“My goal is to improve patient quality of life and restore functionality, through an interdisciplinary approach to patient care. I am also committed to enhancing outcomes and patient safety as it applies to the field of perioperative and pain medicine.”
Dr. Newmark is an Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, and the Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology of Alameda Health System. The focus of Dr. Newmark's career has been to address national health issues through community and health system leadership and medical education, particularly surrounding the topics of perioperative and surgical care quality, opioid safety, addiction related care, pandemic and mass casualty response planning, and addressing health equity and bias in health care delivery.
Dr. Newmark’s patient care and clinical interests include chronic and acute pain management, interdisciplinary / procedural pain treatment, team based approaches to patients with dual acute or chronic pain and substance use disorders, as well as anesthesia for trauma and spine surgery. His academic interests involve immersive based learning, trainee performance, and patient outcomes and safety. He continues to develop pain medicine simulation scenarios and other educational programs within the Stanford Division of Pain Medicine, as well as treat patients while supervising pain medicine fellows.
- Pain Management
Faculty Member, Addiction Medicine Fellowship (Psychiatry) (2016 - 2017)
Faculty Member, Advanced Training in Medical Education (Anesthesia Fellowship) (2016 - 2017)
Associate Division Chief of Education, Division of Pain Medicine (2015 - 2017)
Faculty Member, M.D. Admissions Committee (Interviewer), Stanford University School of Medicine (2015 - 2016)
Chair, Clinical Competency Committee, Pain Medicine (2014 - 2017)
Associate Director, Pain Medicine Fellowship (2013 - 2017)
Member, Anesthesia Education Committee (2013 - 2017)
Honors & Awards
Chief Fellow, Stanford Pain Medicine Fellowship (2012-2013)
Teaching Scholars Program, Stanford Anesthesia (2013-2014)
Outstanding Teacher of the Year, Stanford Pain Medicine Fellowship (2016)
Poster-Abstract Award, American Academy of Pain Medicine (2017)
Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations
Physician Member, Patient Family Advisory Council, Pain Medicine (2016 - 2017)
Internship: Drexel University College of Medicine Office of the Registrar (2008) PA
Board Certification: American Board of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine (2014)
Board Certification: American Board of Anesthesiology, Anesthesia (2012)
Fellowship: Stanford Pain Management (2012) CA
Clinical Fellow, Harvard Medical School, Anaesthesia (2011)
Residency: Massachusetts General Hospital (2011) MA
Medical Education: Temple University (2007) PA
BSc, University of Maryland--College Park, Psychology (H) (2003)
Current Research and Scholarly Interests
Chronic & perioperative pain, interdisciplinary & procedural pain treatment, trauma anesthesia, spine surgery anesthesia
- Graduate & undergraduate medical education, medical simulation & immersive learning, performance assessment & evaluation, adult learning theory, clinician selection processes, patient safety & quality of care, health equity
Weighing the Risks and Benefits of Chronic Opioid Therapy
AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN
2016; 93 (12): 982-990
Evidence supports the use of opioids for treating acute pain. However, the evidence is limited for the use of chronic opioid therapy for chronic pain. Furthermore, the risks of chronic therapy are significant and may outweigh any potential benefits. When considering chronic opioid therapy, physicians should weigh the risks against any possible benefits throughout the therapy, including assessing for the risks of opioid misuse, opioid use disorder, and overdose. When initiating opioid therapy, physicians should consider buprenorphine for patients at risk of opioid misuse, opioid use disorder, and overdose. If and when opioid misuse is detected, opioids do not necessarily need to be discontinued, but misuse should be noted on the problem list and interventions should be performed to change the patient's behavior. If aberrant behavior continues, opioid use disorder should be diagnosed and treated accordingly. When patients are discontinuing opioid therapy, the dosage should be decreased slowly, especially in those who have intolerable withdrawal. It is not unreasonable for discontinuation of chronic opioid therapy to take many months. Benzodiazepines should not be coprescribed during chronic opioid therapy or when tapering, because some patients may develop cross-dependence. For patients at risk of overdose, naloxone should be offered to the patient and to others who may be in a position to witness and reverse opioid overdose.
