Bio


My research is concerned with how social institutions and policy interventions lead to inequality and conflict, even when they are designed to do the opposite. What role do ranking systems play in the reproduction of inequality in access to higher education? Do reputations introduce self-fulfilling cycles that widen gaps in student achievement? Do status hierarchies insulate people from aggression, or expose them to it? My work uses social network analysis, field experiments, and other quasi-experimental methods of causal inference to rigorously test answers to these sociological questions. Prior to graduate school, I designed and evaluated education programs for children living in rural China.

Stanford Advisors


2017-18 Courses


All Publications


  • The Impacts of Highly Resourced Vocational Schools on Student Outcomes in China CHINA & WORLD ECONOMY Li, G., Xu, J., Li, L., Shi, Z., Yi, H., Chu, J., Kardanova, E., Li, Y., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2020; 28 (6): 125–50

    View details for DOI 10.1111/cwe.12358

    View details for Web of Science ID 000596480800006

  • Generating a Violent Insurgency: China's Factional Warfare of 1967-1968(1) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY Walder, A. G., Chu, J. 2020; 126 (1): 99–135

    View details for DOI 10.1086/709273

    View details for Web of Science ID 000547281400004

  • Stuck in Place? A Field Experiment on the Effects of Reputational Information on Student Evaluations SOCIAL FORCES Chu, J., Li, G., Loyalka, P., Liu, C., Rosa, L., Li, Y. 2020; 98 (4): 1578–1612

    View details for DOI 10.1093/sf/soz097

    View details for Web of Science ID 000593200200051

  • Pay by Design: Teacher Performance Pay Design and the Distribution of Student Achievement JOURNAL OF LABOR ECONOMICS Loyalka, P., Sylvia, S., Liu, C., Chu, J., Shi, Y. 2019; 37 (3): 621–62

    View details for DOI 10.1086/702625

    View details for Web of Science ID 000471691100001

  • Parental migration, educational achievement, and mental health of junior high school students in rural China CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW Chang, F., Jiang, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Shi, Y., Osborn, A., Rozelle, S. 2019; 54: 337–49
  • Assessing the Quality of Upper-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Evidence from China COMPARATIVE EDUCATION REVIEW Yi, H., Li, G., Li, L., Loyalka, P., Zhang, L., Xu, J., Kardanova, E., Shi, H., Chu, J. 2018; 62 (2): 199–230
  • The impact of conditional cash transfers on the matriculation of junior high school students into rural China's high schools JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS Li, F., Song, Y., Yi, H., Wei, J., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Johnson, N., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2017; 9 (1): 41-60
  • Inequalities in the Pathway to College in China: When Do Students from Poor Areas Fall Behind? CHINA QUARTERLY Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Wei, J., Johnson, N., Reniker, J. 2017; 229: 172-194
  • Can Social-Emotional Learning Reduce School Dropout in Developing Countries? JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Wang, H., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Xin, T., Shi, Y., Qu, Q., Yang, C. 2016; 35 (4): 818-?

    View details for DOI 10.1002/pam.21915

    View details for Web of Science ID 000383668300005

  • The Impact of Vocational Teachers on Student Learning in Developing Countries: Does Enterprise Experience Matter? COMPARATIVE EDUCATION REVIEW Johnston, J., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Song, Y., Yi, H., Huang, X. 2016; 60 (1): 131-150
  • The Impact of Vocational Schooling on Human Capital Development in Developing Countries: Evidence from China WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW Loyalka, P., Huang, X., Zhang, L., Wei, J., Yi, H., Song, Y., Shi, Y., Chu, J. 2016; 30 (1): 143-170
  • Dropping Out of Rural China's Secondary Schools: A Mixed-methods Analysis CHINA QUARTERLY Shi, Y., Zhang, L., Ma, Y., Yi, H., Liu, C., Johnson, N., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2015; 224: 1048-1069
  • The impact of teacher credentials on student achievement in China CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW Chu, J. H., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Qu, Q., Shi, Y., Li, G. 2015; 36: 14-24
  • China's Left-Behind Children: Impact Of Parental Migration On Health, Nutrition, And Educational Outcomes. Health affairs Zhou, C., Sylvia, S., Zhang, L., Luo, R., Yi, H., Liu, C., Shi, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Medina, A., Rozelle, S. 2015; 34 (11): 1964-1971

    View details for DOI 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0150

    View details for PubMedID 26526256

  • Exploring the dropout rates and causes of dropout in upper-secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) schools in China INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Yi, H., Zhang, L., Yao, Y., Wang, A., Ma, Y., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. 2015; 42: 115-123
  • Giving kids a head start: The impact and mechanisms of early commitment of financial aid on poor students in rural China JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Yi, H., Song, Y., Liu, C., Huang, X., Zhang, L., Bai, Y., Ren, B., Shi, Y., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. 2015; 113: 1-15
  • Mental health and dropout behavior: A cross-sectional study of junior high students in northwest rural China INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Huan, W., Yang, C., Fei, H., Shi Yaojiang, Y. J., Qu, Q., Rozelle, S., Chu, J. 2015; 41: 1-12
  • The Impacts of Building Elite High Schools for Students from Disadvantaged Areas ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE Loyalka, P., Wei, J., Song, Y., Zhong, W., Chu, J. 2015; 63 (2): 393-422

    View details for DOI 10.1086/678992

    View details for Web of Science ID 000346349600006

  • Do poor students benefit from China's Merger Program? Transfer path and educational performance ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF EDUCATION Chen, X., Yi, H., Zhang, L., Mo, D., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. 2014; 34 (1): 15-35
  • The impact of financial constraints on firm R&D investments: empirical evidence from China INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT Yang, E., Ma, G., Chu, J. 2014; 65 (1-4): 172-188
  • Dormitory management and boarding students in China's rural primary schools CHINA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIC REVIEW Yue, A., Shi, Y., Chang, F., Yang, C., Wang, H., Yi, H., Luo, R., Liu, C., Zhang, L., Chu, J. Y., Rozelle, S. 2014; 6 (3): 523-550
  • Can information and counseling help students from poor rural areas go to high school? Evidence from China JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS Loyalka, P., Liu, C., Song, Y., Yi, H., Huang, X., Wei, J., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. 2013; 41 (4): 1012-1025