Professional Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2022)
  • Master of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2018)
  • Bachelor of Science, The University of Alabama, Chemical Engineering with majors in Chemical Engineering and Chemistry (2016)

Stanford Advisors

Current Research and Scholarly Interests

Kindle is a postdoctoral researcher in Prof. William Tarpeh's group. She studies nutrient recovery from wastewaters, with a particular focus on electrochemical techniques for the conversion and recovery of inorganic nitrogen species. She is interested in translating technologies for nutrient recovery to practice.

All Publications

  • Long-Term Robustness and Failure Mechanisms of Electrochemical Stripping for Wastewater Ammonia Recovery ACS ENVIRONMENTAL AU Kogler, A., Sharma, N., Tiburcio, D., Gong, M., Miller, D. M., Williams, K. S., Chen, X., Tarpeh, W. A. 2024
  • Electrochemical Wastewater Refining: A Vision for Circular Chemical Manufacturing. Journal of the American Chemical Society Miller, D. M., Abels, K., Guo, J., Williams, K. S., Liu, M. J., Tarpeh, W. A. 2023


    Wastewater is an underleveraged resource; it contains pollutants that can be transformed into valuable high-purity products. Innovations in chemistry and chemical engineering will play critical roles in valorizing wastewater to remediate environmental pollution, provide equitable access to chemical resources and services, and secure critical materials from diminishing feedstock availability. This perspective envisions electrochemical wastewater refining─the use of electrochemical processes to tune and recover specific products from wastewaters─as the necessary framework to accelerate wastewater-based electrochemistry to widespread practice. We define and prescribe a use-informed approach that simultaneously serves specific wastewater-pollutant-product triads and uncovers a mechanistic understanding generalizable to broad use cases. We use this approach to evaluate research needs in specific case studies of electrocatalysis, stoichiometric electrochemical conversions, and electrochemical separations. Finally, we provide rationale and guidance for intentionally expanding the electrochemical wastewater refining product portfolio. Wastewater refining will require a coordinated effort from multiple expertise areas to meet the urgent need of extracting maximal value from complex, variable, diverse, and abundant wastewater resources.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/jacs.3c01142

    View details for PubMedID 37642501