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  • Distinct Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes defined by noninvasive genomic profiling. Nature Alig, S. K., Esfahani, M. S., Garofalo, A., Li, M. Y., Rossi, C., Flerlage, T., Flerlage, J. E., Adams, R., Binkley, M. S., Shukla, N., Jin, M. C., Olsen, M., Telenius, A., Mutter, J. A., Schroers-Martin, J. G., Sworder, B. J., Rai, S., King, D. A., Schultz, A., Bögeholz, J., Su, S., Kathuria, K. R., Liu, C. L., Kang, X., Strohband, M. J., Langfitt, D., Pobre-Piza, K. F., Surman, S., Tian, F., Spina, V., Tousseyn, T., Buedts, L., Hoppe, R., Natkunam, Y., Fornecker, L. M., Castellino, S. M., Advani, R., Rossi, D., Lynch, R., Ghesquières, H., Casasnovas, O., Kurtz, D. M., Marks, L. J., Link, M. P., André, M., Vandenberghe, P., Steidl, C., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. 2023


    The scarcity of malignant Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells hamper tissue-based comprehensive genomic profiling of classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Liquid biopsies, in contrast, show promise for molecular profiling of cHL due to relatively high circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels1-4. Here, we show that the plasma representation of mutations exceeds the bulk tumor representation in most cases, making cHL particularly amenable to noninvasive profiling. Leveraging single-cell transcriptional profiles of cHL tumors, we demonstrate HRS ctDNA shedding to be shaped by DNASE1L3, whose increased tumor microenvironment-derived expression drives high ctDNA concentrations. Using this insight, we comprehensively profile 366 patients, revealing two distinct cHL genomic subtypes with characteristic clinical and prognostic correlates, as well as distinct transcriptional and immunological profiles. Furthermore, we identify a novel class of truncating IL4R-mutations that are dependent on IL13 signaling and therapeutically targetable with IL4R blocking antibodies. Finally, using PhasED-Seq5 we demonstrate the clinical value of pre- and on-treatment ctDNA levels for longitudinally refining cHL risk prediction, and for detection of radiographically occult minimal residual disease. Collectively, these results support the utility of noninvasive strategies for genotyping and dynamic monitoring of cHL as well as capturing molecularly distinct subtypes with diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41586-023-06903-x

    View details for PubMedID 38081297

  • High PDL1/PDL2 gene expression correlates with worse outcome in primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma BLOOD ADVANCES Camus, V., Viailly, P., Drieux, F., Veresezan, E., Sesques, P., Haioun, C., Durot, E., Patey, M., Rossi, C., Martin, L., Rainville, V., Bohers, E., Ruminy, P., Penther, D., Kaltenbach, S., Bruneau, J., Paillassa, J., Tournilhac, O., Willaume, A., Antier, C., Lazarovici, J., Leveque, E., Decazes, P., Becker, S., Tonnelet, D., Berriolo-Riedinger, A., Gaulard, P., Tilly, H., Molina, T., Traverse-Glehen, A., Jardin, F. 2023; 7 (23): 7331-7345


    Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is an uncommon entity of aggressive B-cell lymphoma with an unusually good prognosis, except for 10-15% of chemotherapy-refractory cases. To identify earlier these higher risk patients, we performed molecular characterization of a retrospective multicenter cohort of patients treated with firstline immunochemotherapy. The traits of the patients with gene-expression profiling data (n = 120) were as follows: median age of 34 years (range, 18-67 years); female sex, 58.3%; elevated lactate dehydrogenase, 82.5%; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 to 1, 85.7%; Ann Arbor stage I/II, 55%; International Prognostic Index score of 1 to 2, 64.4%; and median metabolic tumor volume, 290.4 cm3 (range, 15.7-1147.5 cm3). Among all 137 markers tested for correlation with survival data, only programmed death-ligand (PDL) 1 and PDL2 expression showed a prognostic impact. Overall, both PDL1 and PDL2 genes were highly expressed in 37 patients (30.8%; PDL1high/PDL2high). The baseline clinical characteristics of patients with PDL1high/PDL2high were similar to those of other patients. In univariate analysis, PDL1high/PDL2high status was associated with poor progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio [HR], 4.292) and overall survival (OS; HR, 8.24). In multivariate analysis, PDL1high/PDL2high status was an independent prognostic factor of adverse outcomes (PFS: HR, 5.22; OS: HR, 10.368). We validated these results in an independent cohort of 40 patients and confirmed the significant association between PDL1high/PDL2high status and inferior PFS (HR, 6.11). High PDL1/PDL2 gene expression defines a population with strong immune privilege and poorer outcomes from standard chemotherapy who might benefit from firstline checkpoint inhibitor therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1182/bloodadvances.2023011169

