Academic Appointments

  • Assistant Professor, Organizational Behavior

2023-24 Courses

Stanford Advisees

All Publications

  • People use both heterogeneity and minority representation to evaluate diversity SCIENCE ADVANCES Abascal, M., Xu, J., Baldassarri, D. 2021; 7 (11)


    The term "diversity," although widely used, can mean different things. Diversity can refer to heterogeneity, i.e., the distribution of people across groups, or to the representation of specific minority groups. We use a conjoint experiment with a race-balanced, national sample to uncover which properties, heterogeneity or minority representation, Americans use to evaluate the extent of racial diversity a neighborhood and whether this assessment varies by participants' race. We show that perceived diversity is strongly associated with heterogeneity. This association is stronger for Whites than for Blacks, Latinos, or Asians. In addition, Blacks, Latinos, and Asians view neighborhoods where their own group is largest as more diverse. Whites vary in their tendency to associate diversity with representation, and Whites who report conservative stances on diversity-related policy issues view predominately White neighborhoods as more diverse than predominately Black neighborhoods. People can agree that diversity is desirable while disagreeing on what makes a community diverse.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.abf2507

    View details for Web of Science ID 000628616300026

    View details for PubMedID 33712467

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7954444

  • Regimes beyond the One-Drop Rule: New Models of Multiracial Identity GENEALOGY Iverson, S., Morning, A., Saperstein, A., Xu, J. 2022; 6 (2)
  • Gender, Generation, and Multiracial Identification in the United States. Demography Xu, J., Saperstein, A., Morning, A., Iverson, S. 2021


    Multiracial self-identification is frequently portrayed as a disproportionately female tendency, but previous research has not probed the conditions under which this relationship might occur. Using the 2015 Pew Survey of Multiracial Adults, we offer a more comprehensive analysis that considers gender differences at two distinct stages: reporting multiple races in one's ancestry and selecting multiple races to describe oneself. We also examine self-identification patterns by the generational locus of multiracial ancestry. We find that females are more likely to be aware of multiracial ancestry overall, but only first-generation females are more likely than their male counterparts to self-identify as multiracial. Finally, we explore the role of racial ancestry combination, finding that multiracial awareness and self-identification are likely gendered differently for different segments of the mixed-race population. This offers a more nuanced picture of how gender interacts with other social processes to shape racial identification in the United States.

    View details for DOI 10.1215/00703370-9334366

    View details for PubMedID 34351407