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  • Subrelativistic Alternating Phase Focusing Dielectric Laser Accelerators. Physical review letters Broaddus, P., Egenolf, T., Black, D. S., Murillo, M., Woodahl, C., Miao, Y., Niedermayer, U., Byer, R. L., Leedle, K. J., Solgaard, O. 2024; 132 (8): 085001


    We demonstrate a silicon-based electron accelerator that uses laser optical near fields to both accelerate and confine electrons over extended distances. Two dielectric laser accelerator (DLA) designs were tested, each consisting of two arrays of silicon pillars pumped symmetrically by pulse front tilted laser beams, designed for average acceleration gradients 35 and 50  MeV/m, respectively. The DLAs are designed to act as alternating phase focusing (APF) lattices, where electrons, depending on the electron-laser interaction phase, will alternate between opposing longitudinal and transverse focusing and defocusing forces. By incorporating fractional period drift sections that alter the synchronous phase between ±60° off crest, electrons captured in the designed acceleration bucket experience half the peak gradient as average gradient while also experiencing strong confinement forces that enable long interaction lengths. We demonstrate APF accelerators with interaction lengths up to 708  μm and energy gains up to 23.7±1.07  keV FWHM, a 25% increase from starting energy, demonstrating the ability to achieve substantial energy gains with subrelativistic DLA.

    View details for DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.132.085001

    View details for PubMedID 38457729