Academic Appointments


  • Professor, History
  • Professor (By courtesy), French and Italian

Administrative Appointments


  • Associate Master, Social Sciences Collegiate Division, University of Chicago (1974 - 1975)
  • Master, Social Sciences Collegiate Division, University of Chicago (1975 - 1978)
  • Associate Dean of the College, University of Chicago (1975 - 1978)
  • Associate Dean, Division of the Social Sciences, University of Chicago (1975 - 1978)
  • Chair, Commission on Graduate Education, University of Chicago (1980 - 1982)
  • Chair, Council on Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Chicago (1983 - 1986)
  • Director, John M. Olin Program in the History of Political Culture, University of Chicago (1987 - 1988)
  • Chair, Department of History, Stanford University (1994 - 1995)
  • Director, Stanford Humanities Center (1995 - 2000)
  • Cognizant Dean for the Humanities, School of Humanities and Sciences (2000 - 2003)
  • Director, Institute for French Interdisciplinary Studies (2000 - 2003)
  • Jean-Paul Gimon Director, France-Stanford Center for Interdisciplinary Studies. (2004 - 2012)
  • French Revolution Bicentennial Professor, University of California, Los Angeles (1989 - 1989)
  • Directeur d'etudes invite, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (1982 - 1982)
  • Directeur d'etudes invite, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (1984 - 1984)
  • Directeur d'etudes invite, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (1986 - 1986)
  • Directeur d'etudes invite, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (1991 - 1991)
  • Visiting Associate Professor of European History, Yale University (1974 - 1974)
  • Professor in the Committee on the Conceptual Foundations of Science, University of Chicago (1977 - 1989)
  • Professor in the Morris Fishbein Center for the Study of the History of Science and Medicine, University of Chicago (1977 - 1989)
  • Professor in the Department of History and the College, University of Chicago (1977 - 1989)
  • Associate Professor, University of Chicago (1970 - 1976)
  • Assistant Professor of European History, University of Chicago (1965 - 1970)
  • Instructor in History and the Humanities, Reed College (1964 - 1965)

Honors & Awards


  • Chevalier dans L'Ordre, Palmes Academiques (1988)
  • Visiting Fellow, Cambridge University (1994)
  • Visiting Fellow, Max Planck Institut fUr Geschichte, Geschichte, (1994)
  • Internal Faculty Fellow, Stanford Humanities Center (2005-2006)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Fellowship Selection Committees, Mellon Foundation, ACLS
  • Member Editorial Board, French Revolution Research Collection
  • Series Editor, Bicentennial Reflections on the French Revolution
  • Ex officio member, Executive Committee, International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (2011)
  • Member Board of Editors, History of European Ideas (2007 - 2012)
  • President, International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (2007 - 2011)
  • Co-President, Society for French Historical Studies (2004 - 2005)
  • Elected Member, Executive Committee, International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (2003 - 2007)
  • President, American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (2000 - 2000)
  • Vice-President, American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (1999 - 1999)
  • Second Vice-President, American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (1998 - 1998)
  • Member, American Philosophical Society (1997 - 1997)
  • Co-Director, NEH Summer Institute (1995 - 1995)
  • Life Member, Clare Hall, Cambridge University (1994 - 1994)
  • Member, Organizing Committee, International Conference on The Terror in the French Revolution, Stanford University (1992 - 1992)
  • Member, Committee on Committees, American Historical Association (1991 - 1994)
  • Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991 - 1991)
  • Historical Adviser, Bastille, William Benton Broadcast Project, University of Chicago (1988 - 1989)
  • Chair, Scholars Committee, American Committee for the Bicentennial of the French Revolution (1987 - 1989)
  • Member, American Committee for the Bicentennial of the French Revolution (1987 - 1989)
  • Member, Organizing Committee, Principal responsibility, Conference on the Political Culture of the Old Regime, Chicago. (1986 - 1986)
  • Member, Conseil d'Administration, Fondation des Etats-Unis, Paris (1984)
  • Member, Organizing Committee, International Research Conference (1984 - 1988)
  • Co-Editor, Journal of Modern History (1980 - 1989)
  • Member, Steering Committee, University of Chicago (1980 - 1988)
  • Member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1979 - 1980)
  • Member Board of Editors, Ethics (1979 - 1980)
  • Member Board of Editors, French Historical Studies (1976 - 1979)
  • Book Review Editor, Journal of Modern History (1971 - 1972)

