Honors & Awards

  • Postdoctoral Fellowship, American Italian Cancer Association (2021-2022)
  • 4-year PhD Fellowship, Wellcome Trust (2016-2020)

Professional Education

  • PhD, University of Manchester, Quantitative and Biophysical Biology (2021)
  • MSc, University of Nottingham, Mathematical Medicine and Biology (2016)
  • BS, Universit√† degli Studi di Firenze, Mathematics (2015)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • miR-9a regulates levels of both rhomboid mRNA and protein in the early Drosophila melanogaster embryo. G3 (Bethesda, Md.) Gallicchio, L., Griffiths-Jones, S., Ronshaugen, M. 2022


    MicroRNAs can have subtle and combinatorial effects on the levels of the targets and pathways they act on. Studying the consequences of a single microRNA knockout often proves difficult as many such knockouts exhibit phenotypes only under stress conditions. This has often led to the hypothesis that microRNAs buffer the effects of intrinsic and environmental stochasticity on gene expression. Observing and understanding this buffering effect entails quantitative analysis of microRNA and target expression in single cells. To this end, we have employed single molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization, immunofluorescence, and high-resolution confocal microscopy to investigate the effects of miR-9a loss on the expression of the serine-protease Rhomboid in Drosophila melanogaster early embryos. Our single-cell quantitative approach shows that spatially, the rhomboid mRNA pattern is identical in WT and miR-9a knockout embryos. However, we find that the number of mRNA molecules per cell is higher when miR-9a is absent, and the level and temporal accumulation of rhomboid protein shows a more dramatic increase in the miR-9a knockout. Specifically, we see accumulation of rhomboid protein in miR-9a mutants by stage 5, much earlier than in WT. The data therefore show that miR-9a functions in the regulation of rhomboid mRNA and protein levels. While further work is required to establish whether rhomboid is a direct target of miR-9 in Drosophila, our results further establish the miR-9 family microRNAs as conserved regulators of timing in neurogenic processes. This work shows the power of single-cell quantification as an experimental tool to study phenotypic consequences of microRNA mis-regulation.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/g3journal/jkac026

    View details for PubMedID 35143618

  • Single-cell visualization of mir-9a and Senseless co-expression during Drosophila melanogaster embryonic and larval peripheral nervous system development G3-GENES GENOMES GENETICS Gallicchio, L., Griffiths-Jones, S., Ronshaugen, M. 2021; 11 (1)


    The Drosophila melanogaster peripheral nervous system (PNS) comprises the sensory organs that allow the fly to detect environmental factors such as temperature and pressure. PNS development is a highly specified process where each sensilla originates from a single sensory organ precursor (SOP) cell. One of the major genetic orchestrators of PNS development is Senseless, which encodes a zinc finger transcription factor (Sens). Sens is both necessary and sufficient for SOP differentiation. Senseless expression and SOP number are regulated by the microRNA miR-9a. However, the reciprocal dynamics of Senseless and miR-9a are still obscure. By coupling single-molecule FISH with immunofluorescence, we are able to visualize transcription of the mir-9a locus and expression of Sens simultaneously. During embryogenesis, we show that the expression of mir-9a in SOP cells is rapidly lost as Senseless expression increases. However, this mutually exclusive expression pattern is not observed in the third instar imaginal wing disk, where some Senseless-expressing cells show active sites of mir-9a transcription. These data challenge and extend previous models of Senseless regulation and show complex co-expression dynamics between mir-9a and Senseless. The differences in this dynamic relationship between embryonic and larval PNS development suggest a possible switch in miR-9a function. Our work brings single-cell resolution to the understanding of dynamic regulation of PNS development by Senseless and miR-9a.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/g3journal/jkaa010

    View details for Web of Science ID 000651851700005

    View details for PubMedID 33561238

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7849905