All Publications

  • Contextual Determinants of Time to Surgery for Patients With Hip Fracture. JAMA network open Welch, J. M., Gomez, G. I., Chatterjee, M., Shapiro, L. M., Morris, A. M., Gardner, M. J., Sox-Harris, A. H., Baker, L., Koltsov, J. C., Castillo, T., Giori, N., Salyapongse, A., Kamal, R. N. 2023; 6 (12): e2347834


    Importance: Surgery within 24 hours after a hip fracture improves patient morbidity and mortality, which has led some hospitals to launch quality improvement programs (eg, targeted resource management, documented protocols) to address delays. However, these programs have had mixed results in terms of decreased time to surgery (TTS), identifying an opportunity to improve the effectiveness of interventions.Objective: To identify the contextual determinants (site-specific barriers and facilitators) of TTS for patients with hip fracture across diverse hospitals.Design, Setting, and Participants: This qualitative mixed-methods study used an exploratory sequential design that comprised 2 phases. In phase 1, qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with stakeholders involved in hip fracture care (orthopedic surgeons or residents, emergency medicine physicians, hospitalists, anesthesiologists, nurses, and clinical or support staff) at 4 hospitals with differing financial, operational, and educational structures. Interviews were completed between May and July 2021. In phase 2, a quantitative survey assessing contextual determinants of TTS within 24 hours for adult patients with hip fracture was completed by orthopedic surgeon leaders representing 23 diverse hospitals across the US between May and July 2022. Data analysis was performed in August 2022.Main Outcomes and Measures: Thematic analysis of the interviews identified themes of contextual determinants of TTS within 24 hours for patients with hip fracture. The emergent contextual determinants were then measured across multiple hospitals, and frequency and distribution were used to assess associations between determinants and various hospital characteristics (eg, setting, number of beds).Results: A total of 34 stakeholders were interviewed in phase 1, and 23 surveys were completed in phase 2. More than half of respondents in both phases were men (19 [56%] and 18 [78%], respectively). The following 4 themes of contextual determinants of TTS within 24 hours were identified: availability, care coordination, improvement climate, and incentive structure. Within these themes, the most commonly identified determinants across the various hospitals involved operating room availability, a formal comanagement system between orthopedics and medicine or geriatrics, the presence of a physician champion focused on timely surgery, and a program that facilitates improvement work.Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, contextual determinants of TTS within 24 hours for patients with hip fracture varied across hospital sites and could not be generalized across various hospital contexts because no 2 sites had identical profiles. As such, these findings suggest that guidance on strategies for improving TTS should be based on the contextual determinants unique to each hospital.

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.47834

    View details for PubMedID 38100104

  • The Safety of the Volar Intraarticular Extended Window (VIEW) Approach for Intra-articular Distal Radius Fractures. Hand (New York, N.Y.) Kamal, R. N., Gomez, G. I., Schultz, E. A., Shapiro, L. M. 2023: 15589447231210926


    A novel volar approach to intra-articular distal radius fractures has been introduced for treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures, in which volar extrinsic ligaments are released to create a volar window into the radiocarpal joint (Volar Intraarticular Extended Window [VIEW] approach). Our purpose was to evaluate the safety of VIEW approach for treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures.A retrospective chart review was performed for 13 patients with intra-articular distal radius fractures treated operatively with the VIEW surgical technique using an intra-articular window in the volar capsule to aid in reduction and fixation. Postoperative radiographs were reviewed to assess for ulnocarpal translocation by assessing lunate uncovering and radial-carpal distance.Thirteen patients were treated with the VIEW approach with mean follow-up of 28 weeks (range, 7-67 weeks; SD, 18 weeks). The mean postoperative lunate uncovering was 34.6% (SD, 7.7%) and mean radial-carpal distance was 4.6 mm (SD, 1.5 mm). Postoperatively, mean intra-articular step-off was 0.9 mm (SD, 1.2 mm) and mean intra-articular gap was 1.2 mm (SD, 1.0 mm). No patients reported clinical symptoms of wrist instability.Using the VIEW approach during a volar approach to intra-articular distal radius fractures is safe and does not lead to carpal instability. Surgeons can consider using the approach when direct visualization of the articular surface may be beneficial for reduction or fixation.Therapeutic IV.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/15589447231210926

    View details for PubMedID 38006231

  • Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Injury: Evidence-Based Diagnosis, Management, and Outcomes. The American surgeon Gomez, G. I., Li, G. Q., Valido, A. A., Stoner, A. J., Bromley-Dulfano, R. A., Sheira, D., Gonzalez, C. A., Khan, S. I., Choi, J., Zygourakis, C. C., Weiser, T. G. 2023: 31348231216479


    Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Targeted for non-spine specialist trauma surgeons, this systematic scoping review aimed to examine literature for up-to-date evidence on presentation, management, and outcomes of thoracolumbar spine injuries in adult trauma patients.This review was reported using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist. We searched four bibliographic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Eligible studies included experimental, observational, and evidence-synthesis articles evaluating patients with thoracic, lumbar, or thoracolumbar spine injury, published in English between January 1, 2010 and January 31, 2021. Studies which focused on animals, cadavers, cohorts with N <30, and pediatric cohorts (age <18 years old), as well as case studies, abstracts, and commentaries were excluded.A total of 2501 studies were screened, of which 326 unique studies were fully text reviewed and twelve aspects of injury management were identified and discussed: injury patterns, determination of injury status and imaging options, considerations in management, and patient quality of life. We found: (1) imaging is a necessary diagnostic tool, (2) no consensus exists for preferred injury characterization scoring systems, (3) operative management should be considered for unstable fractures, decompression, and deformity, and (4) certain patients experience significant burden following injury.In this systematic scoping review, we present the most up-to-date information regarding the management of traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries. This allows non-specialist trauma surgeons to become more familiar with thoracolumbar spine injuries in trauma patients and provides a framework for their management.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/00031348231216479

    View details for PubMedID 37983195

  • Impact of COVID-19 on presentation, management, and outcomes of acute care surgery for gallbladder disease and acute appendicitis. World journal of gastrointestinal surgery Farber, O. N., Gomez, G. I., Titan, A. L., Fisher, A. T., Puntasecca, C. J., Arana, V. T., Kempinsky, A., Wise, C. E., Bessoff, K. E., Hawn, M. T., Korndorffer, J. R., Forrester, J. D., Esquivel, M. M. 2021; 13 (8): 859-870


    The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly disrupted both elective and acute medical care. Data from the early months suggest that acute care patient populations deferred presenting to the emergency department (ED), portending more severe disease at the time of presentation. Additionally, care for this patient population trended towards initial non-operative management.To examine the presentation, management, and outcomes of patients who developed gallbladder disease or appendicitis during the pandemic.A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis, symptomatic cholelithiasis, or appendicitis in two EDs affiliated with a single tertiary academic medical center in Northern California between March and June, 2020 and in the same months of 2019. Patients were selected through a research repository using international classification of diseases (ICD)-9 and ICD-10 codes. Across both years, 313 patients were identified with either type of gallbladder disease, while 361 patients were identified with acute appendicitis. The primary outcome was overall incidence of disease. Secondary outcomes included presentation, management, complications, and 30-d re-presentation rates. Relationships between different variables were explored using Pearson's r correlation coefficient. Variables were compared using the Welch's t-Test, Chi-squared tests, and Fisher's exact test as appropriate.Patients with gallbladder disease and appendicitis both had more severe presentations in 2020. With respect to gallbladder disease, more patients in the COVID-19 cohort presented with acute cholecystitis compared to the control cohort [50% (80) vs 35% (53); P = 0.01]. Patients also presented with more severe cholecystitis in 2020 as indicated by higher mean Tokyo Criteria Scores [mean (SD) 1.39 (0.56) vs 1.16 (0.44); P = 0.02]. With respect to appendicitis, more patients were diagnosed with a perforated appendix at presentation in 2020 [20% (36) vs 16% (29); P = 0.02] and a greater percentage were classified as emergent cases using the emergency severity index [63% (112) vs 13% (23); P < 0.001]. While a greater percentage of patients were admitted to the hospital for gallbladder disease in 2020 [65% (104) vs 50% (76); P = 0.02], no significant differences were observed in hospital admissions for patients with appendicitis. No significant differences were observed in length of hospital stay or operative rate for either group. However, for patients with appendicitis, 30-d re-presentation rates were significantly higher in 2020 [13% (23) vs 4% (8); P = 0.01].During the COVID-19 pandemic, patients presented with more severe gallbladder disease and appendicitis. These findings suggest that the pandemic has affected patients with acute surgical conditions.

    View details for DOI 10.4240/wjgs.v13.i8.859

    View details for PubMedID 34512909

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8394376

  • Surgical Stabilization of Rib Fracture to Mitigate Pulmonary Complication and Mortality: A Systematic Review and Bayesian Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American College of Surgeons Choi, J. n., Gomez, G. I., Kaghazchi, A. n., Borghi, J. A., Spain, D. A., Forrester, J. D. 2020

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.10.022

    View details for PubMedID 33212228