Bio


Dr Basina is a clinical endocrinologist and clinical researcher with a focus on diabetes management, thyroid, and adrenal conditions. Her primary interests are in Type 1 Diabetes, Diabetes technology, and Diabetes in pregnancy. Dr Basina is Board certified in Endocrinology and Internal Medicine.
She received numerous teaching awards and Stanford Hospital award for excellence in patient care.
She is an active member of medical advisory boards for several community diabetes organizations. Dr Basina is a medical director of inpatient diabetes program at Stanford and a chair of diabetes task force.

Clinical Focus


  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and DM technology
  • Endocrinology
  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Thyroid Diseases
  • Diabetes and Metabolism
  • adrenal disorders
  • Diabetes Mellitus type 1

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Member, Stanford Diabetes Research Center, Stanford University (2017 - Present)
  • Medical Director of Inpatient Diabetes, Stanford Hospital and Clinics (2012 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • Excellence in Service Award, Stanford Healthcare (2019)
  • Master Teacher Award, Stanford University (2018)
  • Stanford University Division of Endocrinology Fellows Teaching Award, Stanford University (2016, 2017, 2018)
  • Alwin C. Rambar-James B. D. Mark Award for Excellence in patient care, Stanford University (2014)
  • Stanford University Division of Endocrinology Fellows Teaching Award, Stanford University (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)
  • Top Recommended Doctor, Bay Area Consumer Report Magazine (2007)
  • House staff Award for Demonstrating Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Kaiser Permanente Internal Medicine Residency Program (2004)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Medical Advisory Board Member, BeyondType1 (2016 - Present)
  • Advisory Board Member, Cardiac Therapy Foundation (2012 - Present)
  • Advisory Board Member, CarbDM Seize Diabetes (2012 - Present)
  • Chair Diabetes Task Force, Stanford University (2009 - Present)
  • Member, Endocrine Society (2001 - Present)
  • Member, American Diabetes Association (2001 - Present)

Professional Education


  • Board Certification: American Board of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine (2013)
  • Fellowship: Stanford University Endocrinology Fellowship (2003) CA
  • Medical Education: N.I. Pirogov Second Moscow Medical Institute (1987) Russia
  • Board Certification, American Board of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (2013)
  • Board Certification: American Board of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (2003)
  • Residency: UCLA/West Los Angeles VAMC (2001) CA
  • Internship: UCLA/West Los Angeles VAMC (1999) CA
  • Board Certification, Board of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine (2001)
  • Board Certification, Board of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetes (2003)
  • Fellowship, Stanford University, Endocrinology (2003)
  • Residency, UCLA/West LA VA, Internal Medicine (2001)
  • Internship, UCLA/West LA VA, Medicine (1999)
  • MD, Moscow Medical School, Russia, Medicine (1987)

Research Interests


  • Technology and Education

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Diabetes type I and type II, insulin pump therapy, glucose sensor technology, insulin resistance, PCOS, thyroid disorders

Clinical Trials


  • Diabetes RElated to Acute Pancreatitis and Its Mechanisms Recruiting

    The overriding objective of DREAM is to conduct a prospective longitudinal (36 months) observational clinical study to investigate the incidence, etiology, and pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus (DM) following acute pancreatitis (AP).

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  • Evaluation of the Integrated Radio Frequency Denervation System to Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects Recruiting

    The objective of this early feasibility study is to evaluate the safety and performance of intravascular hepatic denervation using the Metavention Integrated Radio Frequency Denervation System (iRF System) to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes subjects.

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  • Overcoming Barriers and Obstacles to Adopting Diabetes Devices (ONBOARD) Trial Recruiting

    This study is a comprehensive, multicomponent behavioral intervention package (ONBOARD; OvercomiNg Barriers & Obstacles to Adopting Diabetes Devices). ONBOARD will provide adults with T1D the skills to maximize benefit and minimize daily interference from barriers associated with Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) and increase readiness for closed loop.

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  • A Trial Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Degludec and Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Inadequately Treated With Basal Insulin With or Without Oral Antidiabetic Drugs Not Recruiting

    This trial is conducted in Europe and North America. The aim of the trial is to compare the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec and insulin glargine 300 units/mL in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately treated with basal insulin with or without oral antidiabetic drugs. Due to change in glycaemic data collection process, this trial is amended to allow for a full 36 weeks (maintenance 2 period) of the use of the new process.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial.

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  • Evaluation of Fiasp® (Fast Acting Insulin Aspart) in 670G Hybrid Closed-Loop Therapy Not Recruiting

    This is a pilot outpatient study conducted at Stanford to obtain preliminary data on how Fiasp® works in a closed-loop system and to determine if any changes need to be made to the 670G pump to optimize the use of Fiasp®.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Liana Hsu, BS, 650-725-3939.

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  • Overcoming Barriers and Obstacles to Adopting Diabetes Devices Not Recruiting

    This study will create a comprehensive, multicomponent behavioral intervention package (ONBOARD; OvercomiNg Barriers & Obstacles to Adopting Diabetes Devices). ONBOARD will provide adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) the skills to maximize benefit and minimize daily interference from barriers associated with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and increase readiness for closed loop.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Molly Tanenbaum, PhD, 650-725-3955.

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  • Rosiglitazone-Induced Weight Gain Not Recruiting

    Given the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and the 2- to 4-fold increased risk of fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease events in these patients, long-term glycemic control is of great importance. TZDs improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 DM as well as enhances their insulin-mediated glucose disposal. However, the improvement of glycemic control seen with TZDs may be blunted in the long run by weight gain. Previous data on weight gain during TZD therapy in patients with type 2 DM is very sparse. It is generally assumed that an increase in adipocyte differentiation is the cause of weight gain in association with TZD treatment which may limit their use. Increased body weight assumed to compromise the positive effects of treatment. There is also a theoretical concern that, with the development of new adipocytes, future weight loss may be difficult. However, if weight gain is primarily due to failure to adjust caloric intake in proportion to the decrease in urinary glucose loss, it is totally preventable. It has been previously shown that improvement of glycemia favored weight gain by decreasing the energy loss in the urine as glucose. Severity of weight gain appears to be proportional to the level of glycemic control achieved. The overall goal of the proposed research is to provide the experimental evidence for the later alternative by showing that the modest weight gain that takes place in association with effective rosiglitazone treatment of hyperglycemic patients with type 2 DM is primarily due to its therapeutic efficacy. More specifically, by decreasing the caloric intake in proportion to a decrease in urinary glucose loss associated with improved glycemic control, we will be able to prevent significant weight gain following Rosiglitazone treatment. In order to provide an optimal dietary modification that can be universally applied to TZD-treated patients in clinical practice, we will have a group with a fixed amount of caloric restriction per day. It will be the first randomized controlled trial of a potential strategy for prevention of weight gain associated with thiazolidinediones.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Marina Basina, MD, 510-752-6332.

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  • Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) Trial Not Recruiting

    The Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) Trial is a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of 1400 patients that will include approximately 60 enrolling sites. The study hypotheses are that treatment of hyperglycemic acute ischemic stroke patients with targeted glucose concentration (80mg/dL - 130 mg/dL) will be safe and result in improved 3 month outcome after stroke.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Rosen Mann, (650) 721-2645.

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2023-24 Courses


All Publications


  • Prevalence of fear of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes using a newly developed screener and clinician's perspective on its implementation. BMJ open diabetes research & care Peter, M. E., Rioles, N., Liu, J., Chapman, K., Wolf, W. A., Nguyen, H., Basina, M., Akturk, H. K., Ebekozien, O., Perez-Nieves, M., Poon, J. L., Mitchell, B. 2023; 11 (4)

    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: Fear of hypoglycemia (FoH) affects quality of life, emotional well-being, and diabetes management among people with type 1 diabetes (PwT1D). American Diabetes Association's (ADA) guidelines recommend assessing FoH in clinical practice. However, existing FoH measures are commonly used in research and not in clinical practice. In this study, prevalence of FoH was assessed in PwT1D using a newly developed FoH screener for clinical practice; its association with established measures and outcomes was also determined. In addition, healthcare providers' (HCPs) perspectives on implementing FoH screener into real-world practice were explored.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This multiphase observational study used mixed methods in two phases. First, we collected a cross-sectional survey (including the screener) from PwT1D (≥18 years) from T1D Exchange Quality Improvement Collaborative adult clinics. Pearson correlations and regression analyses were performed on diabetes outcome measures using screener scores. Second, we conducted focus groups among HCPs who treat PwT1D and descriptive analysis to summarize results.RESULTS: We included 553 PwT1D. Participants had a mean±SDage of 38.9±14.2 years and 30% reported a high FoH total score. Regression analyses showed that higher A1c and higher number of comorbidities were significantly associated with high FoH (p<0.001). High FoH worry and behavior scores were significantly associated with 8-Item Patient Health Questionnaire and 7-Item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale scores. Participants with ≥1 severe hypoglycemia event(s) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia had higher odds of high FoH. Eleven HCPs participated in focus group interviews; they expressed that the FoH screener is clinically necessary and relevant but poses implementation challenges that must be addressed.CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate FoH is common in PwT1D and affects their psychosocial well-being and diabetes management. In alignment with ADA position statement, HCP focus group results emphasize importance of screening for FoH. Implementing this newly developed FoH screener may help HCPs identify FoH in PwT1D.

