Clinical Focus

  • Pediatric Cardiology

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2019)
  • Fellowship: Stanford University Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship (2023) CA
  • Residency: Stanford Health Care at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (2019) CA
  • Medical Education: UCLA David Geffen School Of Medicine Registrar (2016) CA
  • BA, University of California, Berkeley, Molecular and Cell Biology (2012)

2023-24 Courses

All Publications

  • Patterns of Aortic Dilation in Tetralogy of Fallot: An Analysis of 100 Fetal Echocardiograms Compared With Matched Controls. Journal of the American Heart Association Dasgupta, M. N., Kaplinski, M. A., Reddy, C. D., Collins, R. T. 2023; 12 (21): e030083


    Background Although aortic dilation is common in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), its progression and risk of dissection are not well understood. The mechanism of dilation is primarily attributed to increased flow in utero; an alternative is unequal septation of the truncus arteriosus resulting in a larger aorta and inherently hypoplastic pulmonary artery (PA). If the latter is true, we hypothesize the aorta to PA ratio in TOF is stable throughout gestation, and sums of great artery dimensions are similar to controls. Methods and Results We performed a single-center retrospective study of fetuses with TOF (2014-2020) and matched controls. We compared sums of diameters, circumferences, and cross-sectional areas of the aorta and PA and evaluated the aorta to PA ratio across gestation in 2 TOF subtypes: pulmonary stenosis and atresia (TOF-PA). There were 100 echocardiograms with TOF (36% TOF-PA) with median gestational age of 31 weeks (interquartile range 26.5-34.4) and median maternal age of 34 years (interquartile range 30-37). There were no differences in sums of great artery dimensions between TOF-pulmonary stenosis and controls. In TOF-PA, sums were significantly lower than controls (P values <0.01). The aorta to PA ratio was stable throughout gestation (Pearson's r=0.08 [95% CI, -0.12 to 0.27], -0.06 [95% CI, -0.25 to 0.14]). Conclusions The aorta in fetal TOF is large but grows proportionally throughout gestation, with sums of great artery dimensions similar to controls. TOF-PA appears distinct from TOF-pulmonary stenosis (with smaller sums), warranting further investigation. In conclusion, our findings suggest an intrinsic developmental mechanism contributes to aortic dilation in TOF.

    View details for DOI 10.1161/JAHA.123.030083

    View details for PubMedID 37929767

  • Using kinetic eGFR to identify acute kidney injury risk in children undergoing cardiac transplantation. Pediatric research Dasgupta, M. N., Montez-Rath, M. E., Hollander, S. A., Sutherland, S. M. 2021


    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common following pediatric cardiac transplantation. Since no treatments exist, strategies focus on early identification and prevention. Kinetic glomerular filtration rate (kGFR) was developed to assess renal function in the non-steady state. Although used to predict AKI in adults, kGFR has not been explored in children. Our study examines AKI and the ability of kGFR to identify AKI risk in pediatric heart transplant recipients.One hundred and seventy-five patients under 21 years who underwent cardiac transplantation at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital between September 2007-December 2017 were included. kGFR1 was calculated using pre-operative and immediate post-operative creatinines; kGFR2 was calculated with the first two post-operative creatinines. The primary outcome was AKI as defined by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria.One hundred and thirty-one (75%) and 78 (45%) patients developed AKI and severe AKI, respectively; 5 (2.9%) required dialysis. kGFR was moderately associated with post-operative AKI risk. The adjusted area under the curve (AUC) for kGFR1 was 0.72 (discovery) and 0.65 (validation). The AUC for kGFR2 was 0.72 (discovery) and 0.68 (validation).AKI is pervasive in children undergoing cardiac transplant, particularly in the 24 h after surgery. kGFR moderately identifies AKI risk and may represent a novel risk stratification technique.Our research suggests that kGFR, a dynamic assessment of renal function that uses readily available laboratory values, can moderately identify AKI risk in children undergoing cardiac transplantation. Current published studies on kGFR are in adult populations; this study represents the first formal study of kGFR in a pediatric population. kGFR may serve as an early AKI indicator, allowing providers to implement preventative strategies sooner in a patient's clinical course.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41390-020-01307-3

    View details for PubMedID 33446916

  • Using Self-Determination Theory to Drive an Evidence-Based Medicine Curriculum for Pediatric Residents: A Mixed Methods Study. Academic pediatrics Dasgupta, M. N., Kirkey, D. C., Weatherly, J. A., Kuo, K. W., Rassbach, C. E. 2021