    View details for Web of Science ID 001135355300001

    View details for PubMedID 37862676

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10701594

  • Genomic, Transcriptional, and Immunological Validation of Distinct Molecular Subtypes of Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma through Tissue-Based and Noninvasive Methods Alig, S. K., Esfahani, M., Garofalo, A., Li, M., Rossi, C., Flerlage, T., Flerlage, J. E., Adams, R., Binkley, M. S., Shukla, N., Jin, M., Olsen, M., Telenius, A., Mutter, J. A., Schroers-Martin, J., Sworder, B. J., Rai, S., King, D., Schultz, A., Bogeholz, J., Su, S., Kathuria, K. R., Liu, C., Kang, X., Langfitt, D. M., Pobre-Piza, K., Tian, F., Strohband, M. J., Spina, V., Tousseyn, T., Buedts, L., Fornecker, L., Castellino, S. M., Advani, R. H., Rossi, D., Lynch, R. C., Ghesquieres, H., Casasnovas, O., Kurtz, D. M., Marks, L. J., Link, M. P., Andre, M., Vandenberghe, P., Steidl, C., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2023
  • Longitudinal Noninvasive Surveillance & Fragmentomic Characterization of Follicular Lymphoma Schroers-Martin, J., Mutter, J. A., Esfahani, M., Scherer, F., Soo, J., Alig, S. K., Kurtz, D. M., Sugio, T., Rossi, C., Tessoulin, B., Olsen, M., Liu, C., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2023
  • Inferred Gene Expression By Cell-Free DNA Profiling Allows Noninvasive Lymphoma Classification Mutter, J. A., Esfahani, M., Schroers-Martin, J., Alig, S. K., Hamilton, M. P., Sworder, B. J., Tessoulin, B., Boegeholz, J., Flerlage, T., Flerlage, J. E., Binkley, M. S., Sugio, T., Rossi, C., Olsen, M., Liu, C., Le Gouill, S., Kurtz, D. M., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2023
  • An Integrated Multimodal Framework for Noninvasive TCL Disease Detection and Monitoring Sugio, T., Shukla, N., Khodadoust, M. S., Nesselbush, M., Kato, K., Alig, S. K., Boegeholz, J., Schroers-Martin, J., Esfahani, M., Mutter, J. A., Garofalo, A., Jun, S., Hamilton, M. P., Rossi, C., Olsen, M., Liu, C., Akashi, K., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2023
  • Patient-derived lymphoma spheroids integrating immune tumor microenvironment as preclinical follicular lymphoma models for personalized medicine JOURNAL FOR IMMUNOTHERAPY OF CANCER Faria, C., Gava, F., Gravelle, P., Valero, J., Dobano-Lopez, C., Van Acker, N., Quelen, C., Jalowicki, G., Morin, R., Rossi, C., Lagarde, J., Fournie, J., Ysebaert, L., Laurent, C., Perez-Galan, P., Bezombes, C. 2023; 11 (10)