    View details for DOI 10.1136/bmjdrc-2023-003394

    View details for PubMedID 37423638

  • Correction: Implementation of Psychosocial Screening into Diabetes Clinics: Experience from the Type 1 Diabetes Exchange Quality Improvement Network. Current diabetes reports Corathers, S., Williford, D. N., Kichler, J., Smith, L., Ospelt, E., Rompicherla, S., Roberts, A., Prahalad, P., Basina, M., Munoz, C., Ebekozien, O. 2023

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s11892-023-01500-8

    View details for PubMedID 36708445

  • Project ECHO Diabetes Cost Modeling to Support the Replication and Expansion of Tele-mentoring Programs in Non-research Settings. Diabetes therapy : research, treatment and education of diabetes and related disorders Lewit, E. M., Figg, L. E., Addala, A., Filipp, S. L., Lal, R., Gurka, M. J., Herndon, J. B., Haller, M. J., Maahs, D. M., Walker, A. F. 2023

    Abstract

    Project ECHO Diabetes is a tele-education learning model for primary care providers (PCPs) seeking to improve care for patients with diabetes from marginalized communities. Project ECHO Diabetes utilized expert "hub" teams comprising endocrinologists, dieticians, nurses, psychologists, and social workers and "spokes" consisting of PCPs and their patients with diabetes. This Project ECHO Diabetes model provided diabetes support coaches to provide additional support to patients. We sought to estimate the costs of operating a Project ECHO Diabetes hub, inclusive of diabetes support coach costs.Data from Project ECHO Diabetes from June 2021 to June 2022 and wages from national databases were used to estimate hub and diabetes support coach costs to operate a 6-month, 24-session Project ECHO Diabetes program at hubs (University of Florida and Stanford University) and spokes (PCP clinic sites in Florida and California).Hub costs for delivering a 6-month Project ECHO Diabetes program to five spoke clinics were $96,873. Personnel costs were the principal driver. Mean cost was $19,673 per spoke clinic and $11.37 per spoke clinic patient. Diabetes support coach costs were estimated per spoke clinic and considered scalable in that they would increase proportionately with the number of spoke clinics in a Project ECHO Diabetes cohort. Mean diabetes support coach costs were $6,506 per spoke clinic and $3.72 per patient. Total program costs per hub were $129,404. Mean cost per clinic was $25,881. Mean cost per patient was $15.03.Herein, we document real-world costs to operate a Project ECHO Diabetes hub and diabetes support coaches. Future analysis of Project ECHO Diabetes will include estimates of spoke participation costs and changes in health care costs and savings. As state agencies, insurers, and philanthropies consider the replication of Project ECHO Diabetes, this analysis provides important initial information regarding primary operating costs.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s13300-022-01364-3

    View details for PubMedID 36680682

  • Disparities in Adoption of New Diabetic Therapies with Cardiovascular Benefits. Diabetes research and clinical practice Vasti, E. C., Basina, M., Calma, J., Maron, D. J., Rodriguez, F., Sandhu, A. T. 2022: 110233

    Abstract

    Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) and glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists (GLP1a) have cardiovascular benefit, but adoption into clinical practice has been lagging. We aim to evaluate use of SGLT2i and GLP1a across socioeconomic strata (SES), medical risk as well as provider type.We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the prescription of SGLT2i or GLP1a within 12 months of clinic visit between January 1, 2018 and January 1, 2019 using de-identified claims data. The primary outcome was the composite of a medication fill of either an SGLT2i and/or GLP1a within 180 days of the index visit.Of the total cohort, 125,636 (15.8%) received either a GLP-1a or SGLT2i.The odds of prescription of either medication was 0.64 [p=0.006)] in patients with heart failure. Patients who identified as Black, Hispanic or Asian had lower odds of the primary outcome [Black: (AOR 0.81, p<0.000); Hispanic: (AOR 0.87, p<0.000); Asian: (AOR 0.83, p<0.000). The odds was higher for those treated by an endocrinologist versus primary care clinician [AOR 2.12, p<0.000)].Prescriptionof SGLT2i or GLP1a was lower among patients with cardiovascular co-morbidities and those who identified as Black, Hispanic or Asian. Further efforts to minimize these disparities should be pursued.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.diabres.2022.110233

    View details for PubMedID 36581144

  • Implementation of Psychosocial Screening into Diabetes Clinics: Experience from the Type 1 Diabetes Exchange Quality Improvement Network. Current diabetes reports Corathers, S., Wilford, D., Kichler, J., Smith, L., Ospelt, E., Rompicherla, S., Roberts, A., Prahalad, P., Basina, M., Munoz, C., Ebekozien, O. 2022

    Abstract

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although advances in diabetes technology and pharmacology have significantly and positively impacted diabetes management and health outcomes for some, diabetes care remains burdensome and can be challenging to balance with other life priorities. The purpose of this article is to review the rationale for assessment of psychosocial domains in diabetes care settings and strategies for the implementation of psychosocial screening into routine practice. Survey data from the Type 1 Diabetes Exchange Quality Improvement Network is highlighted.RECENT FINDINGS: Implementation of psychosocial screening requires identifying the population; selecting validated tools to assess target domains; determining frequency of screening and mode of survey delivery; and scoring, interpreting, documenting, and facilitating referrals such that these processes are part of clinical workflows. Recognizing the influence of psychosocial factors for people with diabetes (PWD), professional society guidelines for comprehensive diabetes care recommend the integration of psychosocial screening into routine care.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s11892-022-01497-6

    View details for PubMedID 36538250

  • Effectiveness of a Community-Based Structured Physical Activity Program for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open Mukherji, A. B., Lu, D., Qin, F., Hedlin, H., Johannsen, N. M., Chung, S., Kobayashi, Y., Haddad, F., Lamendola, C., Basina, M., Talamoa, R., Myers, J., Palaniappan, L. 2022; 5 (12): e2247858

    Abstract

    The efficacy of physical activity interventions among individuals with type 2 diabetes has been established; however, practical approaches to translate and extend these findings into community settings have not been well explored.To test the effectiveness of providing varying frequencies of weekly structured exercise sessions to improve diabetes control.The IMPACT (Initiate and Maintain Physical Activity in Communities Trial) study was a controlled randomized clinical trial (randomization occurred from October 2016 to April 2019) that included a 6-month, structured exercise intervention either once or thrice weekly vs usual care (UC; advice only). The exercise intervention was conducted at community-based fitness centers. Follow-up visits were conducted in a university research clinic. Participants included adults with type 2 diabetes (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] 6.5%-13.0%, not taking insulin, and no precluding health issues). Data analysis was performed from January to April 2022.A once-weekly structured exercise group, a thrice-weekly structured exercise group, or UC.The primary outcome was HbA1c at 6 months.A total of 357 participants (143 women [40.1%]) with a mean (SD) age of 57.4 (11.1) years were randomized (119 each to the UC, once-weekly exercise, and thrice-weekly exercise groups). There was no significant difference in HbA1c change by study group in the intention-to-treat analysis at 6 months. Specifically, HbA1c changed by -0.23% (95% CI, -0.48% to 0.01%) in the thrice-weekly exercise group and by -0.16% (95% CI, -0.41% to 0.09%) in the once-weekly exercise group. A total of 62 participants (52.1%) in the once-weekly exercise group and 56 participants (47.1%) in the thrice-weekly exercise group were at least 50% adherent to the assigned structured exercise regimen and were included in the per-protocol analysis. Per-protocol analysis showed that HbA1c changed by -0.35% (95% CI, -0.60% to -0.10%; P = .005) at 3 months and by -0.38% (95% CI, -0.65% to -0.12%; P = .005) at 6 months in the thrice-weekly exercise group compared with UC. There was no significant decrease in HbA1c in the once-weekly exercise group. The exercise intervention was effective in improving self-reported minutes of metabolic equivalent tasks per week for participants in the thrice-weekly exercise group (both overall and per protocol).Although the intervention was not effective in the intention-to-treat analysis, participants in the thrice-weekly exercise group who attended at least 50% of the sessions during the 6-month exercise intervention program improved HbA1c levels at 6 months. Future efforts should focus on improving adherence to thrice-weekly structured exercise programs to meet exercise guidelines.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02061579.

