Dr. Roh is a sports medicine specialist treating sports-related injuries from weekend warriors to professional athletes and Olympians with non-operative treatments including innovative ultrasound-guided minimally invasive interventions and "regenerative medicine." These procedures treat injuries in the shoulder, elbow, achilles and other joints.
He serves as a team physician for many elite sports teams including Stanford varsity and Team USA during the Olympic games. He also acted as a medical director for international events including the world ice hockey championship.
Dr. Roh’s research interests include non-surgical treatment outcome including "regenerative medicine" and application of ultrasound to assess tendinopathy and other musculoskeletal injuries.
- Non-operative Biologic treatment(PRP, Fat derived graft or bone marrow)
- Sports Injuries
- Musculoskeletal and Sports Ultrasound Medicine
- Physical Medicine and Rehab
- Musculoskeletal Regenerative Medicine
- Platelet-Rich Plasma
Clinical Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
SF 49ers, Consultant in Sports ultrasound and Orthobiologics injection treatment, Stanford University Sports Medicine (2013 - Present)
Golden State Warriors, Consultant in Sports ultrasound and Orthobiologics injection treatment, Stanford University Sports Medicine (2014 - 2019)
Team Physician, Stanford Athletic Department (2013 - Present)
Site Director, Residency Program PM&R, Stanford (2015 - Present)
Director, Stanford Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound Medicine Service (2011 - Present)
Member and Venue Medical Officer, 2018 Winter Olympic Organizing Committee, Medical division (2016 - Present)
Team Physician, USOC Team USA for 2018 Olympic games (2017 - 2018)
Honors & Awards
Best Teaching Award, Stanford PM&R (2016)
Arbor Free Clinic Chief Resident Award, Stanford University, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (2010)
Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations
Faculty and Mentor, Stanford ACGME PM&R Sports Medicine Fellowship (2011 - Present)
Primary team physician, Stanford Athletics (2011 - Present)
Committee Member, Stanford PM&R Education committee (2011 - Present)
Didactics organizer, Stanford PM&R Resident Musculoskeletal (2011 - Present)
Reviewer, Journal of Ultrasound Medicine (2014 - Present)
Member, American Registry For Diagnostic Medical Sonography (2011 - Present)
Member, Association of Academic Physiatrists (2011 - Present)
Member, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (2011 - Present)
Member, American Board of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (2011 - Present)
Member, American Association of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (2011 - Present)
Member, American Association of Pain Management in Ultrasound (2011 - Present)
Member, American Board of Internal Medicine (2011 - Present)
Member, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (2011 - Present)
Residency: MetroWest Medical Center Transitional Year (2007) MA
Board Certification: Sports Medicine, American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab (2012)
Residency: Stanford Hospital and Clinics (2010) CA
Fellowship: Harvard Medical School MGH - Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital (2011) MA
Medical Education: Yonsei University College Of Medicine (1999) South Korea
Board Certification, Sports Medicine, American Board of PM&R, ABFM (2012)
Board Certification, Musculoskeletal Ultrasound, ARDMS (American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography) (2012)
Board Certification: Physical Medicine and Rehab, American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab (2011)
Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (2007)
Community and International Work
2018 Winter Olympic games
Team USA physician
Opportunities for Student Involvement
2018 Winter Olympic Organization, South Korea
Test Events for Olympic games
PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games
Opportunities for Student Involvement
Current Research and Scholarly Interests
1. Peer-reviewed articles
1.Steele K, Roh EY, Ladd A, Rose J. Rotational velocity of the elite golf swing: Benchmarks for amateurs. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. Submitted.
2. Poster presentation and abstract
1. Lyly Minh, Roh EY, Distal Clavicular Osteolysis Associated with Hand-to- Hand and Combat: A Case Report, 2013 AAPM&R annual assembly
2. Dutton R, Klima R, Roh EY. Pelvic Digit As An Unusual Cause of Hip Pain: A Case Report, 2013 AAPM&R annual assembly
3. Patel A, Roh EY, Radicular Pain: A case Report, 2012 AAPM&R annual assembly
4. Roh EY, Mitra R. Chronic refractory coccydynia secondary to pilonidal cyst: A Case Report, 2010 AAPM&R annual assembly
5. Roh EY, Kay J. Use of digital pen and paper technology for collection of patient reported symptom and functional status improves physician documentation. Poster. 2005 American College of Rheumatology annual assembly.
6.Roh EY, Davis J. Clinical Characteristics of a US cohort of spondylitis patients. 2004 American College of Rheumatology annual assembly.