    Follicular lymphoma (FL), the most common indolent non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, is a heterogeneous disease and a paradigm of the contribution of immune tumor microenvironment to disease onset, progression, and therapy resistance. Patient-derived models are scarce and fail to reproduce immune phenotypes and therapeutic responses.To capture disease heterogeneity and microenvironment cues, we developed a patient-derived lymphoma spheroid (FL-PDLS) model culturing FL cells from lymph nodes (LN) with an optimized cytokine cocktail that mimics LN stimuli and maintains tumor cell viability.FL-PDLS, mainly composed of tumor B cells (60% on average) and autologous T cells (13% CD4 and 3% CD8 on average, respectively), rapidly organizes into patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) structures of three different morphotypes according to 3D imaging analysis. RNAseq analysis indicates that FL-PDLS reproduces FL hallmarks with the overexpression of cell cycle, BCR, or mTOR signaling related gene sets. FL-PDLS also recapitulates the exhausted immune phenotype typical of FL-LN, including expression of BTLA, TIGIT, PD-1, TIM-3, CD39 and CD73 on CD3+ T cells. These features render FL-PDLS an amenable system for immunotherapy testing. With this aim, we demonstrate that the combination of obinutuzumab (anti-CD20) and nivolumab (anti-PD1) reduces tumor load in a significant proportion of FL-PDLS. Interestingly, B cell depletion inversely correlates with the percentage of CD8+ cells positive for PD-1 and TIM-3.In summary, FL-PDLS is a robust patient-derived 3D system that can be used as a tool to mimic FL pathology and to test novel immunotherapeutic approaches in a context of personalized medicine.

    View details for DOI 10.1136/jitc-2023-007156

    View details for Web of Science ID 001099616000003

    View details for PubMedID 37899130

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10619028

  • [Frontline therapy for classical Hodgkin lymphoma patients]. La Revue du praticien Rossi, C., Casasnovas, O. 2023; 73 (6): 625-632


    FRONTLINE THERAPY FOR CLASSICAL HODGKIN LYMPHOMA PATIENTS. Upfront first-line chemotherapy is indicated for all features of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma, followed by involved node radiotherapy in early stages; the ABVD protocol (doxorubicin (Adriamycin), bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) is the international standard of care. The 7-agent BEACOPP protocol (bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine (Oncovin), procarbazine, prednisone) is used in advanced stages in its «escalated» version (BEAesc). During the 2010 decade, it has been demonstrated that strategies guided by positron emission tomography (PET) allows optimizing the benefit/risk ratio of the treatment by decreasing the intensity of therapies for good responders and intensifying treatment of poor responders. Thus, early PET response evaluation is now essential to adapt the treatment intensity. Despite these major advances, several issues remain, including the management of acute and long-term side effects of first-line treatments, the better options for refractory patients, the place and optimization of radiotherapy, and the place for new therapeutic agents such as the anti-CD30 conjugate antibody (brentuximab vedotin) and PD-1 inhibitors in the first-line treatment setting.

    View details for PubMedID 37458551

  • Tandem haematopoietic stem cell transplantation versus single cell transplant and BV maintenance in relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: A matched cohort analysis from the LYSA BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY Marouf, A., Molinari, N., Sibon, D., Cottereau, A. S., Kanoun, S., Antoine, C., Debureaux, P. E., Cavalieri, D., Fornecker, L. M., Casasnovas, R. O., Herbaux, C., Amorim, S., Rossi, C., Bouscary, D., Brice, P., Ghesquieres, H., Tamburini, J., Deau, B. 2023


    Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (ASCT) is the standard curative treatment for patients with high-risk relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (R/R HL). The AETHERA study showed survival gain with Brentuximab Vedotin (BV) maintenance after ASCT in BV-naive patients, which was recently confirmed in the retrospective AMAHRELIS cohort, including a majority of BV-exposed patients. However, this approach has not been compared to intensive tandem auto/auto or auto/allo transplant strategies, which were used before BV approval. Here, we matched BV maintenance (AMAHRELIS) and tandem SCT (HR2009) cohorts, and observed that BV maintenance was associated with better survival outcome in patients with HR R/R HL.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/bjh.18859