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.47858

    View details for PubMedID 36542382

  • Multicenter, Randomized Trial of a Bionic Pancreas in Type 1 Diabetes. The New England journal of medicine Russell, S. J., Beck, R. W., Damiano, E. R., El-Khatib, F. H., Ruedy, K. J., Balliro, C. A., Li, Z., Calhoun, P., Wadwa, R. P., Buckingham, B., Zhou, K., Daniels, M., Raskin, P., White, P. C., Lynch, J., Pettus, J., Hirsch, I. B., Goland, R., Buse, J. B., Kruger, D., Mauras, N., Muir, A., McGill, J. B., Cogen, F., Weissberg-Benchell, J., Sherwood, J. S., Castellanos, L. E., Hillard, M. A., Tuffaha, M., Putman, M. S., Sands, M. Y., Forlenza, G., Slover, R., Messer, L. H., Cobry, E., Shah, V. N., Polsky, S., Lal, R., Ekhlaspour, L., Hughes, M. S., Basina, M., Hatipoglu, B., Olansky, L., Bhangoo, A., Forghani, N., Kashmiri, H., Sutton, F., Choudhary, A., Penn, J., Jafri, R., Rayas, M., Escaname, E., Kerr, C., Favela-Prezas, R., Boeder, S., Trikudanathan, S., Williams, K. M., Leibel, N., Kirkman, M. S., Bergamo, K., Klein, K. R., Dostou, J. M., Machineni, S., Young, L. A., Diner, J. C., Bhan, A., Jones, J. K., Benson, M., Bird, K., Englert, K., Permuy, J., Cossen, K., Felner, E., Salam, M., Silverstein, J. M., Adamson, S., Cedeno, A., Meighan, S., Dauber, A. 2022; 387 (13): 1161-1172

    Abstract

    Currently available semiautomated insulin-delivery systems require individualized insulin regimens for the initialization of therapy and meal doses based on carbohydrate counting for routine operation. In contrast, the bionic pancreas is initialized only on the basis of body weight, makes all dose decisions and delivers insulin autonomously, and uses meal announcements without carbohydrate counting.In this 13-week, multicenter, randomized trial, we randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio persons at least 6 years of age with type 1 diabetes either to receive bionic pancreas treatment with insulin aspart or insulin lispro or to receive standard care (defined as any insulin-delivery method with unblinded, real-time continuous glucose monitoring). The primary outcome was the glycated hemoglobin level at 13 weeks. The key secondary outcome was the percentage of time that the glucose level as assessed by continuous glucose monitoring was below 54 mg per deciliter; the prespecified noninferiority limit for this outcome was 1 percentage point. Safety was also assessed.A total of 219 participants 6 to 79 years of age were assigned to the bionic-pancreas group, and 107 to the standard-care group. The glycated hemoglobin level decreased from 7.9% to 7.3% in the bionic-pancreas group and did not change (was at 7.7% at both time points) in the standard-care group (mean adjusted difference at 13 weeks, -0.5 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.6 to -0.3; P<0.001). The percentage of time that the glucose level as assessed by continuous glucose monitoring was below 54 mg per deciliter did not differ significantly between the two groups (13-week adjusted difference, 0.0 percentage points; 95% CI, -0.1 to 0.04; P<0.001 for noninferiority). The rate of severe hypoglycemia was 17.7 events per 100 participant-years in the bionic-pancreas group and 10.8 events per 100 participant-years in the standard-care group (P = 0.39). No episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis occurred in either group.In this 13-week, randomized trial involving adults and children with type 1 diabetes, use of a bionic pancreas was associated with a greater reduction than standard care in the glycated hemoglobin level. (Funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04200313.).

    View details for DOI 10.1056/NEJMoa2205225

    View details for PubMedID 36170500

  • Novel cause of postoperative anion gap acidosis in a patient with diabetes following gastrectomy. Trauma surgery & acute care open Muhammad, H. A., Narayan, R. R., Basina, M., Poultsides, G. A. 2022; 7 (1): e000977

    View details for DOI 10.1136/tsaco-2022-000977

    View details for PubMedID 35909803

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9277398

  • Novel cause of postoperative anion gap acidosis in a patient with diabetes following gastrectomy TRAUMA SURGERY & ACUTE CARE OPEN Muhammad, H. A., Narayan, R. R., Basina, M., Poultsides, G. A. 2022; 7 (1)
  • Recruitment and Retention Strategies for the Diabetes RElated to Acute Pancreatitis and Its Mechanisms Study: From the Type 1 Diabetes in Acute Pancreatitis Consortium. Pancreas Yazici, C., Dyer, A., Conwell, D. L., Afghani, E., Andersen, D. K., Basina, M., Bellin, M. D., Boone, L. R., Casu, A., Easler, J. J., Greenbaum, C. J., Hart, P. A., Jeon, C. Y., Lee, P. J., Meier, S., Papachristou, G. I., Raja-Khan, N. T., Saeed, Z. I., Serrano, J., Yadav, D., Fogel, E. L., Type 1 Diabetes in Acute Pancreatitis Consortium (T1DAPC) 2022; 51 (6): 598-603

    Abstract

    ABSTRACT: Recruitment and retention of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) in clinical studies can be challenging. While some obstacles are similar to other clinical conditions, some are unique to AP. Identifying potential barriers early and developing targeted solutions can help optimize recruitment and retention in AP studies. Such pre-emptive and detailed planning can help prospective, longitudinal studies focus on exocrine and endocrine complications of AP in accurately measuring outcomes. This article highlights the challenges in recruitment and retention strategies in AP studies and reviews available resources to create opportunities to address them. We describe the multifaceted approach used by the Recruitment and Retention Committee of the Type 1 Diabetes in Acute Pancreatitis Consortium, which builds upon earlier experiences to develop a recruitment and retention plan for the DREAM (Diabetes RElated to Acute pancreatitis and its Mechanisms) study.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000002072

    View details for PubMedID 36206465

  • Assessing the Pathophysiology of Hyperglycemia in the Diabetes RElated to Acute Pancreatitis and Its Mechanisms Study: From the Type 1 Diabetes in Acute Pancreatitis Consortium. Pancreas Dungan, K. M., Hart, P. A., Andersen, D. K., Basina, M., Chinchilli, V. M., Danielson, K. K., Evans-Molina, C., Goodarzi, M. O., Greenbaum, C. J., Kalyani, R. R., Laughlin, M. R., Pichardo-Lowden, A., Pratley, R. E., Serrano, J., Sims, E. K., Speake, C., Yadav, D., Bellin, M. D., Toledo, F. G., Type 1 Diabetes in Acute Pancreatitis Consortium (T1DAPC) 2022; 51 (6): 575-579

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: The metabolic abnormalities that lead to diabetes mellitus (DM) after an episode of acute pancreatitis (AP) have not been extensively studied. This article describes the objectives, hypotheses, and methods of mechanistic studies of glucose metabolism that comprise secondary outcomes of the DREAM (Diabetes RElated to Acute pancreatitis and its Mechanisms) Study.METHODS: Three months after an index episode of AP, participants without preexisting DM will undergo baseline testing with an oral glucose tolerance test. Participants will be followed longitudinally in three subcohorts with distinct metabolic tests. In the first and largest subcohort, oral glucose tolerance tests will be repeated 12 months after AP and annually to assess changes in beta-cell function, insulin secretion, and insulin sensitivity. In the second, mixed meal tolerance tests will be performed at 3 and 12 months, then annually, and following incident DM to assess incretin and pancreatic polypeptide responses. In the third, frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests will be performed at 3 months and 12 months to assess the first-phase insulin response and more precisely measure beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity.CONCLUSIONS: The DREAM study will comprehensively assess the metabolic and endocrine changes that precede and lead to the development of DM after AP.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000002074

    View details for PubMedID 36206461

  • Tele-education model for primary care providers to advance diabetes equity: Findings from Project ECHO Diabetes. Frontiers in endocrinology Addala, A., Filipp, S. L., Figg, L. E., Anez-Zabala, C., Lal, R. A., Gurka, M. J., Haller, M. J., Maahs, D. M., Walker, A. F., Project ECHO Diabetes Research Team, Haller, M., Sheehan, E., Bernier, A., Westen, S., Stahmer, H., Donahoo, W. T., Roque, X., Malden, G., Hechavarria, M., Maahs, D., Lal, R., Addala, A., Figg, L., Yabut, K., Alramahi, N., Cortes, A., Zaharieva, D., Basina, M., Judge, K., Wilke, L., Hood, K., Wong, J., Wang, J., Bhatia, S., Lewit, E. 2022; 13: 1066521

    Abstract

    Introduction: In the US, many individuals with diabetes do not have consistent access to endocrinologists and therefore rely on primary care providers (PCPs) for their diabetes management. Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) Diabetes, a tele-education model, was developed to empower PCPs to independently manage diabetes, including education on diabetes technology initiation and use, to bridge disparities in diabetes.Methods: PCPs (n=116) who participated in Project ECHO Diabetes and completed pre- and post-intervention surveys were included in this analysis. The survey was administered in California and Florida to participating PCPs via REDCap and paper surveys. This survey aimed to evaluate practice demographics, protocols with adult and pediatric T1D management, challenges, resources, and provider knowledge and confidence in diabetes management. Differences and statistical significance in pre- and post-intervention responses were evaluated via McNemar's tests.Results: PCPs reported improvement in all domains of diabetes education and management. From baseline, PCPs reported improvement in their confidence to serve as the T1D provider for their community (pre vs post: 43.8% vs 68.8%, p=0.005), manage insulin therapy (pre vs post: 62.8% vs 84.3%, p=0.002), and identify symptoms of diabetes distress (pre vs post: 62.8% vs 84.3%, p=0.002) post-intervention. Compared to pre-intervention, providers reported significant improvement in their confidence in all aspects of diabetes technology including prescribing technology (41.2% vs 68.6%, p=0.001), managing insulin pumps (41.2% vs 68.6%, p=0.001) and hybrid closed loop (10.2% vs 26.5%, p=0.033), and interpreting sensor data (41.2% vs 68.6%, p=0.001) post-intervention.Discussion: PCPs who participated in Project ECHO Diabetes reported increased confidence in diabetes management, with notable improvement in their ability to prescribe, manage, and troubleshoot diabetes technology. These data support the use of tele-education of PCPs to increase confidence in diabetes technology management as a feasible strategy to advance equity in diabetes management and outcomes.

