All Publications

  • Layered metals as polarized transparent conductors. Nature communications Putzke, C., Guo, C., Plisson, V., Kroner, M., Chervy, T., Simoni, M., Wevers, P., Bachmann, M. D., Cooper, J. R., Carrington, A., Kikugawa, N., Fowlie, J., Gariglio, S., Mackenzie, A. P., Burch, K. S., Imamoglu, A., Moll, P. J. 2023; 14 (1): 3147


    The quest to improve transparent conductors balances two key goals: increasing electrical conductivity and increasing optical transparency. To improve both simultaneously is hindered by the physical limitation that good metals with high electrical conductivity have large carrier densities that push the plasma edge into the ultra-violet range. Technological solutions reflect this trade-off, achieving the desired transparenciesonly by reducing the conductor thickness or carrier density at the expense of a lower conductance. Here we demonstrate that highly anisotropic crystalline conductors offer an alternative solution, avoiding this compromise by separating the directions of conduction and transmission. We demonstrate that slabs of the layered oxides Sr2RuO4 and Tl2Ba2CuO6+delta are optically transparent even at macroscopic thicknesses >2mum for c-axis polarized light. Underlying this observation is the fabrication of out-of-plane slabs by focused ion beam milling. This work provides a glimpse into future technologies, such as highly polarized and addressable optical screens.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-38848-0

    View details for PubMedID 37253746

  • Effects of rare-earth magnetism on the superconducting upper critical field in infinite-layer nickelates. Science advances Wang, B. Y., Wang, T. C., Hsu, Y. T., Osada, M., Lee, K., Jia, C., Duffy, C., Li, D., Fowlie, J., Beasley, M. R., Devereaux, T. P., Fisher, I. R., Hussey, N. E., Hwang, H. Y. 2023; 9 (20): eadf6655


    The search for superconductivity in infinite-layer nickelates was motivated by analogy to the cuprates, and this perspective has framed much of the initial consideration of this material. However, a growing number of studies have highlighted the involvement of rare-earth orbitals; in that context, the consequences of varying the rare-earth element in the superconducting nickelates have been much debated. Here, we show notable differences in the magnitude and anisotropy of the superconducting upper critical field across the La-, Pr-, and Nd-nickelates. These distinctions originate from the 4f electron characteristics of the rare-earth ions in the lattice: They are absent for La3+, nonmagnetic for the Pr3+ singlet ground state, and magnetic for the Nd3+ Kramer's doublet. The unique polar and azimuthal angle-dependent magnetoresistance found in the Nd-nickelates can be understood to arise from the magnetic contribution of the Nd3+ 4f moments. Such robust and tunable superconductivity suggests potential in future high-field applications.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.adf6655

    View details for PubMedID 37196089

  • Metal-insulator transition in composition-tuned nickel oxide films. Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal Fowlie, J., Georgescu, A. B., Suter, A., Mundet, B., Toulouse, C., Jaouen, N., Viret, M., Dominguez, C., Gibert, M., Salman, Z., Prokscha, T., Alexander, D. T., Kreisel, J., Georges, A., Millis, A. J., Triscone, J. M. 2023


    Thin films of the solid solution Nd1-xLaxNiO3 are grown in order to study the expected 0 K phase transitions at a specific composition. We experimentally map out the structural, electronic and magnetic properties as a function of x and a discontinuous, possibly first order, insulator-metal transition is observed at low temperature when x = 0.2. Raman spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy show that this is not associated with a correspondingly discontinuous global structural change. On the other hand, results from density functional theory (DFT) and combined DFT and dynamical mean field theory (DFT-DMFT) calculations produce a 0 K first order transition at around this composition. We further estimate the temperature-dependence of the transition from thermodynamic considerations and find that a discontinuous insulator-metal transition can be reproduced theoretically and implies a narrow insulator-metal phase coexistence with x. Finally, muon spin rotation measurements suggest that there are non-static magnetic moments in the system that may be understood in the context of the first order nature of the 0 K transition and its associated phase coexistence regime.

    View details for DOI 10.1088/1361-648X/accd38

    View details for PubMedID 37059114

  • Electronic Coupling of Metal-to-Insulator Transitions in Nickelate-Based Heterostructures ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS Varbaro, L., Mundet, B., Dominguez, C., Fowlie, J., Georgescu, A. B., Korosec, L., Alexander, D. L., Triscone, J. 2023
  • Intrinsic magnetism in superconducting infinite-layer nickelates NATURE PHYSICS Fowlie, J., Hadjimichael, M., Martins, M. M., Li, D., Osada, M., Wang, B., Lee, K., Lee, Y., Salman, Z., Prokscha, T., Triscone, J., Hwang, H. Y., Suter, A. 2022
  • Machines for Materials and Materials for Machines: Metal-Insulator Transitions and Artificial Intelligence FRONTIERS IN PHYSICS Fowlie, J., Georgescu, A., Mundet, B., del Valle, J., Tueckmantel, P. 2021; 9
  • Dynamics of the electrically induced insulator-to-metal transition in rare-earth nickelates PHYSICAL REVIEW B del Valle, J., Rocco, R., Dominguez, C., Fowlie, J., Gariglio, S., Rozenberg, M. J., Triscone, J. 2021; 104 (16)
  • Crossover between distinct symmetries in solid solutions of rare earth nickelates APL MATERIALS Fowlie, J., Mundet, B., Toulouse, C., Schober, A., Guennou, M., Dominguez, C., Gibert, M., Alexander, D. L., Kreisel, J., Triscone, J. 2021; 9 (8)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/5.0057216