7.Roh EY, Tethered cord development following conservative management of acute spinal epidural hematoma. 2015 AAP Annual Meeting
The Effect of Micro Fragmented Adipose Tissue (MFAT) on Knee Osteoarthritis
This is a non-surgical trial comparing the clinical and functional outcomes of patients with osteoarthritis treated with Intra-articular injection of Micro Fragmented Adipose Tissue versus conventional therapy of intra-articular injection of corticosteroid.
Graduate and Fellowship Programs
PM& R Sports Medicine (Fellowship Program)
Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Guided Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment in Patients with Refractory Chronic Cervical Radicular Pain.
2020; 23 (3): E265–E272
BACKGROUND: The effect of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation for alleviating cervical radicular pain has been demonstrated in several previous studies.OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of PRF with ultrasound (US) guidance in patients with chronic cervical radicular pain that was refractory to repeated transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs).STUDY DESIGN: A prospective outcome study.SETTING: The outpatient clinic of a single academic medical center.METHODS: This study included 49 patients with chronic cervical radicular pain, unresponsive to repeated TFESIs, and who underwent PRF stimulation under US guidance. Using US, a cannula was inserted toward the cervical spinal nerve. The pain intensity was evaluated using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS-11) for cervical radicular pain at pretreatment and 1, 3, and 6 months posttreatment; and the Neck Disability Index (NDI) was used for evaluating functional disability before treatment and 6 months posttreatment. Successful pain relief was defined as >= 50% reduction in the NRS-11 score as compared with the score before treatment.RESULTS: Cervical radicular pain was significantly reduced at 1, 3, and 6 months post-PRF (P < 0.001). At 6 months post-PRF, functional disability (NDI score) had significantly reduced, and 63.3% of the patients achieved successful pain relief.LIMITATIONS: The small number of included patients and no long-term follow-up.CONCLUSIONS: PRF stimulation under the guidance of US is a potentially effective treatment method for managing refractory chronic cervical radicular pain.KEY WORDS: Ultrasound, pulsed radiofrequency, cervical radicular pain, chronic pain.
View details for PubMedID 32517402
Orthobiologics for the Hip Region: A Narrative Review.
PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
Management of hip region disorders is challenging. Orthobiologic treatments including platelet rich plasma (PRP), mesenchymal stem cell, and amniotic injectables have gained popularity as promising treatments despite a lack of robust evidence for their effectiveness. We review rationale and current evidence for orthobiologics for three common hip region conditions: hip osteoarthritis, gluteal tendinopathy, and proximal hamstring tendinopathy. Overall, the current state of evidence is extremely limited for orthobiologic treatments. and predominantly relevant to PRP injections. There is currently a lack of data to support the use of mesenchymal stem cells or amniotic injectables in these conditions of the hip. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
View details for DOI 10.1002/pmrj.12327
View details for PubMedID 31953917
- Ultrasonographic measurement of the cross-sectional area of the axillary nerve MUSCLE & NERVE 2019; 60 (1): 95–98
ULTRASONOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT OF THE CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA OF THE AXILLARY NERVE.
Muscle & nerve
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to determine normal reference values for ultrasonographic measurement of the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the axillary nerve and to standardize the measurement methods.METHODS: Sixty healthy volunteers were evaluated. Ultrasonography was performed with the shoulder positioned in 100°-120° abduction and 90° external rotation. The CSA of the axillary nerve was measured bilaterally.RESULTS: The normal CSA of the right axillary nerve was 2.9 ± 1.1 mm2 . The side-to-side discrepancy was 22.8% ± 17.8%.DISCUSSION: These reference values may be helpful for investigating pathologies involving the axillary nerve.
View details for PubMedID 30927449
- Golf Swing Rotational Velocity: The Essential Follow-Through ANNALS OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE-ARM 2018; 42 (5): 713–21
Golf Swing Rotational Velocity: The Essential Follow-Through.
Annals of rehabilitation medicine
2018; 42 (5): 713–21
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if shoulder and pelvic angular velocities differ at impact or peak magnitude between professional and amateur golfers. Golf swing rotational biomechanics are a key determinant of power generation, driving distance, and injury prevention. We hypothesize that shoulder and pelvic angular velocities would be highly consistent in professionals.METHODS: Rotational velocities of the upper-torso and pelvis throughout the golf swing and in relation to phases of the golf swing were examined in 11 professionals and compared to 5 amateurs using three-dimensional motion analysis.RESULTS: Peak rotational velocities of professionals were highly consistent, demonstrating low variability (coefficient of variation [COV]), particularly upper-torso rotational velocity (COV=0.086) and pelvic rotational velocity (COV=0.079) during down swing. Peak upper-torso rotational velocity and peak X-prime, the relative rotational velocity of uppertorso versus pelvis, occurred after impact in follow-through, were reduced in amateurs compared to professionals (p=0.005 and p=0.005, respectively) and differentiated professionals from most (4/5) amateurs. In contrast, peak pelvic rotational velocity occurred in down swing. Pelvic velocity at impact was reduced in amateurs compared to professionals (p=0.019) and differentiated professionals from most (4/5) amateurs.CONCLUSION: Golf swing rotational velocity of professionals was consistent in pattern and magnitude, offering benchmarks for amateurs. Understanding golf swing rotational biomechanics can guide swing modifications to help optimize performance and prevent injury.