View details for Web of Science ID 000377633800003
View details for PubMedID 27304767
Curriculum and Cases for Pain Medicine Crisis Resource Management Education
ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA
2013; 116 (1): 107-110
Medical crises that may occur in the setting of a pain medicine service are rare events that require skillful action and teamwork to ensure safe patient outcome. A simulated environment is an ideal venue for both acquisition and reinforcement of this knowledge and skill set. Here, we present an educational curriculum in pain medicine crisis resource management for both pain medicine fellows and attending physicians as well as the results of a successful pilot program.
View details for DOI 10.1213/ANE.0b013e31826f0ae0
View details for Web of Science ID 000313145300013
View details for PubMedID 23223099
- Teaching surgical skills NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 2007; 356 (13): 1381-1381
Qualitative Assessment of Clerkship Students' Perspectives of the Topics of Pain and Addiction in their Preclinical Curriculum
A majority of physicians feel poorly trained in the treatment of chronic pain and addiction. As such, it is critical that medical students receive appropriate education in both pain management and addiction. The purpose of this study was to assess the pre-clinical curriculum in pain medicine and addiction from the perspective of students after they had completed their pre-clinical training and to assess what they perceived as the strengths and weaknesses of their training.The authors conducted focused interviews among clinical medical students who had completed at least 6 months of clerkships. The interviews targeted the students' retrospective opinions about the pre-clinical curriculum and their preparedness for clinical encounters with either pain or addiction-related issues during their rotations. Coders thematically analyzed the de-identified interview transcripts, with consensus reached through discussion and code modification.Themes that emerged through the focused interviews included: fragmented curricular structure (and insufficient time) for pain and addiction medicine, not enough specific treatment strategies for pain or addiction, especially for complex clinical scenarios, and lack of a trained work-force to provide guidance in the management of pain and addiction.This study demonstrated the feasibility of gathering student perspectives to inform changes to improve the pre-clinical curriculum in pain and addiction medicine. Students identified multiple areas for improvement at the pre-clerkship level, which have informed updates to the curriculum. More research is needed to determine if curricular changes based on student feedback lead to improved learning outcomes.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s40596-018-0927-1
Headache Plus: Trigeminal and Autonomic Features in a Case of Cervicogenic Headache Responsive to Third Occipital Nerve Radiofrequency Ablation.
Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.)
To describe a case of cervicogenic headache with associated autonomic features and pain in a trigeminal distribution, all of which responded to third occipital nerve radiofrequency ablation.Single case report.Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Pain Medicine.A 38-year-old woman with history of migraines and motor vehicle accident.Right third occipital nerve diagnostic blocks and radiofrequency lesioning.Pain reduction; physical findings, including periorbital and mandibular facial swelling, tearing, conjunctival injection, and allodynia; and use of opioid and non-opioid pain medicines.The patient had complete relief of her pain and autonomic symptoms, and was able to stop all pain medications following a dedicated third occipital nerve lesioning.This case illustrates the diagnostic and therapeutic complexity of cervicogenic headache and the overlap with other headache types, including trigeminal autonomic cephalgias and migraine. It represents a unique proof of principle in that not only trigeminal nerve pain but also presumed neurogenic inflammation can be relieved by blockade of cervical nociceptive inputs. Further investigation into shared mechanisms of headache pathogenesis is warranted.
View details for DOI 10.1111/pme.12334
View details for PubMedID 24401103
Use of video laryngoscopy and camera phones to communicate progression of laryngeal edema in assessing for extubation: a case series.
Journal of intensive care medicine
2013; 28 (1): 67-71
Video laryngoscopy has demonstrated utility in airway management. For the present case series, we report the use of video laryngoscopy to evaluate the airway of critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients, as a means to reduce the risk of immediate postextubation stridor by assessing the degree of laryngeal edema. We also describe the use of cellular phone cameras to document and communicate airway edema in using video laryngoscopy for the patients' medical records. We found video laryngoscopy to be an effective method of assessing airway edema, and cellular phone cameras were useful for recording and documenting video laryngoscopy images for patients' medical records.