    View details for Web of Science ID 000691225100001

  • Near-Atomic-Scale Mapping of Electronic Phases in Rare Earth Nickelate Superlattices NANO LETTERS Mundet, B., Dominguez, C., Fowlie, J., Gibert, M., Triscone, J., Alexander, D. L. 2021; 21 (6): 2436-2443


    Nanoscale mapping of the distinct electronic phases characterizing the metal-insulator transition displayed by most of the rare-earth nickelate compounds is fundamental for discovering the true nature of this transition and the possible couplings that are established at the interfaces of nickelate-based heterostructures. Here, we demonstrate that this can be accomplished by using scanning transmission electron microscopy in combination with electron energy-loss spectroscopy. By tracking how the O K and Ni L edge fine structures evolve across two different NdNiO3/SmNiO3 superlattices, displaying either one or two metal-insulator transitions depending on the individual layer thickness, we are able to determine the electronic state of each of the individual constituent materials. We further map the spatial configuration associated with their metallic/insulating regions, reaching unit cell spatial resolution. With this, we estimate the width of the metallic/insulating boundaries at the NdNiO3/SmNiO3 interfaces, which is measured to be on the order of four unit cells.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04538

    View details for Web of Science ID 000634766600013

    View details for PubMedID 33685129

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7995248

  • Optical properties of LaNiO3 films tuned from compressive to tensile strain PHYSICAL REVIEW B Ardizzone, Zingl, M., Teyssier, J., Strand, H. R., Peil, O., Fowlie, J., Georgescu, A. B., Catalano, S., Bachar, N., Kuzmenko, A. B., Gibert, M., Triscone, J., Georges, A., van der Marel, D. 2020; 102 (15)
  • Length scales of interfacial coupling between metal and insulator phases in oxides NATURE MATERIALS Dominguez, C., Georgescu, A. B., Mundet, B., Zhang, Y., Fowlie, J., Mercy, A., Waelchli, A., Catalano, S., Alexander, D. L., Ghosez, P., Georges, A., Millis, A. J., Gibert, M., Triscone, J. 2020; 19 (11): 1182-+


    Controlling phase transitions in transition metal oxides remains a central feature of both technological and fundamental scientific relevance. A well-known example is the metal-insulator transition, which has been shown to be highly controllable. However, the length scale over which these phases can be established is not yet well understood. To gain insight into this issue, we atomically engineered an artificially phase-separated system through fabricating epitaxial superlattices that consist of SmNiO3 and NdNiO3, two materials that undergo a metal-to-insulator transition at different temperatures. We demonstrate that the length scale of the interfacial coupling between metal and insulator phases is determined by balancing the energy cost of the boundary between a metal and an insulator and the bulk phase energies. Notably, we show that the length scale of this effect exceeds that of the physical coupling of structural motifs, which introduces a new framework for interface-engineering properties at temperatures against the bulk energetics.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41563-020-0757-x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000558140100006

    View details for PubMedID 32778815

  • Vibrational properties of LaNiO3 films in the ultrathin regime APL MATERIALS Schober, A., Fowlie, J., Guennou, M., Weber, M. C., Zhao, H., Iniguez, J., Gibert, M., Triscone, J., Kreisel, J. 2020; 8 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/5.0010233

    View details for Web of Science ID 000539352500001

  • Coupling Lattice Instabilities Across the Interface in Ultrathin Oxide Heterostructures ACS MATERIALS LETTERS van Thiel, T. C., Fowlie, J., Autieri, C., Manca, N., Siskins, M., Afanasiev, D., Gariglio, S., Caviglia, A. D. 2020; 2 (4): 389-394


    Oxide heterointerfaces constitute a rich platform for realizing novel functionalities in condensed matter. A key aspect is the strong link between structural and electronic properties, which can be modified by interfacing materials with distinct lattice symmetries. Here, we determine the effect of the cubic-tetragonal distortion of SrTiO3 on the electronic properties of thin films of SrIrO3, a topological crystalline metal hosting a delicate interplay between spin-orbit coupling and electronic correlations. We demonstrate that below the transition temperature at 105 K, SrIrO3 orthorhombic domains couple directly to tetragonal domains in SrTiO3. This forces the in-phase rotational axis to lie in-plane and creates a binary domain structure in the SrIrO3 film. The close proximity to the metal-insulator transition in ultrathin SrIrO3 causes the individual domains to have strongly anisotropic transport properties, driven by a reduction of bandwidth along the in-phase axis. The strong structure-property relationships in perovskites make these compounds particularly suitable for static and dynamic coupling at interfaces, providing a promising route towards realizing novel functionalities in oxide heterostructures.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acsmaterialslett.9b00540