Professional Education


  • Ph.D, University College, Historical Research (1964)
  • Teaching Assistant, Cornell University, History of political theory (1961)
  • M.A., Cambridge University (1963)
  • B.A., Cambridge University, Historical Tripos (1960)

2019-20 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • Revolution 1.0 JOURNAL OF MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY Baker, K. M. 2013; 11 (2): 187-219
  • Enlightenment Idioms, Old Regime Discourses, and Revolutionary Improvisation From Deluge to Deficit: The Origins ofthe French Revolution Baker, K. edited by Kley, D. V., Kaiser, T. Stanford University Press. 2011: 165–97
  • A Genealogy of Dr Manette Conference on Charles Dickens and the French Revolution - Crowds and Power Baker, K. M. PALGRAVE. 2009: 64–74
  • Tocqueville's Blind Spot? Political Contestations under the Old Regime The Tocqueville Review Baker, K. 2006; 27: 257-52
  • Venturi's Utopia and Reform in the Enlightenment Il repubblicanesimo moderno Baker, K. edited by Albertone, M. Naples, Bibliopolis. 2006: 19–43
  • Condorcet sur la Justice, Liberte, Egalite, Fratemite Justice, Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: Sur quelques valeurs fondamentales de la democratie europeenne Baker, K. edited by Inkova, O. Geneva, Euryopa. 2006: 31–46
  • Political Languages of the French Revolution The Cambridge History of Political Thought Baker, K. edited by Goldie, M., Wokler, R. Cambridge University Press. 2006: 626–59
  • Legendre vs. the Ministry of the Interior Journ@l electronique d'histoire des probabilites et de la statistique Baker, K., Stigler, S. 2005; 1 (2)
  • Apres la 'Culture politique'? De nouveaux courants dans l'approche linguistique XVIIIe siecle Baker, K. 2005: 234-254
  • Tocqueville and Beyond. Essays on the Old Regime in Honor of David D. Bien (Review Essay) H-France Review Baker, K. 2005; X (20)
  • On Condorcet's "Sketch" DAEDALUS Baker, K. M. 2004; 133 (3): 56-64
  • Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind: Tenth Epoch DAEDALUS Baker, K. M. 2004; 133 (3): 65-82
  • On Condorcet's 'Sketch Daedalus Baker, K. 2004; 113 (3): 56-64
  • Le trasformazione del repubblicanesimo classico nella Francia del Settecento Liberta politica e virtu civile. Significati e percorsi del repubblicanesimo classico Baker, K. edited by Viroli, M. 2004: 149–175
  • The Gimon Collection: A Resource for Scholarship A Vast and Useful Art: The Gustave Gimon Collection on French Political Economy Baker, K. edited by Parrine, M. J. 2004: 19–23
  • Condorcet Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment Baker, K. edited by Kors, A. C. Oxford University Press. 2002
  • Revolution Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment Baker, K. edited by Kors, A. C. Oxford University Press. 2002
  • Transformations of classical republicanism in eighteenth-century France JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY Baker, K. M. 2001; 73 (1): 32-53
  • What's Left of Enlightenment? A Postmodern Question Reill, P. H., Baker, K. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press. 2001
  • Epistemologie et politique: Pourquoi 1' Encyclopedie est-elle un dictionnaire? L 'Encyclopedie. Du reseau au livre et du livre au reseau Baker, K. edited by Morrissey, R., Roger, P. 2001: 51–58
  • Introduction Les Gazettes Europeennes et l'information politique de l'Ancien Regime Baker, K. edited by Retat, P. 1999
  • American Historiography of the French Revolution Historical Writing in the United States Zizek, J., Baker, K. edited by Molho, A., Wood, G. 1998
  • L 'homme social L 'homme des lumieres: De Paris a Petersbourg Baker, K. edited by Roger, P. 1995: 133–152
  • Aufklarung und die Erfindung der Gesellschaft Nach der Aujklarung Baker, K. edited by Klein, W., Beyer, W. N. Akademie Verlag. 1995: 109–124
  • A Foucauldian Account of the French Revolution Foucault and the Writing of History Baker, K. Blackwell. 1994: 187–205
  • The Idea of a Declaration of Rights The French Idea of Freedom: Origins of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Baker, K. edited by Kley, D. V. Stanford University Press. 1994: 154–196
  • Dialogue sur l'espace public Politix Chartier, R., Baker, K. 1994: 5-22
  • On the Problem of the Ideological Origins of the French Revolution Geschichte schreiben in der Postmoderne Baker, K. edited by Conrad, C., Kessel, M. Stuttgart, Reclam. 1994: 251–282
