Dr. Juliann Kim works as a Pediatric Hospitalist for PAMF. She cares for patients in the LPCH Newborn Nursery, Packard Intermediate Care Nursery, and on the inpatient wards. She serves on several LPCH committees including Professional Performance Evaluation Committee, Perinatal Care Committee, Credentials Committee, and Care Improvement Committee. She served as the LPCH Medical Staff President from 2018-2020.

All Publications

  • Fewer glucose checks and decreased supplementation using dextrose gel for asymptomatic neonatal hypoglycemia. Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association Walravens, C., Gupta, A., Cohen, R. S., Kim, J. L., Frymoyer, A. 2023


    OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of a neonatal hypoglycemia (NH) clinical pathway implementing buccal dextrose gel in late preterm and term infants.STUDY DESIGN: Quality improvement study at a children's hospital associated birth center. Number of blood glucose checks, use of supplemental milk, and need for IV glucose were followed for 26-months after implementation of dextrose gel and compared to previous 16-month period.RESULTS: After QI implementation, 2703 infants were screened for hypoglycemia. Of these, 874 (32%) received at least one dose of dextrose gel. Special cause shifts with reductions in mean number of blood glucose checks per infant (pre 6.6 vs. post 5.6), use of supplemental milk (pre 42% vs. post 30%), and need for IV glucose (pre 4.8% vs. post 3.5%) were found.CONCLUSION: Incorporating dextrose gel into a clinical pathway for NH was associated with a sustained reduction in number of interventions, use of supplemental milk and need for IV glucose.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41372-023-01638-z

    View details for PubMedID 36871107

  • Gender Distribution of Scholarship and Measures of National Recognition in Hospital Medicine. Hospital pediatrics Kim, J. L., Allan, J. M., Fromme, H. B., Forster, C. S., Shaughnessy, E., Ralston, S. 2022; 12 (2): 117-124


    Our specific aim was to assess the gender distribution of aspects of scholarly productivity and professional standing for pediatric hospital medicine over a 5-year period. We also evaluated for correlation between the makeup of editorial boards, conference planning committees, and chosen content.We reviewed scholarly publications, presentations, editorial boards, planning committees, awardees, and society leadership in pediatric hospital medicine from 2015 to 2019 and determined gender using published methods to assess for differences between observed proportions of women authors and presenters and the proportion of women in the field.The field of pediatric hospital medicine at large is 69% women (95% confidence internal [CI] 68%-71%), and an estimated 57% of senior members are women (95% CI 54%-60%). We evaluated 570 original science manuscripts and found 67% (95% CI 63%-71%) women first authors and 49% (95% CI 44%-53%) women senior authors. We evaluated 1093 presentations at national conferences and found 69% (95% CI 65%-72%) women presenters of submitted content and 44% (95% CI 37%-51%) women presenters of invited content. Senior authorship and invited speaking engagements demonstrated disproportionately low representation of women when compared with senior members of the field (senior authorship, P = .002; invited presenters, P < .001). Strong positive correlation between gender composition of conference planning committees and selected content was also noted (r = 0.94).Our study demonstrated representative gender distribution for some aspects of scholarly productivity in pediatric hospital medicine; however, a lack of gender parity exists in senior roles.

    View details for DOI 10.1542/hpeds.2021-006278

    View details for PubMedID 35013745

  • Gender Equity in Pediatric Hospital Medicine: What History Tells Us. Hospital pediatrics Kim, J. L., Allan, J. M., Fromme, H. B. 2021

    View details for DOI 10.1542/hpeds.2021-006144

    View details for PubMedID 34740883

  • Gender Distribution in Pediatric Hospital Medicine Leadership. Journal of hospital medicine Allan, J. M., Kim, J. L., Ralston, S. L., Black, N. M., Blankenburg, R., Shaughnessy, E. E., Fromme, H. B. 2021; 16 (1): 31–33


    Pediatric Hospital Medicine (PHM), a field early in its development and with a robust pipeline of women, is in a unique position to lead the way in gender equity. We describe the proportion of women in divisional and fellowship leadership positions at university-based PHM programs (n = 142). When compared with the PHM field at large, women appear to be underrepresented as PHM division/program leaders (70% vs 55%; P< .001) but not as fellowship directors (70% vs 66%; P > .05). Women appear proportionally represented in associate/assistant leadership roles when compared with the distribution of the PHM field at large. Tracking these trends overtime is essential to advancing the field.