    View details for Web of Science ID 000988241000001

    View details for PubMedID 37192755

  • Factors influencing access to specialised haematology units during acute myeloblastic leukaemia patient care: A population-based study in France CANCER MEDICINE Atsou, K., Rachet, B., Cornet, E., Chretien, M., Rossi, C., Remontet, L., Roche, L., Giorgi, R., Gauthier, S., Girard, S., Bockle, J., Wasse, S., Rachou, H., Bouzid, L., Poncet, J., Orazio, S., Monnereau, A., Troussard, X., Mounier, M., Maynadie, M. 2023


    The excess mortality observed in Acute Myeloblastic Leukaemia (AML) patients, partly attributed to unequal access to curative treatments, could be linked to care pathways.We included 1039 AML incident cases diagnosed between 2012-2016 from the 3 French blood cancer registries (3,625,400 inhabitants). We describe patients according to age, the medical entry unit and access to the specialised haematology unit (SHU) during follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression model was done to determine the association between covariables and access to SHU. A total of 713 patients (69%) had access to SHU during care.The most common care pathway concerned referral from the general practitioner to SHU, n = 459(44%). The univariate analysis observed a downward trend for the most deprived patients. Patients who consulted in SHU were younger (66 years vs. 83, p < 0.001), and 92% had access to cytogenetic analysis (vs. 54%, p < 0.001). They also had less poor prognosis AML-subtypes (AML-MRC, t-AML/MDS and AML-NOS) (38% vs. 69%); 77% with de novo AML (vs. 67%, p < 0.003)], more favourable cytogenetic prognostic status (23% vs. 6%, p < 0.001), less comorbidities (no comorbidity = 55% vs. 34%, p < 0.001) and treatments proposed were curative 68% (vs. 5.3%, p < 0.001). Factors limiting access to SHU were age over 80 years (OR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.04-0.38), severe comorbidities (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.21-0.69), emergency unit referral (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.18-0.44) and non-SHU referral (OR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.07-0.18). Consultation in an academic hospital increased access to SHU by 8.87 times (95% CI, 5.64-14.2).The high proportion of access to cytogenetic testing and curative treatment among patients admitted to SHU, and the importance of early treatment in AML underlines the importance of access to SHU for both diagnosis and treatment.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/cam4.5645

    View details for Web of Science ID 000923410300001

    View details for PubMedID 36710405

  • Influence of Sociodemographic Determinants on the Hodgkin Lymphoma Baseline Characteristics in Long Survivors Patients Enrolled in the Prospective Phase 3 Trial AHL2011. Cancers Chevreux, S., de Barros, S., Laurent, C., Durand, A., Delpierre, C., Robert, P., Joubert, C., Griolet, S., Kanoun, S., Bastie, J. N., Casasnovas, R. O., Rossi, C. 2022; 15 (1)