  • Enlightenment and the Institution of Society: Notes for a Conceptual History Main Trends in Cultural History Baker, K. edited by Melching, W. B., Velema, W. E. 1994: 95–120
  • A FOUCAULDIAN FRENCH-REVOLUTION Conference on Foucault and the Writing of History Today Baker, K. M. BLACKWELL PUBL. 1994: 187–205
  • The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture. vol. 4 The Terror Baker, K. Oxford, Pergamon Press. 1994
  • Au tribunal de l'opinion. Essais sur l'imaginaire politique au XVIIIe siecle Baker, K. Paris, Payot. 1993
  • Public Opinions and Revolutionary Thoughts: Searching for Eighteenth-Century Culture The ARTFL Project Newsletter Baker, K. 1993; 8 (1): 2-3
  • Condorcet ou la republique de la raison Le siecle de l'avenement republicain Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. 1993: 225–255
  • Condorcet o la Repubblica della ragione L 'idea di Repubblica nell 'Europa moderna Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. 1993: 233–264
  • THE MAUPEOU-REVOLUTION, THE TRANSFORMATION OF FRENCH POLITICS AT THE END OF THE OLD-REGIME + AN INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL REFLECTIONS-REFLEXIONS HISTORIQUES Baker, K. M. 1992; 18 (2): 1-16
  • Reason and Revolution: Political Consciousness and Ideological Invention at the End of the Old Regime In the Presence of the Past. Essays in Honor of Frank Manuel Baker, K. edited by Feingold, M., Bienvenu, R. 1991
  • Defining the Public Sphere in Eighteenth-Century France: Variations on a Theme by Habermas Habermas and the Public Sphere Baker, K. edited by Calhoun, C. M.I.T. Press. 1991: 181–211
  • Inventing the French Revolution. Essays on French Political Culture in the Eighteenth Century Baker, K. M. Cambridge University Press. 1990
  • Souverainete nationale Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 1989
  • L'Unite de la pensee de Condorcet Condorcet: mathematicien, economiste, philosophe, homme politique Baker, K. edited by Crepel, P., Gilain, C. 1989: 515–24
  • A World Transformed The Wilson Quarterly Baker, K. 1989; 13
  • French Revolution and Intellectual History Intellectual History Baker, K. 1989: 75–93
  • Sieyes and the Creation of French Revolutionary Discourse The Languages of Revolution edited by Mannucci, L. V. 1989
  • La bombe Sieyes Le Monde de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. 1989; 1
  • Sieyes Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 1989
  • Editors' Introduction Bicentennial Reflections on the French Revolution edited by Baker, K. M., Kaplan, S. L. Duke University Press. 1989
  • Condorcet Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 1989
  • A Script for Modern Politics France Magazine Baker, K. 1989; 13
  • Constitution Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 1989
  • Closing the French Revolution: Saint-Simon and Comte The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Pergamon Press. 1989: 323–39
  • Le moment Condorcet? Le Monde de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. 1989
  • A Script for a French Revolution: The Political Consciousness of the abbe Mably The French Revolution and Intellectual History Baker, K. edited by Censer, J. R. Chicago. 1989: 75–93
  • Condorcet. Raison et politique Baker, K. Hermann. 1988
  • Sieyes Dictionnaire critique de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Paris, Flammarion. 1988
  • Constitution Dictionnaire critique de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Paris, Flammarion. 1988
  • Souverainete nationale Dictionnaire critique de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Paris, Flammarion. 1988
  • Condorcet Dictionnaire critique de la Revolution francaise Baker, K. edited by Furet, F., Ozouf, M. Paris, Flammarion. 1988
  • Science and Politics at the End of the Old Regime: Reflections on a Theme of Professor Charles Gillispie Minerva Baker, K. 1987; 25: 21-34
  • Politics and Public Opinion under the Old Regime Press and Politics in Pre-Revolutionary France Baker, K. M. edited by Censer, J., Popkin, J. Berkeley, University of California Press. 1987: 205–246
  • Politique et opinion publique sous l'ancien regime Annales Baker, K. M. 1987
  • The Old Regime and the French Revolution University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization Baker, K. M. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. 1987; 7