    View details for Web of Science ID 000526398200012

    View details for PubMedID 32478332

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7254603

  • Thickness-Dependent Perovskite Octahedral Distortions at Heterointerfaces NANO LETTERS Fowlie, J., Lichtensteiger, C., Gibert, M., Meley, H., Willmott, P., Triscone, J. 2019; 19 (6): 4188-4194


    In this study, we analyze how the octahedral tilts and rotations of thin films of LaNiO3 and LaAlO3 grown on different substrates, determined using synchrotron X-ray diffraction-measured half-integer Bragg peaks, depend upon the total film thickness. We find a striking difference between films grown on SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 substrates which appears to stem not only from the difference in epitaxial strain state but also from the level of continuity at the heterointerface. In particular, the chemically and structurally discontinuous LaNiO3/SrTiO3 and LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces cause a large variation in the octahedral network as a function of film thickness whereas the rather continuous LaNiO3/LaAlO3 interface seems to allow from just a few unit cells the formation of a stable octahedral pattern corresponding to that expected only given the applied biaxial strain.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01772

    View details for Web of Science ID 000471834900107

    View details for PubMedID 31117765

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6595436

  • Rare-earth nickelates RNiO3: thin films and heterostructures REPORTS ON PROGRESS IN PHYSICS Catalano, S., Gibert, M., Fowlie, J., Iniguez, J., Triscone, J., Kreisel, J. 2018; 81 (4): 046501


    This review stands in the larger framework of functional materials by focussing on heterostructures of rare-earth nickelates, described by the chemical formula RNiO3 where R is a trivalent rare-earth R  =  La, Pr, Nd, Sm, …, Lu. Nickelates are characterized by a rich phase diagram of structural and physical properties and serve as a benchmark for the physics of phase transitions in correlated oxides where electron-lattice coupling plays a key role. Much of the recent interest in nickelates concerns heterostructures, that is single layers of thin film, multilayers or superlattices, with the general objective of modulating their physical properties through strain control, confinement or interface effects. We will discuss the extensive studies on nickelate heterostructures as well as outline different approaches to tuning and controlling their physical properties and, finally, review application concepts for future devices.

    View details for DOI 10.1088/1361-6633/aaa37a

    View details for Web of Science ID 000425123800001

    View details for PubMedID 29266004

  • Conductivity and Local Structure of LaNiO3 Thin Films ADVANCED MATERIALS Fowlie, J., Gibert, M., Tieri, G., Gloter, A., Iniguez, J., Filippetti, A., Catalano, S., Gariglio, S., Schober, A., Guennou, M., Kreisel, J., Stephan, O., Triscone, J. 2017; 29 (18)


    A marked conductivity enhancement is reported in 6-11 unit cell LaNiO3 thin films. A maximal conductivity is also observed in ab initio calculations for films of the same thickness. In agreement with results from state of the art scanning transmission electron microscopy, the calculations also reveal a differentiated film structure comprising characteristic surface, interior, and heterointerface structures. Based on this observation, a three-element parallel conductor model is considered and leads to the conclusion that the conductivity enhancement for films of 6-11 unit cells, stems from the onset of intercompetition between the three local structures in the film depth.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/adma.201605197

    View details for Web of Science ID 000400636400005

    View details for PubMedID 28262988

  • Interfacial Control of Magnetic Properties at LaMnO3/LaNiO3 Interfaces NANO LETTERS Gibert, M., Viret, M., Torres-Pardo, A., Piamonteze, C., Zubko, P., Jaouen, N., Tonnerre, J., Mougin, A., Fowlie, J., Catalano, S., Gloter, A., Stephan, O., Triscone, J. 2015; 15 (11): 7355-7361


    The functional properties of oxide heterostructures ultimately rely on how the electronic and structural mismatches occurring at interfaces are accommodated by the chosen materials combination. We discuss here LaMnO3/LaNiO3 heterostructures, which display an intrinsic interface structural asymmetry depending on the growth sequence. Using a variety of synchrotron-based techniques, we show that the degree of intermixing at the monolayer scale allows interface-driven properties such as charge transfer and the induced magnetic moment in the nickelate layer to be controlled. Further, our results demonstrate that the magnetic state of strained LaMnO3 thin films dramatically depends on interface reconstructions.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02720

    View details for Web of Science ID 000364725400028

    View details for PubMedID 26484628