Honors & Awards

  • Postdoc Mobility Fellowship, Swiss National Science Foundation (02.2023-01.2025)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • A microrheological examination of insulin-secreting β-cells in healthy and diabetic-like conditions SOFT MATTER Woolley, L., Burbidge, A., Vermant, J., Christakopoulos, F. 2024


    Pancreatic β-cells regulate glucose homeostasis through glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, which is hindered in type-2 diabetes. Transport of the insulin vesicles is expected to be affected by changes in the viscoelastic and transport properties of the cytoplasm. These are evaluated in situ through particle-tracking measurements using a rat insulinoma β-cell line. The use of inert probes assists in decoupling the material properties of the cytoplasm from the active transport through cellular processes. The effect of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is examined, and the subsequent remodeling of the cytoskeleton, at constant effects of cell activity, is shown to result in reduced mobility of the tracer particles. Induction of diabetic-like conditions is identified to alter the mean-squared displacement of the passive particles in the cytoplasm and diminish its reaction to glucose stimulation.

    View details for DOI 10.1039/d3sm01141k

    View details for Web of Science ID 001196634300001

    View details for PubMedID 38573072

  • Embedded 3d Bioprinting of Collagen Inks into Microgel Baths to control hydrogel Microstructure and Cell Spreading. Advanced healthcare materials Brunel, L. G., Christakopoulos, F., Kilian, D., Cai, B., Hull, S. M., Myung, D., Heilshorn, S. C. 2023: e2303325


    Microextrusion-based 3D bioprinting into support baths has emerged as a promising technique to pattern soft biomaterials into complex, macroscopic structures. We hypothesized that interactions between inks and support baths, which are often composed of granular microgels, could be modulated to control the microscopic structure within these macroscopic-printed constructs. Using printed collagen bioinks crosslinked either through physical self-assembly or bioorthogonal covalent chemistry, we demonstrate that microscopic porosity is introduced into collagen inks printed into microgel support baths but not bulk gel support baths. The overall porosity is governed by the ratio between the ink's shear viscosity and the microgel support bath's zero-shear viscosity. By adjusting the flow rate during extrusion, the ink's shear viscosity was modulated, thus controlling the extent of microscopic porosity independent of the ink composition. For covalently crosslinked collagen, printing into support baths comprised of gelatin microgels (15-50 µm) resulted in large pores (∼40 µm) that allowed human corneal mesenchymal stromal cells to readily spread, while control samples of cast collagen or collagen printed in non-granular support baths did not allow cell spreading. Taken together, these data demonstrate a new method to impart controlled microscale porosity into 3D printed hydrogels using granular microgel support baths. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/adhm.202303325

    View details for PubMedID 38134346