  • POLITICS AND PUBLIC-OPINION UNDER THE OLD REGIME ANNALES-ECONOMIES SOCIETES CIVILISATIONS Baker, K. M. 1987; 42 (1): 41-71
  • The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture vol.1 The Political Culture of the Old Regime Baker, K. Oxford, Pergamon Press. 1987
  • Montesquieu A Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution, 1789-1799 Baker, K. edited by Scott, S. F., Rothaus, B. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press. 1985
  • Social Contract A Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution, 1789-1799 Baker, K. edited by Scott, S. F., Rothaus, B. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press. 1985
  • The Language of Liberty in Eighteenth-Century Bordeaux: Early Writings of Guillaume-Joseph Saige L'Eta dei lumi. Studt storici sul settecento Europeo in onore di Franco Venturi Baker, K. Naples. 1985; 2 (1:331-370)
  • MEMORY AND PRACTICE, POLITICS AND THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PAST IN 18TH-CENTURY FRANCE REPRESENTATIONS Baker, K. M. 1985: 134-164
  • Legendre A Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution, 1789-1799 Baker, K. edited by Scott, S. F., Rothaus, B. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press. 1985
  • Condorcet A Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution, 1789-1799 Baker, K. edited by Scott, S. F., Rothaus, B. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press. 1985
  • On the Problem of the Randomness of Ends Condorcet Studies I Baker, K. edited by Rosenfield, L. C., Popkin, R. H. Atlantic Highlands, N.J., Humanities Press. 1984: 73–80
  • Report of the Commission on Graduate Education The University of Chicago Record Baker, K. M. 1982; 16 (2)
  • On the Problem of the Ideological Origins of the French Revolution Modern European Intellectual History : Reappraisals and New Perspectives Baker, K. edited by LaCapra, D., Kaplan, S. L. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press. 1982: 197–219
  • Un copione per la Rivoluzione francese: la conscienza politica dell'abate Mably Rivista storica italiana Baker, K. 1981; 93: 315-345
  • ENLIGHTENMENT AND REVOLUTION IN FRANCE - OLD PROBLEMS, RENEWED APPROACHES JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY Baker, K. M. 1981; 53 (2): 281-303
  • A SCRIPT FOR A FRENCH-REVOLUTION - THE POLITICAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF MABLY EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY STUDIES Baker, K. M. 1981; 14 (3): 235-263
  • State, Society and Subsistence in Eighteenth-Century France Journal of Modern History Baker, K. M. 1978; 50
  • Memory, Judgment, Choice The University of Chicago Record Baker, K. M. 1978; 13
  • French Political Thought at the Accession of Louis XVI Journal of Modern History Baker, K. M. 1978; 50
  • Condorcet's Notes for a Revised Edition of his Reception Speech to the Academie francaise Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century Baker, K. M. 1977; 149
  • Condorcet: Selected Writings Baker, K. Bobbs-Merrill. 1976
  • Condorcet. From Natural Philosophy to Social Mathematics Baker, K. University of Chicago Press. 1975
  • Politics and Social Science in Eighteenth-Century France: the Societe de 1789 French Government and Society, 1500-1800. Essays in Memory of Alfred Cobban Baker, K. edited by Bosher, J. F. London, Athlone Press. 1973: 203–230.
  • Science and the Social Order in the Old Regime (Review Essay) Minerva Baker, K. 1972; 10: 502-508
  • Un 'eloge' officieux de Condorcet: sa notice historique et critique sur Condillac Revue de synthese, 3e serie Baker, K. M. 1967; 47-48
  • Les debuts de Condorcet au secretariat de l' Academie royale des sciences (1773-1776) Revue d'histoire des sciences Baker, K. M. 1967; 20
  • Scientism, Elitism and Liberalism: The Case of Condorcet Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century Baker, K. M. 1967; 55
  • Condorcet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Baker, K. M. edited by Edwards, P. New York. 1967: 182–184
  • The Origins and Authorship of the Educational Proposals ... Generally Ascribed to Lavoisier Annals of Science Baker, K. M., Smeaton, W. A. 1965; 21
  • The Early History of the Term 'Social Science' Annals of Science Baker, K. 1965; 20: 211-226