    View details for DOI 10.3389/fendo.2022.1066521

    View details for PubMedID 36589850

  • Facilitators and Barriers to Smart Insulin Pen Use: A Mixed-Method Study of Multidisciplinary Stakeholders From Diabetes Teams in the United States. Clinical diabetes : a publication of the American Diabetes Association Ospelt, E., Noor, N., Sanchez, J., Nelson, G., Rioles, N., Malik, F. S., Basina, M., Indyk, J., Vendrame, F., Schmitt, J., Scott, M. L., Ebekozien, O. 2022; 41 (1): 56-67

    Abstract

    This study sought to identify barriers and facilitators to successful smart insulin pen (SIP) use and gauge prescribing practices and integration into clinical practice by assessing provider and care team perspectives at participating endocrinology clinics within the T1D Exchange Quality Improvement Collaborative. The identified provider-related, patient-related, and clinic- and operational-level barriers and facilitators varied based on clinic knowledge, capacity, and resources. High-impact barriers included insurance coverage and prescribing processes; high-impact facilitators included improved diabetes clinic visit quality and use of SIPs as an alternative to insulin pump therapy. Findings indicated the need for provider and care team education and training on proper SIP features, use, and prescribing.

    View details for DOI 10.2337/cd22-0068

    View details for PubMedID 36714258

  • Impact of diabetes mellitus on clinical outcomes after heart transplantation. Clinical transplantation Feng, K. Y., Henricksen, E. J., Wayda, B., Moayedi, Y., Lee, R., Han, J., Multani, A., Yang, W., Purewal, S., Puing, A. G., Basina, M., Teuteberg, J. J., Khush, K. K. 2021

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is common among recipients of heart transplantation (HTx) but its impact on clinical outcomes is unclear. We evaluated the associations between pretransplant DM and posttransplant DM (PTDM) and outcomes among adults receiving HTx at a single center.METHODS: We performed a retrospective study (range 01/2008 - 07/2018), n = 244. The primary outcome was survival; secondary outcomes included acute rejection, cardiac allograft vasculopathy, infection requiring hospitalization, macrovascular events, and dialysis initiation post-transplant. Comparisons were performed using Kaplan-Meier and multivariable Cox regression analyses.RESULTS: Pretransplant DM was present in 75 (30.7%) patients and was associated with a higher risk for infection requiring hospitalization (p<0.05), but not with survival or other outcomes. Among the 144 patients without pretransplant DM surviving to one year, 29 (20.1%) were diagnosed with PTDM at the 1-year follow-up. After multivariable adjustment, PTDM diagnosis at 1-year remained associated with worse subsequent survival (hazard ratio 2.72, 95% confidence interval 1.03-7.16). Predictors of PTDM at 1-year included cytomegalovirus seropositivity and higher prednisone dose (>5mg/day) at 1-year follow-up.CONCLUSIONS: Compared to HTx recipients without baseline DM, those with baseline DM have a higher risk for infections requiring hospitalization, and those who develop DM after HTx have worse survival. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/ctr.14460

    View details for PubMedID 34390599

  • Democratizing type 1 diabetes specialty care in the primary care setting to reduce health disparities: project extension for community healthcare outcomes (ECHO) T1D. BMJ open diabetes research & care Walker, A. F., Cuttriss, N., Haller, M. J., Hood, K. K., Gurka, M. J., Filipp, S. L., Anez-Zabala, C., Yabut, K., Roque, X., Wong, J. J., Baer, L., Figg, L., Bernier, A., Westen, S., Lewit, E., Sheehan, E., Basina, M., Lal, R., Maizel, J., Maahs, D. M. 2021; 9 (1)

    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) is a tele-education outreach model that seeks to democratize specialty knowledge to reduce disparities and improve health outcomes. Limited utilization of endocrinologists forces many primary care providers (PCPs) to care for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) without specialty support. Accordingly, an ECHO T1D program was developed and piloted in Florida and California. Our goal was to demonstrate the feasibility of an ECHO program focused on T1D and improve PCPs' abilities to manage patients with T1D.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Health centers (ie, spokes) were recruited into the ECHO T1D pilot through an innovative approach, focusing on Federally Qualified Health Centers and through identification of high-need catchment areas using the Neighborhood Deprivation Index and provider geocoding. Participating spokes received weekly tele-education provided by the University of Florida and Stanford University hub specialty team through virtual ECHO clinics, real-time support with complex T1D medical decision-making, access to a diabetes support coach, and access to an online repository of diabetes care resources. Participating PCPs completed pre/post-tests assessing diabetes knowledge and confidence and an exit survey gleaning feedback about overall ECHO T1D program experiences.RESULTS: In Florida, 12 spoke sites enrolled with 67 clinics serving >1000 patients with T1D. In California, 11 spoke sites enrolled with 37 clinics serving >900 patients with T1D. During the 6-month intervention, 27 tele-education clinics were offered and n=70 PCPs (22 from Florida, 48 from California) from participating spoke sites completed pre/post-test surveys assessing diabetes care knowledge and confidence in diabetes care. There was statistically significant improvement in diabetes knowledge (p≤0.01) as well as in diabetes confidence (p≤0.01).CONCLUSIONS: The ECHO T1D pilot demonstrated proof of concept for a T1D-specific ECHO program and represents a viable model to reach medically underserved communities which do not use specialists.

    View details for DOI 10.1136/bmjdrc-2021-002262

    View details for PubMedID 34244218

  • Inequities in Health Outcomes in Children and Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: Data From the T1D Exchange Quality Improvement Collaborative. Clinical diabetes : a publication of the American Diabetes Association Majidi, S., Ebekozien, O., Noor, N., Lyons, S. K., McDonough, R., Gandhi, K., Izquierdo, R., Demeterco-Berggren, C., Polsky, S., Basina, M., Desimone, M., Thomas, I., Rioles, N., Jimenez-Vega, J., Malik, F. S., Miyazaki, B., Albanese-O'Neill, A., Jones, N. Y. 2021; 39 (3): 278-283

    Abstract

    Health care inequities among racial and ethnic groups remain prevalent. For people with type 1 diabetes who require increased medical access and care, disparities are seen in access to care and health outcomes. This article reports on a study by the T1D Exchange Quality Improvement Collaborative evaluating differences in A1C, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), severe hypoglycemia, and technology use among racial and ethnic groups. In a diverse cohort of nearly 20,000 children and adults with type 1 diabetes, A1C was found to differ significantly among racial and ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic Blacks had higher rates of DKA and severe hypoglycemia and the lowest rate of technology use. These results underscore the crucial need to study and overcome the barriers that lead to inequities in the care and outcomes of people with type 1 diabetes.

    View details for DOI 10.2337/cd21-0028

    View details for PubMedID 34421203

  • "IT'S LIKE LEARNING TO DRIVE A MANUAL CAR": EXPERIENCES OF CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MONITORING ADOPTION IN ADULTS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES Wu, C. A., Tanenbaum, M. L., Ngo, J., Hood, K., Hanes, S., Basina, M., Buckingham, B. A., Maahs, D. M. OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. 2021: S27
  • ONBOARD: A feasibility study of a telehealth-based continuous glucose monitoring adoption intervention for adults with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes technology & therapeutics Tanenbaum, M., Ngo, J., Hanes, S., Basina, M., Buckingham, B. A., Hessler, D., Maahs, D. M., Mulvaney, S. A., Hood, K. 2021

    Abstract

    Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) can improve glycemic control for adults with Type 1 diabetes but certain barriers interfere with consistent use including: cost; data overload; alarm fatigue; physical discomfort; and unwanted social attention. This pilot study aimed to examine feasibility and acceptability of a behavioral intervention, ONBOARD (Overcoming Barriers and Obstacles to Adopting Diabetes Devices) to support adults with type 1 diabetes in optimizing CGM use.Adults (18-50) with type 1 diabetes in their first year of CGM use were invited to participate in a tailored, multicomponent telehealth-based intervention delivered over four 60-minute sessions every 2-3 weeks. Participants completed surveys (demographics; diabetes distress, T1-DDS; satisfaction with program) and provided CGM data at baseline and post-intervention (3 months). Data were analyzed using paired t-tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests.Twenty-two participants (age=30.95±8.32; 59% female; 91% Non-Hispanic; 86% White, 5% Black, 9% other; 73% pump users) completed the study. ONBOARD demonstrated acceptability and a high rate of retention. Moderate effect sizes were found for reductions in diabetes distress (p=.01, r=-.37) and increases in daytime spent in target range (70-180 mg/dL: p=.03, r=-.35). There were no significant increases in hypoglycemia.Findings show preliminary evidence of feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of ONBOARD for supporting adults with type 1 diabetes in optimizing CGM use while alleviating diabetes distress. Further research is needed to examine ONBOARD in a larger sample over a longer period.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/dia.2021.0198