    Whereas numerous studies on several cancers describe the link between social conditions and disease severity, little is known about the social and demographic characteristics of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients. At diagnosis, 10-15% of the patients in the advanced stages have a well-known poor outcome owing to their chemoresistance, but the determinants of the more advanced stages remain elusive. The objective of the present study was to decipher the potential impact of social disparities on the disease features at diagnosis and analyze how the sociodemographic patient features could impact the HL outcome of patients with advanced-stage HL enrolled in the AHL2011 trial.This ancillary study was conducted on a cohort of patients from French centers that had recruited more than five patients in the phase III AHL2011 study (NCT0135874). Patients had to be alive at the time of the ancillary study and had to have given their consent to answer the questionnaire. Pre-treatment data (age, gender, stage, B symptoms, IPS), the treatment received, the responses to PET-CT, and the presence of serious adverse events (serious adverse events-SAEs) were all extracted from the AHL2011 trial database. Sociodemographic data-marital status, living area, level of education, socio-professional category, and professional situation-were extracted from the questionnaires. The population density at the point of diagnosis was determined based on ZIP Code, and the distance from the reference medical center was then calculated by the road network. Baseline PET acquisition was performed before any treatment. PET images at baseline were centrally reviewed. The total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) at the baseline was calculated using a 41% SUVmax cutoff for each lesion. Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first progression, relapse, or death from any cause or the last follow-up. The data cutoff for the analyses presented here was 31 October 2017. The progression-free survival was analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis.Among the 823 patients enrolled in the AHL2011 study, the questionnaire was sent to 394 patients, of whom 232 (58.9%) responded. At the time of HL diagnosis, 61.9% (N = 143) of patients declared that they were not socially isolated, 38.1% (N = 88) that they were single, 163 (71.2%) had a professional activity, and 66 (28.8%) were inactive owing to unemployment, retirement, or sick leave. Of the patients, 31.1% (N = 71) lived in a rural region, compared to 68.9% (N = 157) that lived in an urban region. The residence ZIP Code at the time of HL diagnosis was available for 163 (70%). Sociodemographic characteristics did not influence the presence of usual prognostic factors (ECOG, B symptoms, bulky mass, IPS) except for professional activity, which was associated with more frequent low IPS (0-2) (79 (48.5%) active versus 20 (30.3%) inactive patients; p = 0.012). Likewise, no correlation was observed between TMTV and sociodemographic characteristics. However, the TMTV quartile distribution was different according to the living area, with the two upper quartiles being enriched with patients living in a rural area (p = 0.008). Moreover, a negative correlation between the average number of the living area's inhabitants and TMTV (R Pearson = -0.29, p = 0.0004) was observed.This study focused on sociodemographic parameters in advanced-stage HL patients and shows that professional activity is associated with more favorable disease features (low IPS), while patients living in rural or low-populated areas are more likely to have an unfavorable HL presentation with a high tumor burden (high TMTV). These data suggest that some patient sociodemographic characteristics might impact either access to medical care or environmental exposure, leading to a higher frequency of unfavorable presentations. Further prospective sociodemographic studies are necessary to confirm these preliminary results.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/cancers15010053

    View details for PubMedID 36612050

  • High-risk stage IIB Hodgkin lymphoma treated in the H10 and AHL2011 trials: total metabolic tumor volume is a useful risk factor to stratify patients at baseline HAEMATOLOGICA Lichtman, M. A., Reading, E. M. 2022; 107 (12): 2897-2904


    Stage IIB Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients, with a mediastinum-to-thorax (M/T) ratio of ≥0.33 or extranodal localization have a poor prognosis and are treated either as limited or advanced stage. We compared these two approaches in patients included in two randomized phase III trials enrolling previously untreated early (H10) or advanced stage HL (AHL2011). We included HL patients with Ann-Arbor stage IIB with M/T ≥0.33 or extranodal involvement enrolled in the H10 or AHL2011 trials with available positron emission tomography at baseline (PET0) and after two cycles of chemotherapy (PET2). Baseline total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) was calculated using the 41% SUVmax method. PET2 response assessment used the Deauville score. One hundred and fourty-eight patients were eligible, including 83 enrolled in the AHL2011 trial and 65 in the H10 trial. The median TMTV value was 155.5 mL (range, 8.3-782.9 mL), 165.6 mL in AHL2011 and 147 mL in H10. PET2 positivity rates were 16.9% (n=14) and 9.2% (n=6) in AHL2011 and H10 patients, respectively. With a median follow-up of 4.1 years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.9-4.4), overall 4-year PFS was 88.0%, 87.0% in AHL2011 and 89.2% in H10. In univariate and mutivariate analyses, baseline TMTV and PET2 response influenced significantly progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR]=4.94, HR=3.49 respectively). Notably, among the 16 patients who relapsed, 13 (81%) had a baseline TMTV baseline ≥155 mL. Upfront ABVD plus radiation therapy or upfront escBEACOPP without radiotherapy provide similar patient's outcome in high-risk stage IIB HL. TMTV is useful to stratify these patients at baseline.