View details for DOI 10.1177/0885066612437528
View details for PubMedID 22337710
Radiocontrast Media Allergic Reactions and Interventional Pain Practice-A Review
2012; 15 (5): E665-E675
Millions of interventional pain procedures are performed each year in the United States. Interventional pain physicians commonly administer radiocontrast media (RCM) under fluoroscopy for these procedures. However, RCM can cause various types of hypersensitivity or allergic type reactions, in an acute or delayed fashion. Furthermore, some patients report a prior history of hypersensitivity reactions to RCM when presenting to the interventional pain clinic. Both scenarios present challenges to the interventional pain physician.To describe the various types of hypersensitivity reactions to RCM, as well as strategies to prevent and manage these reactions, within the context of interventional pain practice.A review of the literature from 1975 through 2011 regarding allergic type reactions to RCM, as well as iodine, and shellfish allergy, was undertaken in an effort to review and develop recommendations on managing these patients presenting to the interventional pain clinic. Keywords used in the literature search were: radiocontrast media, contrast allergy, contrast reaction, iodine allergy, shellfish allergy, and fluoroscopy. The included articles were concerned with the basic or clinical science of contrast allergy, including the physiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of such reactions. Meta-analysis, review articles, and case reports addressing contrast media reactions were also included. Articles which discussed contrast media reactions in a peripheral fashion were excluded.In reviewing the literature, it is apparent that the mechanisms and pathophysiology of RCM hypersensitivity reactions are still being characterized, which should soon lead to improved screenings, as well as prevention and treatment strategies. Many common themes are described throughout the literature regarding patient risk factors, testing, prevention,diagnosis, and treatment of RCM allergic-type reactions.The current review did not perform a meta-analysis of the available data, as most of the available articles were trials that were randomly controlled. Therefore, the conclusions of the present article are general, and qualitative in nature.Although the mechanisms of various RCM allergic-type reactions are not entirely understood, the interventional pain physician should have a basic understanding of patient risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of these reactions. The current review allowed for prevention and treatment strategies for managing patients with RCM hypersensitivity reactions.
View details for Web of Science ID 000312498100005
View details for PubMedID 22996860
Correlating virtual reality and box trainer tasks in the assessment of laparoscopic surgical skills
Annual Meeting of the Council-on-Resident-Education-in-Obstetrics-and-Gynecology/Association-of-Professors-of-Gynecology-and-Obstetrics
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation in the assessment of laparoscopic surgical skills in medical students with the use of a virtual reality laparoscopic trainer and a low-fidelity video box trainer with comparative tasks.Third-year medical students were asked to perform 3 basic skills set modules on LapSim (Surgical Science, Gothenburg, Sweden): coordination, grasping and lifting, and handling the intestines. Each task was set at the easiest level, and each student was allowed a maximum of 10 attempts to complete each task. Similar-appearing tasks were chosen for comparison with the use of a standard video box trainer: pegboard, cup drop and rope pass, respectively. Laparoscopic skills were evaluated with the use of both trainers during 1 session. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to compare paired data on each student using statistical software.Forty-seven of 65 medical students were assigned to clinical clerkships on-campus at Temple University School of Medicine participated in the study. All 47 students participated in the video box trainer tasks; 34 students completed both the video box trainer and LapSim skills set. Observations that were obtained on the LapSim virtual reality system and video box trainer simulator demonstrated several correlations. The time to completion for the LapSim coordination task and the pegboard task were correlated (r = 0.507; P = .006), as were the grasping and lifting task completion time on LapSim and the comparative box trainer cup drop task completion time (r = 0.404; P = .022). When accounting for errors, the LapSim coordination task tissue damage score was correlated with the sum of all box trainer errors (r = 0.353; P = .040); the average grasping and lifting tissue damage was correlated with the total number of errors during all box trainer tasks (r = 0.374; P = .035).Overall, in evaluating laparoscopic skills, the LapSim and video box trainer were correlated positively with one another. The scoring of laparoscopic skills by both systems appears to be equivalent for the measurement of time to task completion and number of errors.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.07.026
View details for Web of Science ID 000250915500038
View details for PubMedID 17980205
- Delayed onset of malignant hyperthermia without creatine kinase elevation in a geriatric, ryanodine receptor type 1 gene compound heterozygous patient ANESTHESIOLOGY 2007; 107 (2): 350-353