    View details for PubMedID 34270351

  • Predicting Success with a First-Generation Hybrid Closed Loop Artificial Pancreas System among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes: a Model Development and Validation Study. Diabetes technology & therapeutics Forlenza, G. P., Vigers, T., Berget, C., Messer, L., Lal, R. A., Basina, M., Maahs, D. M., Hood, K., Buckingham, B. A., Wilson, D. M., Wadwa, R. P., Driscoll, K. A., Pyle, L. 2021

    Abstract

    Hybrid Closed Loop (HCL) systems aid individuals with type 1 diabetes in improving glycemic control, however, sustained use over time has not been consistent for all users. This study developed and validated prognostic models for successful 12-month use of the first commercial HCL system based on baseline and 1-month or 3-month data.Data from participants at the Barbara Davis Center (N=85) who began use of the MiniMed 670G HCL were used to develop prognostic models using logistic regression and Lasso model selection. Candidate factors included sex, age, duration of diabetes, baseline HbA1c, race, ethnicity, insurance status, history of insulin pump and continuous glucose monitor use, 1-month or 3-month Auto Mode use, boluses per day, and time in range (70-180 mg/dL; TIR), and scores on behavioral questionnaires. Successful use of HCL was predefined as Auto Mode use ≥60%. The 3-month model was then externally validated against a sample from Stanford University (N=55).Factors in the final model included baseline HbA1c, sex, ethnicity, 1-month or 3-month Auto Mode use, Boluses per Day, and TIR. The 1-month and 3-month prognostic models had very good predictive ability with area under the curve values of 0.894 and 0.900, respectively. External validity was acceptable with an area under the curve of 0.717.Our prognostic models use clinically accessible baseline and early device-use factors to identify risk for failure to succeed with 670G HCL technology. These models may be useful to develop targeted interventions to promote success with new technologies.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/dia.2021.0326

    View details for PubMedID 34780306

  • Age and Hospitalization Risk in People with Type 1 Diabetes and COVID-19: Data from the T1D Exchange Surveillance Study. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism Demeterco-Berggren, C., Ebekozien, O., Rompicherla, S., Jacobsen, L., Accacha, S., Gallagher, M. P., Alonso, G. T., Seyoum, B., Vendrame, F., Haw, S., Basina, M., Levy, C. J., Maahs, D. M. 2021

    Abstract

    COVID-19 morbidity and mortality are increased in type 1 diabetes (T1D), but few data focus on age-based outcomes.To quantify the risk for COVID-19 related hospitalization and adverse outcomes by age in people with T1D.For this observational, multisite, cross-sectional study of patients with T1D and laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from 56 clinical sites in the United States, data were collected from April 2020 to March 2021. The distribution of patient factors and outcomes across age groups (0-18, 19-40 and > 40 years) was examined. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study population, and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between age, adverse outcomes, and hospitalization.Hospitalization for COVID-19.A total of 767 patients were analyzed. Fifty-four percent (n=415) were aged 0-18 years, thirty-two percent (n=247) were aged 19-40 years and fourteen percent (n=105) were aged >40 years. One-hundred and seventy patients were hospitalized, and 5 patients died. Compared to the 0-18 years age group, those >40 years of age had an adjusted odds ratio of 4.2 (95% confidence interval 2.28-7.83) for hospitalization after adjustment for gender, A1c, race, insurance type and comorbidities.Age >40 years is a risk factor for patients with T1D and COVID-19, with children and younger adults experiencing milder disease and better prognosis. This indicates a need for age-tailored treatments, immunization, and clinical management of individuals affected by T1D.

    View details for DOI 10.1210/clinem/dgab668

    View details for PubMedID 34581790

  • RESULTS OF A 24-WEEK TRIAL OF TECHNOSPHERE INSULIN VERSUS INSULIN ASPART IN TYPE 2 DIABETES. Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Hoogwerf, B. J., Pantalone, K. M., Basina, M. n., Jones, M. C., Grant, M. n., Kendall, D. M. 2021; 27 (1): 38–43

    Abstract

    To compare glycemic efficacy of Technosphere insulin (TI) versus that of insulin aspart (IA), each added to basal insulin, in type 2 diabetes.This randomized, 24-week trial included subjects aged from 18 to 80 years who were treated with subcutaneous insulin for 3 months and had glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels of 7.0% to 11.5%. After receiving stabilized insulin glargine doses during a 4-week lead in, the subjects were randomized to TI or IA. The primary end point was an HbA1C change from baseline, with the differences analyzed by equivalence analyses.In the overall cohort (N = 309; males, 23.3%), mean (SD) age was 58.5 (8.4) years, body mass index was 30.8 (4.7) kg/m2, weight was 82.2 (13.6) kg, and duration of diabetes was 12.2 (7.1) years. An intention-to-treat cohort had 150 subjects randomized to TI (mean [SD] HbA1C: 8.9% [1.1%]) and 154 randomized to IA (mean [SD] HbA1C: 9.0% [1.3%]). At 24 weeks, mean (SD) HbA1C value declined to 7.9% (1.3%) and 7.7% (1.1%) in the TI and IA cohorts, respectively. A treatment difference of 0.26% was not statistically significant, but the predefined equivalency margin was not met. Subjects receiving TI lost 0.78 kg compared to baseline; subjects receiving IA gained 0.23 kg (P =.0007). The incidence of mild/moderate hypoglycemia was lower for the TI cohort, though not statistically significant.Both TI and IA resulted in significant and clinically meaningful HbA1C reductions. TI also resulted in significant and clinically meaningful weight reductions. These data support the use of inhaled insulin as a treatment option for individuals with type 2 diabetes.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.eprac.2020.11.002

    View details for PubMedID 33471730

  • diagnosis of endocrine disease: Diagnosing and classifying diabetes in diseases of the exocrine pancreas. European journal of endocrinology Petrov, M. S., Basina, M. 2021

    Abstract

    Diabetes in the setting of diseases of the exocrine pancreas has long existed as a known, but underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed, disorder. It currently finds itself in a state of taxonomic dereliction and requires a long overdue refurbishment. Correct conceptualisation is a key precondition for knowledge development in this disorder. This article lays out the epistemiological foundation for diabetes of the exocrine pancreas (DEP) and presents a synthesis of the current interdisciplinary discourse on diagnosing and classifying DEP. The diagnosis of DEP is generally based on the most up-to-date biochemical criteria endorsed by the American Diabetes Association and European Association for the Study of Diabetes. The presence of exocrine pancreatic dysfunction is not considered a mandatory diagnostic criterion for DEP but is rather a significant risk factor for developing DEP. DEP principally comprises post-pancreatitis diabetes mellitus, pancreatic cancer-related diabetes, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, which are mutually exclusive with autoimmune diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Other exclusions and stipulations apply. The DEP criteria will be instrumental in aiding optimal design and conduct of clinical studies, uniform collection of health utilisation data, meaningful comparison of scientific findings across countries, and clear communication among stakeholders (healthcare providers, patients, health regulatory authorities, pharmaceutical industry).

    View details for DOI 10.1530/EJE-20-0974

    View details for PubMedID 33460395

  • Help when you need it: Perspectives of adults with T1D on the support and training they would have wanted when starting CGM. Diabetes research and clinical practice Tanenbaum, M. L., Messer, L. H., Wu, C. A., Basina, M., Buckingham, B. A., Hessler, D., Mulvaney, S. A., Maahs, D. M., Hood, K. K. 2021: 109048

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to explore preferences that adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have for training and support to initiate and sustain optimal use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology.Twenty-two adults with T1D (M age 30.95±8.32; 59.1% female; 90.9% Non-Hispanic; 86.4% White; diabetes duration 13.5±8.42 years; 72.7% insulin pump users) who had initiated CGM use in the past year participated in focus groups exploring two overarching questions: 1) What helped you learn to use your CGM? and 2) What additional support would you have wanted? Focus groups used a semi-structured interview guide and were recorded, transcribed and analyzed.Overarching themes identified were: 1) "I got it going by myself": CGM training left to the individual; 2) Internet as diabetes educator, troubleshooter, and peer support system; and 3) domains of support they wanted, including content and format of this support.This study identifies current gaps in training and potential avenues for enhancing device education and CGM onboarding support for adults with T1D. Providing CGM users with relevant, timely resources and attending to the emotional side of using CGM could alleviate the burden of starting a new device and promote sustained device use.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.diabres.2021.109048

    View details for PubMedID 34534592

  • COVID-19 Hospitalization in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes: Results from the T1D Exchange Multi-Center Surveillance Study. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism O'Malley, G., Ebekozien, O., Desimone, M., Pinnaro, C. T., Roberts, A., Polsky, S., Noor, N., Aleppo, G., Basina, M., Tansey, M., Steenkamp, D., Vendrame, F., Lorincz, I., Mathias, P., Agarwal, S., Golden, L., Hirsh, I. B., Levy, C. J. 2020