    The ability to incorporate evidence-based medicine (EBM) into clinical practice is an ACGME competency, yet many pediatric residents have limited knowledge in this area. The objective of this study is to describe the effect of an EBM curriculum on resident attitudes and clinical use of EBM.We implemented a longitudinal EBM curriculum to review key literature and guidelines and teach EBM principles. In this IRB-exempt mixed methods study, we surveyed residents, fellows, and faculty about resident use of EBM at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months after the beginning of the intervention. We conducted point prevalence surveys of faculty about residents' EBM use on rounds. Residents participated in focus groups, which were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded using conventional content analysis to develop themes.Residents (N=61 pre- and 70 post-curriculum) reported an increased appreciation for the importance of EBM and comfort generating a search question. Faculty reported that residents cited EBM on rounds, with an average of 2.4 citations/week. Cited evidence reinforced faculty's plans 79% of the time, taught faculty something new 57% of the time, and changed management 21% of the time. Focus groups with 22 trainees yielded four themes: (1) increased competence in understanding methodology and evidence quality; (2) greater autonomy in application of EBM; (3) a call for relatedness from faculty role models and a culture that promotes EBM; and (4) several barriers to successful use of EBM.After implementation of a longitudinal EBM curriculum, trainees described increased use of EBM in clinical practice.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.acap.2021.12.018

    View details for PubMedID 34929387

  • Effect of light on the activity of motor cortex neurons during locomotion. Behavioural brain research Armer, M. C., Nilaweera, W. U., Rivers, T. J., Dasgupta, N. M., Beloozerova, I. N. 2013; 250: 238-50


    The motor cortex plays a critical role in accurate visually guided movements such as reaching and target stepping. However, the manner in which vision influences the movement-related activity of neurons in the motor cortex is not well understood. In this study we have investigated how the locomotion-related activity of neurons in the motor cortex is modified when subjects switch between walking in the darkness and in light. Three adult cats were trained to walk through corridors of an experimental chamber for a food reward. On randomly selected trials, lights were extinguished for approximately 4s when the cat was in a straight portion of the chamber's corridor. Discharges of 146 neurons from layer V of the motor cortex, including 51 pyramidal tract cells (PTNs), were recorded and compared between light and dark conditions. It was found that while cats' movements during locomotion in light and darkness were similar (as judged from the analysis of three-dimensional limb kinematics and the activity of limb muscles), the firing behavior of 49% (71/146) of neurons was different between the two walking conditions. This included differences in the mean discharge rate (19%, 28/146 of neurons), depth of stride-related frequency modulation (24%, 32/131), duration of the period of elevated firing ([PEF], 19%, 25/131), and number of PEFs among stride-related neurons (26%, 34/131). 20% of responding neurons exhibited more than one type of change. We conclude that visual input plays a very significant role in determining neuronal activity in the motor cortex during locomotion by altering one, or occasionally multiple, parameters of locomotion-related discharges of its neurons.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.05.004

    View details for PubMedID 23680161

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3787125

  • Contribution of different limb controllers to modulation of motor cortex neurons during locomotion. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience Zelenin, P. V., Deliagina, T. G., Orlovsky, G. N., Karayannidou, A., Dasgupta, N. M., Sirota, M. G., Beloozerova, I. N. 2011; 31 (12): 4636-49


    During locomotion, neurons in motor cortex exhibit profound step-related frequency modulation. The source of this modulation is unclear. The aim of this study was to reveal the contribution of different limb controllers (locomotor mechanisms of individual limbs) to the periodic modulation of motor cortex neurons during locomotion. Experiments were conducted in chronically instrumented cats. The activity of single neurons was recorded during regular quadrupedal locomotion (control), as well as when only one pair of limbs (fore, hind, right, or left) was walking while another pair was standing. Comparison of the modulation patterns in these neurons (their discharge profile with respect to the step cycle) during control and different bipedal locomotor tasks revealed several groups of neurons that receive distinct combinations of inputs from different limb controllers. In the majority (73%) of neurons from the forelimb area of motor cortex, modulation during control was determined exclusively by forelimb controllers (right, left, or both), while in the minority (27%), hindlimb controllers also contributed. By contrast, only in 30% of neurons from the hindlimb area was modulation determined exclusively by hindlimb controllers (right or both), while in 70% of them, the controllers of forelimbs also contributed. We suggest that such organization of inputs allows the motor cortex to contribute to the right-left limbs' coordination within each of the girdles during locomotion, and that it also allows hindlimb neurons to participate in coordination of the movements of the hindlimbs with those of the forelimbs.

    View details for DOI 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6511-10.2011

    View details for PubMedID 21430163

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3073383