    View details for DOI 10.12788/jhm.3555

    View details for PubMedID 33357327

  • Variation in Management of Cutaneous Lumbosacral Findings in Newborns. Hospital pediatrics Aby, J., Kim, J., Lai, L., Flaherman, V., Loyal, J. 2020


    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous lumbosacral findings in neonates are common in the newborn nursery but may also be associated with occult spinal dysraphism. Variation in management of lumbosacral findings by neonatal clinicians has not been previously described.METHODS: Clinicians in the Better Outcomes through Research for Newborns (BORN) Network were invited to participate in an electronic survey. Participants reviewed 18 photographs of lumbosacral findings in asymptomatic neonates and selected 1 or more initial management step(s): routine care, watchful waiting, imaging, and/or subspecialty consultation. Additional data collected include ease of access to imaging and subspecialty consultants and characteristics of respondents.RESULTS: Of 407 BORN Network clinicians, 206 (51%) completed the survey. Respondents were in >90% agreement in initial management approach of 8 of 18 cases. The most common initial actions were spinal ultrasound (53%), neurosurgery evaluation (18%), and MRI (13%). Anomalies of the gluteal crease had the lowest proportion of agreement. In 2 cases, there were differences in respondents' choice to image or consult a subspecialist depending on their percent clinical full time equivalent spent taking care of neonates <1 month of age: (1) coccygeal hair (P = .02) and (2) deviated gluteal crease (P = .02).CONCLUSIONS: Variation in initial management of neonatal lumbosacral findings by clinicians in the BORN Network was seen most often for deviations of the gluteal crease, flat vascular macules, and coccygeal hair.

    View details for DOI 10.1542/hpeds.2019-0264

    View details for PubMedID 32404330

  • Sustainability of a Clinical Examination-Based Approach for Ascertainment of Early Onset Sepsis in Late Preterm and Term Neonates. The Journal of pediatrics Frymoyer, A. n., Joshi, N. S., Allan, J. M., Cohen, R. S., Aby, J. L., Kim, J. L., Benitz, W. E., Gupta, A. n. 2020

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.055

    View details for PubMedID 32511960

  • Management of Chorioamnionitis-Exposed Infants in the Newborn Nursery Using a Clinical Examination-Based Approach. Hospital pediatrics Joshi, N. S., Gupta, A., Allan, J. M., Cohen, R. S., Aby, J. L., Kim, J. L., Benitz, W. E., Frymoyer, A. 2019


    BACKGROUND: Antibiotic use in well-appearing late preterm and term chorioamnionitis-exposed (CE) infants was reduced by 88% after the adoption of a care approach that was focused on clinical monitoring in the intensive care nursery to determine the need for antibiotics. However, this approach continued to separate mothers and infants. We aimed to reduce maternal-infant separation while continuing to use a clinical examination-based approach to identify early-onset sepsis (EOS) in CE infants.METHODS: Within a quality improvement framework, well-appearing CE infants ≥35 weeks' gestation were monitored clinically while in couplet care in the postpartum unit without laboratory testing or empirical antibiotics. Clinical monitoring included physician examination at birth and nurse examinations every 30 minutes for 2 hours and then every 4 hours until 24 hours of life. Infants who developed clinical signs of illness were further evaluated and/or treated with antibiotics. Antibiotic use, laboratory testing, and clinical outcomes were collected.RESULTS: Among 319 initially well-appearing CE infants, 15 (4.7%) received antibiotics, 23 (7.2%) underwent laboratory testing, and 295 (92.5%) remained with their mothers in couplet care throughout the birth hospitalization. One infant had group B Streptococcus EOS identified and treated at 24 hours of age based on new-onset tachypnea and had an uncomplicated course.CONCLUSIONS: Management of well-appearing CE infants by using a clinical examination-based approach during couplet care in the postpartum unit maintained low rates of laboratory testing and antibiotic use and markedly reduced mother-infant separation without adverse events. A framework for repeated clinical assessments is an essential component of identifying infants with EOS.