    Abstract

    CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased COVID-19 morbidity and mortality, but there is little data focusing on outcomes in people with type 1 diabetes.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze characteristics of adults with type 1 diabetes for associations with COVID-19 hospitalization.DESIGN: An observational multi-site cross-sectional study was performed. Diabetes providers answered a 33-item questionnaire regarding demographics, symptoms, and diabetes- and COVID-19-related care and outcomes. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study population, and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between HbA1c, age, and comorbidities and hospitalization.SETTING: Cases were submitted from 52 US sites between March and August 2020.PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Adults over the age of 19 with type 1 diabetes and confirmed COVID-19 infection were included.INTERVENTIONS: None.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hospitalization for COVID-19 infection.RESULTS: A total of 113 cases were analyzed. Fifty-eight patients were hospitalized, and five patients died. Patients who were hospitalized were more likely to be older, to identify as non-Hispanic Black, to use public insurance, or to have hypertension, and less likely to use continuous glucose monitoring or insulin pumps. Median HbA1c was 8.6% (70 mmol/mol) and was positively associated with hospitalization (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.18-1.76), which persisted after adjustment for age, sex, race, and obesity.CONCLUSIONS: Baseline glycemic control and access to care are important modifiable risk factors which need to be addressed to optimize care of people with type 1 diabetes during the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic.

    View details for DOI 10.1210/clinem/dgaa825

    View details for PubMedID 33165563

  • Assessing The Impact Of Calcitonin In Management Of Hypercalcemia Faheem, M., Abbasi, F., Basina, M. WILEY. 2020: 54
  • Proposed Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring for Care of Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients. Journal of diabetes science and technology Jankovic, I., Basina, M. 2020: 1932296820965203

    Abstract

    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has disproportionately affected patients with diabetes. Mounting evidence has shown that adequate inpatient glycemic control may decrease the risk of mortality. In critically ill patients, insulin drips are the most effective means of controlling blood glucose. However, resource limitations such as the availability of protective equipment and nursing time have discouraged the use of insulin drips during COVID-19. In this commentary, we review existing evidence on the importance of glycemic control in COVID-19 patients with diabetes and propose a protocol for utilizing continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) to improve glycemic control by decreasing the need for bedside management in critically ill COVID-19 patients.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1932296820965203

    View details for PubMedID 33084380

  • High-Parametric Evaluation of Human Invariant Natural Killer T Cells to Delineate Heterogeneity in Allo- and Autoimmunity. Blood Erkers, T., Xie, B., Kenyon, L. J., Smith, B., Rieck, M., Jensen, K. P., Ji, X., Basina, M., Strober, S., Negrin, R. S., Maecker, H. T., Meyer, E. 2020

    Abstract

    Human invariant natural killer T cells (iNKTs) are a rare innate-like lymphocyte population that recognize glycolipids presented on CD1d. Studies in mice have shown that these cells are heterogenous and capable of enacting diverse functions, and the composition of iNKT subsets can alter disease outcomes. In contrast, far less is known about how heterogeneity in human iNKTs relates to disease. To address this, we use a high-dimensional, data-driven approach to devise a framework to parse human iNKT heterogeneity. Our data revealed novel and previously described iNKT phenotypes with distinct functions. In particular, we found two phenotypes of interest: 1) a population with Th1 function that was increased with iNKT activation characterized by HLA-II+CD161- expression, and 2) a population with enhanced cytotoxic function characterized by CD4-CD94+ expression. These populations, respectively, correlate with acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and with new onset type 1 diabetes. Our study identifies human iNKT phenotypes associated with human disease that could aid in the development of biomarkers or therapeutics targeting iNKTs.

    View details for DOI 10.1182/blood.2019001903

    View details for PubMedID 31935280

  • Fast-Acting Insulin Aspart Use with the MiniMed™ 670G System. Diabetes technology & therapeutics Hsu, L. J., Buckingham, B. A., Basina, M. n., Ekhlaspour, L. n., von Eyben, R. n., Wang, J. n., Lal, R. A. 2020

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND This study assessed the efficacy and safety of ultra-rapid insulin Fiasp® in the hybrid closed-loop MiniMed™ 670G system. METHODS This was a pilot randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study among established MiniMed™ 670G users comparing percent time in range (TIR) and hypoglycemia for Novolog® and Fiasp®. Following two weeks optimization with their home insulin, participants were randomized to receive Novolog® or Fiasp® for two weeks, followed by the other insulin for the next two weeks. Data from the second week of blinded insulin use was analyzed to allow one week for 670G adaptation. During the second week, individuals were asked to eat the same breakfast for three days to assess differences in meal pharmacodynamics. RESULTS Nineteen adults were recruited with mean age of 40±18 years, diabetes duration of 27±12 years and median HbA1c of 7.1 (6.9,7.5)%, using 0.72 (0.4,1.2) units/kg/day. For Novolog® and Fiasp® respectively the %TIR (70-180mg/dL) was 75.3±9.5 and 78.4 ±9.3; %time <70mg/dL was 3.1±2.1 and 2.3±2.0; %time >180mg/dL was 21.6±9.0 and 19.3±8.9; mean glucose was 147±12 and 146±12mg/dL; coefficient of variation was 28.6±4.5% and 26.8±4.4%; %time in Auto Mode 86.4±9.2 and 84.4±9.2. All comparisons were non-significant for insulin type. Total daily dose (Novolog® 48.8±28.4 vs. Fiasp® 52.4±31.7 units; p=0.01) and daily basal (Novolog® 17.6 (15.5,33.8) vs. Fiasp® 19.1 (15.3,38.5) units; p=0.07) correlated with TIR and %time >180mg/dL. For insulin delivery in Auto Mode there was no statistical difference in total daily dose or daily basal between arms. Paired analysis for matched breakfast meals revealed no significant differences in time to maximum glucose, peak glucose or glucose excursion. CONCLUSIONS In this pilot study the use of either Novolog® or Fiasp® in a commercially available MiniMed™ 670G system operating in Auto Mode resulted in clinically similar glycemic outcomes, with a slight increase in daily insulin requirements using Fiasp®.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/dia.2020.0083

    View details for PubMedID 32520594

  • Primary Care Providers in California and Florida Report Low Confidence in Providing Type 1 Diabetes Care. Clinical diabetes : a publication of the American Diabetes Association Lal, R. A., Cuttriss, N. n., Haller, M. J., Yabut, K. n., Anez-Zabala, C. n., Hood, K. K., Sheehan, E. n., Basina, M. n., Bernier, A. n., Baer, L. G., Filipp, S. L., Wang, C. J., Town, M. A., Gurka, M. J., Maahs, D. M., Walker, A. F. 2020; 38 (2): 159–65

    Abstract

    People with type 1 diabetes may receive a significant portion of their care from primary care providers (PCPs). To understand the involvement of PCPs in delivering type 1 diabetes care, we performed surveys in California and Florida, two of the most populous and diverse states in the United States. PCPs fill insulin prescriptions but report low confidence in providing type 1 diabetes care and difficulty accessing specialty referrals to endocrinologists.

    View details for DOI 10.2337/cd19-0060

    View details for PubMedID 32327888

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7164993

  • THE GUIDED TRANSFER OF CARE IMPROVES ADULT CLINIC SHOW RATE. Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Lal, R. A., Maahs, D. M., Dosiou, C. n., Aye, T. n., Basina, M. n. 2020

    Abstract

    Objective Every year 500,000 youths in the U.S. with chronic disease turn 18 and eventually require transfer to adult subspecialty care. Evidence-based interventions on the organization of transfer of care are limited, although engagement and retention in adult clinic are considered appropriate outcomes. Sustained continuity of care improves patient satisfaction and reduces hospitalization. Methods We conducted a prospective non-randomized cohort study of patients with pediatric endocrine conditions, age 16-26 years, enrolled upon referral to the adult endocrine clinic of a physician trained in both adult and pediatric endocrinology (Med+Peds Endocrinologist). Patients differed based on whether their referral originated from another pediatric endocrinologist (traditional transfer) or if the Med+Peds Endocrinologist previously saw the patient in his pediatric endocrine clinic (guided transfer). Rather than relying on arbitrary age criteria, guided transfer to adult clinic occurred when physician and patient considered it appropriate. The primary outcome was show rate at the first and second adult visits. Results Of 36 patients, 21 were referred by another pediatric endocrinologist and 15 underwent guided transfer. For traditional transfer, show rate to the first and second visit was 38% compared to 100% in the guided transfer group (p = 0.0001). Subgroup analysis of 27 patients with diabetes revealed that both groups had similar initial HbA1c (p = 0.38) and the guided transfer group maintained HbA1c. Conclusions Most traditional transfers were unsuccessful. Guided transfer was significantly more effective, with every patient successfully transferring, and could be implemented with adult endocrinologists willing to see patients in the pediatric clinic.