View details for PubMedID 30404420
Use of F-18-sodium fluoride bone PET for disability evaluation in ankle trauma: a pilot study
BMC MEDICAL IMAGING
2018; 18: 34
There are no objective and accurate rating tools for permanent impairment of traumatized ankles. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of 18F-Sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) bone scans in evaluating patients with limited ankle range of motion (ROM) after trauma.18F-NaF PET/CT was performed in 121 patients (75 men, 46 women; mean age: 45.8) who had ROM < 70% of normal after trauma affecting ankles. Metabolic target volume (MTV), the sum of voxels with standardized uptake value (SUV) > 2.5 was automatically obtained from the 3D volume that included the ankle joint. The maximum & mean SUV (SUVmax & SUVmean), and the total lesion activity (TLA) were measured.The median period from injury to performing 18F-NaF PET/CT was 290 days. The causes of injury were as follows: fracture (N = 95), Achilles tendon rupture (N = 12), and ligament injury (N = 12). Hot uptake in the ankle was seen in 113 of 121 patients. The fracture group had higher SUVmax, SUVmean, and TLA values than the non-fracture group. More limited ROM correlated with higher hot-uptake parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, TLA). In subgroup analysis, the same correlations were present in the fracture, but not in the non-fracture group.18F-NaF PET/CT can provide considerable information in impairment evaluations of limited ankle ROM, particularly in fracture around the ankle. Thus, 18F-NaF bone PET/CT may provide an additional option as an objective imaging tool in disability assessment after ankle injury.
View details for PubMedID 30236078
- Poster 156 Synovial Osteochondromatosis as a Rare Cause of Hip Pain: A Case Report. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation 2016; 8 (9S): S213-?
Comparison of Muscle Onset Activation Sequences between a Golf or Tennis Swing and Common Training Exercises Using Surface Electromyography: A Pilot Study.
Journal of sports medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
2016; 2016: 3987486-?
Aim. The purpose of this pilot study is to use surface electromyography to determine an individual athlete's typical muscle onset activation sequence when performing a golf or tennis forward swing and to use the method to assess to what degree the sequence is reproduced with common conditioning exercises and a machine designed for this purpose. Methods. Data for 18 healthy male subjects were collected for 15 muscles of the trunk and lower extremities. Data were filtered and processed to determine the average onset of muscle activation for each motion. A Spearman correlation estimated congruence of activation order between the swing and each exercise. Correlations of each group were pooled with 95% confidence intervals using a random effects meta-analytic strategy. Results. The averaged sequences differed among each athlete tested, but pooled correlations demonstrated a positive association between each exercise and the participants' natural muscle onset activation sequence. Conclusion. The selected training exercises and Turning Point™ device all partially reproduced our athletes' averaged muscle onset activation sequences for both sports. The results support consideration of a larger, adequately powered study using this method to quantify to what degree each of the selected exercises is appropriate for use in both golf and tennis.
View details for DOI 10.1155/2016/3987486
View details for PubMedID 27403454
- Atlas of Ultrasound-Guided Musculoskeletal Injections McGraw Hill Education. 2013
- The Relationship between Golf Swing Trunk Rotation Biomechanics and Low Back Pain in Golfers Spineline 2013; Sep Oct: 21-26
- Preseason Training for Golfers with Low Back Pain Spineline 2012; Jan Feb: 17-21
Basic Appearance of Ultrasound Structures and Pitfalls
PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
2010; 21 (3): 461-?
The role of ultrasound in musculoskeletal imaging is expanding as technology advances and clinicians become better educated about its clinical applications. The main use of musculoskeletal ultrasound to physiatrists is to examine the soft tissues of the body and to diagnose pathologic changes. Ultrasound can be used to assist clinicians in performing interventional procedures. However, to successfully integrate this technology into their clinical practices, physicians must be familiar with the normal and abnormal appearance of tissues. They also must recognize the clinically relevant limitations and pitfalls associated with the use of ultrasound.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.pmr.2010.04.002
View details for PubMedID 20797545