    View details for PubMedID 30833294

  • Clinical Monitoring of Well-Appearing Infants Born to Mothers With Chorioamnionitis PEDIATRICS Joshi, N. S., Gupta, A., Allan, J. M., Cohen, R. S., Aby, J. L., Weldon, B., Kim, J. L., Benitz, W. E., Frymoyer, A. 2018; 141 (4)
  • Clinical Monitoring of Well-Appearing Infants Born to Mothers With Chorioamnionitis. Pediatrics Joshi, N. S., Gupta, A. n., Allan, J. M., Cohen, R. S., Aby, J. L., Weldon, B. n., Kim, J. L., Benitz, W. E., Frymoyer, A. n. 2018; 141 (4)


    The risk of early-onset sepsis is low in well-appearing late-preterm and term infants even in the setting of chorioamnionitis. The empirical antibiotic strategies for chorioamnionitis-exposed infants that are recommended by national guidelines result in antibiotic exposure for numerous well-appearing, uninfected infants. We aimed to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in chorioamnionitis-exposed infants through the implementation of a treatment approach that focused on clinical presentation to determine the need for antibiotics.Within a quality-improvement framework, a new treatment approach was implemented in March 2015. Well-appearing late-preterm and term infants who were exposed to chorioamnionitis were clinically monitored for at least 24 hours in a level II nursery; those who remained well appearing received no laboratory testing or antibiotics and were transferred to the level I nursery or discharged from the hospital. Newborns who became symptomatic were further evaluated and/or treated with antibiotics. Antibiotic use, laboratory testing, culture results, and clinical outcomes were collected.Among 277 well-appearing, chorioamnionitis-exposed infants, 32 (11.6%) received antibiotics during the first 15 months of the quality-improvement initiative. No cases of culture result-positive early-onset sepsis occurred. No infant required intubation or inotropic support. Only 48 of 277 (17%) patients had sepsis laboratory testing. The implementation of the new approach was associated with a 55% reduction (95% confidence interval 40%-65%) in antibiotic exposure across all infants ≥34 weeks' gestation born at our hospital.A management approach using clinical presentation to determine the need for antibiotics in chorioamnionitis-exposed infants was successful in reducing antibiotic exposure and was not associated with any clinically relevant delays in care or adverse outcomes.

    View details for PubMedID 29599112

  • A Cross-Sectional Assessment of Cutaneous Lumbosacral and Coccygeal Physical Examination Findings in a Healthy Newborn Population. Global pediatric health Aby, J., Kim, J. L. 2018; 5: 2333794X18756133


    Objective. The purpose of this study is to describe the range and frequency of cutaneous lumbosacral and coccygeal findings encountered during the newborn examination in a population of apparently healthy babies, to determine if the prevalence of these findings is associated with race/ethnicity, and to report the frequency of co-occurrence of low-risk cutaneous findings. Methods. Lumbosacral physical findings of 1121 infants were documented on well newborns at least 35 weeks or greater gestational age under the authors' care. The overall frequency of each physical finding was tabulated in addition to determining whether frequencies varied by race/ethnicity. Co-occurrence of the most common physical findings was also examined. Results. Of 1096 infants included in the study, 24.8% had deviated or duplicated gluteal creases, 15.6% had dimples, and 24.7% had lumbosacral and/or coccygeal hairiness. All racial/ethnic groups had double to quadruple the risk of lumbosacral hair when compared with Caucasians. A total of 44.1% of study infants had lumbosacral/coccygeal slate-grey patches, which were least common in Caucasians. Seven infants had coccygeal skin tags, and 14 infants had lumbosacral vascular macules. Thirty-one percent had more than 1 cutaneous lumbosacral finding present, 24.8% had 2 findings, and 6.2% had 3 or more findings. Conclusion. Coccygeal dimples, increased lumbosacral and/or coccygeal hair, deviations and/or duplications of the gluteal crease, and lumbosacral slate-grey patches are common in healthy newborns and vary by race/ethnicity. Eleven percent of study infants had 2 or more low-risk cutaneous findings excluding slate-grey patches. Distinction between low-risk and common versus high-risk findings is important when deciding which patients need further evaluation.

    View details for PubMedID 29450217

  • Case 2: Persistent Stridor After Upper Respiratory Tract Infection in a 2-month-old Boy. Pediatrics in review Walz, A., Goel, V., Kim, J. 2016; 37 (3): 123-125

    View details for DOI 10.1542/pir.2015-0126

    View details for PubMedID 26933228