    View details for DOI 10.4158/EP-2019-0470

    View details for PubMedID 32045296

  • 670G Clinical Experience Lal, R., Basina, M., Maahs, D. M., Buckingham, B. A., Hood, K. K., Conrad, B. P., Leverenz, J., Chmielewski, A., Peterson, K., Wilson, D. AMER DIABETES ASSOC. 2019

    View details for DOI 10.2337/db19-80-OR

    View details for Web of Science ID 000501366900157

  • The Guided Transition of Care Lal, R., Maahs, D. M., Dosiou, C., Aye, T., Basina, M. AMER DIABETES ASSOC. 2019
  • One Year Clinical Experience of the First Commercial Hybrid Closed-Loop. Diabetes care Lal, R. A., Basina, M. n., Maahs, D. M., Hood, K. n., Buckingham, B. n., Wilson, D. M. 2019

    Abstract

    In September 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Medtronic 670G "hybrid" closed-loop system. In Auto Mode, this system automatically controls basal insulin delivery based on continuous glucose monitoring data, but requires users enter carbohydrates and blood glucose for boluses. To track real-world experience with this first commercial closed-loop device, we prospectively followed pediatric and adult patients starting the 670G system.This was a 1-year prospective observational study of patients with type 1 diabetes starting the 670G system between May 2017 and May 2018 in clinic.A total of 84 patients received 670G and consented, 5 never returned for follow-up, with 79 (aged 9-61 years) providing data at 1 week and 3, 6, 9, and/or 12 months after Auto Mode initiation. For the 86% (68 out of 79) with 1-week data, 99% (67 out of 68) successfully started. By 3 months, at least 28% (22 out of 79) stopped using Auto Mode; at 6 months, 34% (27 out of 79); at 9 months, 35% (28 out of 79); and by 12 months, 33% (26 out of 79). The primary reason for continuing Auto Mode was desire for increased time in range. Reasons for discontinuation included sensor issues in 62% (16 out of 26), problems obtaining supplies in 12% (3 out of 26), hypoglycemia fear in 12% (3 out of 26), multiple daily injection preference in 8% (2 out of 26), and sports in 8% (2 out of 26). At all visits, there was a significant correlation between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and Auto Mode utilization.While Auto Mode utilization correlates with improved glycemic control, a focus on usability and human factors is necessary to ensure use of Auto Mode. Alarms and sensor calibration are a major patient concern, which future technology should alleviate.

    View details for DOI 10.2337/dc19-0855

    View details for PubMedID 31548247

  • A Proinflammatory Invariant Natural Killer T Cells Phenotypic State Associates with Human Graft-Versus-Host Disease Onset and Response Erkers, T., Xei, B., Kenyon, L., Rieck, M., Basina, M., Jensen, K., Strober, S., Negrin, R. S., Maecker, H. T., Meyer, E. H. AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY. 2018
  • Diagnostic 123I Whole Body Scan Prior to Ablation of Thyroid Remnant in Patients With Papillary Thyroid Cancer: Implications for Clinical Management CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE Song, H., Mosci, C., Akatsu, H., Basina, M., Dosiou, C., Iagaru, A. 2018; 43 (10): 705–9

    Abstract

    The use of I whole body scintigraphy (WBS) before I radioiodine ablation (RIA) of the post-surgical thyroid remnant in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains debated. The American Thyroid Association's guidelines state that WBS may be useful before RIA (rating C-expert opinion). Some institutions do not use I WBS before RIA in their routine clinical protocol. We were therefore prompted to evaluate the impact of I WBS prior to ablation of thyroid remnant in patients with PTC.We reviewed data from 152 consecutive patients with PTC who had total thyroidectomy and were referred for RIA between August 2007 and February 2009 at our institution. The group included 107 women and 45 men, 13-82 years old (mean ± SD: 45.5 ± 18.3). Three endocrinologists blinded to the results of the I WBS reviewed patients' data including sex, age, pathology, thyroglobulin (Tg) level, anti-Tg antibodies, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level and ultrasound results. Each endocrinologist then returned a form with the recommended I dose for each participant, according to the following rules: 50-75 mCi (remnant ablation), 75-125 mCi (lymph nodes metastases), 150 mCi (lung metastases), and 200 mCi (bone metastases). We compared their recommended doses with the actual I doses prescribed after the pre-therapy I WBS.All three endocrinologists recommended the same dose in 98.7% of the cases. The dose prescribed by the endocrinologists matched the dose administered after analyzing the I WBS in 77 patients (51%). However, for 46 patients (30%) the endocrinologists would have given a lower dose, for 18 patients (12%) a higher dose than that administered based on the results of the I WBS, while 11 patients (7%) would have been treated unnecessarily (5/11 had no I uptake and 6/11 had I uptake in the breasts).Our study suggests a significant role of the pre-therapy I WBS in PTC patients referred for I ablation post-thyroidectomy. The actual I dose that was administered based on the I WBS differed from the dose recommended in the absence of the I WBS in 49% of the cases.

    View details for PubMedID 30153149

  • Age at type 1 diabetes onset: a new risk factor and call for focused treatment LANCET Basina, M., Maahs, D. M. 2018; 392 (10146): 453–54
  • Age at type 1 diabetes onset: a new risk factor and call for focused treatment. Lancet (London, England) Basina, M., Maahs, D. M. 2018; 392 (10146): 453-454

    View details for DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31811-7

    View details for PubMedID 30129445

  • Glucose sensor-augmented continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in patients with diabetic gastroparesis: An open-label pilot prospective study PLOS ONE Calles-Escandon, J., Koch, K. L., Hasler, W. L., Van Natta, M. L., Pasricha, P. J., Tonascia, J., Parkman, H. P., Hamilton, F., Herman, W. H., Basina, M., Buckingham, B., Earle, K., Kirkeby, K., Hairston, K., Bright, T., Rothberg, A. E., Kraftson, A. T., Siraj, E. S., Subauste, A., Lee, L. A., Abell, T. L., McCallum, R. W., Sarosiek, I., Nguyen, L., Fass, R., Snape, W. J., Vaughn, I. A., Miriel, L. A., Farrugia, G., NIDDK Gastroparesis Clinical Re 2018; 13 (4): e0194759

    Abstract

    Erratic blood glucose levels can be a cause and consequence of delayed gastric emptying in patients with diabetes. It is unknown if better glycemic control increases risks of hypoglycemia or improves hemoglobin A1c levels and gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetic gastroparesis. This study investigated the safety and potential efficacy of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in poorly controlled diabetes with gastroparesis. Forty-five type 1 or 2 patients with diabetes and gastroparesis and hemoglobin A1c >8% from the NIDDK Gastroparesis Consortium enrolled in a 24 week open-label pilot prospective study of CSII plus CGM. The primary safety outcome was combined numbers of mild, moderate, and severe hypoglycemic events at screening and 24 weeks treatment. Secondary outcomes included glycemic excursions on CGM, hemoglobin A1c, gastroparesis symptoms, quality-of-life, and liquid meal tolerance. Combined mild, moderate, and severe hypoglycemic events occurred similarly during the screening/run-in (1.9/week) versus treatment (2.2/week) phases with a relative risk of 1.18 (95% CI 0.85-1.64, P = 0.33). CGM time in hypoglycemia (<70 mg/dL) decreased from 3.9% to 1.8% (P<0.0001), time in euglycemia (70-180 mg/dL) increased from 44.0% to 52.0% (P = 0.02), time in severe hyperglycemia (>300 mg/dL) decreased from 14.2% to 7.0% (P = 0.005), and hemoglobin A1c decreased from 9.4±1.4% to 8.3±1.3% (P = 0.001) on CSII plus CGM. Symptom scores decreased from 29.3±7.1 to 21.9±10.2 with lower nausea/vomiting, fullness/early satiety, and bloating/distention scores (P≤0.001). Quality-of-life scores improved from 2.4±1.1 to 3.1±1.1 (P<0.0001) and volumes of liquid nutrient meals tolerated increased from 420±258 to 487±312 mL (P = 0.05) at 24 weeks. In conclusion, CSII plus CGM appeared to be safe with minimal risks of hypoglycemic events and associated improvements in glycemic control, gastroparesis symptoms, quality-of-life, and meal tolerance in patients with poorly controlled diabetes and gastroparesis. This study supports the safety, feasibility, and potential benefits of improving glycemic control in diabetic gastroparesis.

