- Cardiothoracic Surgery
Clinical Assistant Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery
Fellowship: Stanford University Heart-Lung Transplantation Fellowship (2018) CA
Board Certification, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Cardiac Surgery
Surgery Residency, Western University, Cardiac Surgery
PhD, Western University, Biomedical Engineering
MD, Dalhousie University
- Impact of Surgical Approach in Double Lung Transplantation: Median Sternotomy Decreases Operative and Cardiopulmonary Bypass Time Compared to Clamshell Thoracotomy ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2019: S414
- Comparison of Patients Undergoing Multiorgan Transplantation with or without Prior Ventricular Assist Device ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2019: S216–S217
Successful Heart-Lung Transplant for a Patient on Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support Complicated With Amiodarone-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis.
2019; 51 (2): 593–94
In this case report, we present a successful case of en bloc heart-lung transplant in a patient with advanced cardiopulmonary respiratory failure from amiodarone-associated pulmonary fibrosis that occurred post-left ventricular assist device implantation.
View details for PubMedID 30879597
- Successful Heart-Lung Transplant for a Patient on Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support Complicated With Amiodarone-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS 2019; 51 (2): 593–94
Evaluation of Risk Factors for Heart-Lung Transplant Recipient Outcome: An Analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing Database.
2019; 140 (15): 1261–72
Heart-lung transplantation (HLTx) is an effective treatment for patients with advanced cardiopulmonary failure. However, no large multicenter study has focused on the relationship between donor and recipient risk factors and post-HLTx outcomes. Thus, we investigated this issue using data from the United Network for Organ Sharing database.All adult patients (age ≥18 years) registered in the United Network for Organ Sharing database who underwent HLTx between 1987 and 2017 were included (n=997). We stratified the cohort by patients who were alive without retransplant at 1 year (n=664) and patients who died or underwent retransplant within 1 year of HLTx (n=333). The primary outcome was the influence of donor and recipient characteristics on 1-year post-HLTx recipient death or retransplant. Kaplan-Meier curves were created to assess overall freedom from death or retransplant. To obtain a better effect estimation on hazard and survival time, the parametric Accelerated Failure Time model was chosen to perform time-to-event modeling analyses.Overall graft survival at 1-year post-HLTx was 66.6%. Of donors, 53% were male, and the mean age was 28.2 years. Univariable analysis showed advanced donor age, recipient male sex, recipient creatinine, recipient history of prior cardiac or lung surgery, recipient extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support, transplant year, and transplant center volume were associated with 1-year post-HLTx death or retransplant. On multivariable analysis, advanced donor age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.017; P=0.0007), recipient male sex (HR, 1.701; P=0.0002), recipient extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support (HR, 4.854; P<0.0001), transplant year (HR, 0.962; P<0.0001), and transplantation at low-volume (HR, 1.694) and medium-volume centers (HR, 1.455) in comparison with high-volume centers (P=0.0007) remained as significant predictors of death or retransplant. These predictors were incorporated into an equation capable of estimating the preliminary probability of graft survival at 1-year post-HLTx on the basis of preoperative factors alone.HLTx outcomes may be improved by considering the strong influence of donor age, recipient sex, recipient hemodynamic status, and transplant center volume. Marginal donors and recipients without significant factors contributing to poor post-HLTx outcomes may still be considered for transplantation, potentially with less impact on the risk of early postoperative death or retransplant.
View details for DOI 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.040682
View details for PubMedID 31589491
Successful Outcome Following Orthotopic Heart Transplantation With a Donor Half Way Across The Country.
2018; 50 (10): 4062–63
Orthotopic heart transplantation is the criterion standard treatment for end-stage heart failure and the number of recipient candidates has been increasing. Despite this increasing demand, there is limited donor organ supply. In order to surmount this challenge, we propose harvesting donor hearts from more distant locations and accepting longer cold ischemic times. The usual accepted total ischemic time limit for the transplanted human heart is up to 4 hours. Here, we report the successful use of a donor heart from 1268 miles away with a total allograft ischemic time greater than 6 hours.
View details for PubMedID 30577315
The role of visual and direct force feedback in robotics-assisted mitral valve annuloplasty
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER ASSISTED SURGERY
2017; 13 (3)
The objective of this work was to determine the effect of both direct force feedback and visual force feedback on the amount of force applied to mitral valve tissue during ex vivo robotics-assisted mitral valve annuloplasty.A force feedback-enabled master-slave surgical system was developed to provide both visual and direct force feedback during robotics-assisted cardiac surgery. This system measured the amount of force applied by novice and expert surgeons to cardiac tissue during ex vivo mitral valve annuloplasty repair.The addition of visual (2.16 ± 1.67), direct (1.62 ± 0.86), or both visual and direct force feedback (2.15 ± 1.08) resulted in lower mean maximum force applied to mitral valve tissue while suturing compared with no force feedback (3.34 ± 1.93 N; P < 0.05).To achieve better control of interaction forces on cardiac tissue during robotics-assisted mitral valve annuloplasty suturing, force feedback may be required.
View details for DOI 10.1002/rcs.1787
View details for Web of Science ID 000411294000020
View details for PubMedID 27862833
Augmented Reality System for Ultrasound Guidance of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
INNOVATIONS-TECHNOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES IN CARDIOTHORACIC AND VASCULAR SURGERY
2016; 11 (1): 31–39
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) relies on fluoroscopy and nephrotoxic contrast medium for valve deployment. We propose an alternative guidance system using augmented reality (AR) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to guide TAVI deployment. The goals of this study were to determine how consistently the aortic valve annulus is defined from TEE using different aortic valve landmarks and to compare AR guidance with fluoroscopic guidance of TAVI deployment in an aortic root model.Magnetic tracking sensors were integrated into the TAVI catheter and TEE probe, allowing these tools to be displayed in an AR environment. Variability in identifying aortic valve commissures and cuspal nadirs was assessed using TEE aortic root images. To compare AR guidance of TAVI deployment with fluoroscopic guidance, a TAVI stent was deployed 10 times in the aortic root model using each of the two guidance systems.Commissures and nadirs were both investigated as features for defining the valve annulus in the AR guidance system. The commissures were identified more consistently than the nadirs, with intraobserver variability of 2.2 and 3.8 mm, respectively, and interobserver variability of 3.3 and 4.7 mm, respectively. The precision of TAVI deployment using fluoroscopic guidance was 3.4 mm, whereas the precision of AR guidance was 2.9 mm, and its overall accuracy was 3.4 mm. This indicates that both have similar performance.Aortic valve commissures can be identified more reliably than cuspal nadirs from TEE. The AR guidance system achieved similar deployment accuracy to that of fluoroscopy while eliminating the use and consequences of nephrotoxic contrast and radiation.
View details for DOI 10.1097/IMI.0000000000000235
View details for Web of Science ID 000377677200006
View details for PubMedID 26938173