Helen Longino received her BA from Barnard College in 1966, her MA in Philosophy from Sussex University in 1967 and her PhD from the Johns Hopkins University in 1973. Her teaching and research interests are in philosophy of science, social epistemology, and feminist philosophy. In addition to many articles, Longino is the author of Science As Social Knowledge (Princeton University Press, 1990), The Fate of Knowledge (Princeton University Press, 2001) and Studying Human Behavior, a study of the relationship between logical, epistemological, and social aspects of behavioral research (University of Chicago Press, 2013). She is C. I. Lewis Professor in Philosophy, emerita, at Stanford University.
Emeritus Faculty, Acad Council, Philosophy
Affiliate, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment
First Vice President, IUHPST; Division of Logic, Methodology, and Phiolosophy of Sscience and Technology (2016 - 2019)
Vice President, President, and Immediate Past President, Philosophy of Science Association (2011 - 2016)
Honors & Awards
Carl G. Hempel Award for Lifetime Achievement, Philosophy of Science Association (November 12, 2022)
Romanell Prize, American Philosophical Association (2020)
Distinguished Teaching Award, Phi Beta Kappa Beta of California (June, 2019)
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (2017)
Doctor honoris causa, University of Turku School of Economics, Finland (May 13, 2016)
Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (April, 2016 -)
Doctor honoris causa, Free University of Amsterdam, Netherlands (20 October, 2014)
Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations
Titular Member, Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences (2020 - Present)
First Vice President, Division of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy, International Union HPS (2016 - 2019)
President, Philosophy of Science Association (2013 - 2014)
Member, former Governing Board member, other committees, Philosophy of Science Association (1971 - Present)
Member, multiple committee assignments, American Philosophical Association (1971 - Present)
Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies
Modern Thought and Literature
Program in History & Philosophy of Science
Science, Technology and Society
Current Research and Scholarly Interests
1) There are multiple ways a collection (whether of objects of people) are required to produce a phenomenon. We tend to lump all of these under the label "interaction." But some instances are instances of statistical interaction; others of joint action, and still others of mutual influence. Building on my previous work in social epistemology and on the analysis of the study of behavior, this project aims at a philosophical cataloguing and distinquishing of the various forms of interaction, focusing on the implications of the pervasiveness of interaction as mutual influence or exchange.
2) As standard epistemology has become engaged with questions labelled as social epistemology, it has maintained its focus on the individual cognitive agent. I argue that a real social epistemology focuses on the interactions among cognitive agents. Such a perspective has informed my previous work in philosophy of science. My current work aims at bringing this perspective to bear on the questions taken to be paradigmatic of social concerns in standard epistemology: disagreement and testimony; "network epistemology".
3) Where can western and non-western feminisms converge? What contributions can feminist philosophy of science make to understanding science and sustainability policy in so-called developing countries? I am pursuing this question in a research collaboration with Dr. Rajeswari Raina, National Institute for Science, Technology and Development Studies, Delhi, India.
4) Philosophers of science are increasingly pursuing engagement with communities seeking to use scientific data and analysis to address local problems, such as water distribution, environmental pollution, etc. How can we make such engagement mutual?, How can philosophers learn from activists, even as we seek to strengthen their informational and analytic base?
Philosophy and Interaction, Stanford University and Institut d'Histoire et Philosohie des Sciences et Techniques, Paris
Interaction is an understudied concept in recent Anglo-American analytic philosophy, and has undergone something of an eclipse in the social sciences more generally. This, even as the concept is increasingly invoked in biological contexts. Continental philosophers have a tradition of working with social theorists for whom forms of interaction are central to social theory. Thus, I am developing a collaboration among philosophers working in the two traditions who seek both to articulate concepts of interaction adequate to research in natural and social sciences.
Rue du Four, Paris 6, France
- Philippe Huneman, Professor,, Institut d'Histoire et Philosohie des Sciences et Techniques
Strengthening the Research Ecosystem for Sustainability Research in India, Stanford University
This interdisciplinary research project is prompted by the persistent neglect of environmental sustainability by nationally and regionally sponsored agricultural research programs designed to enhance food security in India. This project goes outside the usual sources of analysis and uses feminist philosophy of science to draw lessons and build capacities for the integration of climate policy with agriculture-food development policy in India. It analyses the environmental values and conceptualisations in science, development interventions and outcomes. The purpose is to demonstrate and enable climate-friendly problem statements and participatory knowledge-policy continuums in India’s agri-food system.
The project will have two main foci: a critical one and a constructive one. The critical task will be the examination of calls for research and other policy documents generated by national and regional bodies. The aim will be to identify how climate insensitivity gets built into research through its framing by calls for proposals. Our assumption is that when environmental sustainability is not incorporated explicitly into calls, the result is research that continues the same climate unfriendly practices. The questions, assumptions, spcifications of goals of applied research are all infused with values. The challenge is identifying those values and discerning how they are shaping the research that results. The constructive focus will be the articulation of research frameworks that simultaneously address food security and environmental sustainability. To this end, the principal investigators will conduct capacity building workshops with multiple constituencies, including policy makers, researchers, and NGOs, S&T write-shops, policy dialogues, and produce research publications. This process will focus on building anticipatory, responsive and reflective capacities within Block level S&T-policy-practice communities in two farming systems for climate friendly agricultural development.
National Institute for Science, Technology, and Development Studies, New Delhi, India
- Rajeswari Raina, Dr., National Institute for Science, Technology, and Development Studies (NISTADS), New Delhi, India
- Vijay Shankar, Director, Samaj Prgati Sahyog (SPS), Madhya Pradesh, India
- Independent Studies (6)
Prior Year Courses
- Literature and Philosophy of Place
OSPPARIS 77 (Spr)
- Feminist and Queer Theories and Methods Across the Disciplines
FEMGEN 103, FEMGEN 203, PHIL 179A, PHIL 279A (Win)
- Introduction to Philosophy of Science
HPS 60, PHIL 60 (Aut)
- Literature and Philosophy of Place
- What's Social About Social Epistemology? Journal of Philosophy 2022; CXIX (4): 169-195
- Interaction: a case for ontological pluralism INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 2020; 45 (3): 432–45
Foregrounding the Background
PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
2016; 83 (5): 647-661
View details for Web of Science ID 000388172400002
- Studying Human Behavior University of Chicago Press. 2013
- The Fate of Knowledge Princeton University Press. 2002
- Science as Social Knowledge Princeton University Press. 1990
- The Epistemic Life of Groups: Essays in the Epistemology of Collectives (Book Review) AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY 2018; 96 (2): 401–4
- Lessons from Teaching The Structure of Scientific Revolutions HISTORICAL STUDIES IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES 2012; 42 (5): 542-544
- Feminist Epistemology at Hypatia's 25th Anniversary HYPATIA-A JOURNAL OF FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY 2010; 25 (4): 733-741
Navigating the Social Turn in Philosophy of Science
2009; 64 (4): 312-323
View details for Web of Science ID 000266024400002
- Circles of Reason: Some Feminist Reflections on Reason and Rationality EPISTEME-A JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL EPISTEMOLOGY 2005; 2 (1): 79-88