • In-situ observation of stress in Cu/Pd multilayers Ueda, T., Simenson, G., F., Nix, W., D., Clemens, Bruce, M. 1995
  • Effect of Structure, Stress, Strain, and Alloying on the Hardness of Fe(001)/Pt(001) Epitaxial Multilayers Daniels, B., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Enhanced Properties of Ag/Cr Multilayered Epitaxial Thin Films English, G., R., Simenson, G., F., Clemens, B., M., Nix, W., D. 1995
  • Epitaxial Growth of (001)- and (111)-Oriented PtMnSb Films and Multilayers Kautzky, M., C., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Pair Ordering Anisotropy in Amorphous Tb-Fe Thin Films Hufnagel, T., C., Brennan, S., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • The Effect of Impurity Doping of the Magnetic Layer on the Magnetoresistance and Saturation Field of FeCr/Cr and CoCu/Cu Multilayers Daniels, B., J., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Structure and Properties of Multilayered Thin Films edited by Nguyen, T., D., Lairson, B., M., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • Evolution of Thin Film and Surface Structure and Morphology edited by Demczyk, B., G., Garfunkel, E., Clemens, B., M. 1995
  • The effect of impurity doping of the magnetic layer on the magnetoresistance and saturation field of FeCr/Cr and CoCu/Cu multilayers Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 347-352
  • Second order magneto-optic effects in epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) bilayers Osgood, R. M., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 491-497
  • In-situ observation of stress in Cu/Pd multilayers Ueda, T., SIMENSON, G. F., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 279-284
  • Mechanical properties of Ag/Cr multilayered epitaxial thin films ENGLISH, G. R., SIMENSON, G. F., Clemens, B. M., Nix, W. D. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY. 1995: 363-368
  • Enhanced hardness and stress-driven delamination in Fe/Pt multilayers Daniels, B. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 315-320
  • Epitaxial growth of (001)- and (111)-oriented PtMnSb films and multilayers Kautzky, M. C., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 109-114
  • Surface anisotropy in epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) multilayers Osgood, R. M., White, R. L., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1995: 209-214
  • MAGNETIC AND STRUCTURAL MODIFICATIONS IN FE AND NI FILMS PREPARED BY ION-ASSISTED DEPOSITION Lewis, W. A., Farle, M., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1994: 5644-5646
  • INPLANE MAGNETIC AND STRUCTURAL ANISOTROPIES IN NI AND FE FILMS PRODUCED BY ION-ASSISTED DEPOSITION Lewis, W. A., Farle, M., Clemens, B. M., White, R. L. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1994: 857-862
  • Enhanced Mechanical Hardness in Compositionally Modulated Fe/Pt and Fe/Cr Epitaxial Thin Films Daniels, B., J., Nix, W., D., Clemens, B., M. 1994
  • Strain, Stress, and Magnetic Surface Anisotropy of Epitaxial Fe(110)/Mo(110) Multilayers Osgood III, R., M., Clemens, B., M., White, R., L., Brennan, S. 1994
  • Atomically Layered Structures for Perpendicular Magnetic Information Storage Lairson, B., M., Visokay, M., R., Sinclair, R., Brennan, S., M., Clemens, B., M., Perez, J. 1994
  • Interfacial Structure and Mechanical Properties of Compositionally-Modulated Au-Ni Thin Films Baker, S., P., Bain, J., A., Clemens, B., M., Nix, W., D. 1994
  • ENHANCED MECHANICAL HARDNESS IN COMPOSITIONALLY MODULATED FE PT AND FE CR EPITAXIAL THIN-FILMS Daniels, B. J., Nix, W. D., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1994: 549-554
  • STRUCTURE OF SPUTTER-DEPOSITED PT/FE AND CR/FE MULTILAYERS Williamson, D. L., Lairson, B. M., Payne, A. P., Rensing, N. M., Clemens, B. M. SPRINGER. 1994: 1271-1279
  • EPITAXIAL PTFE AND PTCO(001) THIN-FILMS WITH PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC-ANISOTROPY Lairson, B. M., Visokay, M. R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 577-579
  • STRUCTURE AND CORROSION PROPERTIES OF FE/ZR MULTILAYERS Nakayama, T., Satoh, H., Konno, T. J., Clemens, B. M., Stevenson, D. A., Sinclair, R., HAGSTROM, S. B. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 105-107
  • MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MAGNETIC FE/PT MULTILAYER THIN-FILMS BY TRANSMISSION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY Visokay, M. R., Lairson, B. M., Clemens, B. M., Sinclair, R. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 136-140
  • AMORPHOUS-ALLOYS FORMED BY SOLID-STATE REACTION Clemens, B. M., Hufnagel, T. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA LAUSANNE. 1993: 221-227
  • INSITU OBSERVATION OF ANISOTROPIC STRAIN RELAXATION IN EPITAXIAL FE (110) FILMS ON MO (110) Clemens, B. M., Osgood, R., Payne, A. P., Lairson, B. M., Brennan, S., White, R. L., Nix, W. D. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 37-41
  • THE EFFECT OF ROUGHNESS ON THE MAGNETORESISTANCE OF FE/CR MULTILAYERS Rensing, N. M., Payne, A. P., Clemens, B. M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1993: 436-439
