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  • β-Catenin transcriptional activity is required for establishment of inner pillar cell identity during cochlear development. PLoS genetics Ebeid, M., Kishimoto, I., Roy, P., Zaidi, M. A., Cheng, A. G., Huh, S. H. 2023; 19 (8): e1010925


    The mammalian cochlea is composed of sensory hair cells as well as multiple different types of non-sensory supporting cells. Pillar cells are one type of supporting cell that form the tunnel of Corti and include two morphologically and functionally distinct subtypes: inner pillar cells (IPCs) and outer pillar cells (OPCs). The processes of specification and differentiation of inner versus outer pillar cells are still unclear. Here, we show that β-Catenin is required for establishing IPC identity in the mammalian cochlea. To differentiate the transcriptional and adhesion roles of β-Catenin in establishing IPC identity, we examined two different models of β-Catenin deletion; one that deletes both transcriptional and structural functions and one which retains cell adhesion function but lacks transcriptional function. Here, we show that cochleae lacking β-Catenin transcriptional function lost IPCs and displayed extranumerary OPCs, indicating its requirement for establishing IPC identity. Overexpression of β-Catenin induced proliferation within IPCs but not ectopic IPCs. Single-cell transcriptomes of supporting cells lacking β-Catenin transcriptional function show a loss of the IPC and gain of OPC signatures. Finally, targeted deletion of β-Catenin in IPCs also led to the loss of IPC identity, indicating a cell autonomous role of β-Catenin in establishing IPC identity. As IPCs have the capacity to regenerate sensory hair cells in the postnatal cochlea, our results will aid in future IPC-based hair cell regeneration strategies.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1010925

    View details for PubMedID 37639482

  • Multicenter phase III trial of regenerative treatment for chronic tympanic membrane perforation AURIS NASUS LARYNX Kanemaru, S., Kanai, R., Omori, K., Yamamoto, N., Okano, T., Kishimoto, I., Ogawa, K., Kanzaki, S., Fujioka, M., Oishi, N., Naito, Y., Kakehata, S., Nakamura, H., Yamada, S., Omae, K., Kawamoto, A., Fukushima, M. 2021; 48 (6): 1054-1060


    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of regenerative treatment for tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) using gelatin sponge, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and fibrin glue.This was a multicenter, non-randomized, single-arm study conducted at tertiary referral centers. Twenty patients with chronic TMP (age 23-78 years, 6 males, 14 females) were registered from three institutions. All treated patients were included in the safety analysis population. The edges of the TMP were disrupted mechanically by myringotomy and several pieces of gelatin sponge immersed in bFGF were placed and fixed with fibrin glue to cover the perforation. The TMP was examined 4 ± 1 weeks later. The protocol was repeated up to four times until closure was complete. The main outcome measures were closure or a decrease in size of the TMP, hearing improvement, and air-bone gap evaluated 16 weeks after the final regenerative procedure (FRP). Adverse events (AEs) were monitored throughout the study.Total closure of the TMP at 16 weeks was achieved in 15 out of 20 patients (75.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 50.9%-91.3%) and the mean decrease in size was 92.2% (95%CI: 82.9%-100.0%). The ratio of hearing improvement and the air-bone gap at 16 weeks after FRP were 100% (20/20; 95%CI: 83.2%-100%) and 5.3 ± 4.2 dB (p <0.0001), respectively. Thirteen out of 20 patients (65.0%) experienced at least one AE, but no serious AEs occurred.The results indicate that the current regenerative treatment for TMP using gelatin sponge, bFGF, and fibrin glue is safe and effective.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.anl.2021.02.007

    View details for Web of Science ID 000685539200003

    View details for PubMedID 33773851