Dr. Berg was born and raised in rural Minnesota and has been in academic medicine since 1997. His research interests include CPR performance, pediatric defibrillation science, and education primarily through simulation. He has been a volunteer with the American Heart Association for more than 10 years, leading the Pediatric CPR course (PALS) in 2010. He has served in several administrative positions including Division Chief of Pediatric Critical Care at the University of Arizona, Board Director of the University of Arizona Health Network and Governor-appointed member of the Arizona Medical Board. In his free time he enjoys biking, reading and spending time with his family. He is married with three children and lives in Menlo Park, California.
See his LinkedIn profile here:
- Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Clinical Professor, Pediatrics - Critical Care
Medical Director, Revive Initiative for Pediatric Resuscitation Excellence at Packard Children's Hospital-Stanford (2017 - Present)
Board Certification: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, American Board of Pediatrics (2000)
Fellowship: University of Utah (2000) UT
Residency: University Of Arizona (1997) AZ
Medical Education: University of Minnesota Medical School - Twin Cities (1993) MN
2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Pediatric Advanced Life Support An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care
2019; 140 (24): E904–E914
This 2019 focused update to the American Heart Association pediatric advanced life support guidelines follows the 2018 and 2019 systematic reviews performed by the Pediatric Life Support Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. It aligns with the continuous evidence review process of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, with updates published when the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation completes a literature review based on new published evidence. This update provides the evidence review and treatment recommendations for advanced airway management in pediatric cardiac arrest, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pediatric cardiac arrest, and pediatric targeted temperature management during post-cardiac arrest care. The writing group analyzed the systematic reviews and the original research published for each of these topics. For airway management, the writing group concluded that it is reasonable to continue bag-mask ventilation (versus attempting an advanced airway such as endotracheal intubation) in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. When extracorporeal membrane oxygenation protocols and teams are readily available, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be considered for patients with cardiac diagnoses and in-hospital cardiac arrest. Finally, it is reasonable to use targeted temperature management of 32°C to 34°C followed by 36°C to 37.5°C, or to use targeted temperature management of 36°C to 37.5°C, for pediatric patients who remain comatose after resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or in-hospital cardiac arrest.
View details for DOI 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000731
View details for Web of Science ID 000508367200006
View details for PubMedID 31722551
2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Pediatric Basic Life Support An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care
2019; 140 (24): E915–E921
This 2019 focused update to the American Heart Association pediatric basic life support guidelines follows the 2019 systematic review of the effects of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) on survival of infants and children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. This systematic review and the primary studies identified were analyzed by the Pediatric Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. It aligns with the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation's continuous evidence review process, with updates published when the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation completes a literature review based on new published evidence. This update summarizes the available pediatric evidence supporting DA-CPR and provides treatment recommendations for DA-CPR for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Four new pediatric studies were reviewed. A systematic review of this data identified the association of a significant improvement in the rates of bystander CPR and in survival 1 month after cardiac arrest with DA-CPR. The writing group recommends that emergency medical dispatch centers offer DA-CPR for presumed pediatric cardiac arrest, especially when no bystander CPR is in progress. No recommendation could be made for or against DA-CPR instructions when bystander CPR is already in progress.
View details for DOI 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000736
View details for Web of Science ID 000508367200007
View details for PubMedID 31722546
- The Runaway Croup Train: Off the Pathway and Through the Woods. Hospital pediatrics 2019
INFRASTRUCTURE AND PRACTICE CHARACTERISTICS OF PEDIATRIC ECMO PROGRAMS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2019
View details for Web of Science ID 000498593402110
Healthcare Provider Perceptions of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality During Simulation Training.
Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies
To assess the relationship between quantitative and perceived cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance when healthcare providers have access to and familiarity with audiovisual feedback devices.Prospective observational study.In situ simulation events throughout a pediatric quaternary care center where the use of continuous audiovisual feedback devices during cardiopulmonary resuscitation is standard.Healthcare providers who serve as first responders to in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest.High-fidelity simulation of resuscitation with continuous audiovisual feedback.Objective data was collected using accelerometer-based measurements from a cardiopulmonary resuscitation defibrillator/monitor. After the simulation event but before any debriefing, participants completed self-evaluation forms to assess whether they believed the cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed met the American Heart Association guidelines for chest compression rate, chest compression depth, chest compression fraction, chest compression in target, and duration of preshock pause and postshock pause. An association coefficient (kappa) was calculated to determine degree of agreement between perceived performance and the quantitative performance data that was collected from the CPR defibrillator/monitor. Data from 27 mock codes and 236 participants was analyzed. Average cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance was chest compression rate 106 ± 10 compressions per minute; chest compression depth 2.05 ± 0.6 in; chest compression fraction 74% ± 10%; chest compression in target 22% ± 21%; preshock pause 8.6 ± 7.2 seconds; and postshock pause 6.4 ± 8.9 seconds. When all healthcare providers were analyzed, the association coefficient (κ) for chest compression rate (κ = 0.078), chest compression depth (κ = 0.092), chest compression fraction (κ = 0.004), preshock pause (κ = 0.321), and postshock pause (κ = 0.40) was low, with no variable achieving moderate agreement (κ > 0.4).Cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance during mock codes does not meet the American Heart Association's quality recommendations. Healthcare providers have poor insight into the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during mock codes despite access to and familiarity with continuous audiovisual feedback.
View details for DOI 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002058
View details for PubMedID 31232856
- 2018 American Heart Association Focused Update on Pediatric Advanced Life Support: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care CIRCULATION 2018; 138 (23): E731–E739
Characterization of Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality Metrics Across an International Resuscitation Collaborative
PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
2018; 19 (5): 421–32
Pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality metrics have been reported in few children less than 8 years. Our objective was to characterize chest compression fraction, rate, depth, and compliance with 2015 American Heart Association guidelines across multiple pediatric hospitals.Retrospective observational study of data from a multicenter resuscitation quality collaborative from October 2015 to April 2017.Twelve pediatric hospitals across United States, Canada, and Europe.In-hospital cardiac arrest patients (age < 18 yr) with quantitative cardiopulmonary resuscitation data recordings.None.There were 112 events yielding 2,046 evaluable 60-second epochs of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (196,669 chest compression). Event cardiopulmonary resuscitation metric summaries (median [interquartile range]) by age: less than 1 year (38/112): chest compression fraction 0.88 (0.61-0.98), chest compression rate 119/min (110-129), and chest compression depth 2.3 cm (1.9-3.0 cm); for 1 to less than 8 years (42/112): chest compression fraction 0.94 (0.79-1.00), chest compression rate 117/min (110-124), and chest compression depth 3.8 cm (2.9-4.6 cm); for 8 to less than 18 years (32/112): chest compression fraction 0.94 (0.85-1.00), chest compression rate 117/min (110-123), chest compression depth 5.5 cm (4.0-6.5 cm). "Compliance" with guideline targets for 60-second chest compression "epochs" was predefined: chest compression fraction greater than 0.80, chest compression rate 100-120/min, and chest compression depth: greater than or equal to 3.4 cm in less than 1 year, greater than or equal to 4.4 cm in 1 to less than 8 years, and 4.5 to less than 6.6 cm in 8 to less than 18 years. Proportion of less than 1 year, 1 to less than 8 years, and 8 to less than 18 years events with greater than or equal to 60% of 60-second epochs meeting compliance (respectively): chest compression fraction was 53%, 81%, and 78%; chest compression rate was 32%, 50%, and 63%; chest compression depth was 13%, 19%, and 44%. For all events combined, total compliance (meeting all three guideline targets) was 10% (11/112).Across an international pediatric resuscitation collaborative, we characterized the landscape of pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest chest compression quality metrics and found that they often do not meet 2015 American Heart Association guidelines. Guideline compliance for rate and depth in children less than 18 years is poor, with the greatest difficulty in achieving chest compression depth targets in younger children.
View details for PubMedID 29533355
- QUANTITATIVE DIFFUSION-WEIGHTED MRI PREDICTS OUTCOMES IN SURVIVORS OF PEDIATRIC CARDIAC ARREST LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2018: 149