  • X-RAY-DIFFRACTION CHARACTERIZATION OF STRESS AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC TEXTURE IN THIN-FILM MEDIA Bain, J. A., Clemens, B. M., Brennan, S. M., Kataoka, H. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. 1993: 300-306
  • In-Situ Observation of Epitaxial Strains in Cu (001) on Fe (001) During the Initial Stages of Growth Payne, A., P., Lairson, B., M., Daniels, B., J., Rensing, N., M., Bain, J., A., Osgood, R., Clemens, B. M. 1993
  • In-situ observation of the initial stages of Co (0001) epitaxy on Pt (111) using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Bain, J., A., Clemens, B., M., Brennan, S. 1993
  • In-situ X-ray measurements of the initial epitaxy of Fe(001) films on MgO(001) Lairson, B., M., Brennan, S., Rensing, N., M., Daniels, B., J., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of PtCo (001) and PtFe (001) Films Formed From Epitaxial Pt/Co and Pt/Fe Multilayers Visokay, M., R., Lairson, B., M., Clemens, B., M., Sinclair, R. 1993
  • Microstructural dependence of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in Co-Pt alloys Marinero, E., E., Farrow, R., F.C., Geiss, R., H., Harp, G., Bain, J., A., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Structural characterization of Pt/Co multilayers for magnetooptic recording using x-ray diffraction Bain, J., A., Clemens, B., M., Brennan, S., M. 1993
  • Giant Magnetoresistance in Annealed Fe/Cr Multilayers Rensing, N., M., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Structural Properties of Anisotropic PtCo (001) and PtFe (001) Thin Films on MgO (001) Lairson, B., M., Visokay, M., R., Sinclair, R., Brennan, S., M., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of PtFe(001) and PtCo(001) thin films Lairson, B., M., Visokay, M., R., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Structure and Magnetic Properties of Fe/Zr Multilayer Films Konno, T., J., Nakayama, T., Clemens, B., M., Sinclair, R. 1993
  • Strain Relaxation During Growth of Epitaxial Fe (001) on Cu (001)/MgO (001) Daniels, B., J., Rensing, N., M., Brennan, S., Lairson, B., M., Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • Evolution of Gd Thin Films Structure Due to Amorphization by Co Deposition Hufnagel, T., C., Bertero, G., A., Sinclair, R., Clemens, B., M. 1993
  • IN-SITU X-RAY MEASUREMENTS OF THE INITIAL EPITAXY OF FE(001) FILMS ON MGO(001) Lairson, B. M., Payne, A. P., Brennan, S., Rensing, N. M., Daniels, B. J., Clemens, B. M. MATERIALS RESEARCH SOC. 1993: 441-444
  • AN APPARATUS FOR STUDYING SPUTTER DEPOSITION WITH X-RAYS Payne, A. P., Clemens, B. M., Brennan, S. AMER INST PHYSICS. 1992: 1147-1149
  • Structural Characterization of Multilayers Using X-Ray Diffraction Clemens, B., M., Bain, J., A., Payne, A., P., Hufnagel, T., C., Brennan, S., M. 1992
  • Influence of Layer Structure on Antiferromagnetic Exchange Coupling of Iron Films Through Chromium Interlayers Payne, A., P., ataoka, H., K, Farley, M., Clemens, B., M. 1992
  • The Role of Next-Nearest Neighbors in the Néel Model of Surface Anisotropy for BCC Crystals White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1992
  • Magnetic Anisotropy of Epitaxial Co/Pt Superlattices Chien, C., J., Clemens, B., M., Hagstrom, S., B., Farrow, R., F.C., Lee, C., H., Marinero, E., E. 1992
  • Magnetic Anisotropy of Crystalline Defects Clemens, B., M., White, R., L., Nix, W., D., Bain, J., A. 1992
  • An Examination of Néel Surface Anisotropy for Cubic Metals White, R., L., Clemens, B., M. 1991
  • Coherency Stresses in Mo/Ni Multilayer Films Bain, J., A., Chyung, L., J., Clemens, B., M., Brennan, S. 1991
  • Magnetic Materials: Microstructure and Properties edited by Suzuki, T., Sugita, Y., Clemens, B., M. 1991
  • Determination of the Elastic Strain State In Mo/Ni Multilayers Chyung, L., J., Clemens, B., M. 1990
  • Thin Film Structures and Phase Stability edited by Clemens, B., M., Johnson, W., L. 1990
  • Interfacial Composition and Structure in Pt/Ni and Pt/Nb Multilayer Films Bain, J., A., Clemens, B., M. 1990
  • The Application of Glancing Angle EXAFS to Study the Structure of Platinum-Nickel Multilayers Lamble, G., M., Heald, S., M., Clemens, B., M. 1990
  • Cu-Cr Multilayers and Thin Alloy Films Payne, A., P., Clemens, B., M. 1990
  • Influence of Ion Mixing on the Depth Resolution of Sputter Depth Profiling Cheng, Y, T., Dow, A., A., Clemens, B., M., Cirlin, E. 1989
  • Thin Films of YBaCuO Deposited Using Three Target Co-Sputtering and Their Application to Microbridge Junctions Josefowicz, J., Y., Rensch, D., B., Hunter, A., T., Kimura, H., Clemens, B., M., Spargo, J. 1988
  • Rapid Melting and Quenching with Microsecond Current Pulses Clemens, B., M., Gilgenbach, R., M. 1988
  • Amorphous Alloys From Microsecond Current Pulses Clemens, B., M. 1987
  • Transient Thermoreflectance Studies of Thermal Transport Across Metal-Metal Interfaces Paddock, C., A., Eesley, G., L. 1987
  • Structure of Copper-Hafnium Multilayers Clemens, B., M., Stec, J., P., Heald, S., M., Tranquada, J., M. 1987
  • Interface Structure and Solid State Reactions of Fe/Zr Multilayers Clemens, B., M., Williamson, D., L. 1987
  • Time-Resolved Thermal and Acoustic Pulse-Echo Measurements in Condensed Matter Eesley, G., L., Paddock, C., A., Clemens, B., M. 1987