    View details for DOI 10.3324/haematol.2021.280004

    View details for Web of Science ID 000917249000016

    View details for PubMedID 35638548

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9713544

  • Repeat Element Activation-Driven Inflammation: Role of NFkappaB and Implications in Normal Development and Cancer? Biomedicines Dumetier, B., Sauter, C., Hajmirza, A., Pernon, B., Aucagne, R., Fournier, C., Row, C., Guidez, F., Rossi, C., Lepage, C., Delva, L., Callanan, M. B. 2022; 10 (12)


    The human genome is composed of unique DNA sequences that encode proteins and unique sequence noncoding RNAs that are essential for normal development and cellular differentiation. The human genome also contains over 50% of genome sequences that are repeat in nature (tandem and interspersed repeats) that are now known to contribute dynamically to genetic diversity in populations, to be transcriptionally active under certain physiological conditions, and to be aberrantly active in disease states including cancer, where consequences are pleiotropic with impact on cancer cell phenotypes and on the tumor immune microenvironment. Repeat element-derived RNAs play unique roles in exogenous and endogenous cell signaling under normal and disease conditions. A key component of repeat element-derived transcript-dependent signaling occurs via triggering of innate immune receptor signaling that then feeds forward to inflammatory responses through interferon and NFkappaB signaling. It has recently been shown that cancer cells display abnormal transcriptional activity of repeat elements and that this is linked to either aggressive disease and treatment failure or to improved prognosis/treatment response, depending on cell context and the amplitude of the so-called 'viral mimicry' response that is engaged. 'Viral mimicry' refers to a cellular state of active antiviral response triggered by endogenous nucleic acids often derived from aberrantly transcribed endogenous retrotransposons and other repeat elements. In this paper, the literature regarding transcriptional activation of repeat elements and engagement of inflammatory signaling in normal (focusing on hematopoiesis) and cancer is reviewed with an emphasis on the role of innate immune receptor signaling, in particular by dsRNA receptors of the RIG-1 like receptor family and interferons/NFkappaB. How repeat element-derived RNA reprograms cell identity through RNA-guided chromatin state modulation is also discussed.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/biomedicines10123101

    View details for PubMedID 36551854

  • Viral cfDNA Profiling Reveals Distinct EBV Subtypes and Stratifies Risk in Hodgkin Lymphomas Garofalo, A., Alig, S. K., Schroers-Martin, J., Shyam, R., Olsen, M., Kurtz, D. M., Rossi, C., Schultz, A., Kathuria, K. R., Liu, C., Spina, V., Flerlage, J. E., Castellino, S. M., Advani, R. H., Rossi, D., Lynch, R. C., Casasnovas, O., Marks, L. J., Link, M. P., Andre, M., Vandenberghe, P., Steidl, C., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2022: 1318-1319
  • Distinct Molecular Subtypes of Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Identified By Comprehensive Noninvasive Profiling Alig, S. K., Esfahani, M., Li, M. Y., Adams, R., Garofalo, A., Jin, M. C., Olsen, M., Telenius, A., Sworder, B., Schroers-Martin, J., King, D. A., Rossi, C., Schultz, A., Kathuria, K. R., Liu, C., Spina, V., Buedts, L., Flerlage, J. E., Castellino, S. M., Advani, R. H., Rossi, D., Lynch, R. C., Casasnovas, O., Kurtz, D. M., Marks, L. J., Link, M. P., Andre, M., Vandenberghe, P., Steidl, C., Diehn, M., Alizadeh, A. A. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2022: 1295-1296
  • Bendamustine Treatment in Refractory or Relapsed T Cell Lymphomas: A Retrospective Multicenter Study Reboursiere, E., Le Bras, F., Morschhauser, F., Gyan, E., Clavert, A., Malak, S., Sibon, D., Damge, M., Gardin, C., Fornecker, L., Garidi, R., Tricot, S., Houot, R., Joly, B., Abarah, W., Choufi, B., Pham, A., Chantepie, S. P., Fruchart, C., Gac, A., Ollivier, C., Marin, E., Safar, V., Parcelier, A., Maisonneuve, H., Bachy, E., Cartron, G., Jaccard, A., Tournilhac, O., Rossi, C., Perrot, A., Martignoles, J., Tilly, H., Damaj, G. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2015