    View details for PubMedID 29652893

  • T1-REDEEM: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Diabetes Distress Among Adults With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes care Fisher, L. n., Hessler, D. n., Polonsky, W. H., Masharani, U. n., Guzman, S. n., Bowyer, V. n., Strycker, L. n., Ahmann, A. n., Basina, M. n., Blumer, I. n., Chloe, C. n., Kim, S. n., Peters, A. L., Shumway, M. n., Weihs, K. n., Wu, P. n. 2018

    Abstract

    To compare the effectiveness of two interventions to reduce diabetes distress (DD) and improve glycemic control among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D).Individuals with T1D (n = 301) with elevated DD and HbA1c were recruited from multiple settings and randomly assigned to OnTrack, an emotion-focused intervention, or to KnowIt, an educational/behavioral intervention. Each group attended a full-day workshop plus four online meetings over 3 months. Assessments occurred at baseline and 3 and 9 months. Primary and secondary outcomes were change in DD and change in HbA1c, respectively.With 12% attrition, both groups demonstrated dramatic reductions in DD (effect size d = 1.06; 78.4% demonstrated a reduction of at least one minimal clinically important difference). There were, however, no significant differences in DD reduction between OnTrack and KnowIt. Moderator analyses indicated that OnTrack provided greater DD reduction to those with initially poorer cognitive or emotion regulation skills, higher baseline DD, or greater initial diabetes knowledge than those in KnowIt. Significant but modest reductions in HbA1c occurred with no between-group differences. Change in DD was modestly associated with change in HbA1c (r = 0.14, P = 0.01), with no significant between-group differences.DD can be successfully reduced among distressed individuals with T1D with elevated HbA1c using both education/behavioral and emotion-focused approaches. Reductions in DD are only modestly associated with reductions in HbA1c. These findings point to the importance of tailoring interventions to address affective, knowledge, and cognitive skills when intervening to reduce DD and improve glycemic control.

    View details for PubMedID 29976567

  • Postmenopausal Hyperandrogenism. Journal of women's health care Lal, R. A., Basina, M. 2018; 7 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.4172/2167-0420.1000e132

    View details for PubMedID 32284912

  • Use of a Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion Patch Pump in a Blind Patient with Type 1 Diabetes and Major Complications: Case Report Simos, A., Basina, M. AMER DIABETES ASSOC. 2016: A20
  • Successful long-term treatment of Cushing disease with mifepristone (RU486). Endocrine practice Basina, M., Liu, H., Hoffman, A. R., Feldman, D. 2012; 18 (5): e114-20

    Abstract

    We describe a girl with Cushing disease for whom surgery and radiation treatments failed and the subsequent clinical course with mifepristone therapy.We present the patient's clinical, biochemical, and imaging findings.A 16-year-old girl presented with classic Cushing disease. After transsphenoidal surgery, Cyberknife radiosurgery, ketoconazole, and metyrapone did not control her disease, and she was prescribed mifepristone, which was titrated to a maximal dosage of 1200 mg daily with subsequent symptom improvement. Mifepristone (RU486) is a high-affinity, nonselective antagonist of the glucocorticoid receptor. There is limited literature on its use as an off-label medication to treat refractory Cushing disease. Over her 8-year treatment with mifepristone, her therapy was complicated by hypertension and hypokalemia requiring spironolactone and potassium chloride. She received a 2-month drug holiday every 4 to 6 months to allow for withdrawal menstrual bleeding with medroxyprogesterone acetate. Urinary cortisol, serum cortisol, and corticotropin levels remained elevated during mifepristone drug holidays. While on mifepristone, her signs and symptoms of Cushing disease resolved. Repeated magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated stable appearance of the residual pituitary mass. Bilateral adrenalectomy was performed, and mifepristone was discontinued after 95 months of medical therapy.We describe the longest duration of mifepristone therapy thus reported for the treatment of refractory Cushing disease. Mifepristone effectively controlled all signs and symptoms of hypercortisolism. Menstruating women who take the drug on a long-term basis should receive periodic drug holidays to allow for menses. The lack of reliable serum biomarkers to monitor the success of mifepristone therapy requires careful clinical judgment and may make its use difficult in Cushing disease.

    View details for DOI 10.4158/EP11391.CR

    View details for PubMedID 22441000

  • A rare case of an aldosterone secreting metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 31-year-old male. Rare tumors Wanta, S. M., Basina, M., Chang, S. D., Chang, D. T., Ford, J. M., Greco, R., Kingham, K., Merritt, R. E., Kunz, P. L. 2011; 3 (4)

    Abstract

    We report a rare synchronous presentation of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A 31-year-old male first presented with a large left adrenal mass that was identified during the workup for refractory hypertension due to hyperaldosteronism. The mass was removed surgically with pathology showing ACC. The patient was then treated with adjuvant radiation therapy and mitotane chemotherapy. Four months post ACC resection, metastatic ACC to the right upper lung and PTC in the left lobe of the thyroid were found in surveillance imaging. He subsequently developed pulmonary, contralateral adrenal and brain metastases from his ACC. Li Fraumeni syndrome and Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I (MEN I) were considered, but testing of both P53 and menin genes showed no mutation. We also performed a review of the literature and found three similar cases, however gene mutation analysis was not performed..

    View details for DOI 10.4081/rt.2011.e45

    View details for PubMedID 22355500

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3282450

  • Clinical efficacy of two hypocaloric diets that vary in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes - Comparison of moderate fat versus carbohydrate reductions DIABETES CARE McLaughlin, T., Carter, S., Lamendola, C., Abbasi, F., Schaaf, P., Basina, M., Reaven, G. 2007; 30 (7): 1877-1879

    View details for DOI 10.2337/dc07-0301

    View details for Web of Science ID 000247768400036

    View details for PubMedID 17475941

  • Effects of moderate variations in macronutrient composition on weight loss and reduction in cardiovascular disease risk in obese, insulin-resistant adults AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION McLaughlin, T., Carter, S., Lamendola, C., Abbasi, F., Yee, G., Schaaf, P., Basina, M., Reaven, G. 2006; 84 (4): 813-821

    Abstract

    Obese, insulin-resistant persons are at risk of cardiovascular disease. How best to achieve both weight loss and clinical benefit in these persons is controversial, and recent reports questioned the superiority of low-fat diets.We aimed to ascertain the effects of moderate variations in the carbohydrate and fat content of calorie-restricted diets on weight loss and cardiovascular disease risk in obese, insulin-resistant persons.Fifty-seven randomly assigned, insulin-resistant, obese persons completed a 16-wk calorie-restricted diet with 15% of energy as protein and either 60% and 25% or 40% and 45% of energy as carbohydrate and fat, respectively. Baseline and postweight-loss insulin resistance; daylong glucose, insulin, and triacylglycerol concentrations; fasting lipid and lipoprotein concentrations; and markers of endothelial function were quantified.Weight loss with 60% or 40% of energy as carbohydrate (5.7 +/- 0.7 or 6.9 +/- 0.7 kg, respectively) did not differ significantly, and improvement in insulin sensitivity correlated with the amount of weight lost (r = 0.50, P < 0.001). Subjects following the diet with 40% of energy as carbohydrate had greater reductions in daylong insulin and triacylglycerol (P < 0.05) and fasting triacylglycerol (0.53 mmol/L; P = 0.04) concentrations, greater increases in HDL-cholesterol concentrations (0.12 mmol/L; P < 0.01) and LDL particle size (1.82 s; P < 0.05), and a greater decrease in plasma E-selectin (5.6 ng/L; P = 0.02) than did subjects following the diet with 60% of energy as carbohydrate.In obese, insulin-resistant persons, a calorie-restricted diet, moderately lower in carbohydrate and higher in unsaturated fat, is as efficacious as the traditional low-fat diet in producing weight loss and may be more beneficial in reducing markers for cardiovascular disease risk.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000241140700019

    View details for PubMedID 17023708

  • Metabolic and ovarian effects of rosiglitazone treatment for 12 weeks in insulin-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome HUMAN REPRODUCTION Cataldo, N. A., Abbasi, F., McLaughlin, T. L., Basina, M., Fechner, P. Y., Giudice, L. C., Reaven, G. M. 2006; 21 (1): 109-120

    Abstract

    Insulin sensitizers have favourable metabolic and ovarian effects in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study examined rosiglitazone, a thiazolidinedione, in PCOS.In a prospective, open-label study, the effects of rosiglitazone on metabolism and ovarian function were examined in 42 non-diabetic women with PCOS classified according to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development criteria and insulin resistance (IR) by steady-state plasma glucose (SSPG) > or =10 mmol/l on octreotide-modified insulin suppression testing. Participants were randomized to rosiglitazone 2, 4 or 8 mg daily for 12 weeks. Endpoints included ovulation and menstrual pattern; serum testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and LH; and changes in IR and glucose-insulin responses on 8 h mixed-meal profile.After rosiglitazone 8 mg daily for 12 weeks, SSPG declined and insulinaemia fell by 46%; lower doses gave lesser effects. Serum LH, total and free testosterone were unchanged; SHBG increased. With rosiglitazone, ovulation occurred in 23/42 women (55%), without significant dose dependence. Both before and during treatment, ovulators on rosiglitazone had lower circulating insulin and free testosterone and higher SHBG than non-ovulators. Testosterone declined only in a subgroup of ovulators with early vaginal bleeding after starting rosiglitazone.Rosiglitazone in insulin-resistant PCOS promoted ovulation and dose-dependently decreased IR and insulinaemia; ovulators had lower circulating insulin and testosterone.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/humrep/dei289

    View details for Web of Science ID 000233846700014

    View details for PubMedID 16155076

  • Effectiveness of Diabetes Management: is Improvement Feasible? American Journal of Medicine Marina Basina, Frederick B Kraemer 2002; 112 (8)
  • Utilization of Thyrogen. Thyroid Weisler, S., Basina, M, Hershman JM 2001; 11 (11)